2nd Engrossment - 82nd Legislature (2001 - 2002) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am
1.1 A bill for an act 1.2 relating to crimes; providing that certain license 1.3 revocation hearings do not give rise to an estoppel on 1.4 any issues in criminal prosecutions; providing for 1.5 jurisdiction over persons found to have caused a 1.6 delinquent act or charged by a juvenile petition; 1.7 making it child endangerment to permit a child to be 1.8 present when a person possesses certain chemical 1.9 substances used to manufacture controlled substances; 1.10 prescribing penalties for persons who escape from 1.11 electronic monitoring; excluding habitual truant from 1.12 the definition of juvenile petty offender; providing 1.13 that there is no right for appointment of counsel at 1.14 public expense for habitual truant cases; amending 1.15 Minnesota Statutes 2000, sections 169A.53, subdivision 1.16 3; 260B.193, subdivision 5; 260C.163, subdivision 3, 1.17 as amended; 609.378, subdivision 1; 609.485, 1.18 subdivisions 3, 4; 634.20; Minnesota Statutes 2001 1.19 Supplement, sections 260B.007, subdivision 16, as 1.20 amended; 260C.141, subdivision 3, as amended. 1.21 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: 1.22 Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 2000, section 169A.53, 1.23 subdivision 3, is amended to read: 1.24 Subd. 3. [HEARING; ISSUES; ORDER; APPEAL.] (a) A judicial 1.25 review hearing under this section must be before a district 1.26 judge in any county in the judicial district where the alleged 1.27 offense occurred. The hearing is to the court and may be 1.28 conducted at the same time and in the same manner as hearings 1.29 upon pretrial motions in the criminal prosecution under section 1.30 169A.20 (driving while impaired), if any. The hearing must be 1.31 recorded. The commissioner shall appear and be represented by 1.32 the attorney general or through the prosecuting authority for 1.33 the jurisdiction involved. The hearing must be held at the 2.1 earliest practicable date, and in any event no later than 60 2.2 days following the filing of the petition for review. The 2.3 judicial district administrator shall establish procedures to 2.4 ensure efficient compliance with this subdivision. To 2.5 accomplish this, the administrator may, whenever possible, 2.6 consolidate and transfer review hearings among the locations 2.7 within the judicial district where terms of district court are 2.8 held. 2.9 (b) The scope of the hearing is limited to the issues in 2.10 clauses (1) to (10): 2.11 (1) Did the peace officer have probable cause to believe 2.12 the person was driving, operating, or in physical control of a 2.13 motor vehicle or commercial motor vehicle in violation of 2.14 section 169A.20 (driving while impaired)? 2.15 (2) Was the person lawfully placed under arrest for 2.16 violation of section 169A.20? 2.17 (3) Was the person involved in a motor vehicle accident or 2.18 collision resulting in property damage, personal injury, or 2.19 death? 2.20 (4) Did the person refuse to take a screening test provided 2.21 for by section 169A.41 (preliminary screening test)? 2.22 (5) If the screening test was administered, did the test 2.23 indicate an alcohol concentration of 0.10 or more? 2.24 (6) At the time of the request for the test, did the peace 2.25 officer inform the person of the person's rights and the 2.26 consequences of taking or refusing the test as required by 2.27 section 169A.51, subdivision 2? 2.28 (7) Did the person refuse to permit the test? 2.29 (8) If a test was taken by a person driving, operating, or 2.30 in physical control of a motor vehicle, did the test results 2.31 indicate at the time of testing: 2.32 (i) an alcohol concentration of 0.10 or more; or 2.33 (ii) the presence of a controlled substance listed in 2.34 schedule I or II, other than marijuana or tetrahydrocannabinols? 2.35 (9) If a test was taken by a person driving, operating, or 2.36 in physical control of a commercial motor vehicle, did the test 3.1 results indicate an alcohol concentration of 0.04 or more at the 3.2 time of testing? 3.3 (10) Was the testing method used valid and reliable and 3.4 were the test results accurately evaluated? 3.5 (c) It is an affirmative defense for the petitioner to 3.6 prove that, at the time of the refusal, the petitioner's refusal 3.7 to permit the test was based upon reasonable grounds. 3.8 (d) Certified or otherwise authenticated copies of 3.9 laboratory or medical personnel reports, records, documents, 3.10 licenses, and certificates are admissible as substantive 3.11 evidence. 3.12 (e) The court shall order that the revocation or 3.13 disqualification be either rescinded or sustained and forward 3.14 the order to the commissioner. The court shall file its order 3.15 within 14 days following the hearing. If the revocation or 3.16 disqualification is sustained, the court shall also forward the 3.17 person's driver's license or permit to the commissioner for 3.18 further action by the commissioner if the license or permit is 3.19 not already in the commissioner's possession. 3.20 (f) Any party aggrieved by the decision of the reviewing 3.21 court may appeal the decision as provided in the rules of 3.22 appellate procedure. 3.23 (g) The civil hearing under this section shall not give 3.24 rise to an estoppel on any issues arising from the same set of 3.25 circumstances in any criminal prosecution. 3.26 Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 2001 Supplement, section 3.27 260B.007, subdivision 16, as amended by Laws 2002, chapter 220, 3.28 article 6, section 10, is amended to read: 3.29 Subd. 16. [JUVENILE PETTY OFFENDER; JUVENILE PETTY 3.30 OFFENSE.] (a) "Juvenile petty offense" includes a juvenile 3.31 alcohol offense, a juvenile controlled substance offense, a 3.32 violation of section 609.685, or a violation of a local 3.33 ordinance, which by its terms prohibits conduct by a child under 3.34 the age of 18 years which would be lawful conduct if committed 3.35 by an adult.
"Juvenile petty offense" also includes a habitual3.36 truant, as defined in section 260C.007, subdivision 19, unless a4.1 petition brought under chapter 260C states that an out-of-home4.2 placement is sought for the child.4.3 (b) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (c), 4.4 "juvenile petty offense" also includes an offense that would be 4.5 a misdemeanor if committed by an adult. 4.6 (c) "Juvenile petty offense" does not include any of the 4.7 following: 4.8 (1) a misdemeanor-level violation of section 518B.01, 4.9 588.20, 609.224, 609.2242, 609.324, 609.563, 609.576, 609.66, 4.10 609.746, 609.748, 609.79, or 617.23; 4.11 (2) a major traffic offense or an adult court traffic 4.12 offense, as described in section 260B.225; 4.13 (3) a misdemeanor-level offense committed by a child whom 4.14 the juvenile court previously has found to have committed a 4.15 misdemeanor, gross misdemeanor, or felony offense; or 4.16 (4) a misdemeanor-level offense committed by a child whom 4.17 the juvenile court has found to have committed a 4.18 misdemeanor-level juvenile petty offense on two or more prior 4.19 occasions, unless the county attorney designates the child on 4.20 the petition as a juvenile petty offender notwithstanding this 4.21 prior record. As used in this clause, "misdemeanor-level 4.22 juvenile petty offense" includes a misdemeanor-level offense 4.23 that would have been a juvenile petty offense if it had been 4.24 committed on or after July 1, 1995. 4.25 (d) A child who commits a juvenile petty offense is a 4.26 "juvenile petty offender." 4.27 Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 2001 Supplement, section 4.28 260C.141, subdivision 3, as amended by Laws 2002, chapter 220, 4.29 article 6, section 11, is amended to read: 4.30 Subd. 3. [CHILD IN NEED OF PROTECTION OR SERVICES; 4.31 HABITUAL TRUANT.] (a)If there is a school attendance review 4.32 board or county attorney mediation program operating in the 4.33 child's school district, a petition alleging that a child is in 4.34 need of protection or services as a habitual truant under 4.35 section 260C.007, subdivision 6, clause (14), may not be filed 4.36 until the applicable procedures under section 260A.06 or 260A.07 5.1 have been followed. 5.2 (b) A petition alleging that a child is in need of5.3 protection or services as a habitual truant under section5.4 260C.007, subdivision 6, clause (14), must give notice that the5.5 petitioner is seeking an out-of-home placement of the child. If5.6 the petition does not state that an out-of-home placement is5.7 sought for the child, the matter must proceed as a juvenile5.8 petty offense action under chapter 260B.5.9 Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 2000, section 260C.163, 5.10 subdivision 3, as amended by Laws 2002, chapter 220, article 6, 5.11 section 12, is amended to read: 5.12 Subd. 3. [APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL.] (a) The child, parent, 5.13 guardian or custodian has the right to effective assistance of 5.14 counsel in connection with a proceeding in juvenile court. 5.15 (b) Except in proceedings where the sole basis for the 5.16 petition is habitual truancy, if theythe child, parent, 5.17 guardian, or custodian desire counsel but are unable to employ 5.18 it, the court shall appoint counsel to represent the child who 5.19 is ten years of age or older or the parents or guardian in any 5.20 case in which it feels that such an appointment is appropriate. 5.21 (c) In any proceeding where the sole basis for the petition 5.22 is habitual truancy, the child, parent, guardian, and custodian 5.23 do not have the right to appointment of a public defender or 5.24 other counsel at public expense. However, before any 5.25 out-of-home placement, including foster care or inpatient 5.26 treatment, can be ordered, the court must appoint a public 5.27 defender or other counsel at public expense in accordance with 5.28 paragraph (b). 5.29 (d) Counsel for the child shall not also act as the child's 5.30 guardian ad litem. 5.31 (d)(e) In any proceeding where the subject of a petition 5.32 for a child in need of protection or services is not represented 5.33 by an attorney, the court shall determine the child's 5.34 preferences regarding the proceedings, if the child is of 5.35 suitable age to express a preference. 5.36 (e) A child, parent, guardian, or custodian is not entitled6.1 to counsel at public expense in a case involving a child alleged6.2 to be in need of protection or services as a habitual truant6.3 under section 260C.007, subdivision 6, clause (14), unless the6.4 petition states that an out-of-home placement is sought for the6.5 child.6.6 Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 2000, section 260B.193, 6.7 subdivision 5, is amended to read: 6.8 Subd. 5. [TERMINATION OF JURISDICTION.] (a) The court may 6.9 dismiss the petition or otherwise terminate its jurisdiction on 6.10 its own motion or on the motion or petition of any interested 6.11 party at any time. Unless terminated by the court, and except 6.12 as otherwise provided in this subdivision, the jurisdiction of 6.13 the court shall continue until the individual becomes 19 years 6.14 of age if the court determines it is in the best interest of the 6.15 individual to do so. 6.16 (b) The jurisdiction of the court over an extended 6.17 jurisdiction juvenile, with respect to the offense for which the 6.18 individual was convicted as an extended jurisdiction juvenile, 6.19 extends until the offender becomes 21 years of age, unless the 6.20 court terminates jurisdiction before that date. 6.21 (c) The juvenile court has jurisdiction to designate the 6.22 proceeding an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution, to 6.23 hold a certification hearing, or to conduct a trial, receive a 6.24 plea, or impose a disposition under section 260B.130, 6.25 subdivision 4, if: 6.26 (1) an adult is alleged to have committed an offense before 6.27 the adult's 18th birthday; and 6.28 (2) a petition is filed under section 260B.141 before 6.29 expiration of the time for filing under section 628.26 and 6.30 before the adult's 21st birthday. 6.31 The juvenile court lacks jurisdiction under this paragraph if 6.32 the adult demonstrates that the delay was purposefully caused by 6.33 the state in order to gain an unfair advantage. 6.34 (d) The district court has original and exclusive 6.35 jurisdiction over a proceeding: 6.36 (1) that involves an adult who is alleged to have committed 7.1 an offense before the adult's 18th birthday; and 7.2 (2) in which a criminal complaint is filed before 7.3 expiration of the time for filing under section 628.26 and after 7.4 the adult's 21st birthday. 7.5 The juvenile court retains jurisdiction if the adult 7.6 demonstrates that the delay in filing a criminal complaint was 7.7 purposefully caused by the state in order to gain an unfair 7.8 advantage. 7.9 (e) The juvenile court has jurisdiction over a person who 7.10 has been adjudicated delinquent, has been found to have 7.11 committed a delinquent act, or has been charged by juvenile 7.12 petition until the person's 21st birthday if the person fails to 7.13 appear at any juvenile court hearing or fails to appear at or 7.14 absconds from any placement under a juvenile court order. The 7.15 juvenile court has jurisdiction over a convicted extended 7.16 jurisdiction juvenile who fails to appear at any juvenile court 7.17 hearing or fails to appear at or absconds from any placement 7.18 under section 260B.130, subdivision 4. The juvenile court lacks 7.19 jurisdiction under this paragraph if the adult demonstrates that 7.20 the delay was purposefully caused by the state in order to gain 7.21 an unfair advantage. 7.22 Sec. 6. Minnesota Statutes 2000, section 609.378, 7.23 subdivision 1, is amended to read: 7.24 Subdivision 1. [PERSONS GUILTY OF NEGLECT OR 7.25 ENDANGERMENT.] (a) [NEGLECT.] (1) A parent, legal guardian, or 7.26 caretaker who willfully deprives a child of necessary food, 7.27 clothing, shelter, health care, or supervision appropriate to 7.28 the child's age, when the parent, guardian, or caretaker is 7.29 reasonably able to make the necessary provisions and the 7.30 deprivation harms or is likely to substantially harm the child's 7.31 physical, mental, or emotional health is guilty of neglect of a 7.32 child and may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than one 7.33 year or to payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or both. 7.34 If the deprivation results in substantial harm to the child's 7.35 physical, mental, or emotional health, the person may be 7.36 sentenced to imprisonment for not more than five years or to 8.1 payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both. If a 8.2 parent, guardian, or caretaker responsible for the child's care 8.3 in good faith selects and depends upon spiritual means or prayer 8.4 for treatment or care of disease or remedial care of the child, 8.5 this treatment or care is "health care," for purposes of this 8.6 clause. 8.7 (2) A parent, legal guardian, or caretaker who knowingly 8.8 permits the continuing physical or sexual abuse of a child is 8.9 guilty of neglect of a child and may be sentenced to 8.10 imprisonment for not more than one year or to payment of a fine 8.11 of not more than $3,000, or both. 8.12 (b) [ENDANGERMENT.] A parent, legal guardian, or caretaker 8.13 who endangers the child's person or health by: 8.14 (1) intentionally or recklessly causing or permitting a 8.15 child to be placed in a situation likely to substantially harm 8.16 the child's physical, mental, or emotional health or cause the 8.17 child's death; or 8.18 (2) knowingly causing or permitting the child to be present 8.19 where any person is selling, manufacturing, possessing immediate 8.20 precursors or chemical substances with intent to manufacture, or 8.21 possessing a controlled substance, as defined in section 152.01, 8.22 subdivision 4, in violation of section 152.021, 152.022, 8.23 152.023, or 152.024; is guilty of child endangerment and may be 8.24 sentenced to imprisonment for not more than one year or to 8.25 payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or both. 8.26 If the endangerment results in substantial harm to the 8.27 child's physical, mental, or emotional health, the person may be 8.28 sentenced to imprisonment for not more than five years or to 8.29 payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both. 8.30 This paragraph does not prevent a parent, legal guardian, 8.31 or caretaker from causing or permitting a child to engage in 8.32 activities that are appropriate to the child's age, stage of 8.33 development, and experience, or from selecting health care as 8.34 defined in subdivision 1, paragraph (a). 8.35 (c) [ENDANGERMENT BY FIREARM ACCESS.] A person who 8.36 intentionally or recklessly causes a child under 14 years of age 9.1 to be placed in a situation likely to substantially harm the 9.2 child's physical health or cause the child's death as a result 9.3 of the child's access to a loaded firearm is guilty of child 9.4 endangerment and may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more 9.5 than one year or to payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, 9.6 or both. 9.7 If the endangerment results in substantial harm to the 9.8 child's physical health, the person may be sentenced to 9.9 imprisonment for not more than five years or to payment of a 9.10 fine of not more than $10,000, or both. 9.11 Sec. 7. Minnesota Statutes 2000, section 609.485, 9.12 subdivision 3, is amended to read: 9.13 Subd. 3. [EXCEPTIONS.] This section does not apply to a 9.14 person who is free on bail or who is on parole or probation, or 9.15 subject to a stayed sentence or stayed execution of sentence, 9.16 unless the person (1) has been taken into actual custody upon 9.17 revocation of the parole, probation, or stay of the sentence or 9.18 execution of sentence, or(2) is in custody in a county jail or 9.19 workhouse as a condition of a stayed sentence, or (3) is subject 9.20 to electronic monitoring as a condition of parole, probation, or 9.21 supervised release. 9.22 Sec. 8. Minnesota Statutes 2000, section 609.485, 9.23 subdivision 4, is amended to read: 9.24 Subd. 4. [SENTENCE.] (a) Except as otherwise provided in 9.25 subdivision 3a, whoever violates this section may be sentenced 9.26 as follows: 9.27 (1) if the person who escapes is in lawful custody for a 9.28 felony, to imprisonment for not more than five years or to 9.29 payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both; 9.30 (2) if the person who escapes is in lawful custody after a 9.31 finding of not guilty by reason of mental illness or mental 9.32 deficiency of a crime against the person, as defined in section 9.33 253B.02, subdivision 4a, or pursuant to a court commitment order 9.34 under section 253B.185 or Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 9.35 526.10, to imprisonment for not more than one year and one day 9.36 or to payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or both; or 10.1 (3) if the person who escapes is in lawful custody for a 10.2 gross misdemeanor or misdemeanor, or if the person who escapes 10.3 is in lawful custody on an allegation or adjudication of a 10.4 delinquent act, to imprisonment for not more than one year or to 10.5 payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or both. 10.6 (b) If the escape was a violation of subdivision 2, clause 10.7 (1), (2), or (3), and was effected by violence or threat of 10.8 violence against a person, the sentence may be increased to not 10.9 more than twice those permitted in paragraph (a), clauses (1) 10.10 and (3). 10.11 (c) Unless a concurrent term is specified by the court, a 10.12 sentence under this section shall be consecutive to any sentence 10.13 previously imposed or which may be imposed for any crime or 10.14 offense for which the person was in custody when the person 10.15 escaped. 10.16 (d) Notwithstanding paragraph (c), if a person who was 10.17 committed to the commissioner of corrections under section 10.18 260B.198 escapes from the custody of the commissioner while 18 10.19 years of age, the person's sentence under this section shall 10.20 commence on the person's 19th birthday or on the person's date 10.21 of discharge by the commissioner of corrections, whichever 10.22 occurs first. However, if the person described in this clause 10.23 is convicted under this section after becoming 19 years old and 10.24 after having been discharged by the commissioner, the person's 10.25 sentence shall commence upon imposition by the sentencing court. 10.26 (e) Notwithstanding paragraph (c), if a person who is in 10.27 lawful custody on an allegation or adjudication of a delinquent 10.28 act while 18 years of age escapes from a local juvenile 10.29 correctional facility, the person's sentence under this section 10.30 begins on the person's 19th birthday or on the person's date of 10.31 discharge from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, whichever 10.32 occurs first. However, if the person described in this 10.33 paragraph is convicted after becoming 19 years old and after 10.34 discharge from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, the 10.35 person's sentence begins upon imposition by the sentencing court. 10.36 (f) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), any person who escapes 11.1 or absconds from electronic monitoring or removes an electric 11.2 monitoring device from the person's body is guilty of a crime 11.3 and shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than one 11.4 year or to a payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or 11.5 both. A person in lawful custody for a violation of sections 11.6 609.185, 609.19, 609.195, 609.20, 609.205, 609.21, 609.221, 11.7 609.222, 609.223, 609.2231, 609.342, 609.343, 609.344, 609.345, 11.8 or 609.3451 who escapes or absconds from electronic monitoring 11.9 or removes an electronic monitoring device while under sentence 11.10 may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than five years or 11.11 to a payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both. 11.12 Sec. 9. Minnesota Statutes 2000, section 634.20, is 11.13 amended to read: 11.14 634.20 [EVIDENCE OF PRIORCONDUCT.] 11.15 Evidence of similar priorconduct by the accused against 11.16 the victim of domestic abuse, or against other family or 11.17 household members, is admissible unless the probative value is 11.18 substantially outweighed by the danger of unfair prejudice, 11.19 confusion of the issue, or misleading the jury, or by 11.20 considerations of undue delay, waste of time, or needless 11.21 presentation of cumulative evidence. "Similar priorconduct" 11.22 includes, but is not limited to, evidence of domestic abuse, 11.23 violation of an order for protection under section 518B.01; 11.24 violation of a harassment restraining order under section 11.25 609.748; or violation of section 609.749 or 609.79, subdivision 11.26 1. "Domestic abuse" and "family or household members" have the 11.27 meanings given under section 518B.01, subdivision 2. 11.28 Sec. 10. [EFFECTIVE DATE.] 11.29 Sections 1 and 5 to 8 are effective August 1, 2002, and 11.30 apply to crimes committed on or after that date. Sections 2 to 11.31 4 are effective July 1, 2002, except that the amendments to 11.32 section 260C.163, subdivision 3, paragraphs (b) and (c) are not 11.33 effective in the fourth judicial district until July 1, 2003.