Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes
[*Add Subtitle/link: Office]

Menu

Revisor of Statutes Menu

Pdf

Minnesota Session Laws

Key: (1) language to be deleted (2) new language

CHAPTER 320--S.F.No. 2846
An act
relating to transportation; modifying provisions governing movement
of large vehicles on public streets and highways; making technical changes;
repealing certain rules related to motor carriers;amending Minnesota Statutes
2008, sections 169.801, subdivision 5; 169.823, as amended; 169.826, as
amended; 169.828, subdivision 1; 169.829; 169.851, subdivision 5; 169.86,
subdivisions 1a, 5; 169.862, subdivision 1; 169.863, subdivision 1; 169.864,
subdivision 4; 169.871, subdivisions 1, 1a, 1b; Minnesota Statutes 2009
Supplement, sections 169.801, subdivision 10; 169.81, subdivision 3; 169.824,
subdivisions 1, 2; 169.8261, subdivisions 1, 2; 169.85, subdivision 2; 169.862,
subdivision 2; 169.864, subdivision 2; 169.865, subdivision 1; 169.87,
subdivision 2; 221.025; 221.031, subdivision 3; proposing coding for new law
in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 169; repealing Minnesota Statutes 2008, section
169.826, subdivision 6; Minnesota Rules, parts 7800.0100, subparts 4, 6, 7,
8, 11, 12, 13, 14; 7800.0200; 7800.0400; 7800.0800; 7800.0900; 7800.1000;
7800.3200, subpart 2; 7800.3300; 7805.0500; 7805.0900; 7805.1300; 8850.7950;
8850.8000; 8850.8050, subpart 2; 8850.8100; 8850.8250; 8850.8300; 8850.8350;
8850.8800; 8850.8850; 8850.9050, subpart 3; 8855.0410; 8855.0600; 8855.0850;
8920.0100; 8920.0150; 8920.0200; 8920.0300; 8920.0400; 8920.0500;
8920.0600; 8920.0700; 8920.0800; 8920.0900; 8920.1000; 8920.1100;
8920.1200; 8920.1300; 8920.1400; 8920.1500; 8920.1550; 8920.1600;
8920.1700; 8920.1800; 8920.1900; 8920.2000; 8920.2100; 8920.2200;
8920.2300; 8920.2400; 8920.2500; 8920.2600; 8920.2700; 8920.2800;
8920.2900; 8920.3000; 8920.3100; 8920.3200; 8920.3300; 8920.3400;
8920.3500; 8920.3600; 8920.3700; 8920.3800; 8920.3900; 8920.4000;
8920.4100; 8920.4200; 8920.4300; 8920.4400; 8920.4500.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

ARTICLE 1
VEHICLE WEIGHTS AND DIMENSIONS

    Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.801, subdivision 5, is amended to read:
    Subd. 5. Height and width. A person operating, or towing, or transporting an
implement of husbandry that is higher than 13 feet six inches or wider than allowed under
section 169.80, subdivision 2, must ensure that the operation or transportation does not
damage a highway structure, utility line or structure, or other fixture adjacent to or over
a public highway.

    Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.801, subdivision 10, is
amended to read:
    Subd. 10. Brakes. Notwithstanding section 169.67:
    (a) A self-propelled implement of husbandry must be equipped with brakes adequate
to control its movement and to stop and hold it and any vehicle it is towing.
    (b) A towed implement of husbandry must be equipped with brakes adequate to
control its movement and to stop and hold it if:
    (1) it has a gross vehicle weight of more than 24,000 pounds and was manufactured
and sold after January 1, 1994;
    (2) it has a gross vehicle weight of more than 12,000 pounds and is towed by a
vehicle other than a self-propelled implement of husbandry; or
    (3) it has a gross vehicle weight of more than 3,000 pounds and is being towed by a
registered passenger automobile other than a pickup truck as defined in section 168.002,
subdivision 26
.
    (c) If a towed implement of husbandry with a gross vehicle weight of more than
6,000 pounds, or more than 3,000 pounds if manufactured after January 1, 2011, is
required under paragraph (b) to have brakes and was manufactured after January 1,
2011, it must also be equipped with brakes as required in section 169.67, subdivision 3,
paragraph (b) adequate to stop and hold it if it becomes detached from the towing vehicle.

    Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.81, subdivision 3, is
amended to read:
    Subd. 3. Length of vehicle combinations. (a) Statewide, except on the highways
identified under provisions in paragraph (c), no combination of vehicles may exceed
a total length of 75 feet.
(b) However, the total length limitation does not apply to combinations of vehicles
transporting:
(1) telephone poles, electric light and power poles, piling, or pole-length pulpwood;
or
(2) pipe or other objects by a public utility when required for emergency or repair
of public service facilities or when operated under special permits as provided in section
169.86.
These combinations of vehicles must be equipped with sufficient clearance markers, or
lamps for night transportation, on both sides and upon the extreme ends of a projecting
load to clearly mark the dimensions of the load.
(c) The following combination of vehicles regularly engaged in the transportation
of commodities may operate only on divided highways having four or more lanes of
travel, and on other highways as may be designated by the commissioner of transportation
subject to section 169.87, subdivision 1, and subject to the approval of the authority
having jurisdiction over the highway, for the purpose of providing reasonable access
between the divided highways of four or more lanes of travel and terminals, facilities for
food, fuel, repair, and rest, and points of loading and unloading for household goods
carriers, livestock carriers, or for the purpose of providing continuity of route:
(1) a truck-tractor and semitrailer exceeding 75 feet in length;
(2) a combination of vehicles including a truck-tractor and semitrailer drawing one
additional semitrailer which may be equipped with an auxiliary dolly;
(3) a combination of vehicles including a truck-tractor and semitrailer drawing
one full trailer;
(4) a truck-tractor and semitrailer designed and used exclusively for the
transportation of motor vehicles or boats and exceeding an overall length of 75 feet
including the load; and
(5) a truck or truck-tractor transporting similar vehicles by having the front axle of
the transported vehicle mounted onto the center or rear part of the preceding vehicle,
defined in Code of Federal Regulations, title 49, sections 390.5 and 393.5 as drive-away
saddlemount combinations or drive-away saddlemount vehicle transporter combinations,
when the overall length exceeds 75 feet but does not exceed 97 feet.
(d) Vehicles operated under the provisions of this section must conform to the
standards for those vehicles prescribed by the United States Department of Transportation,
Federal Highway Administration, Bureau of Motor Carrier Safety, as amended.
(e) For purposes of this paragraph, "total length" means the overall length of the
motor vehicle including (1) bumpers and load; and (2) the length of any semitrailer, as
defined in section 168.002, subdivision 30, and any trailer, as defined in section 168.002,
subdivision 35. The maximum allowable total length of a commercial vehicle combination
is 55 feet on that portion of marked Trunk Highway 36 from the intersection with marked
Trunk Highway 95 and Washington County State-Aid Highway 23 in Stillwater, to the
Stillwater lift bridge, located on marked Trunk Highway 36 over the St. Croix River in
Stillwater. This paragraph does not apply to emergency vehicles; motor vehicles while
engaged in work on the bridge or on the portion of highway described in this paragraph,
including snow and ice removal and flood control; a vehicle carrying an oversize permit
issued under section 169.86, subdivision 5, paragraph (d); and vehicles on the Stillwater
lift bridge.

    Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.824, subdivision 1, is
amended to read:
    Subdivision 1. Table of axle weight limits. (a) No vehicle or combination of
vehicles equipped with pneumatic tires shall be operated upon the highways of this state
where the total gross weight on any group of two or more consecutive axles of any vehicle
or combination of vehicles exceeds that given in the following axle weight limits table for
the distance between the centers of the first and last axles of any group of two or more
consecutive axles under consideration;. Unless otherwise noted, the distance between
axles being must be measured longitudinally to the nearest even foot, and when the
measurement is a fraction of exactly one-half foot the next largest whole number in feet
shall be used, except that when the distance between axles is more than three feet four
inches and less than three feet six inches the distance of four feet shall be used:.

Axle Weight Limits

Maximum gross weight in pounds on a group of

2
3
4






Distances in feet
between centers
of foremost and
rearmost axles of a
group
consecutive axles
of a 2-axle vehicle
or any combination
of vehicles having
a total of 2 or more
axles
consecutive axles
of a 3-axle vehicle
or any combination
of vehicles having
a total of 3 or more
axles
consecutive axles of a
4-axle vehicle or any
combination of vehicles
having a total of 4 or
more axles

4
34,000

5
34,000

6
34,000

7
34,000
37,000 34,000

8
34,000
38,500 34,000

8 plus
34,000
42,000

(38,000)

9
35,000
43,000

(39,000)

10
36,000
43,500
49,000

(40,000)

11
36,000
44,500
49,500

12
45,000
50,000

13
46,000
51,000

14
46,500
51,500

15
47,500
52,000

16
48,000
53,000

17
49,000
53,500

18
49,500
54,000

19
50,500
55,000

20
51,000
55,500

21
52,000
56,000

22
52,500
57,000

23
53,500
57,500

24
54,000
58,000

25
(55,000)
59,000

26
(55,500)
59,500

27
(56,500)
60,000

28
(57,000)
61,000

29
(58,000)
61,500

30
(58,500)
62,000

31
(59,500)
63,000

32
(60,000)
63,500

33
64,000

34
65,000

35
65,500

36
66,000

37
67,000

38
67,500

39
68,000

40
69,000

41
69,500

42
70,000

43
71,000

44
71,500

45
72,000

46
72,500

47
(73,500)

48
(74,000)

49
(74,500)

50
(75,500)

51
(76,000)

52
(76,500)

53
(77,500)

54
(78,000)

55
(78,500)

56
(79,500)

57
(80,000)
    (b) The maximum gross weight on a group of three consecutive axles, where the
distance between centers of foremost and rearmost axles is listed as of any axle group is
seven feet or eight feet, applies only to is 34,000 pounds, except for vehicles manufactured
before August 1, 1991. Notwithstanding any lesser weight shown in the axle weight limits
table, for vehicles manufactured before August 1, 1991: (1) the maximum gross weight on
a group of three consecutive axles, where the distance between centers of foremost and
rearmost axles of any axle group is seven feet, is 37,000 pounds; and (2) the maximum
gross weight on a group of three consecutive axles, where the distance between centers of
foremost and rearmost axles of any axle group is eight feet, is 38,500 pounds.
    (c) "8 plus" refers to any distance greater than eight feet but less than nine feet.

Axle Weight Limits (continued)

Maximum gross weight in pounds on a group of

5
6
7
8







Distances in
feet between
centers of
foremost and
rearmost axles
of a group
consecutive
axles of a 5-axle
vehicle or any
combination of
vehicles having
a total of 5 or
more axles
consecutive
axles of a 6-axle
vehicle or any
combination of
vehicles having
a total of 6 or
more axles
consecutive
axles of a 7-axle
vehicle or any
combination of
vehicles having
a total of 7 or
more axles
consecutive axles
of an 8-axle vehicle
or any combination
of vehicles having
a total of 8 or more
axles

14
57,000

15
57,500

16
58,000

17
59,000

18
59,500

19
60,000

20
60,500
66,000
72,000

21
61,500
67,000
72,500

22
62,000
67,500
73,000

23
62,500
68,000
73,500

24
63,000
68,500
74,000

25
64,000
69,000
75,000

26
64,500
70,000
75,500

27
65,000
70,500
76,000

28
65,500
71,000
76,500

29
66,500
71,500
77,000

30
67,000
72,000
77,500

31
67,500
73,000
78,500

32
68,000
73,500
79,000

33
69,000
74,000
79,500

34
69,500
74,500
80,000

35
70,000
75,000
(80,500)
(86,000)

36
70,500
76,000
(81,000)
(86,500)

37
71,500
76,500
(81,500)
(87,000)

38
72,000
77,000
(82,000)
(87,500)

39
72,500
77,500
(82,500)
(88,500)

40
73,000
78,000
(83,500)
(89,000)

41
74,000
79,000
(84,000)
(89,500)

42
74,500
79,500
(84,500)
(90,000)

43
75,000
80,000
(85,000)
(90,500)

44
75,500
(80,500)
(85,500)
(91,000)

45
76,500
(81,000)
(86,000)
(91,500)

46
77,000
(81,500)
(87,000)
(92,500)

47
77,500
(82,000)
(87,500)
(93,000)

48
78,000
(83,000)
(88,000)
(93,500)

49
79,000
(83,500)
(88,500)
(94,000)

50
79,500
(84,000)
(89,000)
(94,500)

51
80,000
(84,500)
(89,500)
(95,000)

52
(80,500)
(85,000)
(90,500)
(95,500)

53
(81,000)
(86,000)
(91,000)
(96,500)

54
(81,500)
(86,500)
(91,500)
(97,000)

55
(82,500)
(87,000)
(92,000)
(97,500)

56
(83,000)
(87,500)
(92,500)
(98,000)

57
(83,500)
(88,000)
(93,000)
(98,500)

58
(84,000)
(89,000)
(94,000)
(99,000)

59
(85,000)
(89,500)
(94,500)
(99,500)

60
(85,500)
(90,000)
(95,000)
(100,500)

61
(95,500)
(101,000)

62
(96,000)
(101,500)

63
(96,500)
(102,000)

64
(97,000)
(102,500)

65
(103,000)

66
(103,500)

67
(104,500)

68
(105,000)

69
(105,500)

70
(106,000)

71
(106,500)

72
(107,000)

73
(107,500)

74
(108,000)
    (d) The gross weights shown without parentheses in this the axle weight limits table
are allowed on unpaved streets and highways, unless posted to a lesser weight under
section 169.87, subdivision 1. The gross weights shown in this table, whether within or
without parentheses, are allowed on paved streets and highways, unless posted to a lesser
weight under section 169.87, subdivision 1. Gross weights in excess of 80,000 pounds
require an overweight permit under this chapter, unless otherwise allowed under section
169.826.
    (b) (e) Notwithstanding any lesser weight in pounds shown in this the axle weight
limits table, but subject to the restrictions on gross vehicle weights in subdivision 2,
paragraph (a), two consecutive sets of tandem axles may carry a gross load of 34,000
pounds each and a combined gross load of 68,000 pounds provided the overall distance
between the first and last axles of the consecutive sets of tandem axles is 36 feet or more.

    Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.824, subdivision 2, is
amended to read:
    Subd. 2. Gross vehicle weight of all axles; credit for idle reduction technology.
    (a) The gross vehicle weight of all axles of a vehicle or combination of vehicles must
not exceed:
    (1) 80,000 pounds for any vehicle or combination of vehicles on all streets and
highways, unless posted at a lower axle weight under section 169.87, subdivision 1; and
    (2) 88,000 pounds for any vehicle or combination of vehicles with six or more
axles while exclusively engaged in hauling livestock on all state trunk highways other
than interstate highways, if the vehicle has a permit under section 169.86, subdivision
5
, paragraph (k) (j).
    (b) Notwithstanding the maximum weight provisions of this section, and in order
to promote the reduction of fuel use and emissions, the maximum gross vehicle weight
limits and the axle weight limits for any motor vehicle subject to sections 169.80 to
169.88 and equipped with idle reduction technology or emissions-reduction technology
must be increased by the amount of weight necessary to compensate for the weight of the
idle reduction technology or emissions-reduction technology, not to exceed 400 pounds.
At the request of an authorized representative of the Department of Transportation or the
Department of Public Safety, the vehicle operator shall provide proof that the vehicle is
equipped with this technology through documentation or demonstration.

    Sec. 6. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.8261, subdivision 2, is
amended to read:
    Subd. 2. Conditions. (a) A vehicle or combination of vehicles described in
subdivision 1 must:
(1) comply with seasonal load restrictions in effect between the dates set by the
commissioner under section 169.87, subdivision 2;
    (2) comply with bridge load limits posted under section 169.84;
    (3) be equipped and operated with six or more axles and brakes on all wheels;
    (4) not exceed 90,000 pounds gross vehicle weight, or 99,000 pounds gross vehicle
weight during the time when seasonal increases are authorized under section 169.826;
    (5) not be operated on interstate highways;
    (6) obtain an annual permit from the commissioner of transportation;
    (7) obey all road postings; and
    (8) not exceed 20,000 pounds gross weight on any single axle.
    (b) A vehicle operated under this section may exceed the legal axle weight limits
listed in section 169.824 by not more than 12.5 percent; except that, the weight limits may
be exceeded by not more than 23.75 percent during the time when seasonal increases are
authorized under section 169.826, subdivision 1.

    Sec. 7. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.86, subdivision 5, is amended to read:
    Subd. 5. Fee; proceeds deposited; appropriation. The commissioner, with respect
to highways under the commissioner's jurisdiction, may charge a fee for each permit
issued. All such fees for permits issued by the commissioner of transportation shall be
deposited in the state treasury and credited to the trunk highway fund. Except for those
annual permits for which the permit fees are specified elsewhere in this chapter, the fees
shall be:
    (a) $15 for each single trip permit.
    (b) $36 for each job permit. A job permit may be issued for like loads carried on
a specific route for a period not to exceed two months. "Like loads" means loads of the
same product, weight, and dimension.
    (c) $60 for an annual permit to be issued for a period not to exceed 12 consecutive
months. Annual permits may be issued for:
    (1) motor vehicles used to alleviate a temporary crisis adversely affecting the safety
or well-being of the public;
    (2) motor vehicles which travel on interstate highways and carry loads authorized
under subdivision 1a;
    (3) motor vehicles operating with gross weights authorized under section 169.826,
subdivision 1a
;
    (4) special pulpwood vehicles described in section 169.863;
    (5) motor vehicles bearing snowplow blades not exceeding ten feet in width;
    (6) noncommercial transportation of a boat by the owner or user of the boat; and
    (7) motor vehicles carrying bales of agricultural products authorized under section
169.862.; and
(8) special milk hauling vehicles authorized under section 169.867.
    (d) $120 for an oversize annual permit to be issued for a period not to exceed 12
consecutive months. Annual permits may be issued for:
    (1) mobile cranes;
    (2) construction equipment, machinery, and supplies;
    (3) manufactured homes and manufactured storage buildings;
    (4) implements of husbandry when the movement is not made according to the
provisions of paragraph (i);
    (5) double-deck buses;
    (6) commercial boat hauling; and
    (7) three-vehicle combinations consisting of two empty, newly manufactured trailers
for cargo, horses, or livestock, not to exceed 28-1/2 feet per trailer; provided, however,
the permit allows the vehicles to be moved from a trailer manufacturer to a trailer dealer
only while operating on twin-trailer routes designated under section 169.81, subdivision 3,
paragraph (c).; and
(8) vehicles operating on that portion of marked Trunk Highway 36 described in
section 169.81, subdivision 3, paragraph (e).
    (e) For vehicles which have axle weights exceeding the weight limitations of
sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829, an additional cost added to the fees listed above.
However, this paragraph applies to any vehicle described in section 168.013, subdivision
3
, paragraph (b), but only when the vehicle exceeds its gross weight allowance set forth
in that paragraph, and then the additional cost is for all weight, including the allowance
weight, in excess of the permitted maximum axle weight. The additional cost is equal
to the product of the distance traveled times the sum of the overweight axle group cost
factors shown in the following chart:

Overweight Axle Group Cost Factors

Weight (pounds)
Cost Per Mile For Each Group Of:





exceeding weight
limitations on axles
Two
consecutive
axles spaced
within 8 feet
or less
Three
consecutive
axles spaced
within 9 feet
or less
Four consecutive
axles spaced within
14 feet or less

0-2,000
.12
.05
.04

2,001-4,000
.14
.06
.05

4,001-6,000
.18
.07
.06

6,001-8,000
.21
.09
.07

8,001-10,000
.26
.10
.08

10,001-12,000
.30
.12
.09


12,001-14,000
Not
permitted
.14
.11


14,001-16,000
Not
permitted
.17
.12


16,001-18,000
Not
permitted
.19
.15


18,001-20,000
Not
permitted
Not
permitted
.16


20,001-22,000
Not
permitted
Not
permitted
.20
The amounts added are rounded to the nearest cent for each axle or axle group. The
additional cost does not apply to paragraph (c), clauses (1) and (3).
For a vehicle found to exceed the appropriate maximum permitted weight, a cost-per-mile
fee of 22 cents per ton, or fraction of a ton, over the permitted maximum weight is imposed
in addition to the normal permit fee. Miles must be calculated based on the distance
already traveled in the state plus the distance from the point of detection to a transportation
loading site or unloading site within the state or to the point of exit from the state.
    (f) As an alternative to paragraph (e), an annual permit may be issued for overweight,
or oversize and overweight, mobile cranes; construction equipment, machinery, and
supplies; implements of husbandry; and commercial boat hauling. The fees for the permit
are as follows:

Gross Weight (pounds) of Vehicle
Annual Permit Fee

90,000
or less
$200

90,001
- 100,000
$300

100,001
- 110,000
$400

110,001
- 120,000
$500

120,001
- 130,000
$600

130,001
- 140,000
$700

140,001
- 145,000
$800
If the gross weight of the vehicle is more than 145,000 pounds the permit fee is determined
under paragraph (e).
    (g) For vehicles which exceed the width limitations set forth in section 169.80 by
more than 72 inches, an additional cost equal to $120 added to the amount in paragraph (a)
when the permit is issued while seasonal load restrictions pursuant to section 169.87 are
in effect.
    (h) $85 for an annual permit to be issued for a period not to exceed 12 months, for
refuse-compactor vehicles that carry a gross weight of not more than: 22,000 pounds on
a single rear axle; 38,000 pounds on a tandem rear axle; or, subject to section 169.828,
subdivision 2
, 46,000 pounds on a tridem rear axle. A permit issued for up to 46,000
pounds on a tridem rear axle must limit the gross vehicle weight to not more than 62,000
pounds.
    (i) For vehicles exclusively transporting implements of husbandry, an annual permit
fee of $24. A vehicle operated under a permit authorized by this paragraph may be moved
at the discretion of the permit holder without prior route approval by the commissioner if:
    (1) the total width of the transporting vehicle, including load, does not exceed 14 feet;
    (2) the vehicle is operated only between sunrise and 30 minutes after sunset, and is
not operated at any time after 12:00 noon on Sundays or holidays;
    (3) the vehicle is not operated when visibility is impaired by weather, fog, or other
conditions that render persons and other vehicles not clearly visible at 500 feet;
    (4) the vehicle displays at the front and rear of the load or vehicle a pair of flashing
amber lights, as provided in section 169.59, subdivision 4, whenever the overall width of
the vehicle exceeds 126 inches; and
    (5) the vehicle is not operated on a trunk highway with a surfaced roadway width of
less than 24 feet unless such operation is authorized by the permit.
A permit under this paragraph authorizes movements of the permitted vehicle on an
interstate highway, and movements of 75 miles or more on other highways.
    (j) (i) $300 for a motor vehicle described in section 169.8261. The fee under this
paragraph must be deposited as follows:
    (1) in fiscal years 2005 through 2010:
    (i) the first $50,000 in each fiscal year must be deposited in the trunk highway fund
for costs related to administering the permit program and inspecting and posting bridges;
    (ii) all remaining money in each fiscal year must be deposited in a bridge inspection
and signing account in the special revenue fund. Money in the account is appropriated
to the commissioner for:
    (A) inspection of local bridges and identification of local bridges to be posted,
including contracting with a consultant for some or all of these functions; and
    (B) erection of weight-posting signs on local bridges; and
    (2) in fiscal year 2011 and subsequent years must be deposited in the trunk highway
fund.
    (k) (j) Beginning August 1, 2006, $200 for an annual permit for a vehicle operating
under authority of section 169.824, subdivision 2, paragraph (a), clause (2).

    Sec. 8. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.862, subdivision 1, is amended to read:
    Subdivision 1. Annual permit authority; restrictions. The commissioner of
transportation with respect to highways under the commissioner's jurisdiction, and local
authorities with respect to highways under their jurisdiction, may issue an annual permit
to enable a vehicle carrying bales of hay, straw, or cornstalks, with a total outside width
of the vehicle or the load not exceeding 12 feet, and a total height of the loaded vehicle
not exceeding 14-1/2 15 feet, to be operated on public streets and highways. Loaded
vehicles operating on interstate highways within the seven-county metropolitan area may
not exceed a total height of 14-1/2 feet.

    Sec. 9. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.862, subdivision 2, is
amended to read:
    Subd. 2. Additional restrictions. Permits issued under this section are governed by
the applicable provisions of section 169.86 except as otherwise provided herein and, in
addition, carry the following restrictions:
    (a) The vehicles may not be operated between sunset and sunrise, when visibility is
impaired by weather, fog, or other conditions rendering persons and vehicles not clearly
visible at a distance of 500 feet, or on Sunday from noon until sunset, or on the days the
following holidays are observed: New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day,
Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.
    (b) The vehicles may not be operated on a trunk highway with a pavement less
than 24 feet wide.
    (c) A vehicle operated under the permit must be equipped with a retractable or
removable mirror on the left side so located that it will reflect to the driver a clear view of
the highway for a distance of at least 200 feet to the rear of the vehicle.
    (d) A vehicle operated under the permit must display red, orange, or yellow flags, 18
inches square, as markers at the front and rear and on both sides of the load. The load
must be securely bound to the transporting vehicle.
    (e) Farm vehicles not for hire carrying round baled hay, straw, or cornstalks less than
20 miles are exempt from the requirement to obtain a permit. All other requirements of
this section apply to vehicles transporting round baled hay, straw, or cornstalks.

    Sec. 10. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.863, subdivision 1, is amended to read:
    Subdivision 1. Special vehicle. The commissioner may issue a permit for a vehicle
that meets the following requirements:
(a) There must be no more than two support points for the vehicle or for each vehicle
of a vehicle combination. The support point of each axle group must be capable of
distributing the load equally to each axle of the group with a variance of no more than
3,000 pounds between any two axles of the group.
(b) The maximum wheel load may not exceed the tire manufacturer's recommended
load or the following weight limits, whichever is less:
(1) front steering axles, 550 pounds per inch;
(2) other single axles, 500 pounds per inch;
(3) tandem axles, 450 pounds per inch; and
(4) tridem or quad axle groups, 425 pounds per inch.
(c) The axle group weights must comply with the limitations of section 169.824.
(d) The vehicle may not be equipped with a variable load axle, unless the variable
load axle cannot be operated from the cab of the vehicle.
(e) The vehicle transports pole-length pulpwood, carries a gross vehicle weight of
not more than 82,000 pounds, and has six or more axles.

    Sec. 11. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.864, subdivision 2, is
amended to read:
    Subd. 2. Special two-unit vehicle permit. The commissioner may issue a permit
for a vehicle that meets the following requirements:
    (1) is a combination of vehicles consisting of a truck-tractor and a single semitrailer
that may exceed 48 feet, but not 53 feet, if the distance from the kingpin to the centerline
of the rear axle group of the semitrailer does not exceed 43 feet;
    (2) has a maximum gross vehicle weight of 90,000 pounds if the vehicle combination
has a total of six or more axles or 97,000 pounds if the truck vehicle combination has a
total of seven or more axles;
    (3) has a maximum gross vehicle weight of 99,000 pounds during the time when
seasonal weight increases authorized under section 169.826, subdivision 1, are in effect;
    (4) complies with the axle weight limits in section 169.824;
    (5) complies with the tire weight limits in section 169.823 or the tire manufacturers'
recommended load, whichever is less; and
    (6) is operated only on the highways specified in subdivision 1, clause (5).

    Sec. 12. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.864, subdivision 4, is amended to read:
    Subd. 4. Permit fee; appropriation. Vehicle permits issued under subdivision
1, clause (1), must be annual permits. The fee is $850 for each vehicle combination
and must be deposited in the trunk highway fund. The fee for annual permits issued
under subdivision 2 is $300 for a 90,000-pound vehicle combination or $500 for a
97,000-pound vehicle combination. An amount sufficient to administer the permit
program is appropriated from the trunk highway fund to the commissioner for the costs of
administering the permit program.

    Sec. 13. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.865, subdivision 1, is
amended to read:
    Subdivision 1. Six-axle vehicles. (a) A road authority may issue an annual permit
authorizing a vehicle or combination of vehicles with a total of six or more axles to haul
raw or unprocessed agricultural products and be operated with a gross vehicle weight
of up to:
    (1) 90,000 pounds; and
    (2) 99,000 pounds during the period set by the commissioner under section 169.826,
subdivision 1
.
    (b) Notwithstanding subdivision 4 3, paragraph (a), clause (4), a vehicle or
combination of vehicles operated under this subdivision and transporting only sealed
intermodal containers may be operated on an interstate highway if allowed by the United
States Department of Transportation.
    (c) The fee for a permit issued under this subdivision is $300.

    Sec. 14. [169.867] SPECIAL MILK HAULING PERMIT.
    Subdivision 1. Permit. A road authority may issue an annual permit authorizing a
single-unit vehicle to haul milk at weights that exceed the limitations provided in sections
169.823 and 169.824 by ten percent. The fee for this permit is as provided in section
169.86, subdivision 5, paragraph (c).
    Subd. 2. Expiration. A permit under subdivision 1 may only be issued before
August 1, 2012.
    Subd. 3. Requirements; restrictions. A vehicle operating under a permit under
subdivision 1:
(1) is subject to seasonal load restrictions under section 169.87;
(2) may not take advantage of seasonal weight increases authorized by section
169.826;
(3) is subject to bridge load limits posted under section 169.84;
(4) may not be operated on the interstate highway system; and
(5) may not be operated with a load that exceeds the manufacturer's gross vehicle
weight rating as affixed to the vehicle, or other certification of gross vehicle weight rating
complying with Code of Federal Regulations, title 49, parts 567.4 to 567.7.

    Sec. 15. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.871, subdivision 1, is amended to read:
    Subdivision 1. Civil liability. (a) The owner or lessee of a vehicle that is operated
with a gross weight in excess of a weight limit imposed under sections 169.822 169.823 to
169.829, 169.832 169.84 to 169.851, and 169.87 or a shipper who ships or tenders goods
for shipment in a single truck or combination vehicle that exceeds a weight limit imposed
under sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829, 169.832 169.84 to 169.851, and 169.87 is
liable for a civil penalty as follows:
(1) if the total gross excess weight is not more than 1,000 pounds, one cent per
pound for each pound in excess of the legal limit;
(2) if the total gross excess weight is more than 1,000 pounds but not more than
3,000 pounds, $10 plus five cents per pound for each pound in excess of 1,000 pounds;
(3) if the total gross excess weight is more than 3,000 pounds but not more than
5,000 pounds, $110 plus ten cents per pound for each pound in excess of 3,000 pounds;
(4) if the total gross excess weight is more than 5,000 pounds but not more than
7,000 pounds, $310 plus 15 cents per pound for each pound in excess of 5,000 pounds;
(5) if the total gross excess weight is more than 7,000 pounds, $610 plus 20 cents per
pound for each pound in excess of 7,000 pounds.
(b) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, if a person found guilty of
a violation of a weight limit imposed under this section or sections 169.822 169.823
to 169.829, 169.832 169.84 to 169.851, or 169.87 is also found by the court to have
knowingly and contemporaneously attempted to evade a fixed weigh station or to otherwise
avoid weighing by means of stationary scales under section 169.85 or other law, the court
shall impose a penalty of twice the amount otherwise authorized under paragraph (a).
(c) Any penalty imposed upon a defendant under this subdivision shall not exceed
the penalty prescribed by this subdivision. Any fine paid by the defendant in a criminal
overweight action that arose from the same overweight violation shall be applied toward
payment of the civil penalty under this subdivision. A peace officer or Department of
Public Safety employee described in section 299D.06 who cites a driver for a violation
of the weight limitations established by sections 169.81 to 169.851 and 169.87 shall
give written notice to the driver that the driver or another may also be liable for the civil
penalties provided herein in the same or separate proceedings.
(d) A penalty imposed upon the owner or lessee of a vehicle that is based on
violations identified by the use of shippers' weight records under section 169.872 must not
exceed an aggregate of $10,000.

    Sec. 16. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.871, subdivision 1a, is amended to read:
    Subd. 1a. Special permit violations. (a) The owner or lessee of a vehicle that is
operated with a gross weight in excess of a an adjusted weight limit imposed by permit
under sections 169.86 and 169.862 and a shipper who ships or tenders goods for shipment
in a single truck or combination vehicle that exceeds a an adjusted weight limit permitted
under section 169.86 or 169.862 is liable for a civil penalty. The civil penalty is the greater
of (1) as calculated at a rate of five cents per pound for each pound in excess of the highest
weight permitted under section 169.86 or 169.862 allowed by the permit or under section
169.826, subdivision 1, or (2) $100, whichever is greater.
    (b) Any penalty imposed upon a defendant under this subdivision shall not exceed
the penalty prescribed by this subdivision. Any fine paid by the defendant in a criminal
overweight action that arose from the same overweight violation may not be applied
toward payment of the civil penalty under this subdivision. A peace officer or Department
of Public Safety employee described in section 299D.06 who cites a driver for a violation
of the adjusted weight limit limitations established by permit pursuant to section 169.86 or
169.862 shall give written notice to the driver that the driver or another may also be liable
for the civil penalty provided in this subdivision in the same or separate proceedings.
    (c) For purposes of this subdivision, "adjusted weight limit" means a weight limit
(1) imposed by a permit issued under this chapter, or (2) imposed under section 169.826,
subdivision 1.

    Sec. 17. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.871, subdivision 1b, is amended to read:
    Subd. 1b. Civil penalty for first two violations. Notwithstanding subdivision 1,
paragraph (a), clauses (1) to (5), a civil penalty under subdivision 1 for a violation in a
motor vehicle in the course of a first haul as defined in section 168.013, subdivision 3,
paragraph (d)(3), of a weight limit imposed under sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829,
169.832 169.84 to 169.851, and 169.87 that is not preceded by two or more violations
of the gross weight limits in those sections in that motor vehicle within the previous 12
months, may not exceed $150.

    Sec. 18. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 221.025, is amended to read:
221.025 EXEMPTIONS.
The provisions of this chapter requiring a certificate or permit to operate as a motor
carrier do not apply to the intrastate transportation described below:
(1) the transportation of students to or from school or school activities in a school
bus inspected and certified under section 169.451 and the transportation of children or
parents to or from a Head Start facility or Head Start activity in a Head Start bus inspected
and certified under section 169.451;
(2) the transportation of solid waste, as defined in section 116.06, subdivision 22,
including recyclable materials and waste tires, except that the term "hazardous waste" has
the meaning given it in section 221.012, subdivision 18;
(3) a commuter van as defined in section 221.012, subdivision 9;
(4) authorized emergency vehicles as defined in section 169.011, subdivision 3,
including ambulances; and tow trucks equipped with proper and legal warning devices
when picking up and transporting (i) disabled or wrecked motor vehicles or (ii) vehicles
towed or transported under a towing order issued by a public employee authorized to
issue a towing order;
(5) the transportation of grain samples under conditions prescribed by the
commissioner;
(6) the delivery of agricultural lime;
(7) the transportation of dirt and sod within an area having a 50-mile radius from the
home post office of the person performing the transportation;
(8) the transportation of sand, gravel, bituminous asphalt mix, concrete ready mix,
concrete blocks or tile and the mortar mix to be used with the concrete blocks or tile, or
crushed rock to or from the point of loading or a place of gathering within an area having a
50-mile radius from that person's home post office or a 50-mile radius from the site of
construction or maintenance of public roads and streets;
(9) the transportation of pulpwood, cordwood, mining timber, poles, posts, decorator
evergreens, wood chips, sawdust, shavings, and bark from the place where the products
are produced to the point where they are to be used or shipped;
(10) the transportation of fresh vegetables from farms to canneries or viner stations,
from viner stations to canneries, or from canneries to canneries during the harvesting,
canning, or packing season, or transporting sugar beets, wild rice, or rutabagas from the
field of production to the first place of delivery or unloading, including a processing
plant, warehouse, or railroad siding;
(11) the transportation of property or freight, other than household goods and
petroleum products in bulk, entirely within the corporate limits of a city or between
contiguous cities;
(12) (11) the transportation of unprocessed dairy products in bulk within an
area having a 100-mile radius from the home post office of the person providing the
transportation;
(13) (12) the transportation of agricultural, horticultural, dairy, livestock, or other
farm products within an area having a 100-mile radius from the person's home post
office and the carrier may transport other commodities within the 100-mile radius if the
destination of each haul is a farm;
(14) (13) the transportation of newspapers, as defined in section 331A.01,
subdivision 5
, telephone books, handbills, circulars, or pamphlets in a vehicle with a gross
vehicle weight of 10,000 pounds or less; and
(15) (14) transportation of potatoes from the field of production, or a storage site
owned or otherwise controlled by the producer, to the first place of processing.
The exemptions provided in this section apply to a person only while the person is
exclusively engaged in exempt transportation.

    Sec. 19. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 221.031, subdivision 3, is
amended to read:
    Subd. 3. Vehicle over 10,000 pounds not exempt. (a) This subdivision applies to
persons engaged in intrastate commerce who operate vehicles providing transportation
described in section 221.025 with a gross vehicle weight in excess of 10,000 pounds,
except school buses, commuter vans, and authorized emergency vehicles.
(b) Persons providing transportation described in section 221.025, clause (6), (10),
(12) (11), or (13) (12), must comply with the rules for driving of motor vehicles and for
parts and accessories necessary for safe operation.
(c) Persons providing transportation described in section 221.025, except for persons
providing transportation described in clause (6), (10), (12) (11), or (13) (12), must comply
with the rules for driving of motor vehicles; parts and accessories necessary for safe
operation; and the rules for driver qualifications.

    Sec. 20. REPEALER.
(a) Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.826, subdivision 6, is repealed.
(b) Minnesota Rules, parts 7800.0100, subparts 4, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, and 14;
7800.0200; 7800.0400; 7800.0800; 7800.0900; 7800.1000; 7800.3200, subpart 2;
7800.3300; 7805.0500; 7805.0900; 7805.1300; 8850.7950; 8850.8000; 8850.8050,
subpart 2; 8850.8100; 8850.8250; 8850.8300; 8850.8350; 8850.8800; 8850.8850;
8850.9050, subpart 3; 8855.0410; 8855.0600; 8855.0850; 8920.0100; 8920.0150;
8920.0200; 8920.0300; 8920.0400; 8920.0500; 8920.0600; 8920.0700; 8920.0800;
8920.0900; 8920.1000; 8920.1100; 8920.1200; 8920.1300; 8920.1400; 8920.1500;
8920.1550; 8920.1600; 8920.1700; 8920.1800; 8920.1900; 8920.2000; 8920.2100;
8920.2200; 8920.2300; 8920.2400; 8920.2500; 8920.2600; 8920.2700; 8920.2800;
8920.2900; 8920.3000; 8920.3100; 8920.3200; 8920.3300; 8920.3400; 8920.3500;
8920.3600; 8920.3700; 8920.3800; 8920.3900; 8920.4000; 8920.4100; 8920.4200;
8920.4300; 8920.4400; and 8920.4500, are repealed.

ARTICLE 2
CROSS REFERENCES

    Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.823, as amended by Laws 2009,
chapter 64, section 5, is amended to read:
169.823 TIRE WEIGHT LIMITS.
    Subdivision 1. Pneumatic-tired vehicle. No vehicle or combination of vehicles
equipped with pneumatic tires shall be operated upon the highways of this state:
    (1) where the gross weight on any wheel exceeds 9,000 pounds on an unpaved street
or highway or 10,000 pounds on a paved street or highway, unless posted to a lesser
weight under section 169.87, subdivision 1;
    (2) where the gross weight on any single axle exceeds 18,000 pounds on an unpaved
street or highway or 20,000 pounds on a paved street or highway, unless posted to a lesser
weight under section 169.87, subdivision 1;
    (3) where the maximum wheel load:
    (i) on the foremost and rearmost steering axles, exceeds 600 pounds per inch of tire
width or the manufacturer's recommended load, whichever is less; or
    (ii) on other axles, exceeds 500 pounds per inch of tire width or the manufacturer's
recommended load, whichever is less; or
    (4) where the gross weight on any group of axles exceeds the weights permitted
under sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829 with any or all of the interior axles disregarded,
and with an exterior axle disregarded if the exterior axle is a variable load axle that is not
carrying its intended weight, and their gross weights subtracted from the gross weight of
all axles of the group under consideration.
    Subd. 2. Vehicle not equipped with pneumatic tires. A vehicle or combination
of vehicles not equipped with pneumatic tires shall be governed by the provisions of
sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829, except that the gross weight limitations shall
be reduced by 40 percent.

    Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.826, as amended by Laws 2009, chapter
64, section 57, is amended to read:
169.826 GROSS WEIGHT SEASONAL INCREASES.
    Subdivision 1. Winter increase amounts. The limitations provided in sections
169.822 169.823 to 169.829 are increased by ten percent between the dates set by the
commissioner for each zone established by the commissioner based on a freezing index
model each winter.
    Subd. 1a. Harvest season increase amount; permit. The limitations provided in
sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829 are increased by ten percent from the beginning of
harvest to November 30 each year for the movement of sugar beets, carrots, and potatoes
from the field of harvest to the point of the first unloading. Transfer of the product
from a farm vehicle or small farm trailer, within the meaning of chapter 168, to another
vehicle is not considered to be the first unloading. A permit issued under section 169.86,
subdivision 1
, paragraph (a), is required. The commissioner shall not issue permits under
this subdivision if to do so will result in a loss of federal highway funding to the state.
    Subd. 2. Duration. The duration of a ten percent increase in load limits is subject to
limitation by order of the commissioner, subject to implementation of springtime load
restrictions.
    Subd. 3. Excess weight permit. When the ten percent increase is in effect, a
permit is required for a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer combination that has a gross
weight in excess of 80,000 pounds, an axle group weight in excess of that prescribed in
section 169.824, or a single axle weight in excess of 20,000 pounds and which travels
on interstate routes.
    Subd. 4. Weight limits set by other law. In cases where gross weights in an
amount less than that set forth in sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829 are fixed, limited,
or restricted on a highway or bridge by or under another section of this chapter, the lesser
gross weight as fixed, limited, or restricted may not be exceeded and must control instead
of the gross weights set forth in sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829.
    Subd. 6. Permit extension. The commissioner may, after determining the ability
of the highway structure and frost condition to support additional loads, grant a permit
extending seasonal increases for vehicles using portions of routes falling within two miles
of the southern boundary of the zone described under subdivision 1, clause (2).

    Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.8261, subdivision 1, is
amended to read:
    Subdivision 1. Exemption. (a) For purposes of this section, "raw or unfinished
forest products" include wood chips, paper, pulp, oriented strand board, laminated strand
lumber, hardboard, treated lumber, untreated lumber, or barrel staves.
    (b) In compliance with this section, a person may operate a vehicle or combination
of vehicles to haul raw or unfinished forest products by the most direct route to the nearest
paved highway on any highway with gross weights permitted under sections 169.822
169.823 to 169.829.

    Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.828, subdivision 1, is amended to read:
    Subdivision 1. Consecutive axle weight and number of axles. No vehicle alone
nor any single vehicle of a combination of vehicles shall be equipped with more than four
axles unless the additional axles are steering axles or castering axles; provided that the
limitation on the number of axles as provided in sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829
shall not apply to any vehicle operated under permit pursuant to section 169.86. No
vehicle alone nor any single vehicle of a combination of vehicles shall exceed the posted
weight limit for a single vehicle.

    Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.829, is amended to read:
169.829 WEIGHT LIMITS NOT APPLICABLE TO CERTAIN VEHICLES.
    Subdivision 1. City vehicle except on trunk highway. (a) The provisions of
sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.828 do not apply to vehicles operated exclusively in any
city in this state which has in effect an ordinance regulating the gross weight of vehicles
operated within that city.
    (b) This subdivision does not apply to trunk highways.
    Subd. 2. Tow truck. Sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.828 do not apply to a tow
truck or towing vehicle when towing a disabled or damaged vehicle, when the movement
is urgent, and when the movement is for the purpose of removing the disabled vehicle
from the roadway to a place of safekeeping or to a place of repair.
    Subd. 3. Utility vehicle. Sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.828 do not apply to a
utility vehicle that does not exceed a weight of 20,000 pounds per axle and is owned by:
    (1) a public utility, as defined in section 216B.02;
    (2) a municipality or municipal utility that operates that vehicle for its municipal
electric, gas, or water system; and
    (3) a cooperative electric association organized under chapter 308A.

    Sec. 6. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.85, subdivision 2, is
amended to read:
    Subd. 2. Unloading. (a) Upon weighing a vehicle and load, as provided in this
section, an officer may require the driver to stop the vehicle in a suitable place and remain
standing until a portion of the load is removed that is sufficient to reduce the gross weight
of the vehicle to the limit permitted under either section 168.013, subdivision 3, paragraph
(b), or sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829, whichever is the lesser violation, if any. A
suitable place is a location where loading or tampering with the load is not prohibited by
federal, state, or local law, rule, or ordinance.
    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (c), a driver may be required to unload a vehicle
only if the weighing officer determines that (1) on routes subject to the provisions of
sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829, the weight on an axle exceeds the lawful gross
weight prescribed by sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829, by 2,000 pounds or more,
or the weight on a group of two or more consecutive axles in cases where the distance
between the centers of the first and last axles of the group under consideration is ten feet or
less exceeds the lawful gross weight prescribed by sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829,
by 4,000 pounds or more; or (2) the weight is unlawful on an axle or group of consecutive
axles on a road restricted in accordance with section 169.87. Material unloaded must be
cared for by the owner or driver of the vehicle at the risk of the owner or driver.
    (c) If the gross weight of the vehicle does not exceed the vehicle's registered gross
weight plus the weight allowance set forth in section 168.013, subdivision 3, paragraph
(b), and plus, if applicable, the weight allowance permitted under section 169.826, then
the driver is not required to unload under paragraph (b).

    Sec. 7. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.851, subdivision 5, is amended to read:
    Subd. 5. Exception for farm and forest products. Subdivision 4 does not apply
to the first haul of unprocessed or raw farm products and the transportation of raw and
unfinished forest products, including wood chips, when the maximum weight limitations
permitted under sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829 are not exceeded by more than
ten percent.

    Sec. 8. Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.86, subdivision 1a, is amended to read:
    Subd. 1a. Seasonal permits for certain haulers. The commissioner of
transportation, upon application in writing therefor, may issue special permits annually
to any hauler authorizing the hauler to move vehicles or combinations of vehicles with
weights exceeding by not more than ten percent the weight limitations contained in
sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829, on interstate highways during the times and within
the zones specified in sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829.

    Sec. 9. Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 169.87, subdivision 2, is
amended to read:
    Subd. 2. Seasonal load restriction. (a) Unless restricted as provided in subdivision
1, between the dates set by the commissioner of transportation each year, the weight on
any single axle shall not exceed:
    (1) five tons on an unpaved street or highway; or
    (2) ten tons on a paved street or highway.
    (b) The gross weight on consecutive axles on an unpaved street or highway shall not
exceed the gross weight allowed in sections 169.822 169.823 to 169.829 multiplied by a
factor of five divided by nine. This reduction shall not apply to the gross vehicle weight.
Presented to the governor May 10, 2010
Signed by the governor May 13, 2010, 9:25 a.m.

700 State Office Building, 100 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd., St. Paul, MN 55155 ♦ Phone: (651) 296-2868 ♦ TTY: 1-800-627-3529 ♦ Fax: (651) 296-0569