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    Subdivision 1. Definitions. (a) As used in this section, "private passenger vehicle" means a
four-wheeled passenger automobile as defined in section 168.011, subdivision 7; a van as defined
in section 168.011, subdivision 28; a pickup truck as defined in section 168.011, subdivision 29;
and a jeep-type automobile or other multipurpose vehicle. "Private passenger vehicle" does not
include a collector vehicle or collector military vehicle as defined in section 168.10.
(b) "Suspension system" includes both the front and rear wheels and tires of a vehicle as
specified in subdivision 3.
    Subd. 2. Bumper requirement. All private passenger vehicles shall be equipped with front
and rear bumpers, except that pickup trucks and vans shall be equipped with front bumpers and
with either rear bumpers or reflectors.
    Subd. 3.MS 1978 [Repealed, 1980 c 498 s 7]
    Subd. 3. Bumper restrictions. No person shall operate a private passenger vehicle that: (a)
was originally equipped with bumpers as standard equipment, unless the vehicle is equipped with
bumpers equal to the original equipment; or (b) has a suspension system or body so modified
that the height of the vehicle or any bumpers varies more than six inches from the original
manufactured height for the vehicle.
    Subd. 4.MS 1978 [Repealed, 1980 c 498 s 7]
    Subd. 4. Maximum bumper height. (a) Notwithstanding the restrictions contained in
subdivision 3, bumpers required under this section shall not exceed a height of (1) 20 inches on
any passenger automobile or station wagon or (2) 25 inches on any four-wheel drive multipurpose
type vehicle, van as defined in section 168.011, subdivision 28, or pickup truck as defined in
section 168.011, subdivision 29, when the vehicle is being operated on a public highway. The
height of the bumper shall be determined by measuring from the bottom of the bumper, excluding
any vertical bumper attachments, to the ground. A vehicle which has an original bumper which
does not exceed a height of 30 inches may be modified by attaching a full width bumper to the
regular bumper to meet the height requirement. The attached bumper must be at least 4.5 inches
in vertical height, be centered on the vehicle's centerline, extend at least ten inches on either
side of the frame, and be attached to the frame in at least four places with angle braces at no
less than 45 degrees so that it effectively transfers impact to an extent equal to or greater than
the original bumper.
(b) Competent evidence that a vehicle was originally manufactured with bumpers higher
than prescribed in this subdivision shall be an affirmative defense in any action under this section.
    Subd. 4a. Rear-end protection for other vehicles. (a) Vehicles other than private passenger
vehicles, collector vehicles, collector military vehicles, and other vehicles specifically exempted
by law from such requirements must meet the rear-end protection requirements of federal motor
carrier regulations, Code of Federal Regulations, title 49, section 393.86.
(b) Notwithstanding contrary regulations cited in paragraph (a), a truck-tractor and
semitrailer combination with a semitrailer length longer than 50 feet whose frame or body extends
more than 36 inches beyond the rear of its rearmost axle must not be operated on the highways of
this state unless equipped with a bumper or underride guard on the extreme rear of the frame or
body. The bumper or underride guard must:
(1) provide a continuous horizontal beam having a maximum ground clearance of 22 inches,
as measured with the vehicle empty and on level ground; and
(2) extend to within four inches of the lateral extremities of the semitrailer on both left
and right sides.
    Subd. 5.MS 1978 [Repealed, 1980 c 498 s 7]
    Subd. 5. Misdemeanor. Any person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.
History: (2720-262) 1937 c 464 s 112; 1939 c 430 s 22; 1955 c 647 s 1; 1971 c 203 s 1;
1980 c 498 s 5,6; 1981 c 199 s 2; 1983 c 170 s 1; 1984 c 549 s 29; 1986 c 336 s 6; 1989 c
204 s 4; 1991 c 333 s 15

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes