The term "apprentice," as used herein, means a person at least 16 years of age who has entered into a written agreement, hereinafter called an apprenticeship agreement, with a committee, an employer, an association of employers, or an organization of employees, which provides for learning consistent with this chapter and Code of Federal Regulations, title 29, section 29.5(b)(1) and (b)(2):
(1) a time-based approach involving not less than 2,000 hours or one year of reasonably continuous employment for such person and for participation in an approved program of on-the-job learning through employment and through concurrent, supplementary education in related subjects;
(2) a competency-based approach involving successful demonstration of acquired skills and knowledge by an apprentice plus on-the-job learning; or
(3) a hybrid approach involving the completion of a specified minimum number of hours plus the successful demonstration of competency.
Whenever a minimum age exceeding 16 years is prescribed by federal or state law to apply to workers in certain hazardous occupations, the minimum age so prescribed shall be applicable to apprentices.