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    Subdivision 1. Terms. For the purposes of chapter 88, the terms defined in this section have
the meanings given them.
    Subd. 2. Division. "Division" or "the division" means the Division of Forestry in the
Department of Natural Resources.
    Subd. 3. Commissioner. "Commissioner" means commissioner of natural resources.
    Subd. 4. Person. "Person" includes any natural person acting either personally or in any
representative capacity, a corporation, a firm, a copartnership, or an association of any nature or
    Subd. 5. Timber. "Timber" means and includes trees, saplings, bushes, seedlings, and sprouts
from which trees may grow, of every size, nature, kind and description.
    Subd. 6. Wildfire areas. Every county now or hereafter having within its boundaries any
tract or area of 1,000, or more, contiguous acres of trees, brush, grasslands, or other vegetative
material where the potential for wildfire exists, is hereby declared to be a wildfire area.
    Subd. 7. Forest land. "Forest land" means land which is at least ten percent stocked by trees
of any size and capable of producing timber, or of exerting an influence on the climate or on the
water regime; land from which the trees described above have been removed to less than ten
percent stocking and which has not been developed for other use; and afforested areas.
    Subd. 8. Backfire. "Backfire" means a fire intentionally started ahead of, or in the path of,
an approaching wildfire for the purpose of burning back toward the wildfire so that when the
two fires meet both will die for lack of fuel.
    Subd. 9.[Repealed, 1955 c 699 s 2]
    Subd. 10.[Repealed, 1955 c 699 s 2]
    Subd. 11.[Repealed, 1955 c 699 s 2]
    Subd. 12.[Repealed, 1955 c 699 s 2]
    Subd. 13.[Repealed, 1955 c 699 s 2]
    Subd. 14. County board and town board. "County board" means the board of county
commissioners; and "town board" means the board of town supervisors.
    Subd. 15. Improvement. "Improvement" includes any act or thing done, or which may be
done, and any construction made or structure erected or which may be made or erected, and
any removal from any land of trees, brush, stumps, or other debris, which reasonably tend to
prevent or abate wildfires.
    Subd. 16. Forest. "Forest" means a plant association predominantly of trees and other woody
vegetation occupying an extensive area of land.
    Subd. 17. Auxiliary forest. "Auxiliary forest" is used in relation to state forest, and includes
any privately owned tract of land, including roads and camp or work sites, set apart for, and
chiefly devoted to, the production of timber or forest products under the restrictions, and subject
to the provisions, of sections 88.47 to 88.53.
    Subd. 18. Forest products. "Forest products" means and includes all products derived
from timber.
    Subd. 19. Merchantable timber. "Merchantable timber" means a tree or stand of trees which
may be disposed of at a profit through conversion to a salable product.
    Subd. 20. Owner. "Owner" includes the person owning the fee title to any tract of land, but
does not include an owner of timber thereon or of minerals or any other thing therein when such
ownership is separate from the ownership of the surface.
    Subd. 21. County recorder. "County recorder" includes the county recorder of the county
in which the land referred to is located, or the registrar of titles in case the title to the land has
been registered.
    Subd. 22. Forest officer. "Forest officer" means an employee of the Natural Resources
Department designated by the commissioner.
    Subd. 23. Open fire; open burning. "Open fire" or "open burning" means a fire burning in
matter, whether concentrated or dispersed, which is not contained within a fully enclosed firebox,
structure or vehicle and from which the products of combustion are emitted directly to the open
atmosphere without passing through a stack, duct or chimney.
    Subd. 24. Wildfire. "Wildfire" means a fire requiring suppression action, burning any forest,
brush, grassland, cropland, or any other vegetative material.
    Subd. 25. Campfire. "Campfire" means a fire set for cooking, warming, or ceremonial
purposes, which is not more than three feet in diameter by three feet high, and has had the ground
five feet from the base of the fire cleared of all combustible material.
    Subd. 26. Snow-covered. "Snow-covered" means that the ground has a continuous,
unbroken cover of snow, to a depth of three inches or more, surrounding the immediate area of the
fire sufficient to keep the fire from spreading.
History: (4031-1, 4031-2, 4031-35 1/2, 4031-57, 4031-72, 5887-42) 1925 c 263 s 22; 1925
c 407 s 1,2; 1927 c 247 s 13; 1929 c 218 s 1; 1935 c 331 s 12; 1955 c 699 s 1; 1963 c 418 s 1;
1967 c 146 s 1; 1967 c 905 s 5; 1969 c 6 s 18; 1969 c 54 s 1,2; 1969 c 1129 art 10 s 2; 1976 c 181
s 2; 1978 c 735 s 1; 1986 c 444; 1993 c 328 s 1-8

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes