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HF 2965

as introduced - 86th Legislature (2009 - 2010) Posted on 02/15/2010 09:52am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.
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10.34

A bill for an act
relating to public safety; establishing a certification process for multijurisdictional
gang and drug task forces; authorizing law enforcement agencies to establish
and maintain criminal gang investigative data systems; dissolving certain
multijurisdictional entities; amending the forfeiture reporting requirements;
amending Minnesota Statutes 2008, sections 13.6905, subdivision 14; 299A.641;
299C.091, subdivisions 2, 4; 609.531, subdivision 1; 609.5315, subdivision 6;
proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 626.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 13.6905, subdivision 14, is amended to
read:


Subd. 14.

Criminal gang investigative data system.

Data in deleted text beginthedeleted text end criminal gang
investigative data deleted text beginsystemdeleted text endnew text begin systemsnew text end are classified in deleted text beginsectiondeleted text endnew text begin sections new text end 299C.091new text begin and 626.8442new text end.

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 299A.641, is amended to read:


299A.641 GANG AND DRUG OVERSIGHT COUNCIL.

Subdivision 1.

Oversight council established.

The Gang and Drug Oversight
Council is established to provide guidance related to the investigation and prosecution of
gang and drug crime.new text begin For the purposes of this section, "gang and drug crime" includes
violent crimes associated with gang activity.
new text end

Subd. 2.

Membership.

The oversight council shall consist of the following
individuals or their designees:

(1) the director of the office of special investigations as the representative of the
commissioner of corrections;

(2) the superintendent of the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension as the representative
of the commissioner of public safety;

(3) the attorney general;

(4) deleted text begineightdeleted text endnew text begin twonew text end chiefs of police, selected by the Minnesota Chiefs of Police Association,
deleted text begin two of whichdeleted text end new text beginone who new text endmust deleted text beginbe selected from cities with populations greater than 200,000deleted text endnew text begin
work in the seven-county metropolitan area and one who must work in greater Minnesota
new text end;

(5) deleted text begineightdeleted text endnew text begin twonew text end sheriffs, selected by the Minnesota Sheriffs Association deleted text beginto represent
each district, two of which must be selected from counties with populations greater than
500,000
deleted text endnew text begin, one who must work in the seven-county metropolitan area and one who must
work in greater Minnesota
new text end;

(6) the United States attorney for the district of Minnesota;

(7) two county attorneys, selected by the Minnesota County Attorneys Associationnew text begin,
one who must work in the seven-county metropolitan area and one who must work in
greater Minnesota
new text end;

(8) deleted text begina command-level representative of a gang strike forcedeleted text endnew text begin two public defenders,
selected by the Board of Public Defense, one who must work in the seven-county
metropolitan area and one who must work in greater Minnesota
new text end;

(9) deleted text begina representative from a drug task force, selected by the Minnesota State
Association of Narcotics Investigators
deleted text endnew text begin two citizen members appointed by the
commissioner of public safety in consultation with representatives from the councils of
color created in sections 3.922, 3.9223, 3.9225, and 3.9226
new text end;new text begin and
new text end

deleted text begin (10) a representative from the United States Drug Enforcement Administration;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (11) a representative from the United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms
and Explosives;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (12) a representative from the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (13)deleted text endnew text begin (10)new text end a tribal peace officer, selected by the deleted text beginMinnesota Tribal Law Enforcement
Association;
deleted text end new text begincommissioner of public safety, in consultation with the Minnesota Indian
Affairs Council.
new text end

deleted text begin (14) two additional members who may be selected by the oversight council;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (15) a senator who serves on the committee having jurisdiction over criminal justice
policy, chosen by the Subcommittee on Committees of the senate Committee on Rules
and Administration; and
deleted text end

deleted text begin (16) a representative who serves on the committee having jurisdiction over criminal
justice policy, chosen by the speaker of the house.
deleted text end

The oversight council deleted text beginmaydeleted text endnew text begin shallnew text end adopt procedures to govern its conduct as necessary
and deleted text beginmaydeleted text endnew text begin shallnew text end select a chair from among its members. deleted text beginThe legislative members of the
council may not vote on matters before the council.
deleted text endnew text begin The chair shall serve a two-year term
and the appointment of the chair shall alternate between a person who works in greater
Minnesota and a person who works in the seven-county metropolitan area.
new text end

Subd. 3.

Oversight council's duties.

The oversight council shall develop an overall
strategy to ameliorate the harm caused to the public by gang and drug crime within
the state of Minnesota. deleted text beginThis strategy may include the development of deleted text enddeleted text beginprotocols and
procedures to investigate gang and drug crime and a structure for best addressing these
issues in a multijurisdictional manner.
deleted text end Additionally, the oversight council shall:

new text begin (1) subject to approval by the commissioner of public safety, develop an operating
procedures and policies manual to investigate gang and drug crime in a multijurisdictional
manner;
new text end

deleted text begin (1)deleted text endnew text begin (2)new text end identify and recommend a candidate or candidates for statewide coordinator
to the commissioner of public safety;

deleted text begin (2)deleted text endnew text begin (3)new text end establish multijurisdictional task forces deleted text beginand strike forcesdeleted text end to combat gang
and drug crimedeleted text begin, to include a metro gang strike force and a gang strike force located in
the St. Cloud metropolitan area
deleted text end;

deleted text begin (3)deleted text endnew text begin (4)new text end assist the Department of Public Safety in developingnew text begin grant eligibility criteria
and operating
new text end an objectivenew text begin and conflict-freenew text end grant review application process deleted text beginthat is free
from conflicts of interest
deleted text end;

deleted text begin (4) make funding recommendations to the commissioner of public safety on grants
to support efforts to combat gang and drug crime;
deleted text end

new text begin (5) make recommendations to the commissioner of public safety to terminate grant
funding for multijurisdictional entities if an entity no longer operates in accordance with
guidelines established under subdivision 3a, or no longer functions in a manner consistent
with the best interests of the state or public;
new text end

deleted text begin (5)deleted text endnew text begin (6)new text end assist in developing a process to collect and share information to improve the
investigation and prosecution of new text begingang and new text enddrug offenses;

deleted text begin (6)deleted text endnew text begin (7)new text end develop and approve an operational budget for the deleted text beginoffice of the statewide
coordinator and the
deleted text end oversight council; deleted text beginand
deleted text end

new text begin (8) develop policies that prohibit the improper use of personal characteristics such as
race, color, national origin, gender, or religion to target individuals for law enforcement
action, prosecution, or forfeiture action;
new text end

new text begin (9) subject to approval by the commissioner of public safety, develop and update
a statewide policy and procedure manual for criminal gang investigative data systems
under section 626.8442; and
new text end

deleted text begin (7)deleted text end new text begin(10) subject to approval by the commissioner of public safety, new text endadoptnew text begin narrowly
tailored, objective
new text end criteria and identifying characteristics for use in determining whether
individuals are or may be members of gangs involved in criminal activity.new text begin The council
shall review and update the criteria and characteristics adopted under this clause every two
years with the objective to ensure effectiveness and relevance to the accurate identification
of subjects actively involved in criminal gang activity. As part of its review process, the
council shall obtain input from members of communities that are impacted by criminal
gang activity. Before adopting any changes under this clause, the council must submit its
recommendations to the commissioner of public safety for approval.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3a. new text end

new text begin Duties and authority of commissioner. new text end

new text begin (a) By September 1, 2010,
the commissioner of public safety shall establish guidelines for the certification of
multijurisdictional entities that are established pursuant to this section. The guidelines
shall require that all multijurisdictional entities:
new text end

new text begin (1) be subject to the operational command and supervision of one of the participating
agencies;
new text end

new text begin (2) be subject to an operational and financial audit conducted annually by an outside,
independent entity; and
new text end

new text begin (3) have adequate staffing and funding to support law enforcement, prosecutorial, and
financial operations, including bookkeeping, evidence handling, and inventory recording.
new text end

new text begin (b) A multijurisdictional entity may not operate unless it meets the guidelines
established by, and is annually certified by, the commissioner of public safety. If, at any
time, the commissioner revokes an entity's certification, the commissioner may order
any or all of the following:
new text end

new text begin (1) dissolution of the entity, its governing boards, or both;
new text end

new text begin (2) transfer of duties of the entity, its governing boards, or both, to the Department of
Public Safety; and
new text end

new text begin (3) any other actions deemed necessary by the commissioner.
new text end

new text begin Notwithstanding any action taken by the commissioner, any outstanding obligations
or liabilities of the entity remain with the entity and the parties to the agreement and
do not transfer.
new text end

new text begin (c) Except as provided in section 8, a multijurisdictional entity that is operating
on the effective date of this section shall have six months from the date guidelines are
established under paragraph (a) to be certified under this section.
new text end

Subd. 4.

Statewide coordinator.

The deleted text begincurrent gang strike force commander shall
serve as a transition coordinator until July 1, 2006, at which time the
deleted text end commissioner of
public safety shall appoint a statewide coordinator deleted text beginas recommended by the oversight
council
deleted text end. The coordinator serving in the unclassified service shall:

(1) coordinate and monitor all multijurisdictional gang and drug enforcement
activities;

(2) facilitate local efforts and ensure statewide coordination with efforts to combat
gang and drug crime;

(3) facilitate training for personnel;

(4) monitor compliance with investigative protocols; and

(5) deleted text beginimplement an outcome evaluation and data quality control processdeleted text endnew text begin review annual
audits conducted under subdivision 3a, take corrective actions based on audit results, and
submit a summary report of the audits and any corrective actions to the commissioner of
public safety
new text end.

Subd. 5.

Participating officers; employment status.

All participating law
enforcement officers must be licensed peace officers as defined in section 626.84,
subdivision 1
, or qualified federal law enforcement officers as defined in section 626.8453.
Participating officers remain employees of the same entity that employed them before
joining any multijurisdictional entity established under this section. Participating
officers are not employees of the state.new text begin Participating officers shall be subject to annual
performance reviews conducted by the entity's governing board.
new text end

Subd. 6.

Jurisdiction and powers.

Law enforcement officers participating in any
multijurisdictional entity established under this section have statewide jurisdiction to
conduct criminal investigations and have the same powers of arrest as those possessed by
a sheriff.

new text begin Subd. 6a. new text end

new text begin Evidence handling. new text end

new text begin A multijurisdictional entity established pursuant
to this section shall process all seized cash, physical assets, and evidence through the
standard evidence handling procedures established by the participating agencies.
new text end

Subd. 7.

Grants authorized.

The commissioner of public safetydeleted text begin, upon
recommendation of the council,
deleted text end may make grants to state and local units of government to
combat gang and drug crime.new text begin When awarding grants, the commissioner shall consider
appropriating grants under this section to fund community-based gang intervention and
prevention efforts for youth.
new text end

Subd. 8.

Oversight council is permanent.

Notwithstanding section 15.059, this
section does not expire.

new text begin Subd. 8a. new text end

new text begin Governing board; prosecutor's role. new text end

new text begin (a) A multijurisdictional entity
established under this section shall create a governing board consisting of the chief law
enforcement officer, or designee, from each participating agency, a prosecutor from one of
the participating agencies, and up to three additional members selected by the governing
board. A governing board shall have no less than six members.
new text end

new text begin (b) The prosecutor on the governing board shall have the following responsibilities:
new text end

new text begin (1) to ensure adequate training for officers assigned to a multijurisdictional entity in
order to increase successful prosecutions;
new text end

new text begin (2) to advise on the lawful handling and processing of seized property and evidence
and forfeited property and money; and
new text end

new text begin (3) to ensure that seizures and forfeitures are reported in accordance with section
609.5315, subdivision 6.
new text end

Subd. 9.

Funding.

Participating agencies may accept lawful grants or contributions
from any federal source or legal business or entity.

Subd. 10.

Role of attorney general.

The attorney general or a designee shall
generally advise on any matters that the oversight council deems appropriate.

Subd. 11.

Attorney general; community liaison.

(a) The attorney general or a
designee shall serve as a liaison between the oversight council and the councilsnew text begin of colornew text end
created in sections 3.922, 3.9223, 3.9225, and 3.9226. The attorney general or designee
will be responsible for:

(1) informing the councils new text beginof color new text endof the plans, activities, and decisions and hearing
their reactions to those plans, activities, and decisions; and

(2) providing the oversight council with the deleted text begincouncils'deleted text end position new text beginof the councils of
color
new text endon the oversight council's plan, activities, and decisions.

(b) In no event is the oversight council required to disclose the names of individuals
identified by it to the councils new text beginof color new text endreferenced in this subdivision.

(c) Nothing in this subdivision changes the data classification of any data held
by the oversight council.

Subd. 12.

Required deleted text beginreportdeleted text endnew text begin reportsnew text end.

new text begin(a) new text endBy deleted text beginMarchdeleted text endnew text begin Februarynew text end 1 of each year,
the deleted text begincouncildeleted text endnew text begin commissioner of public safetynew text end shall deleted text beginreportdeleted text endnew text begin submit the following reportsnew text end to
the chairs of the senate and house of representatives committees and divisions having
jurisdiction over criminal justice policy and funding deleted text beginon the activities of the council and
any strike or task forces. This annual report shall include
deleted text end:

(1) a deleted text begindescription of the council's goals for the previous year and for the coming yeardeleted text endnew text begin
report containing summary data of all audits conducted on multijurisdictional entities
under subdivision 3a
new text end;

(2) a deleted text begindescription of the outcomes the council achieved or did not achieve during the
preceding year and a description of the outcomes the council will seek to achieve during
the coming year
deleted text endnew text begin report on the results of audits conducted on criminal gang investigative
data systems under sections 299C.091 and 626.8442
new text end; deleted text beginanddeleted text end

(3) deleted text beginany legislative recommendations the council has including, where necessary, a
description of the specific legislation needed to implement the recommendations
deleted text endnew text begin a report
on the development of, and updates to, the statewide policy and procedure manual for
criminal gang investigative data systems under section 626.8442, subdivision 4; and
new text end

new text begin (4) a report on the activities and goals of the oversight councilnew text end.

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 299C.091, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Entry of data into system.

(a) A law enforcement agency may submit
data on an individual to the criminal gang investigative data system only if the agency
obtains and maintains the documentation required under this subdivision. Documentation
may include data obtained from other criminal justice agencies, provided that a record of
all of the documentation required under paragraph (b) is maintained by the agency that
submits the data to the bureau. Data maintained by a law enforcement agency to document
an entry in the system are confidential data on individuals as defined in section 13.02,
subdivision 3
, but may be released to criminal justice agencies.

(b) A law enforcement agency may submit data on an individual to the bureau for
inclusion in the system if the individual is 14 years of age or older and the agency has
documented that:

(1) the individual has met at least three of the criteria or identifying characteristics
of gang membership developed by the Gang and Drug Oversight Council new text begin and approved
by the commissioner of public safety
new text endunder section 299A.641, subdivision 3, clause deleted text begin(7),deleted text end
deleted text begin as required by the councildeleted text endnew text begin (10)new text end; and

(2) the individual has been convicted of a gross misdemeanor or felony or has been
adjudicated or has a stayed adjudication as a juvenile for an offense that would be a gross
misdemeanor or felony if committed by an adult.

new text begin (c) The bureau shall provide users that enter data into the system with training on
the statewide policy and procedure manual under section 626.8442, subdivision 4, before
granting users access to the system.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 299C.091, subdivision 4, is amended to read:


Subd. 4.

Audit of data submitted to systemnew text begin; reportsnew text end.

The bureau shall conduct
periodic random audits of data under subdivision 2 that documents inclusion of an
individual innew text begin, and removal of an individual from,new text end the criminal gang investigative data
system for the purpose of determining the validity, completeness, and accuracy of data
submitted to the system. The bureau has access to the documenting data for purposes of
conducting an audit.new text begin By October 1 of each year, the bureau shall submit a report on the
results of the audits to the commissioner of public safety.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 609.531, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

For the purpose of sections 609.531 to 609.5318, the
following terms have the meanings given them.

(a) "Conveyance device" means a device used for transportation and includes, but
is not limited to, a motor vehicle, trailer, snowmobile, airplane, and vessel and any
equipment attached to it. The term "conveyance device" does not include property which
is, in fact, itself stolen or taken in violation of the law.

(b) "Weapon used" means a dangerous weapon as defined under section 609.02,
subdivision 6
, that the actor used or had in possession in furtherance of a crime.

(c) "Property" means property as defined in section 609.52, subdivision 1, clause (1).

(d) "Contraband" means property which is illegal to possess under Minnesota law.

(e) "Appropriate agency" means the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension, the
Department of Commerce Division of Insurance Fraud Prevention, the Minnesota
Division of Driver and Vehicle Services, the Minnesota State Patrol, a county sheriff's
department, the Three Rivers Park District park rangers, the Department of Natural
Resources Division of Enforcement, the University of Minnesota Police Department, the
Department of Corrections Fugitive Apprehension Unit, deleted text beginordeleted text end a city, metropolitan transit, or
airport police departmentnew text begin; or a multijurisdictional entity established pursuant to section
299A.641 or 299A.681
new text end.

(f) "Designated offense" includes:

(1) for weapons used: any violation of this chapter, chapter 152, or chapter 624;

(2) for driver's license or identification card transactions: any violation of section
171.22; and

(3) for all other purposes: a felony violation of, or a felony-level attempt or
conspiracy to violate, section 325E.17; 325E.18; 609.185; 609.19; 609.195; 609.21;
609.221; 609.222; 609.223; 609.2231; 609.24; 609.245; 609.25; 609.255; 609.282;
609.283; 609.322; 609.342, subdivision 1, clauses (a) to (f); 609.343, subdivision 1,
clauses (a) to (f); 609.344, subdivision 1, clauses (a) to (e), and (h) to (j); 609.345,
subdivision 1
, clauses (a) to (e), and (h) to (j); 609.352; 609.42; 609.425; 609.466;
609.485; 609.487; 609.52; 609.525; 609.527; 609.528; 609.53; 609.54; 609.551; 609.561;
609.562; 609.563; 609.582; 609.59; 609.595; 609.611; 609.631; 609.66, subdivision 1e;
609.671, subdivisions 3, 4, 5, 8, and 12; 609.687; 609.821; 609.825; 609.86; 609.88;
609.89; 609.893; 609.895; 617.246; 617.247; or a gross misdemeanor or felony violation
of section 609.891 or 624.7181; or any violation of section 609.324.

(g) "Controlled substance" has the meaning given in section 152.01, subdivision 4.

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 609.5315, subdivision 6, is amended to read:


Subd. 6.

Reporting requirement.

The appropriate agency shall provide a written
record of each forfeiture incident to the state auditor. The record shall include the amount
forfeited, datenew text begin of seizure and forfeiture, the basis of the forfeiture disposition, including
statutory or other authority, whether the forfeiture was contested
new text end, and a brief description of
the circumstances involved. The record shall also list the number of firearms forfeited
and the make, model, and serial number of each firearm forfeited.new text begin The state auditor may
require information not specified in this subdivision to also be reported.
new text end Reports shall be
made on a monthly basis in a manner prescribed by the state auditor. The state auditor
shall report annually to the legislature on the nature and extent of forfeituresnew text begin, including
a list of agencies that failed to comply with the requirements of this subdivision for a
cumulative period of 30 days or longer during the reporting year
new text end.

Sec. 7.

new text begin [626.8442] CRIMINAL GANG INVESTIGATIVE DATA SYSTEMS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin For purposes of this section, the following terms have
the meaning given to them:
new text end

new text begin (1) "criminal justice agency" has the meaning given in section 13.02, subdivision
3a; and
new text end

new text begin (2) "law enforcement agency" has the meaning given in section 626.84, subdivision
1, paragraph (f).
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Data system. new text end

new text begin (a) Upon approval by the governing body of the appropriate
statutory or home rule charter city or county, a law enforcement agency may administer
and maintain a computerized criminal gang investigative data system for the purpose
of investigating and prosecuting criminal activity by gang members. The agency may
only enter and maintain data on an individual in accordance with this section and section
299C.091. Data on an individual must be removed from the system in accordance with
section 299C.091, subdivision 5.
new text end

new text begin (b) The law enforcement agency shall provide users who enter data into the system
with training on the statewide policy and procedure manual under subdivision 4 before
granting users access to the system.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Classification of data. new text end

new text begin Data in the criminal gang investigative data system
are confidential data on individuals as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 3, but are
accessible to law enforcement agencies and may be released to criminal justice agencies
for investigative purposes.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Policies and protocols. new text end

new text begin (a) By December 1, 2010, the Bureau of Criminal
Apprehension, in consultation with the Gang and Drug Oversight Council, shall develop a
statewide policy and procedure manual to be used by the bureau under section 299C.091,
and by any law enforcement agency that maintains a criminal gang investigative data
system under this section. At a minimum, the manual must contain the following:
new text end

new text begin (1) uniform policies and procedures governing usage of criminal gang investigative
data systems;
new text end

new text begin (2) protocols for collecting and entering data in the systems and removing data
from the systems; and
new text end

new text begin (3) standards that address oversight and accountability of all users and agencies
involved in data collection.
new text end

new text begin (b) The Bureau of Criminal Apprehension shall review and update the manual every
two years and shall report changes made to the manual to the commissioner of public
safety. The commissioner must submit the manual and any subsequent changes to the
legislature with its report under section 299A.641, subdivision 12.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Audits; reports to commissioner. new text end

new text begin The law enforcement agency shall
conduct periodic random audits of data under subdivision 2 that documents inclusion of
an individual in, and removal of an individual from, the criminal gang investigative data
system for the purpose of determining the validity, completeness, and accuracy of data
submitted to the system. The agency has access to the documenting data for purposes of
conducting an audit. By October 1 of each year, the agency shall submit a report on the
results of the audits to the commissioner of public safety.
new text end

Sec. 8. new text beginMULTIJURISDICTIONAL GANG AND DRUG STRIKE FORCES.
new text end

new text begin A joint powers entity established pursuant to Minnesota Statutes, section 299A.641,
before the effective date of this section that included as parties to the joint powers
agreement two counties with a population over 500,000 each, is dissolved and any
governing or advisory board established by the terms of the agreement is also dissolved.
All current and future obligations and liabilities of the joint powers entity remain with the
parties to the agreement and do not transfer to the state.
new text end

new text begin For purposes of this section, "population" means the most recent population estimate
made by the state demographer under Minnesota Statutes, section 4A.02.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end