Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Capital IconMinnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

    Subdivision 1. Generally. All trust funds received by a broker or the broker's salespeople
or closing agents shall be deposited forthwith upon receipt in a trust account, maintained by the
broker for such purpose in a bank, savings association, credit union, or an industrial loan and
thrift company with deposit liabilities designated by the broker or closing agent, except as such
money may be paid to one of the parties pursuant to express written agreement between the
parties to a transaction. The depository bank shall be a Minnesota bank or trust company or any
foreign bank and shall authorize the commissioner to examine its records of such deposits upon
demand by the commissioner. The industrial loan and thrift company shall be organized under
chapter 53. The savings association or credit union shall be organized under the laws of any
state or the United States.
    Subd. 2. Licensee acting as principal. A licensee acting in the capacity of principal in
a real estate transaction where the seller retains any liability, contingent or otherwise, for the
payment of an obligation on the property shall deposit in a Minnesota bank or trust company,
any foreign bank which authorizes the commissioner to examine its records of the deposits, a
savings association, credit union, or an industrial loan and thrift company organized under chapter
53 with deposit liabilities, in a trust account, those parts of all payments received on contracts
that are necessary to meet any amounts concurrently due and payable on any existing mortgages,
contracts for deed or other conveyancing instruments, and reserve for taxes and insurance or any
other encumbrance on the receipts. The deposits must be maintained until disbursement is made
under the terms of the encumbrance and proper accounting on the property made to the parties
entitled to an accounting. The provisions of this subdivision relating to rental of interests in
real estate apply only to residential property.
    Subd. 3. Nondepositable items. In the event earnest money or other down payments in a
real estate transaction are received by the broker or salesperson in the form of a nondepositable
item such as a note, bond, stock certificate, treasury bill, or any other instrument or equity or
thing of value received by a broker, salesperson, or closing agent received in lieu of cash shall
be deposited immediately with an authorized escrow agent, whose authority is evidenced by a
written agreement executed by the offeror and the escrow agent. A receipt shall be issued to the
buyer for the value of the nondepositable item.
In the event the broker acts as the escrow agent, the broker shall obtain written authority
from the buyer and seller to hold such items in escrow. In all cases, the parties shall be advised of
the details relative to the nondepositable item, including the nature of the item, the amount, and in
whose custody such item is being held. The fact that such an item is being held by the broker shall
be duly recorded in the broker's trust account records.
    Subd. 4. Commingling funds. A broker, salesperson, or closing agent shall deposit only
trust funds in a trust account and shall not commingle personal funds or other funds in a trust
account, except that a broker, salesperson, or closing agent may deposit and maintain a sum in
a trust account from personal funds, which sum shall be specifically identified and used to pay
service charges or satisfy the minimum balance requirements relating to the trust account.
    Subd. 5. Trust accounts. (a) Each broker or closing agent shall maintain and retain records
of all trust funds and trust accounts. The commissioner may prescribe information to be included
in the records by appropriate rules.
(b) Unless otherwise agreed upon in writing by the parties to a transaction, the broker with
whom trust funds are to be deposited in satisfaction of subdivision 1 shall be the listing broker.
(c) A check received from a potential buyer shall be deposited into the listing broker's trust
account not later than the third business day after delivery of the check to the broker, except that
the check may be held by the listing broker until acceptance or rejection of the offer if:
(1) the check by its terms is not negotiable by the broker or if the potential buyer has given
written instructions that the check shall not be deposited nor cashed until acceptance or shall be
immediately returned if the offer is rejected; and
(2) the potential seller is informed that the check is being so held before or at the time the
offer is presented to that person for acceptance.
If the offer is accepted, the check shall be deposited in a neutral escrow depository or the
trust fund account of the listing broker not later than the third business day following acceptance
of the offer unless the broker has received written authorization from all parties to the transaction
to continue to hold the check. If the offer is rejected, the check shall be returned to the potential
buyer not later than the next business day after rejection.
(d) Trust funds must be maintained in a trust account until disbursement is made in
accordance with the terms of the applicable agreements and proper accounting is made to the
parties entitled to an accounting.
Disbursement must be made within a reasonable time following the consummation or
termination of a transaction if the applicable agreements are silent as to the time of disbursement.
    Subd. 6. Notice of trust account status. The names of the banks, savings associations,
credit unions, and industrial loan and thrift companies and the trust account numbers used by a
broker or closing agent shall be provided to the commissioner at the time of application for the
broker's or closing agent's license. The broker shall immediately report to the commissioner any
change of trust account status including changes in banks, savings associations, credit unions,
and industrial loan and thrift companies, account numbers, or additional accounts in the same
or other banks, savings associations, credit unions, and industrial loan and thrift companies. A
broker or closing agent shall not close an existing trust account without giving ten days' written
notice to the commissioner.
    Subd. 7. Interest bearing accounts. Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, a real
estate broker may establish and maintain interest bearing accounts for the purpose of receiving
deposits in accordance with the provisions of section 504B.178.
    Subd. 8. Accrued interest. (a) Each broker shall maintain a pooled interest-bearing trust
account for deposit of client funds. The interest accruing on the trust account, less reasonable
transaction costs, must be paid to the commissioner of finance for deposit in the housing trust
fund account created under section 462A.201 unless otherwise specified pursuant to an expressed
written agreement between the parties to a transaction.
(b) For an account created under paragraph (a), each broker shall direct the financial
institution to:
(1) pay the interest, less reasonable transaction costs, computed in accordance with the
financial institution's standard accounting practice, at least quarterly, to the commissioner of
finance; and
(2) send a statement to the commissioner of finance showing the name of the broker for
whom the payment is made, the rate of interest applied, the amount of service charges deducted,
and the account balance for the period in which the report is made.
The commissioner of finance shall credit the amount collected under this subdivision to the
housing trust fund account established in section 462A.201.
(c) The financial institution must promptly notify the commissioner if a draft drawn on the
account is dishonored. A draft is not dishonored if a stop payment order is requested by an issuer
who has a good faith defense to payment on the draft.
    Subd. 9. Consent to place in special account. Trust funds may be placed by the broker in a
special account which may be an interest-bearing account or certificate of deposit if the buyer
and the seller consent in writing to the special account and to the disposition of the trust funds,
including any interest thereon.
    Subd. 10. Licensee as principal. Funds which would constitute trust funds if received by a
licensee acting as an agent must, if received by a licensee acting as principal, be placed in a trust
account unless a written agreement signed by all parties to the transaction specifies a different
disposition of the funds. The written agreement shall state that the funds would otherwise be
placed in a real estate trust account.
    Subd. 11. Trust account records. (a) Every broker shall keep a record of all trust funds
received, including notes, savings certificates, uncashed or uncollected checks, or other similar
instruments. Said records shall set forth:
(1) date funds received;
(2) from whom received;
(3) amount received;
(4) with respect to funds deposited in a trust account, the date of said deposit;
(5) with respect to funds previously deposited in a trust account, the check number or date of
related disbursements; and
(6) a monthly balance of the trust account.
Each broker shall maintain a formal trust cash receipts journal and a formal cash
disbursement journal, or similar records, in accordance with generally accepted accounting
principles. All records and funds shall be subject to inspection by the commissioner or an agent of
the commissioner at any time.
(b) Each broker shall keep a separate record for each beneficiary or transaction, accounting
for all funds therein which have been deposited in the broker's trust bank account. These records
shall set forth information sufficient to identify the transaction and the parties thereto. At a
minimum, each record shall set forth:
(1) the date funds are deposited;
(2) the amount deposited;
(3) the date of each related disbursement;
(4) the check number of each related disbursement;
(5) the amount of each related disbursement; and
(6) a description of each disbursement.
History: 1973 c 410 s 8; 1975 c 38 s 5; 1984 c 473 s 8-10; 1985 c 248 s 70; 1985 c 251 s
10; 1986 c 358 s 12; 1986 c 444; 1Sp1986 c 3 art 2 s 48; 1987 c 105 s 4-6; 1987 c 336 s 24;
1988 c 654 s 2; 1989 c 347 s 25-30; 1993 c 309 s 15; 1994 c 461 s 2; 1995 c 202 art 1 s 25;
1997 c 222 s 36; 1999 c 199 art 2 s 2; 2001 c 208 s 15; 2003 c 112 art 2 s 50; 2004 c 203 art
2 s 49-53,61; 2006 c 212 art 3 s 5

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes