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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

HF 3363

as introduced - 90th Legislature (2017 - 2018) Posted on 03/05/2018 03:11pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to public safety; restoring firearms eligibility for juvenile adjudications
for theft of a motor vehicle; amending Minnesota Statutes 2016, section 624.713,
subdivision 1.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2016, section 624.713, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Ineligible persons.

The following persons shall not be entitled to possess
ammunition or a pistol or semiautomatic military-style assault weapon or, except for clause
(1), any other firearm:

(1) a person under the age of 18 years except that a person under 18 may possess
ammunition designed for use in a firearm that the person may lawfully possess and may
carry or possess a pistol or semiautomatic military-style assault weapon (i) in the actual
presence or under the direct supervision of the person's parent or guardian, (ii) for the
purpose of military drill under the auspices of a legally recognized military organization
and under competent supervision, (iii) for the purpose of instruction, competition, or target
practice on a firing range approved by the chief of police or county sheriff in whose
jurisdiction the range is located and under direct supervision; or (iv) if the person has
successfully completed a course designed to teach marksmanship and safety with a pistol
or semiautomatic military-style assault weapon and approved by the commissioner of natural
resources;

(2) except as otherwise provided in clause (9), a person who has been convicted of, or
adjudicated delinquent or convicted as an extended jurisdiction juvenile for committing, in
this state or elsewhere, a crime of violence. For purposes of this section, crime of violence
includes crimes in other states or jurisdictions which would have been crimes of violence
as herein defined if they had been committed in this state;

(3) a person who is or has ever been committed in Minnesota or elsewhere by a judicial
determination that the person is mentally ill, developmentally disabled, or mentally ill and
dangerous to the public, as defined in section 253B.02, to a treatment facility, or who has
ever been found incompetent to stand trial or not guilty by reason of mental illness, unless
the person's ability to possess a firearm and ammunition has been restored under subdivision
4;

(4) a person who has been convicted in Minnesota or elsewhere of a misdemeanor or
gross misdemeanor violation of chapter 152, unless three years have elapsed since the date
of conviction and, during that time, the person has not been convicted of any other such
violation of chapter 152 or a similar law of another state; or a person who is or has ever
been committed by a judicial determination for treatment for the habitual use of a controlled
substance or marijuana, as defined in sections 152.01 and 152.02, unless the person's ability
to possess a firearm and ammunition has been restored under subdivision 4;

(5) a person who has been committed to a treatment facility in Minnesota or elsewhere
by a judicial determination that the person is chemically dependent as defined in section
253B.02, unless the person has completed treatment or the person's ability to possess a
firearm and ammunition has been restored under subdivision 4. Property rights may not be
abated but access may be restricted by the courts;

(6) a peace officer who is informally admitted to a treatment facility pursuant to section
253B.04 for chemical dependency, unless the officer possesses a certificate from the head
of the treatment facility discharging or provisionally discharging the officer from the
treatment facility. Property rights may not be abated but access may be restricted by the
courts;

(7) a person, including a person under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, who has
been charged with committing a crime of violence and has been placed in a pretrial diversion
program by the court before disposition, until the person has completed the diversion program
and the charge of committing the crime of violence has been dismissed;

(8) except as otherwise provided in clause (9), a person who has been convicted in
another state of committing an offense similar to the offense described in section 609.224,
subdivision 3
, against a family or household member or section 609.2242, subdivision 3,
unless three years have elapsed since the date of conviction and, during that time, the person
has not been convicted of any other violation of section 609.224, subdivision 3, or 609.2242,
subdivision 3
, or a similar law of another state;

(9) a person who has been convicted in this state or elsewhere of assaulting a family or
household member and who was found by the court to have used a firearm in any way
during commission of the assault is prohibited from possessing any type of firearm or
ammunition for the period determined by the sentencing court;

(10) a person who:

(i) has been convicted in any court of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term
exceeding one year;

(ii) is a fugitive from justice as a result of having fled from any state to avoid prosecution
for a crime or to avoid giving testimony in any criminal proceeding;

(iii) is an unlawful user of any controlled substance as defined in chapter 152;

(iv) has been judicially committed to a treatment facility in Minnesota or elsewhere as
a person who is mentally ill, developmentally disabled, or mentally ill and dangerous to the
public, as defined in section 253B.02;

(v) is an alien who is illegally or unlawfully in the United States;

(vi) has been discharged from the armed forces of the United States under dishonorable
conditions;

(vii) has renounced the person's citizenship having been a citizen of the United States;
or

(viii) is disqualified from possessing a firearm under United States Code, title 18, section
922(g)(8) or (9), as amended through March 1, 2014;

(11) a person who has been convicted of the following offenses at the gross misdemeanor
level, unless three years have elapsed since the date of conviction and, during that time, the
person has not been convicted of any other violation of these sections: section 609.229
(crimes committed for the benefit of a gang); 609.2231, subdivision 4 (assaults motivated
by bias); 609.255 (false imprisonment); 609.378 (neglect or endangerment of a child);
609.582, subdivision 4 (burglary in the fourth degree); 609.665 (setting a spring gun); 609.71
(riot); or 609.749 (stalking). For purposes of this paragraph, the specified gross misdemeanor
convictions include crimes committed in other states or jurisdictions which would have
been gross misdemeanors if conviction occurred in this state;

(12) a person who has been convicted of a violation of section 609.224 if the court
determined that the assault was against a family or household member in accordance with
section 609.2242, subdivision 3 (domestic assault), unless three years have elapsed since
the date of conviction and, during that time, the person has not been convicted of another
violation of section 609.224 or a violation of a section listed in clause (11); or

(13) a person who is subject to an order for protection as described in section 260C.201,
subdivision 3
, paragraph (d), or 518B.01, subdivision 6, paragraph (g).

new text begin A juvenile adjudication for theft involving the intentional taking or driving of a motor
vehicle without the consent of the owner or authorized agent of the owner under section
609.52, prior to August 1, 2014, is not a disqualifying offense and may not form the sole
basis for a person to be ineligible to possess firearms under this chapter.
new text end

A person who issues a certificate pursuant to this section in good faith is not liable for
damages resulting or arising from the actions or misconduct with a firearm or ammunition
committed by the individual who is the subject of the certificate.

The prohibition in this subdivision relating to the possession of firearms other than
pistols and semiautomatic military-style assault weapons does not apply retroactively to
persons who are prohibited from possessing a pistol or semiautomatic military-style assault
weapon under this subdivision before August 1, 1994.

The lifetime prohibition on possessing, receiving, shipping, or transporting firearms and
ammunition for persons convicted or adjudicated delinquent of a crime of violence in clause
(2), applies only to offenders who are discharged from sentence or court supervision for a
crime of violence on or after August 1, 1993.

For purposes of this section, "judicial determination" means a court proceeding pursuant
to sections 253B.07 to 253B.09 or a comparable law from another state.

Sec. 2. new text beginRECORDS UPDATE; SUPERINTENDENT OF THE BUREAU OF
CRIMINAL APPREHENSION.
new text end

new text begin The superintendent of the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension must update the criminal
records of persons affected by the change in law contained in section 1 and inform the
Federal Bureau of Investigation that the affected persons are eligible to possess firearms
barring another disqualifying offense or adjudication.
new text end