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    Subdivision 1. Authority. A cooperative and its members or patrons may make and
execute marketing contracts, requiring the members or patrons to sell a specified portion of
their agricultural products or specified commodities exclusively to or through the cooperative
or facilities established by the cooperative.
    Subd. 2. Title to products. If a sale is contracted to the cooperative, the sale transfers title
to the products absolutely, except for recorded liens and security interest, to the cooperative on
delivery of the products or at another specified time if expressly provided in the contract. The
contract may allow the cooperative to sell or resell the products of its members, or patrons, with
or without taking title to the product, and pay the resale price to the patron, after deducting all
necessary selling, overhead, and other costs and expenses, including other proper reserves, and
interest not exceeding eight percent per annum on common stock.
    Subd. 3. Term of contract. The term of a marketing contract may not exceed five years, but
may be made self-renewing for periods not exceeding five years each, subject to the right of either
party to terminate at the end of the original term and each renewal term by giving written notice
of the termination during a period specified in the contract. The period for notifying to terminate a
contract may not be more than 180 days or less than 30 days before the end of the term.
    Subd. 4. Damages for breach of contract. The bylaws or the marketing contract may set
specific sums, as liquidated damages to be paid by the member or patron to the cooperative for
breach of any provisions of the marketing contract regarding the sale or delivery or withholding
of products and may provide that the member or patron will pay the costs, premiums for bonds,
expenses, and fees if an action is brought on the contract by the cooperative. The remedies for
breach of contract are valid and enforceable in the courts of this state. The provisions shall be
enforced as liquidated damages and are not to be considered or regarded as a penalty.
    Subd. 5. Injunction against breach of contract. If there is a breach or threatened breach of
a marketing contract by a member or patron, the cooperative is entitled to an injunction to prevent
the further breach of the contract, and to a decree of specific performance of the contract. Pending
the adjudication of the action after filing a certified complaint showing the breach or threatened
breach and filing a sufficient bond, the cooperative is entitled to a temporary restraining order and
preliminary injunction against the member or patron.
    Subd. 6. Presumption on action on contract. In an action on a marketing contract, it is
presumed that landowners, landlords, and lessors are able to control the delivery of products
produced on their land by tenants or others and are liable for and subject to remedies for the
breach of delivery, if the tenancy, possession, or work on the land or the terms of the tenancy,
possession, or labor on the land was created or changed after execution by the landowners,
landlords, or lessors of the marketing contract.
    Subd. 7. Penalties for contract interference and false reports. (a) A person or a
corporation is guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a $500 civil penalty to be paid to the
aggrieved cooperative or association if the person or the corporation's officers or employees:
(1) knowingly induce or attempt to induce a member or stockholder of a cooperative or an
association operating in this state that is organized under similar statutes of other states with
similar restrictions and rights to break a marketing contract with the cooperative or association; or
(2) maliciously and knowingly spread false reports about the finances or management or
activity of a cooperative or association.
(b) Each violation is a separate offense and is subject to the penalties in paragraph (a).
    Subd. 8. Contracts and cooperatives not in restraint of trade. A cooperative exercising
authority under this section is not a combination in restraint of trade or an illegal monopoly, or an
attempt to lessen competition or fix prices arbitrarily. The marketing contracts and agreements
under this section are not illegal, or an unlawful restraint of trade, or a part of a conspiracy or
combination to accomplish an improper or illegal purpose.
History: 1989 c 144 art 1 s 18; art 3 s 13,14

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes