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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 2633

as introduced - 91st Legislature (2019 - 2020) Posted on 03/21/2019 03:40pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to taxes; property taxes; modifying manufactured homes and manufactured
home park classification; amending Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 273.13,
subdivision 25; repealing Minnesota Statutes 2018, sections 327C.01, subdivision
13; 327C.16.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 273.13, subdivision 25, is amended to read:


Subd. 25.

Class 4.

(a) Class 4a is residential real estate containing four or more units
and used or held for use by the owner or by the tenants or lessees of the owner as a residence
for rental periods of 30 days or more, excluding property qualifying for class 4d. Class 4a
also includes hospitals licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.56, other than hospitals exempt
under section 272.02, and contiguous property used for hospital purposes, without regard
to whether the property has been platted or subdivided. The market value of class 4a property
has a classification rate of 1.25 percent.

(b) Class 4b includes:

(1) residential real estate containing less than four units that does not qualify as class
4bb, other than seasonal residential recreational property;

(2) manufactured homes not classified under any other provision;

(3) a dwelling, garage, and surrounding one acre of property on a nonhomestead farm
classified under subdivision 23, paragraph (b) containing two or three units; and

(4) unimproved property that is classified residential as determined under subdivision
33.

The market value of class 4b property has a classification rate of 1.25 percentnew text begin, except
that unclassified manufactured home property under clause (2) has a classification rate of
0.75 percent
new text end.

(c) Class 4bb includes:

(1) nonhomestead residential real estate containing one unit, other than seasonal
residential recreational property;

(2) a single family dwelling, garage, and surrounding one acre of property on a
nonhomestead farm classified under subdivision 23, paragraph (b); and

(3) a condominium-type storage unit having an individual property identification number
that is not used for a commercial purpose.

Class 4bb property has the same classification rates as class 1a property under subdivision
22.

Property that has been classified as seasonal residential recreational property at any time
during which it has been owned by the current owner or spouse of the current owner does
not qualify for class 4bb.

(d) Class 4c property includes:

(1) except as provided in subdivision 22, paragraph (c), real and personal property
devoted to commercial temporary and seasonal residential occupancy for recreation purposes,
for not more than 250 days in the year preceding the year of assessment. For purposes of
this clause, property is devoted to a commercial purpose on a specific day if any portion of
the property is used for residential occupancy, and a fee is charged for residential occupancy.
Class 4c property under this clause must contain three or more rental units. A "rental unit"
is defined as a cabin, condominium, townhouse, sleeping room, or individual camping site
equipped with water and electrical hookups for recreational vehicles. A camping pad offered
for rent by a property that otherwise qualifies for class 4c under this clause is also class 4c
under this clause regardless of the term of the rental agreement, as long as the use of the
camping pad does not exceed 250 days. In order for a property to be classified under this
clause, either (i) the business located on the property must provide recreational activities,
at least 40 percent of the annual gross lodging receipts related to the property must be from
business conducted during 90 consecutive days, and either (A) at least 60 percent of all paid
bookings by lodging guests during the year must be for periods of at least two consecutive
nights; or (B) at least 20 percent of the annual gross receipts must be from charges for
providing recreational activities, or (ii) the business must contain 20 or fewer rental units,
and must be located in a township or a city with a population of 2,500 or less located outside
the metropolitan area, as defined under section 473.121, subdivision 2, that contains a portion
of a state trail administered by the Department of Natural Resources. For purposes of item
(i)(A), a paid booking of five or more nights shall be counted as two bookings. Class 4c
property also includes commercial use real property used exclusively for recreational
purposes in conjunction with other class 4c property classified under this clause and devoted
to temporary and seasonal residential occupancy for recreational purposes, up to a total of
two acres, provided the property is not devoted to commercial recreational use for more
than 250 days in the year preceding the year of assessment and is located within two miles
of the class 4c property with which it is used. In order for a property to qualify for
classification under this clause, the owner must submit a declaration to the assessor
designating the cabins or units occupied for 250 days or less in the year preceding the year
of assessment by January 15 of the assessment year. Those cabins or units and a proportionate
share of the land on which they are located must be designated class 4c under this clause
as otherwise provided. The remainder of the cabins or units and a proportionate share of
the land on which they are located will be designated as class 3a. The owner of property
desiring designation as class 4c property under this clause must provide guest registers or
other records demonstrating that the units for which class 4c designation is sought were not
occupied for more than 250 days in the year preceding the assessment if so requested. The
portion of a property operated as a (1) restaurant, (2) bar, (3) gift shop, (4) conference center
or meeting room, and (5) other nonresidential facility operated on a commercial basis not
directly related to temporary and seasonal residential occupancy for recreation purposes
does not qualify for class 4c. For the purposes of this paragraph, "recreational activities"
means renting ice fishing houses, boats and motors, snowmobiles, downhill or cross-country
ski equipment; providing marina services, launch services, or guide services; or selling bait
and fishing tackle;

(2) qualified property used as a golf course if:

(i) it is open to the public on a daily fee basis. It may charge membership fees or dues,
but a membership fee may not be required in order to use the property for golfing, and its
green fees for golfing must be comparable to green fees typically charged by municipal
courses; and

(ii) it meets the requirements of section 273.112, subdivision 3, paragraph (d).

A structure used as a clubhouse, restaurant, or place of refreshment in conjunction with
the golf course is classified as class 3a property;

(3) real property up to a maximum of three acres of land owned and used by a nonprofit
community service oriented organization and not used for residential purposes on either a
temporary or permanent basis, provided that:

(i) the property is not used for a revenue-producing activity for more than six days in
the calendar year preceding the year of assessment; or

(ii) the organization makes annual charitable contributions and donations at least equal
to the property's previous year's property taxes and the property is allowed to be used for
public and community meetings or events for no charge, as appropriate to the size of the
facility.

For purposes of this clause:

(A) "charitable contributions and donations" has the same meaning as lawful gambling
purposes under section 349.12, subdivision 25, excluding those purposes relating to the
payment of taxes, assessments, fees, auditing costs, and utility payments;

(B) "property taxes" excludes the state general tax;

(C) a "nonprofit community service oriented organization" means any corporation,
society, association, foundation, or institution organized and operated exclusively for
charitable, religious, fraternal, civic, or educational purposes, and which is exempt from
federal income taxation pursuant to section 501(c)(3), (8), (10), or (19) of the Internal
Revenue Code; and

(D) "revenue-producing activities" shall include but not be limited to property or that
portion of the property that is used as an on-sale intoxicating liquor or 3.2 percent malt
liquor establishment licensed under chapter 340A, a restaurant open to the public, bowling
alley, a retail store, gambling conducted by organizations licensed under chapter 349, an
insurance business, or office or other space leased or rented to a lessee who conducts a
for-profit enterprise on the premises.

Any portion of the property not qualifying under either item (i) or (ii) is class 3a. The
use of the property for social events open exclusively to members and their guests for periods
of less than 24 hours, when an admission is not charged nor any revenues are received by
the organization shall not be considered a revenue-producing activity.

The organization shall maintain records of its charitable contributions and donations
and of public meetings and events held on the property and make them available upon
request any time to the assessor to ensure eligibility. An organization meeting the requirement
under item (ii) must file an application by May 1 with the assessor for eligibility for the
current year's assessment. The commissioner shall prescribe a uniform application form
and instructions;

(4) postsecondary student housing of not more than one acre of land that is owned by a
nonprofit corporation organized under chapter 317A and is used exclusively by a student
cooperative, sorority, or fraternity for on-campus housing or housing located within two
miles of the border of a college campus;

(5)deleted text begin(i)deleted text end manufactured home parks as defined in section 327.14, subdivision 3, deleted text beginexcludingdeleted text endnew text begin
including
new text end manufactured home parks deleted text begindescribed in items (ii) and (iii), (ii) manufactured home
parks as defined in section 327.14, subdivision 3,
deleted text end that are described in section 273.124,
subdivision 3a
deleted text begin, and (iii) class I manufactured home parks as defined in section 327C.01,
subdivision 13
deleted text end;

(6) real property that is actively and exclusively devoted to indoor fitness, health, social,
recreational, and related uses, is owned and operated by a not-for-profit corporation, and is
located within the metropolitan area as defined in section 473.121, subdivision 2;

(7) a leased or privately owned noncommercial aircraft storage hangar not exempt under
section 272.01, subdivision 2, and the land on which it is located, provided that:

(i) the land is on an airport owned or operated by a city, town, county, Metropolitan
Airports Commission, or group thereof; and

(ii) the land lease, or any ordinance or signed agreement restricting the use of the leased
premise, prohibits commercial activity performed at the hangar.

If a hangar classified under this clause is sold after June 30, 2000, a bill of sale must be
filed by the new owner with the assessor of the county where the property is located within
60 days of the sale;

(8) a privately owned noncommercial aircraft storage hangar not exempt under section
272.01, subdivision 2, and the land on which it is located, provided that:

(i) the land abuts a public airport; and

(ii) the owner of the aircraft storage hangar provides the assessor with a signed agreement
restricting the use of the premises, prohibiting commercial use or activity performed at the
hangar; and

(9) residential real estate, a portion of which is used by the owner for homestead purposes,
and that is also a place of lodging, if all of the following criteria are met:

(i) rooms are provided for rent to transient guests that generally stay for periods of 14
or fewer days;

(ii) meals are provided to persons who rent rooms, the cost of which is incorporated in
the basic room rate;

(iii) meals are not provided to the general public except for special events on fewer than
seven days in the calendar year preceding the year of the assessment; and

(iv) the owner is the operator of the property.

The market value subject to the 4c classification under this clause is limited to five rental
units. Any rental units on the property in excess of five, must be valued and assessed as
class 3a. The portion of the property used for purposes of a homestead by the owner must
be classified as class 1a property under subdivision 22;

(10) real property up to a maximum of three acres and operated as a restaurant as defined
under section 157.15, subdivision 12, provided it: (i) is located on a lake as defined under
section 103G.005, subdivision 15, paragraph (a), clause (3); and (ii) is either devoted to
commercial purposes for not more than 250 consecutive days, or receives at least 60 percent
of its annual gross receipts from business conducted during four consecutive months. Gross
receipts from the sale of alcoholic beverages must be included in determining the property's
qualification under item (ii). The property's primary business must be as a restaurant and
not as a bar. Gross receipts from gift shop sales located on the premises must be excluded.
Owners of real property desiring 4c classification under this clause must submit an annual
declaration to the assessor by February 1 of the current assessment year, based on the
property's relevant information for the preceding assessment year;

(11) lakeshore and riparian property and adjacent land, not to exceed six acres, used as
a marina, as defined in section 86A.20, subdivision 5, which is made accessible to the public
and devoted to recreational use for marina services. The marina owner must annually provide
evidence to the assessor that it provides services, including lake or river access to the public
by means of an access ramp or other facility that is either located on the property of the
marina or at a publicly owned site that abuts the property of the marina. No more than 800
feet of lakeshore may be included in this classification. Buildings used in conjunction with
a marina for marina services, including but not limited to buildings used to provide food
and beverage services, fuel, boat repairs, or the sale of bait or fishing tackle, are classified
as class 3a property; and

(12) real and personal property devoted to noncommercial temporary and seasonal
residential occupancy for recreation purposes.

Class 4c property has a classification rate of 1.5 percent of market value, except that (i)
each parcel of noncommercial seasonal residential recreational property under clause (12)
has the same classification rates as class 4bb property, (ii) manufactured home parks assessed
under clause (5)deleted text begin, item (i), have the same classification rate as class 4b property, the market
value of manufactured home parks assessed under clause (5), item (ii), have a classification
rate of 0.75 percent if more than 50 percent of the lots in the park are occupied by
shareholders in the cooperative corporation or association and a classification rate of one
percent if 50 percent or less of the lots are so occupied, and class I manufactured home
parks as defined in section 327C.01, subdivision 13, have a classification rate of 1.0
deleted text end new text beginhave
a classification rate of 0.75
new text endpercent, (iii) commercial-use seasonal residential recreational
property and marina recreational land as described in clause (11), has a classification rate
of one percent for the first $500,000 of market value, and 1.25 percent for the remaining
market value, (iv) the market value of property described in clause (4) has a classification
rate of one percent, (v) the market value of property described in clauses (2), (6), and (10)
has a classification rate of 1.25 percent, (vi) that portion of the market value of property in
clause (9) qualifying for class 4c property has a classification rate of 1.25 percent, and (vii)
property qualifying for classification under clause (3) that is owned or operated by a
congressionally chartered veterans organization has a classification rate of one percent. The
commissioner of veterans affairs must provide a list of congressionally chartered veterans
organizations to the commissioner of revenue by June 30, 2017, and by January 1, 2018,
and each year thereafter.

(e) Class 4d property is qualifying low-income rental housing certified to the assessor
by the Housing Finance Agency under section 273.128, subdivision 3. If only a portion of
the units in the building qualify as low-income rental housing units as certified under section
273.128, subdivision 3, only the proportion of qualifying units to the total number of units
in the building qualify for class 4d. The remaining portion of the building shall be classified
by the assessor based upon its use. Class 4d also includes the same proportion of land as
the qualifying low-income rental housing units are to the total units in the building. For all
properties qualifying as class 4d, the market value determined by the assessor must be based
on the normal approach to value using normal unrestricted rents.

(f) The first tier of market value of class 4d property has a classification rate of 0.75
percent. The remaining value of class 4d property has a classification rate of 0.25 percent.
For the purposes of this paragraph, the "first tier of market value of class 4d property" means
the market value of each housing unit up to the first tier limit. For the purposes of this
paragraph, all class 4d property value must be assigned to individual housing units. The
first tier limit is $100,000 for assessment year 2014. For subsequent years, the limit is
adjusted each year by the average statewide change in estimated market value of property
classified as class 4a and 4d under this section for the previous assessment year, excluding
valuation change due to new construction, rounded to the nearest $1,000, provided, however,
that the limit may never be less than $100,000. Beginning with assessment year 2015, the
commissioner of revenue must certify the limit for each assessment year by November 1
of the previous year.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective beginning with property taxes payable
in 2020.
new text end

Sec. 2. new text beginREPEALER.
new text end

new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2018, sections 327C.01, subdivision 13; and 327C.16, new text end new text begin are repealed.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective beginning with property taxes payable
in 2020.
new text end

APPENDIX

Repealed Minnesota Statutes: 19-4336

327C.01 DEFINITIONS.

Subd. 13.

Class I manufactured home park.

A "class I manufactured home park" means a park that complies with the provisions of section 327C.16.

327C.16 CLASS I MANUFACTURED HOME PARK.

Subdivision 1.

Qualifications.

(a) To qualify as a class I manufactured home park, as defined in section 327C.01, subdivision 13, a park owner, or on-site attendant as an employee of the manufactured home park, must satisfy 12 hours of qualifying education courses every three years, as prescribed in this subdivision. Park owners or on-site attendants may begin accumulating qualifying hours to qualify as a class I manufactured home park beginning in 2017.

(b) The qualifying education courses required for classification under this subdivision must be continuing education courses approved by the Department of Labor and Industry or the Department of Commerce for:

(1) continuing education in real estate; or

(2) continuing education for residential contractors and manufactured home installers.

(c) The qualifying education courses must include:

(1) two hours on fair housing, approved for real estate licensure or residential contractor licensure;

(2) one hour on the Americans with Disabilities Act, approved for real estate licensure or residential contractor licensure;

(3) four hours on legal compliance related to any of the following: landlord/tenant, licensing requirements, or home financing under chapters 58, 327, 327B, 327C, and 504B, and Minnesota Rules, chapter 1350 or 4630;

(4) three hours of general education approved for real estate, residential contractors, or manufactured home installers; and

(5) two hours of HUD-specific manufactured home installer courses as required under section 327B.041.

(d) If the qualifying owner or employee attendant is no longer the person meeting the requirements under this subdivision, but did qualify during the current assessment year, then the manufactured home park shall still qualify for the class rate provided for class 4c property classified under section 273.13, subdivision 25, paragraph (d), clause (5), item (iii).

Subd. 2.

Proof of compliance.

(a) A park owner that has met the requirements of subdivision 1 shall provide an affidavit to the park owner's county assessor certifying that the park owner, corporate officer, or on-site attendant has complied with subdivision 1 and that the park meets the definition of a class I manufactured home park as defined in this section, and is entitled to the property tax classification rate for class I manufactured home parks in section 273.13, subdivision 25. The park owner shall retain the original course completion certificates issued by the course sponsor under this section for three years and, upon written request for verification, provide these to the county assessor within 30 days.

(b) A park owner must provide the county assessor written notice of any change in compliance status of the manufactured home park no later than December 15 of the assessment year.