This document represents the act as presented to the governor. The version passed by the legislature is the final engrossment. It does not represent the official 2017 session law, which will be available here summer 2017.
language to be deleted (2) new language
relating to insurance; regulating the Minnesota Joint Underwriting Association; authorizing the association to provide liquor liability and certain medical malpractice coverage;
amending Minnesota Statutes 2016, sections 62I.02; 62I.03; 62I.05; 62I.06; 62I.07; 62I.08; 62I.13; 62I.14; 62I.15; 62I.16; 62I.17; 62I.19; 62I.21; repealing Minnesota Statutes 2016, sections 62F.01, subdivision 1; 62F.02; 62F.03; 62F.04, subdivisions 1, 2, 2a, 3; 62F.05; 62F.06; 62F.07; 62F.08; 62F.09; 62F.10; 62F.11; 62F.12; 62F.13; 62F.14; Minnesota Rules, part 2791.0100.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:
The Minnesota Joint Underwriting Association is created to provide insurance coverage to any person or entity unable to obtain insurance through ordinary methods if the insurance is required by statute, ordinance, or otherwise required by law, or is necessary to earn a livelihood or conduct a business and serves a public purposedeleted text begin, including, but not limited to, liquor liabilitydeleted text end. Prudent business practice or mere desire to have insurance coverage is not a sufficient standard for the association to offer insurance coverage to a person or entity. For purposes of this subdivision, directors' and officers' liability insurance is considered to be a business necessity and not merely a prudent business practice. The association shall be specifically authorized to provide insurance coverage to day care providers, foster parents, foster homes, developmental achievement centers, group homes, deleted text beginanddeleted text end rehabilitation facilities for mentally, emotionally, or physically disabled personsnew text beginnew text end. deleted text beginBecause the activities of certain persons or entities present a risk that is so great, the association shall not offer insurance coverage to any person or entity the board of directors of the association determines is outside the intended scope and purpose of the association because of the gravity of the risk of offering insurance coverage.deleted text end The association shall not offer environmental pollution liability, product liability insurance, and completed operations insurance. The association shall not offer coverage for activities that are conducted substantially outside the state of Minnesota unless the insurance is required by statute, ordinance, or otherwise required by new text beginnew text endlaw. Every insurer deleted text beginauthorizeddeleted text endnew text beginnew text end to write property and casualty insurance and personal injury liability insurance in this state shall be a member of the association as a condition to obtaining and retaining a license to write insurance in this state.
The association shall have a board of directors composed of deleted text begin11deleted text endnew text beginnew text end persons chosen as follows: deleted text beginfivedeleted text endnew text beginnew text end persons elected by members of the association deleted text beginat a meeting called by the commissionerdeleted text endnew text beginnew text end; deleted text beginthreedeleted text endnew text beginnew text end public members, as defined in section 214.02, appointed by the commissioner; and deleted text beginthreedeleted text endnew text beginnew text end members, appointed by the commissioner representing groups to whom coverage has been extended by the associationnew text beginnew text end. The terms of the members shall be four years. Terms may be staggered so that no more than six members are appointed or elected every two years. Members may serve until their successors are appointed or elected. deleted text beginIf at any time no coverage is currently extended by the association, then either additional public members may be appointed to fill these three positions or, at the option of the commissioner, representatives from groups who had previously been covered by the association may serve as directors. In the event that the commissioner assigns the responsibility for administering chapter 62F to the Minnesota Joint Underwriting Association, the board of directors must be increased by four additional members. The commissioner shall appoint two of the additional members, one of whom must be a licensed health care provider, and one of whom must be a public member. Association members shall elect the other two members, one of whom must be a representative of medical malpractice insurers, and one of whom must be a representative of personal injury liability insurers.deleted text end
The authorization to issue insurance to day care providers, foster parents, foster homes, developmental activity centers, group homes, and rehabilitation facilities for mentally, emotionally, or physically disabled persons is valid for a period of two years from the date it was made. The deleted text begincommissioner may reauthorize thedeleted text end issuance of insurance for these groups and other classes of business new text beginnew text endfor additional two-year periods new text beginnew text endpursuant to sections 62I.21 and 62I.22. deleted text beginThis subdivision is not a limitation on the number of times the commissioner may reauthorize the issuance of insurance.deleted text end
Policies and contracts of coverage issued under this section for the purposes of providing liquor liability insurance must contain the usual and customary provisions of liability insurance policies, and must contain at least the minimum coverage required by section 340A.409, subdivision 1, or the local governing unit.
(a) For the purposes of administration and assessment, and except as otherwise authorized under paragraph (b), the association shall be divided into deleted text begintwodeleted text endnew text beginnew text end separate accounts:
(1) the property and casualty insurance account; deleted text beginanddeleted text end
(2) the personal injury liability insurance account-liquordeleted text begin.deleted text endnew text beginnew text end
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deleted text begin (b) If the association is authorized by the commissioner to issue medical malpractice insurance, the association shall establish a third account for purposes of administration and assessment. This account must be identified as the personal injury liability insurance account-medical malpractice. deleted text end
deleted text begin If the association is authorized by the commissioner to issue medical malpractice insurance, it shall administer the medical malpractice insurance program according to chapter 62F. deleted text end
"Association" means the Minnesota Joint Underwriting Associationnew text beginnew text end.
"Commissioner" means the commissioner of commerce.
"Direct written premiums" means that amount new text beginnew text end
new text beginnew text endat column deleted text begin(2)deleted text endnew text beginnew text end, lines 5, 8, 9, deleted text begin17deleted text endnew text beginnew text end,new text beginnew text end 21.2, 22, 23, 24, deleted text begin25,deleted text end 26, and 27deleted text begin, page 14, of the annual statement filed annually with the Department of Commerce pursuant to section 60A.13deleted text end.
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"Deficit" means, for a particular policy year, that amount by which total paid and outstanding losses and loss adjustment expenses new text beginnew text endexceed premium revenuedeleted text begin, including retrospective premium revenuedeleted text end.
"Market assistance coordinator" means an employee of the association, or a person under contract with the association, who assists a person or entity applying to the association for coverage to obtain coverage in the private market.
deleted text begin For purposes of liquor liability insurance, "net direct premiums" means gross direct premiums written on personal injury liability insurance, including the liability component of multiple peril package policies as computed by the commissioner, less return premiums for the unused or unabsorbed portions of premium deposits. deleted text end
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"Personal injury liability insurance" means insurance described in section 60A.06, subdivision 1, clause (13).
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deleted text begin Within 45 days after the appointment of the directors of the association, the directors shall submit to the commissioner for review, a proposed plan of operation, consistent with the provisions of this chapter. deleted text end
The new text beginnew text endplan of operation deleted text beginshall providedeleted text endnew text beginnew text endeconomic, fair, and nondiscriminatory administration and for the prompt, efficient provision of insurance coverage of the types provided by section deleted text begin62I.01deleted text endnew text beginnew text end. It shall provide for an expedited review and determination by the board of any application for a type of coverage that has not been previously excluded or authorizeddeleted text begin. It may containdeleted text endnew text beginnew text endother provisions necessary for the operation deleted text beginof the association, including but not limited to preliminary assessment of all members for initial expenses necessary to commence operations, establishment of necessary facilities,deleted text endnew text beginnew text end management of the associationdeleted text begin, assessment of members to defray losses and expenses, commission arrangements, reasonable and objective underwriting standards, acceptance and cessation of reinsurance, appointment of servicing carriers or other servicing arrangements and procedures for determining amounts of insurance to be provided by the associationdeleted text end.
The plan of operation is subject to approval by the commissioner. If the commissioner disapproves all or any part of the proposed plan of operation, the directors shall within 15 days submit for review an appropriate revised plan of operation. If a revised plan is not submitted within 15 days the commissioner shall promulgate a plan of operation. The plan of operation approved or promulgated by the commissioner is effective and operational upon the order of the commissioner.
Amendments to the plan of operation may be made by the directors of the association subject to approval by the commissioner.
The policies and contracts of coverage issued pursuant to this chapter shall contain the usual and customary provisions of similar insurance policies issued by private insurance companies. If a standard form is used in the private marketplace for any type of coverage that is to be extended by the association, then the association shall use that form. If there are varying types of forms used in the marketplace the association may choose to use a standard policy form issued by a service organization or other entity who commonly prepares standardized types of forms. If the board determines that neither of these alternatives is appropriate, then it shall adopt a policy form based upon the terms and conditions of the policies used for this type of coverage that are the most commonly used in the private market. As far as practical the board shall attempt to adopt forms that are consistent with the practice in the private market. No policy forms shall be used by the association unless it has been filed with the commissioner, and the commissioner may disapprove the form within 30 days if the commissioner determines that it is misleading, it violates public policy, or for any reason that the commissioner would be empowered to reject a similar form filed by a private company.
If the insured fails to pay a stabilization reserve fund charge the association may cancel the policy by mailing or delivering to the insured at the insured's address shown on the policy at least ten days' written notice stating the date that the cancellation is effective.
The deleted text beginrates,deleted text end rating plan, deleted text beginrating rules,deleted text end rating classificationnew text beginnew text endand territories applicable to insurance written by the association and related statistics are subject to chapter 70A. Rates shall be on an actuarially sound basisdeleted text begin, giving consideration to the group retrospective rating plandeleted text end. The commissioner shall take all appropriate steps to make available, upon request of the association, loss and expense experience of insurers previously writing or currently writing insurance of any type the association offers or intends to offer.
deleted text begin All policies issued by the association are subject to the group retrospective rating plan approved by the commissioner under which the final premium for the insureds of the association, as a group, will be equal to the administrative expenses, loss and loss adjustment expenses and taxes, plus a reasonable allowance for contingency and servicing. If the board of directors feels it is appropriate and in the interest of fairness and equity, the insureds of the association may be broken down into more than one group. The rating plan may provide for varying rates within the rating plan for such groups as their relative burden to the group as a whole would merit. Policyholders shall be given full credit for all investment income, net of expenses and reasonable management fee on policyholder supplied funds. The standard premium, before retrospective adjustment, for each policy issued by the association shall be established for portions of the policy period coinciding with the association's fiscal year on the basis of the association rates, rating plans, rating rules, rating classifications and territories then in effect. The maximum premium for all policyholders of the association as a group shall be limited as provided in sections 62I.01 to 62I.22. deleted text end
The commissioner deleted text beginshalldeleted text endnew text beginnew text end examine the business of the association as often as is appropriate to insure that the deleted text begingroup retrospective rating plandeleted text endnew text beginnew text end is operating in a manner consistent with this chapter or other Minnesota laws. If it is found that the operation is deficient or inconsistent with this chapter or other Minnesota laws the commissioner may order the association to take corrective action.
The association shall certify to the commissioner the estimated amount of any deficit remaining after the stabilization reserve fund has been exhausted and deleted text beginpayment of the maximum final premium for all policyholders of the associationdeleted text endnew text beginnew text end. Within 60 days after the certification, the commissioner shall authorize the association to recover the members' respective shares of the deficit new text beginnew text endby assessing all members an amount sufficient to fully fund the obligations of the association. The assessment of each member shall be determined in the manner provided in section 62I.07. An assessment made pursuant to this section shall be deductible by the member from premium taxes due the state as provided in section 297I.20, subdivision 2.
In addition to the usual manner of amending the rating plan set forth in this section and section deleted text begin62I.05deleted text endnew text beginnew text end, the following procedure may also be used:
(1) Any person may, by written petition served upon the commissioner of commerce request that a hearing be held to amend the rating plan, or any part of the rating plan.
(2) The commissioner shall forward a copy of the petition to the chief administrative law judge within three business days of its receipt. The chief administrative law judge shall, within three business days of receipt of the copy of the petition or a request for hearing by the commissioner, set a hearing date, assign an administrative law judge to hear the matter, and notify the commissioner of the hearing date and the administrative law judge assigned to hear the matter. The hearing date must be set not less than 60 days nor more than 90 days from the date of receipt of the petition by the commissioner or the date of the commissioner's request for hearing if the commissioner is the person requesting a hearing.
(3) The commissioner shall publish a notice of the hearing in the State Register at least 30 days before the hearing date. The notice should be similar to that used for rulemaking under the Administrative Procedure Act. Approval of the notice by the administrative law judge is not required.
(4) The hearing and all matters which occur after the hearing are a contested case under chapter 14. Within 45 days from the commencement of the hearing and within 15 days of the completion of the hearing the administrative law judge shall submit a report to the commissioner of commerce. The parties, or the administrative law judge, if the parties cannot agree, shall adjust all time requirements under the contested case procedure to conform with the 45-day requirement.
(5) The commissioner shall render a decision within ten business days of the receipt of the administrative law judge's report.
(6) If all parties to the proceeding agree, any of the previous requirements may be waived or modified.
(7) A petition for a hearing to amend the rating plan or any part of the rating plan received by the commissioner within 180 days of the date of the commissioner's decision in a prior proceeding to amend the rating plan is invalid and requires no action provided the petition involves the same rates as the previous hearing. If the petition involves matters in addition to those dealt with in the previous hearing, then the additional matters shall be treated as a separate petition for hearing and a hearing may be held on those matters.
Each member of the association deleted text beginthat is authorized to write property and casualty insurance in the statedeleted text end shall participate in its losses and expenses in the proportion that the direct written premiums of the member on the kinds of insurance in that account bears to the total aggregate direct written premiums written in this state by all members on the kinds of insurance in that account. The members' participation in the association shall be determined annually on the direct written premiums written during the preceding calendar year as reported on the new text beginnew text endAnnual Statements deleted text beginand other reportsdeleted text endnew text beginnew text end filed by the member with the deleted text begincommissionerdeleted text endnew text beginnew text end. deleted text beginDirect written premiums mean that amount at page 15, column (2), lines 5.2, 8, 9, 17, 21.2, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, and 27 of the annual statement filed annually with the Department of Commerce under section 60A.13.deleted text end
deleted text begin A member of the association shall participate in its writings, expenses, servicing allowance, management fees, and losses in the proportion that the net direct premiums of the member, excluding that portion of premiums attributable to the operation of the association, written during the preceding calendar year on the kinds of insurance in that account bears to the aggregate net direct premiums written in this state by all members on the kinds of insurance in that account. The member's participation in the association shall be determined annually on the basis of net direct premiums written during the preceding calendar year, as reported in the annual statements and other reports filed by the member with the commissioner. Net direct premiums mean gross direct premiums written on personal injury liability insurance, including the liability component of multiple peril package policies as computed by the commissioner, less return premiums for the unused or unabsorbed portions of premium deposits. The net direct premiums are calculated using lines 5.2 CMP, and 17-other liability from page 14, column (2) of the annual statement filed annually with the Department of Commerce pursuant to section 60A.13. deleted text end
deleted text begin If an assessment is needed for medical malpractice, the assessment is made using the following lines from page 14, column (2) of the annual statement filed annually with the Department of Commerce pursuant to section 60A.13 using the following lines: 5.2 commercial multiperil liability, 11 medical malpractice, 17-other liability, 19.1 PIP-private passenger, 19.3 PIP-commercial. deleted text end
A person or entity that has been denied coverage or is unable to find an insurer willing to write coverage is eligible to make an application to the association. deleted text beginThe application shall be on a form approved by the board of directors.deleted text end To show eligibility to participate in the association the applicant shall certify that the applicant has been unable to find deleted text beginanyone to offerdeleted text end the coverage sought by the applicant. No further proof shall be required of the applicant, except that the application form deleted text beginapproved by the board of directorsdeleted text end may require the date and the name of the insurance company denying coverage and may require a copy of a written offer if the rate qualifies the applicant to apply under section 62I.13, subdivision 2.
To be eligible to participate in the association, an applicant must apply for coverage deleted text beginthrough the market assistance coordinator,deleted text end as required by new text beginnew text endsection 62I.08.
Anyone who is unable to obtain insurance in the private market and who so certifies to the association deleted text beginin the applicationdeleted text end is eligible to deleted text beginmake written applicationdeleted text endnew text beginnew text end to the association for coverage. The application may require information as provided in section 62I.08. Payment of the applicable premium or required portion of it must be paid prior to coverage by the association. An offer of coverage at a rate in excess of the rate that would be charged by the association for similar coverage and risk shall be deemed to be a refusal of coverage for purposes of eligibility for participation in the association. It shall not be deemed to be a written notice of refusal if the rate for coverage offered is less than ten percent in excess of the joint underwriting association rates for similar coverage and risk or 20 percent in excess of the Joint Underwriting Association rates for liquor liability coverages. However, the offered rate must be the rate generally charged by the insurer for similar coverage and risk.
For good cause, coverage may be denied or terminated by the association. Good cause may exist if the applicant or insured: (1) has an outstanding debt due or owing to the association at the time of application or renewal arising from a prior policy; (2) refuses to permit completion of an audit requested by the commissioner or deleted text beginadministratordeleted text endnew text beginnew text end; (3) submits misleading or erroneous information to the commissioner or deleted text beginadministratordeleted text endnew text beginnew text end; (4) disregards safety standards, laws, rules or ordinance pertaining to the risk being insured; (5) fails to supply information requested by the commissioner or deleted text beginadministratordeleted text endnew text beginnew text end; and (6) fails to comply with the terms of the policies or contracts for coverage issued by the association.
An application for coverage deleted text beginunderdeleted text endnew text beginnew text end the association must be granted or denied within ten days after receipt deleted text beginby the administratordeleted text end of a properly completed application and any supplemental information requested deleted text beginby the administratordeleted text end. Anyone covered by the association must be given at least 30 days' notice of nonrenewal or cancellation of coverage.
deleted text begin Notwithstanding any order of the commissioner or inconsistent provisions of this chapter, the board of directors may decline to offer coverage to any class of business or a member of a class of business upon a reasonable underwriting basis. deleted text end
In the event the commissioner deleted text begindeems it necessary to makedeleted text endnew text beginnew text end an assessment, an assessed insurer must pay the assessment within 30 days of receipt of notice of the assessment. The commissioner may suspend or revoke an insurer's certificate of authority and impose a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed $10,000 for an insurer's failure to pay the assessment within the 30-day period.
If the association determines that the applicant meets the underwriting standards of the association as described in the plan of operation and deleted text beginthere is no unpaid, uncontested premium due from the application for prior insurance, including failure to make written objections to premium charges within 30 days after billing, or if there is no other allowable reason as set forth in this chapter for denial of coveragedeleted text endnew text beginnew text end, the association upon receipt of the premium or portion of it as described in the plan of operation shall issue a policy of insurance to the applicant.
There is created a stabilization reserve fund. Each policyholder shall pay to the association a stabilization reserve fund charge of 33 percent of each premium payment due for insurance through the association. This charge shall be separately stated in the policy. The association shall cancel the policy of any policyholder who fails to pay the stabilization reserve fund charge.
The association shall promptly pay into the stabilization reserve fund all fund charges it collects from its policyholders deleted text beginand any retrospective premium refunds payable under the group retrospective rating plandeleted text end.
All money paid into the fund shall be separately accounted for by the board of directors. The money held in the fund may be invested. All investment income shall be credited to the fund. All expenses of the administration of the fund shall be charged against the fund. deleted text beginThe money held in the fund shall be used solely for the purpose of discharging when due any retrospective premium charges payable by policyholders and any retrospective premium refunds payable to policyholders under the group retrospective rating plan. Payment of retrospective premium charges shall be made upon certification of the amount due. If all money accruing to the fund is exhausted in payment of retrospective premium charges, all liability and obligations of the association's policyholders with respect to the payment of retrospective premium charges shall terminate and shall be conclusively presumed to have been discharged.deleted text end Any stabilization reserve fund charges from a particular policy year deleted text beginnot used to pay retrospective premiumsdeleted text end must be returned to policyholders after all claims and expense obligations from that particular policy year are satisfied.
The board of directors may, upon their own motion or upon application of any applicant or insured, exempt any group from the payment of the stabilization reserve charge. The exemption shall be granted only to those groups who are unable to obtain insurance coverage in the private market as a result of the private market's refusal to write coverage for that group rather than because of loss experiences or risks posed by the applicant or insured as an individual. It shall be presumed that a group is qualified for this exemption if more than 20 percent of the members of that group are unable to obtain the insurance coverage that they seek. The board of directors shall also consider granting exemption if any members of the same group are unable to obtain coverage in the private market even though no claims have been made against them or payments made on their behalf by any insurer within the last three years.
In addition to determining the basic rate for coverages to be offered deleted text beginby the Joint Underwriting Associationdeleted text end, the association shall also develop a surcharge plan or similar method for adjusting the rate to be charged to those persons who have had claims made against them. The surcharge plan shall take into effect the risk posed to the association by the applicant or the insured. The surcharge plan shall be sufficient to provide for the sound financial operation of the plan based upon commonly agreed-upon actuarial principles.
No cause of action of any nature shall arise against the association,new text beginnew text end the commissioner or the commissioner's authorized representatives, or any other person or organization, for any deleted text beginstatementsdeleted text endnew text beginnew text endmade in good faith by them deleted text beginduring any proceedings or deleted text endconcerning any matters within the scope of this chapternew text beginnew text end.
deleted text beginOn March 1 of each yeardeleted text endnew text beginnew text end the association shall file with the commissioner a report of its transactions, financial conditions, and operations during the preceding year. The report shall be deleted text beginondeleted text endnew text beginnew text end a deleted text beginformdeleted text endnew text beginnew text end approved by the commissioner. The commissioner may at any time require the association to furnish additional information to assist in evaluating the scope, operation, and experience of the association.
Upon submission of an application for placement of general liability insurance coverage under section 62I.13 in a class of business for which the Joint Underwriting Association is not then activated, where the applicant has been refused coverage within the meaning of section 62I.13, subdivision 2, the commissioner may by notice in the State Register activate the Joint Underwriting Association on Minnesota risks for the class of business. The association is activated for a period of 180 days from publication of the notice. At the same time the notice is published, the commissioner shall prepare a written petition requesting that a hearing be held to determine whether activation of the Joint Underwriting Association is necessary beyond the 180-day period. The hearing must be held in accordance with section 62I.22. The commissioner by order shall deactivate the Joint Underwriting Association new text beginnew text end at any time the commissioner finds that the Joint Underwriting Association new text beginnew text end is not necessary.
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Presented to the governor May 9, 2017
Signed by the governor May 11, 2017, 10:44 a.m.
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