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Office of the Revisor of Statutes

43A.38 CODE OF ETHICS FOR EMPLOYEES IN THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. For the purpose of this section the following definitions shall
apply:
(a) "Business" means any corporation, partnership, proprietorship, firm, enterprise, franchise,
association, organization, self-employed individual or any other legal entity which engages
either in nonprofit or profit making activities.
(b) "Confidential information" means any information obtained under government authority
which has not become part of the body of public information and which, if released prematurely or
in nonsummary form, may provide unfair economic advantage or adversely affect the competitive
position of an individual or a business.
(c) "Private interest" means any interest, including but not limited to a financial interest,
which pertains to a person or business whereby the person or business would gain a benefit,
privilege, exemption or advantage from the action of a state agency or employee that is not
available to the general public.
    Subd. 2. Acceptance of gifts; favors. Employees in the executive branch in the course of or
in relation to their official duties shall not directly or indirectly receive or agree to receive any
payment of expense, compensation, gift, reward, gratuity, favor, service or promise of future
employment or other future benefit from any source, except the state for any activity related to the
duties of the employee unless otherwise provided by law. However, the acceptance of any of the
following shall not be a violation of this subdivision:
(a) Gifts of nominal value or gifts or textbooks which may be accepted pursuant to section
15.43.
(b) Plaques or similar mementos recognizing individual services in a field of specialty or
to a charitable cause.
(c) Payment of reimbursement expenses for travel or meals, not to exceed actual expenses
incurred, which are not reimbursed by the state and which have been approved in advance by the
appointing authority as part of the work assignment.
(d) Honoraria or expenses paid for papers, talks, demonstrations, or appearances made by
employees on their own time for which they are not compensated by the state.
(e) Tips received by employees engaged in food service and room cleaning at restaurant and
lodging facilities in Itasca State Park.
    Subd. 3. Use of confidential information. An employee in the executive branch shall
not use confidential information to further the employee's private interest, and shall not accept
outside employment or involvement in a business or activity that will require the employee
to disclose or use confidential information.
    Subd. 4. Use of state property. (a) An employee shall not use or allow the use of state time,
supplies or state-owned or leased property and equipment for the employee's private interests or
any other use not in the interest of the state, except as provided by law.
(b) An employee may use state time, property, or equipment to communicate electronically
with other persons including, but not limited to, elected officials, the employer, or an exclusive
bargaining representative under chapter 179A, provided this use, including the value of the time
spent, results in no incremental cost to the state or results in an incremental cost that is so small as
to make accounting for it unreasonable or administratively impracticable.
(c) The commissioners of administration and employee relations shall issue a statewide
policy on the use of electronic mail and other forms of electronic communications by executive
branch state employees. The policy is not subject to the provisions of chapter 14 or 179A.
Appointing authorities in the legislative and judicial branches shall issue policies on these issues
for their employees. The policies shall permit state employees to make reasonable use of state
time, property, and equipment for personal communications and shall address issues of privacy,
content of communications, and the definition of reasonable use as well as other issues the
commissioners and appointing authorities identify as necessary and relevant.
    Subd. 5. Conflicts of interest. The following actions by an employee in the executive
branch shall be deemed a conflict of interest and subject to procedures regarding resolution of the
conflicts, section 43A.39 or disciplinary action as appropriate:
(a) use or attempted use of the employee's official position to secure benefits, privileges,
exemptions or advantages for the employee or the employee's immediate family or an organization
with which the employee is associated which are different from those available to the general
public;
(b) acceptance of other employment or contractual relationship that will affect the employee's
independence of judgment in the exercise of official duties;
(c) actions as an agent or attorney in any action or matter pending before the employing
agency except in the proper discharge of official duties or on the employee's behalf; or
(d) the solicitation of a financial agreement for the employee or entity other than the state
when the state is currently engaged in the provision of the services which are the subject of the
agreement or where the state has expressed an intention to engage in competition for the provision
of the services; unless the affected state agency waives this clause.
    Subd. 6. Determination of conflicts of interest. When an employee believes the potential
for a conflict of interest exists, it is the employee's duty to avoid the situation. A conflict of interest
shall be deemed to exist when a review of the situation by the employee, the appointing authority
or the commissioner determines any one of the following conditions to be present:
(a) the use for private gain or advantage of state time, facilities, equipment or supplies or
badge, uniform, prestige or influence of state office or employment;
(b) receipt or acceptance by the employee of any money or other thing of value from anyone
other than the state for the performance of an act which the employee would be required or
expected to perform in the regular course or hours of state employment or as part of the duties
as an employee;
(c) employment by a business which is subject to the direct or indirect control, inspection,
review, audit or enforcement by the employee;
(d) the performance of an act in other than the employee's official capacity which may
later be subject directly or indirectly to the control, inspection, review, audit or enforcement by
the employee.
    Subd. 7. Resolution of conflict of interest. If the employee, appointing authority or
commissioner determine that a conflict of interest exists, the matter shall be assigned to another
employee who does not have a conflict of interest. If it is not possible to assign the matter to an
employee who does not have a conflict of interest, interested persons shall be notified of the
conflict and the employee may proceed with the assignment.
    Subd. 8. Precedence of chapter 10A. Where specific provisions of chapter 10A apply to
employees and would conflict with this section, the provisions of chapter 10A shall apply.
    Subd. 9. Limits. This section shall not be interpreted to apply to any activity which is
protected by sections 179A.01 to 179A.25 and collective bargaining agreements and practices
thereunder nor to prevent a current or former employee from accepting employment with a labor
or employee organization representing employees.
History: 1981 c 210 s 38; 1982 c 560 s 35; 1984 c 462 s 27; 1Sp1985 c 17 s 9; 1987 c 128
s 1; 1997 c 202 art 2 s 34