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    Subdivision 1. Applicability. Unless the language or context clearly indicates that a different
meaning is intended, the following terms for the purpose of this chapter, shall have the meanings
ascribed to them.
    Subd. 2. Department. "Department" means the Department of Natural Resources of the
state of Minnesota.
    Subd. 3. Commissioner. "Commissioner" means the commissioner of natural resources or
agent of the commissioner.
    Subd. 4. Forest land. "Forest land" means land which is at least ten percent stocked by trees
of any size and capable of producing timber, or of exerting an influence on the climate or on the
water regime; land from which the trees described above have been removed to less than ten
percent stocking and which has not been developed for other use; and afforested areas.
    Subd. 5. Timber. "Timber" means trees that will produce forest products of value, whether
standing or down, and including but not limited to logs, bolts, pulpwood, posts, poles, cordwood,
lumber and decorative material.
    Subd. 6. State forest lands. "State forest lands" means all land and waters owned by the state
within state forests, including all lands set apart under the Constitution of the state of Minnesota,
article XI, section 11, and laws enacted pursuant thereto, but excepting lands acquired by the
state for other specific purposes or tax-forfeited lands held in trust for the taxing districts unless
incorporated into state forests as otherwise provided by law.
    Subd. 7. Reproduction. "Reproduction" means young stands of commercial tree species
ranging from one foot high to 4.9 inches diameter at 4-1/2 feet above the ground and at least
ten percent stocked.
    Subd. 8. Forest resources. "Forest resources" means those natural assets of forest lands,
including timber and other forest crops; biological diversity; recreation; fish and wildlife habitat;
wilderness; rare and distinctive flora and fauna; air; water; soil; climate; and educational,
aesthetic, and historic values.
    Subd. 9. Multiple use. "Multiple use" means the principle of forest management by which
forest resources are utilized in the combinations that will best meet the needs of the people of
the state; including the harmonious and coordinated management of the forest resources, each
with the other, without impairment of the productivity of the land and with consideration of
the relative values of the resources, and not necessarily the combination of uses resulting in
the greatest economic return or unit output.
    Subd. 10. Sustained yield. "Sustained yield" means the principle of forest management for
the achievement and maintenance in perpetuity of a high-level annual or regular periodic output
of forest resources without impairment of the productivity of the land; allowing for periods of
intensification of management to enhance the current or anticipated output of one or more of the
    Subd. 11. Reforestation. "Reforestation" means the process of natural or artificial forest
regeneration, including securing seed, growing seedlings, preparing sites, planting seed,
planting trees, removing deleterious growth and underbrush and other activities related to forest
    Subd. 12. Extractive use. "Extractive use" means the removal of sand, gravel, peat or any
mineral from beneath the surface of the land.
    Subd. 13. Forest lands under the authority of the commissioner. "Forest lands under the
authority of the commissioner" means state forest lands and other forest lands managed by the
commissioner outside of state forests, except for tax-forfeited lands held in trust for the taxing
districts and for the following units of the outdoor recreation system as defined in section 86A.04:
state parks, state trails, state wildlife management areas, state scientific and natural areas, state
water access sites, state historic sites, state rest areas and state wilderness areas.
    Subd. 14. State forest road. "State forest road" means a road constructed, acquired,
maintained, or administered by the commissioner for the purpose of carrying out forest resource
management policy as set forth in section 89.002.
    Subd. 15. Forest pest. "Forest pest" means any vertebrate or invertebrate animal, plant
pathogen, or plant that is determined by the commissioner to be harmful, injurious, or destructive
to forests or timber.
    Subd. 16. Shade tree pest. "Shade tree pest" means any vertebrate or invertebrate animal,
plant pathogen, or plant that is determined by the commissioner to be harmful, injurious, or
destructive to shade trees or community forests.
    Subd. 17. Community forest. "Community forest" has the meaning given under section
88.01, subdivision 27.
    Subd. 18. Shade tree. "Shade tree" means a woody perennial grown primarily for aesthetic
or environmental purposes.
History: 1961 c 223 s 1; 1965 c 51 s 13; 1969 c 1129 art 10 s 2; 1976 c 2 s 172; 1982 c 511
s 2; 1986 c 444; 1988 c 686 art 4 s 1; 1995 c 220 s 76; 2007 c 57 art 1 s 48-52

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes