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    Subdivision 1. State Fire Code rulemaking authority. The commissioner of labor and
industry, consistent with the recommendations of the state fire marshal, shall adopt a State Fire
Code and make amendments thereto in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act in
chapter 14. The code and its amendments shall conform insofar as practicable to model fire
codes generally accepted and in use throughout the United States, with consideration given to
existing statewide specialty codes presently in use in the state of Minnesota. Statewide specialty
codes and model codes with necessary modifications may be adopted by reference in accordance
with section 14.07, subdivision 4.
    Subd. 2.[Repealed, 1981 c 106 s 16]
    Subd. 3. Rules for code administration and enforcement. The commissioner shall
adopt rules as may be necessary to administer and enforce the code, specifically including but
not limited to rules for inspection of buildings and other structures covered by the code and
conforming the code to the governmental organization of Minnesota state agencies, political
subdivisions and local governments.
    Subd. 4. Applicability; local authority. The State Fire Code shall be applicable throughout
the state and in all political subdivisions and municipalities therein. However, nothing in this
subdivision shall prohibit a local unit of government otherwise authorized by law from adopting
or enforcing any ordinance or regulation which specifies requirements equal to, in addition to, or
more stringent than the requirements of the State Fire Code. Any ordinance or regulation adopted
by a local unit which differs from the State Fire Code must be directly related to the safeguarding
of life and property from the hazards of fire, must be uniform for each class or kind of building
covered, and may not exceed the applicable requirements of the State Building Code adopted
pursuant to sections 16B.59 to 16B.73.
    Subd. 4a. Day care home regulation. (a) Notwithstanding any contrary provision of this
section, the fire marshal shall not adopt or enforce a rule:
(1) establishing staff ratios, age distribution requirements, and limitations on the number
of children in care;
(2) regulating the means of egress from family or group family day care homes in addition to
the egress rules that apply to the home as a single family dwelling; or
(3) confining family or group family day care home activities to the floor of exit discharge.
(b) For purposes of this subdivision, "family or group family day care home" means a
dwelling unit in which the day care provider provides the services referred to in section 245A.02,
subdivision 10
, to one or more persons.
(c) Nothing in this subdivision prohibits the Department of Human Services from adopting
or enforcing rules regulating day care, including the subjects in paragraph (a), clauses (1) and (3).
The department may not, however, adopt or enforce a rule stricter than paragraph (a), clause (2).
(d) The Department of Human Services may by rule adopt procedures for requesting the
state fire marshal or a local fire marshal to conduct an inspection of day care homes to ensure
compliance with state or local fire codes.
(e) The commissioners of public safety and human services may enter into an agreement
for the commissioner of human services to perform follow-up inspections of programs, subject
to licensure under chapter 245A, to determine whether certain violations cited by the state fire
marshal have been corrected. The agreement shall identify specific items the commissioner of
human services is permitted to inspect. The list of items is not subject to rulemaking and may be
changed by mutual agreement between the state fire marshal and the commissioner. The agreement
shall provide for training of individuals who will conduct follow-up inspections. The agreement
shall contain procedures for the commissioner of human services to follow when the commissioner
requires assistance from the state fire marshal to carry out the duties of the agreement.
(f) No tort liability is transferred to the commissioner of human services as a result of the
commissioner of human services performing activities within the limits of the agreement.
    Subd. 4b. Stairway. The State Fire Code shall not require stairways of existing multiple
dwelling buildings of two stories or less to be enclosed. For the purposes of this subdivision the
term "stories" has the meaning given it in the State Building Code.
    Subd. 4c.[Repealed, 2005 c 136 art 9 s 15]
    Subd. 5. Appeal policy; variance. Upon application, the state fire marshal may grant
variances from the minimum requirements specified in the code if there is substantial compliance
with the provisions of the code, the safety of the public and occupants of such building will not
be jeopardized, and undue hardship will result to the applicant unless such variance is granted.
No appeal to the state fire marshal for a variance from orders issued by a local fire official from
the State Fire Code shall be accepted until the applicant has first made application to the local
governing body and the local unit has acted on the application. The state fire marshal shall
consider any decisions or recommendations of the local governing body. Any person aggrieved by
a decision made by the fire marshal under this subdivision may proceed before the fire marshal as
with a contested case in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act.
    Subd. 5a. Local board of appeal. Local governing bodies may appoint boards of appeal to
hear and rule on appeals from orders issued under the fire code. An appeal from a local board of
appeal may be made to the local governing body. If a board of appeal is not appointed, the appeals
of orders must be made directly to the governing body. Local boards of appeal and governing
bodies are not liable for damages in connection with granting variances, abatements, denials, or
modifications of orders from the fire code that are made in good faith.
    Subd. 5b. Variance considerations. When considering appeals for variances from the fire
code, the local appeal board or governing body, the state fire marshal, a state administrative law
judge, and a court shall take into consideration the benefit to be obtained by complying with the
fire marshal's orders and the effect on affordable housing, provided that the spirit of the code
is complied with and public safety secured.
    Subd. 6. Misdemeanor. A person who violates a provision of the State Fire Code shall be
guilty of a misdemeanor. No person shall be convicted for violating the State Fire Code unless the
person shall have been given notice of the violation in writing and reasonable time to comply. The
notice must contain a statement explaining the right to appeal the orders.
    Subd. 7. Fees. The state fire marshal shall charge a fee of $100 for each plan review
(1) flammable liquids;
(2) motor vehicle fuel-dispensing stations; or
(3) liquefied petroleum gases.
History: 1974 c 550 s 1; 1978 c 777 s 1; 1981 c 106 s 1; 1982 c 424 s 114,130; 1984 c 544 s
89; 1984 c 654 art 5 s 58; 1984 c 658 s 3; 1985 c 248 s 70; 1986 c 444; 1Sp1986 c 3 art 4 s 10;
1987 c 201 s 1-3; 1987 c 333 s 22; 1990 c 388 s 1; 1991 c 149 s 3; 1991 c 235 art 3 s 2; 1992 c
513 art 9 s 33; 1992 c 597 s 16; 1993 c 327 s 16; 2002 c 220 art 7 s 13; 2005 c 136 art 9 s 4,14;
2006 c 260 art 3 s 19; 2007 c 140 art 2 s 1

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes