Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Capital IconMinnesota Legislature

HF 3086

as introduced - 86th Legislature (2009 - 2010) Posted on 02/22/2010 11:11am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.
Line numbers 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10
1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 2.32 2.33 2.34 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13
3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22
3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29
3.30 3.31 3.32 3.33 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29
4.30 4.31 4.32 4.33 4.34 4.35
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22
5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27
5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25
6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 6.31 6.32 6.33 6.34 6.35 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18
7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29 7.30 7.31
7.32 7.33 7.34 8.1 8.2 8.3
8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7
8.8 8.9 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26 8.27 8.28 8.29 8.30 8.31 8.32 8.33 9.1 9.2 9.3

A bill for an act
relating to health; providing for access to health records by surviving domestic
partners; including domestic partners in provisions governing health care
rights, consent to autopsies, and anatomical gifts; amending Minnesota Statutes
2008, sections 144.291, subdivision 2; 144.294, subdivision 1; 144.334;
144.651, subdivisions 2, 28; 144A.161, subdivision 1; 144A.75, subdivision 7;
253B.03, subdivision 6; 390.11, subdivision 2; 390.32, subdivision 3; 525A.02,
subdivision 6, by adding a subdivision; 525A.09; Minnesota Statutes 2009
Supplement, section 13.384, subdivision 3.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2009 Supplement, section 13.384, subdivision 3, is
amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Classification of medical data.

Unless the data is summary data or a
statute specifically provides a different classification, medical data are private but are
available only to the subject of the data as provided in sections 144.291 to 144.298, and
shall not be disclosed to others except:

(a) pursuant to section 13.05;

(b) pursuant to section 253B.0921;

(c) pursuant to a valid court order;

(d) to administer federal funds or programs;

(e) to the surviving spousenew text begin or domestic partner, as defined in section 144.651,
subdivision 2
new text end, parents, children, siblings, and health care agent of a deceased patient or
client or, if there are no surviving spouse, parents, children, siblings, or health care agent
to the surviving heirs of the nearest degree of kindred;

(f) to communicate a patient's or client's condition to a family member, health care
agent, or other appropriate person in accordance with acceptable medical practice, unless
the patient or client directs otherwise; or

(g) as otherwise required by law.

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 144.291, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Definitions.

For the purposes of sections 144.291 to 144.298, the following
terms have the meanings given.

(a) "Group purchaser" has the meaning given in section 62J.03, subdivision 6.

(b) "Health information exchange" means a legal arrangement between health care
providers and group purchasers to enable and oversee the business and legal issues
involved in the electronic exchange of health records between the entities for the delivery
of patient care.

(c) "Health record" means any information, whether oral or recorded in any form or
medium, that relates to the past, present, or future physical or mental health or condition of
a patient; the provision of health care to a patient; or the past, present, or future payment
for the provision of health care to a patient.

(d) "Identifying information" means the patient's name, address, date of birth,
gender, parent's or guardian's name regardless of the age of the patient, and other
nonclinical data which can be used to uniquely identify a patient.

(e) "Individually identifiable form" means a form in which the patient is or can be
identified as the subject of the health records.

(f) "Medical emergency" means medically necessary care which is immediately
needed to preserve life, prevent serious impairment to bodily functions, organs, or parts,
or prevent placing the physical or mental health of the patient in serious jeopardy.

(g) "Patient" means a natural person who has received health care services from a
provider for treatment or examination of a medical, psychiatric, or mental condition, the
surviving spouse new text beginor domestic partner, as defined in section 144.651, subdivision 2, new text endand
parents of a deceased patient, or a person the patient appoints in writing as a representative,
including a health care agent acting according to chapter 145C, unless the authority of the
agent has been limited by the principal in the principal's health care directive. Except for
minors who have received health care services under sections 144.341 to 144.347, in the
case of a minor, patient includes a parent or guardian, or a person acting as a parent or
guardian in the absence of a parent or guardian.

(h) "Provider" means:

(1) any person who furnishes health care services and is regulated to furnish the
services under chapter 147, 147A, 147B, 147C, 147D, 148, 148B, 148C, 148D, 150A,
151, 153, or 153A;

(2) a home care provider licensed under section 144A.46;

(3) a health care facility licensed under this chapter or chapter 144A;

(4) a physician assistant registered under chapter 147A; and

(5) an unlicensed mental health practitioner regulated under sections 148B.60 to
148B.71.

(i) "Record locator service" means an electronic index of patient identifying
information that directs providers in a health information exchange to the location of
patient health records held by providers and group purchasers.

(j) "Related health care entity" means an affiliate, as defined in section 144.6521,
subdivision 3
, paragraph (b), of the provider releasing the health records.

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 144.294, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Provider inquiry.

Upon the written request of a spousenew text begin or domestic
partner, as defined in section 144.651, subdivision 2
new text end, parent, child, or sibling of a patient
being evaluated for or diagnosed with mental illness, a provider shall inquire of a patient
whether the patient wishes to authorize a specific individual to receive information
regarding the patient's current and proposed course of treatment. If the patient so
authorizes, the provider shall communicate to the designated individual the patient's
current and proposed course of treatment. Section 144.293, subdivisions 2 and 4, apply
to consents given under this subdivision.

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 144.334, is amended to read:


144.334 RIGHT TO REQUEST PATIENT INFORMATION.

Upon an oral or written request by a spousenew text begin or domestic partner as defined in section
144.651, subdivision 2
new text end, parent, child, or sibling for information about a patient who is
being evaluated for or diagnosed with mental illness, a provider must notify the requesting
individual of the right under section 144.294 to have the provider request the patient's
authorization to release information about the patient to a designated individual.

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 144.651, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Definitions.

deleted text beginFor the purposes of this section,deleted text end new text begin(a) The definitions in this
subdivision apply to this section.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Domestic partners" means two persons who:
new text end

new text begin (1) are the same sex;
new text end

new text begin (2) are adults and mentally competent to enter into legally binding contracts;
new text end

new text begin (3) have assumed responsibility for each other's basic common welfare, financial
obligations, and well-being;
new text end

new text begin (4) share a common domicile and primary residence with each other on a permanent
basis;
new text end

new text begin (5) have a committed interdependent relationship with each other, intend to continue
that relationship indefinitely, and do not have this type of relationship with any other
person;
new text end

new text begin (6) are not married to another person and have not entered into a domestic
partnership arrangement with another person that is currently in effect; and
new text end

new text begin (7) are not related by blood or adoption so that a marriage between them would be
prohibited under section 517.03, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (2) or (3).
new text end

new text begin (c) new text end"Patient" means a person who is admitted to an acute care inpatient facility for a
continuous period longer than 24 hours, for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment bearing
on the physical or mental health of that person. For purposes of subdivisions 4 to 9, 12,
13, 15, 16, and 18 to 20, "patient" also means a person who receives health care services at
an outpatient surgical center. "Patient" also means a minor who is admitted to a residential
program as defined in section 253C.01. For purposes of subdivisions 1, 3 to 16, 18, 20
and 30, "patient" also means any person who is receiving mental health treatment on an
outpatient basis or in a community support program or other community-based program.

new text begin (d) new text end "Resident" means a person who is admitted to a nonacute care facility including
extended care facilities, nursing homes, and boarding care homes for care required because
of prolonged mental or physical illness or disability, recovery from injury or disease, or
advancing age. For purposes of all subdivisions except subdivisions 28 and 29, "resident"
also means a person who is admitted to a facility licensed as a board and lodging facility
under Minnesota Rules, parts 4625.0100 to 4625.2355, or a supervised living facility
under Minnesota Rules, parts 4665.0100 to 4665.9900, and which operates a rehabilitation
program licensed under Minnesota Rules, parts 9530.4100 to 9530.4450.

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 144.651, subdivision 28, is amended to read:


Subd. 28.

Married residentsnew text begin and domestic partnersnew text end.

Residents, if new text beginthey are
new text endmarriednew text begin or domestic partnersnew text end, shall be assured privacy for visits by their spouses new text beginor
domestic partners
new text endand, if both spouses new text beginor domestic partners new text endare residents of the facility,
they shall be permitted to share a room, unless medically contraindicated and documented
by their physicians in the medical records.

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 144A.161, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

The definitions in this subdivision apply to subdivisions
2 to 10.

(a) "Closure" means the cessation of operations of a facility and the delicensure and
decertification of all beds within the facility.

(b) "Curtailment," "reduction," or "change" refers to any change in operations which
would result in or encourage the relocation of residents.

(c) "Facility" means a nursing home licensed pursuant to this chapter, or a certified
boarding care home licensed pursuant to sections 144.50 to 144.56.

(d) "Licensee" means the owner of the facility or the owner's designee or the
commissioner of health for a facility in receivership.

(e) "County social services agency" means the county or multicounty social service
agency authorized under sections 393.01 and 393.07, as the agency responsible for
providing social services for the county in which the nursing home is located.

(f) "Plan" means a process developed under subdivision 3, paragraph (b), for the
closure, curtailment, reduction, or change in operations in a facility and the subsequent
relocation of residents.

(g) "Relocation" means the discharge of a resident and movement of the resident to
another facility or living arrangement as a result of the closing, curtailment, reduction, or
change in operations of a nursing home or boarding care home.

new text begin (h) "Family" includes a domestic partner, as defined in section 144.651, subdivision
2.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 144A.75, subdivision 7, is amended to read:


Subd. 7.

Hospice patient's family.

"Hospice patient's family" means relatives of the
hospice patientnew text begin, including a domestic partner, as defined in section 144.651, subdivision 2new text end,
the hospice patient's guardian or primary caregiver, or persons identified by the hospice
patient as having significant personal ties.

Sec. 9.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 253B.03, subdivision 6, is amended to read:


Subd. 6.

Consent for medical procedure.

A patient has the right to prior consent
to any medical or surgical treatment, other than treatment for chemical dependency or
nonintrusive treatment for mental illness.

The following procedures shall be used to obtain consent for any treatment necessary
to preserve the life or health of any committed patient:

(a) The written, informed consent of a competent adult patient for the treatment is
sufficient.

(b) If the patient is subject to guardianship which includes the provision of medical
care, the written, informed consent of the guardian for the treatment is sufficient.

(c) If the head of the treatment facility determines that the patient is not competent to
consent to the treatment and the patient has not been adjudicated incompetent, written,
informed consent for the surgery or medical treatment shall be obtained from the nearest
proper relative. For this purpose, the following persons are proper relatives, in the order
listed: the patient's spousenew text begin or domestic partner, as defined in section 144.651, subdivision
2
new text end, parent, adult child, or adult sibling. If the nearest proper relatives cannot be located,
refuse to consent to the procedure, or are unable to consent, the head of the treatment
facility or an interested person may petition the committing court for approval for the
treatment or may petition a court of competent jurisdiction for the appointment of a
guardian. The determination that the patient is not competent, and the reasons for the
determination, shall be documented in the patient's clinical record.

(d) Consent to treatment of any minor patient shall be secured in accordance
with sections 144.341 to 144.346. A minor 16 years of age or older may consent to
hospitalization, routine diagnostic evaluation, and emergency or short-term acute care.

(e) In the case of an emergency when the persons ordinarily qualified to give consent
cannot be located, the head of the treatment facility may give consent.

No person who consents to treatment pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision
shall be civilly or criminally liable for the performance or the manner of performing the
treatment. No person shall be liable for performing treatment without consent if written,
informed consent was given pursuant to this subdivision. This provision shall not affect
any other liability which may result from the manner in which the treatment is performed.

Sec. 10.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 390.11, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Autopsies.

The coroner or medical examiner may order an autopsy,
at the coroner or medical examiner's sole discretion, in the case of any human death
referred to in subdivision 1, when, in the judgment of the coroner or medical examiner
the public interest would be served by an autopsy. The autopsy shall be performed
without unnecessary delay. A report of the facts developed by the autopsy and findings of
the person performing the autopsy shall be made promptly and filed in the office of the
coroner or medical examiner. When further investigation is deemed advisable, a copy of
the report shall be delivered to the county attorney. Every autopsy performed pursuant to
this subdivision shall, whenever practical, be performed in the county morgue. Nothing
herein shall require the coroner or medical examiner to order an autopsy upon the body of
a deceased person if the person died of known or ascertainable causes or had been under
the care of a licensed physician immediately prior to death or if the coroner or medical
examiner determines the autopsy to be unnecessary.

Autopsies performed pursuant to this subdivision may include the removal,
retention, testing, or use of organs, parts of organs, fluids or tissues, at the discretion of
the coroner or medical examiner, when removal, retention, testing, or use may be useful
in determining or confirming the cause of death, mechanism of death, manner of death,
identification of the deceased, presence of disease or injury, or preservation of evidence.
Such tissue retained by the coroner or medical examiner pursuant to this subdivision shall
be disposed of in accordance with standard biohazardous hospital or surgical material and
does not require specific consent or notification of the legal next of kin. When removal,
retention, testing, and use of organs, parts of organs, fluids, or tissues is deemed beneficial,
and is done only for research or the advancement of medical knowledge and progress,
written consent or documented oral consent shall be obtained from the legal next of kin, if
any, of the deceased person prior to the removal, retention, testing, or use. new text beginFor purposes
of this subdivision, "legal next of kin" includes a domestic partner, as defined in section
144.651, subdivision 2.
new text end

Sec. 11.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 390.32, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Other deaths; autopsies; exhumation consent.

The medical examiner
may conduct an autopsy in the case of any human death of any type referred to in
subdivision 1, clause (3) or (4), or may exhume any human body and perform an autopsy
in the case of any human death of any type referred to in subdivision 1 when in the
judgment of the medical examiner the public interest requires an autopsy. No such autopsy
shall be conducted unless the surviving spousenew text begin or domestic partner, as defined in section
144.651, subdivision 2
new text end, or next of kin if there is no surviving spousenew text begin or domestic partnernew text end,
consents, or unless the district court of the county where the body is located or buried,
upon notice as the court directs, enters its order authorizing an autopsy or an exhumation
and autopsy. Application for an order may be made by the medical examiner or the county
attorney of the county where the body is located or buried, upon a showing that the court
deems appropriate.

Sec. 12.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 525A.02, subdivision 6, is amended to read:


Subd. 6.

Disinterested witness.

"Disinterested witness" means a witness other than
the spousenew text begin or domestic partnernew text end, child, parent, sibling, grandchild, grandparent, or guardian
of the individual who makes, amends, revokes, or refuses to make an anatomical gift, or
another adult who exhibited special care and concern for the individual. The term does not
include a person to which an anatomical gift could pass under section 525A.11.

Sec. 13.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 525A.02, is amended by adding a
subdivision to read:


new text begin Subd. 7a. new text end

new text begin Domestic partners. new text end

new text begin For purposes of this section, "domestic partners"
has the meaning given in section 144.651, subdivision 2.
new text end

Sec. 14.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 525A.09, is amended to read:


525A.09 WHO MAY MAKE ANATOMICAL GIFT OF DECEDENT'S BODY
OR PART.

(a) Subject to paragraphs (b) and (c) and unless barred by section 525A.07 or
525A.08, an anatomical gift of a decedent's body or part for the purpose of transplantation,
therapy, research, or education may be made by any member of the following classes of
persons who is reasonably available, in the order of priority listed:

(1) an agent of the decedent at the time of death who could have made an anatomical
gift under section 525A.04, clause (2), immediately before the decedent's death;

(2) the spouse new text beginor domestic partner, as defined in section 144.651, subdivision 2, new text endof
the decedent;

(3) adult children of the decedent;

(4) parents of the decedent;

(5) adult siblings of the decedent;

(6) adult grandchildren of the decedent;

(7) grandparents of the decedent;

(8) the persons who were acting as the guardians of the person of the decedent at
the time of death;

(9) an adult who exhibited special care and concern for the decedent; and

(10) any other person having lawful authority to dispose of the decedent's body.

(b) If there is more than one member of a class listed in paragraph (a), clause (1),
(3), (4), (5), (6), (7), or (9), entitled to make an anatomical gift, an anatomical gift may
be made by a member of the class unless that member or a person to which the gift may
pass under section 525A.11 knows of an objection by another member of the class. If
an objection is known, the gift may be made only by a majority of the members of the
class who are reasonably available.

(c) A person may not make an anatomical gift if, at the time of the decedent's death,
a person in a prior class under paragraph (a) is reasonably available to make or to object to
the making of an anatomical gift.