relating to marriage; providing for civil marriage between two persons; providing
for exemptions and protections based on religious association;amending
Minnesota Statutes 2012, sections 363A.26; 517.01; 517.03, subdivision 1;
517.08, subdivision 1a; 517.09; 518.07; proposing coding for new law in
Minnesota Statutes, chapter 517.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:
Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 363A.26, is amended to read:
1.9363A.26 EXEMPTION BASED ON RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATION.
Nothing in this chapter prohibits any religious association, religious corporation, or
religious society that is not organized for private profit, or any institution organized for
educational purposes that is operated, supervised, or controlled by a religious association,
religious corporation, or religious society that is not organized for private profit, from:
(1) limiting admission to or giving preference to persons of the same religion
(2) in matters relating to sexual orientation, taking any action with respect to
education, employment, housing and real property, or use of facilities. This clause shall
not apply to secular business activities engaged in by the religious association, religious
corporation, or religious society, the conduct of which is unrelated to the religious and
educational purposes for which it is organized
1.21(3) taking any action with respect to the provision of goods, services, facilities, or
1.22accommodations directly related to the solemnization or celebration of a civil marriage
1.23that is in violation of its religious beliefs.
Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 517.01, is amended to read:
MARRIAGE A CIVIL CIVIL MARRIAGE CONTRACT.
marriage, so far as its validity in law is concerned, is a civil contract between
a man and a woman two persons
, to which the consent of the parties, capable in law of
contracting, is essential.
Lawful A lawful civil
marriage may be contracted
2.6 persons of the opposite sex and
only when a license has been obtained as provided by law
and when the civil
marriage is contracted in the presence of two witnesses and solemnized
by one authorized, or whom one or both of the parties in good faith believe to be authorized,
so to do. Marriages subsequent to April 26, 1941, not so contracted shall be null and void.
Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 517.03, subdivision 1, is amended to read:
Subdivision 1. General.
The following marriages are prohibited:
(1) a marriage entered into before the dissolution of an earlier marriage of one of
the parties becomes final, as provided in section
or by the law of the jurisdiction
where the dissolution was granted;
(2) a marriage between an ancestor and a descendant, or between
a brother and a
2.16 sister siblings
, whether the relationship is by the half or the whole blood or by adoption; and
(3) a marriage between an uncle
and a niece, between an or
aunt and a niece or
nephew, or between first cousins, whether the relationship is by the half or the whole blood,
except as to marriages permitted by the established customs of aboriginal cultures
2.20 (4) a marriage between persons of the same sex.
2.21 (b) A marriage entered into by persons of the same sex, either under common law or
2.22 statute, that is recognized by another state or foreign jurisdiction is void in this state and
2.23 contractual rights granted by virtue of the marriage or its termination are unenforceable in
2.24 this state.
Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 517.08, subdivision 1a, is amended to read:
Subd. 1a. Form.
Application for a civil
marriage license shall be made by both of the
parties upon a form provided for the purpose and shall contain the following information:
(1) the full names of the parties and the sex of each party;
(2) their post office addresses and county and state of residence;
(3) their full ages;
(4) if either party has previously been married, the party's married name, and the
date, place and court in which the marriage was dissolved or annulled or the date and
place of death of the former spouse;
(5) if either party is a minor, the name and address of the minor's parents or guardian;
(6) whether the parties are related to each other, and, if so, their relationship;
address of the
bride and groom parties
marriage civil marriage is
to which the local registrar shall send a certified copy of the civil
(8) the full names the parties will have after
marriage the civil marriage is entered
and the parties' Social Security numbers. The Social Security numbers must be
collected for the application but must not appear on the civil
marriage license. If a party
listed on a civil
marriage application does not have a Social Security number, the party
must certify on the application, or a supplement to the application, that the party does not
have a Social Security number;
(9) if one or both of the parties to the civil
marriage license has a felony conviction
under Minnesota law or the law of another state or federal jurisdiction, the parties shall
provide to the county proof of service upon the prosecuting authority and, if applicable,
the attorney general, as required by section
(10) notice that a party who has a felony conviction under Minnesota law or the law
of another state or federal jurisdiction may not use a different name after a civil
except as authorized by section
, and that doing so is a gross misdemeanor.
Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 517.09, is amended to read:
3.20 Subdivision 1. General.
No particular form is required to solemnize a civil
marriage, except: the parties shall declare in the presence of a person authorized to
marriages and two attending witnesses that
each takes the
wife, or spouse
; or the civil
marriage shall be solemnized in a manner
provided by section
3.25 Subd. 2. Refusal to solemnize; protection of religious doctrine. Each religious
3.26organization, association, or society has exclusive control over its own theological
3.27doctrine, policy, teachings, and beliefs regarding who may marry within that faith. A
3.28licensed or ordained member of the clergy or other person authorized by section 517.04 to
3.29solemnize a civil marriage is not subject to any fine, penalty, or civil liability for failing
3.30or refusing to solemnize a civil marriage for any reason.
3.31 Subd. 3. Refusal to participate or support solemnization; protection of religious
3.32belief. (a) Except for secular business activities engaged in by a religious association,
3.33religious corporation, or religious society, the conduct of which is unrelated to the
3.34religious and educational purposes for which it is organized, no religious association,
3.35religious corporation, or religious society shall be required to provide goods or services at
4.1the solemnization or celebration of any civil marriage or be subject to civil liability or
4.2any action by the state that penalizes, fines, or withholds any benefit to the religious
4.3association, religious corporation, or religious society under the laws of this state,
4.4including, but not limited to, laws regarding tax exempt status, for failing or refusing
4.5to provide goods or services at the solemnization or celebration of any civil marriage,
4.6if providing such goods or services would cause the religious association, religious
4.7corporation, or religious society to violate their sincerely held religious beliefs.
4.8(b) The exception in paragraph (a) applies to employees, agents, and volunteers
4.9acting within the capacity of their employment or responsibilities with a religious
4.10association, religious corporation, or religious society.
Sec. 6. [517.201] RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER LAW; RULES OF
4.13 Subdivision 1. Religious freedom; Human Rights Act. (a) This chapter does not
4.14alter or affect the protections or exemptions provided in chapter 363A for a religious
4.15association, educational institution, business, labor organization, place of public
4.16accommodation, employer, or other person.
4.17(b) This chapter must not be construed to affect the manner in which a religious
4.18association, religious corporation, or religious society that is not organized for private
4.19profit, or an institution organized for educational purposes that is operated, supervised,
4.20or controlled by a religious association, religious corporation, or religious society that is
4.21not organized for private profit, provides adoption, foster care, or social services, if that
4.22association, corporation, society, or educational institution does not receive public funds
4.23for that specific program or purpose.
4.24 Subd. 2. Rules of construction. When necessary to implement the rights and
4.25responsibilities of spouses or parents in a civil marriage between persons of the same sex
4.26under the laws of this state, including those that establish parentage presumptions based
4.27on a civil marriage, gender-specific terminology, such as "husband," "wife," "mother,"
4.28"father," "widow," "widower," or similar terms, must be construed in a neutral manner to
4.29refer to a person of either gender.
Sec. 7. [517.23] MEANING OF CIVIL MARRIAGE.
4.31Wherever the term "marriage," "marital," "marry," or "married" is used in Minnesota
4.32statute in reference to the rights, obligations, or privileges of a couple under law, the
4.33term includes civil marriage, or individuals subject to civil marriage, as established by
4.34this chapter. A term subject to this definition must also be interpreted in reference to the
5.1context in which it appears, but may not be interpreted to limit or exclude any individual
5.2who has entered into a valid civil marriage contract under this chapter.
Sec. 8. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 518.07, is amended to read:
5.4518.07 RESIDENCE OF PARTIES.
5.5 Subdivision 1. General. Except as provided in subdivision 2,
no dissolution shall
be granted unless:
(1) one of the parties has resided in this state, or has been a member of the armed
services stationed in this state, for not less than 180 days immediately preceding the
commencement of the proceeding; or
(2) one of the parties has been a domiciliary of this state for not less than 180 days
immediately preceding commencement of the proceeding.
5.12 Subd. 2. Action for dissolution by certain nonresidents. (a) If neither party to the
5.13civil marriage is a resident of this state at the commencement of the proceeding, a court of
5.14this state has jurisdiction over the dissolution if:
5.15(1) the civil marriage was performed in this state; and
5.16(2) neither party to the civil marriage resides in a jurisdiction that will maintain an
5.17action for dissolution by the parties because of the sex or sexual orientation of the spouses.
5.18(b) There is a rebuttable presumption that a jurisdiction will not maintain an action
5.19for dissolution if the jurisdiction does not recognize the civil marriage.
5.20(c) An action for dissolution authorized by this subdivision must be adjudicated
5.21in accordance with the laws of this state.
Sec. 9. REVISOR'S INSTRUCTION.
5.23The revisor of statutes shall change the terms "marriage" and "marriages" to either
5.24"civil marriage" or "civil marriages" wherever they appear in Minnesota Statutes, chapter
5.25517, unless the context or any provision of this act indicates otherwise. The revisor shall
5.26also make grammatical changes related to the changes in terms.