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HF 3424

as introduced - 92nd Legislature (2021 - 2022) Posted on 04/08/2022 12:26pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Bill Text Versions

Engrossments
Introduction Posted on 02/14/2022

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to public safety; providing the same weight threshold and penalty for
fentanyl as is for heroin; amending Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 152.01, by
adding a subdivision; 152.021, subdivisions 1, 2; 152.022, subdivisions 1, 2;
152.023, subdivision 2; 152.025, subdivision 4.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 152.01, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 25. new text end

new text begin Fentanyl. new text end

new text begin As used in sections 152.021 to 152.025, "fentanyl" includes fentanyl,
carfentanil, and any fentanyl analogs and fentanyl-related substances listed in section 152.02,
subdivisions 2 and 3.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 152.021, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Sale crimes.

A person is guilty of controlled substance crime in the first
degree if:

(1) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of 17 grams or more containing cocaine or methamphetamine;

(2) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of ten grams or more containing cocaine or methamphetamine
and:

(i) the person or an accomplice possesses on their person or within immediate reach, or
uses, whether by brandishing, displaying, threatening with, or otherwise employing, a
firearm; or

(ii) the offense involves two aggravating factors;

(3) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of ten grams or more containing heroinnew text begin or fentanylnew text end;

(4) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of 50 grams or more containing a narcotic drug other than
cocaine, heroin,new text begin fentanyl,new text end or methamphetamine;

(5) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of 50 grams or more containing amphetamine, phencyclidine,
or hallucinogen or, if the controlled substance is packaged in dosage units, equaling 200 or
more dosage units; or

(6) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of 25 kilograms or more containing marijuana or
Tetrahydrocannabinols.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2022, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 152.021, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Possession crimes.

(a) A person is guilty of a controlled substance crime in
the first degree if:

(1) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 50 grams
or more containing cocaine or methamphetamine;

(2) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 25 grams
or more containing cocaine or methamphetamine and:

(i) the person or an accomplice possesses on their person or within immediate reach, or
uses, whether by brandishing, displaying, threatening with, or otherwise employing, a
firearm; or

(ii) the offense involves two aggravating factors;

(3) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 25 grams
or more containing heroinnew text begin or fentanylnew text end;

(4) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 500 grams
or more containing a narcotic drug other than cocaine, heroin,new text begin fentanyl,new text end or methamphetamine;

(5) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 500 grams
or more containing amphetamine, phencyclidine, or hallucinogen or, if the controlled
substance is packaged in dosage units, equaling 500 or more dosage units; or

(6) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 50
kilograms or more containing marijuana or Tetrahydrocannabinols, or possesses 500 or
more marijuana plants.

(b) For the purposes of this subdivision, the weight of fluid used in a water pipe may
not be considered in measuring the weight of a mixture except in cases where the mixture
contains four or more fluid ounces of fluid.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2022, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 152.022, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Sale crimes.

A person is guilty of controlled substance crime in the
second degree if:

(1) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of ten grams or more containing a narcotic drug other than
heroinnew text begin or fentanylnew text end;

(2) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of three grams or more containing cocaine or
methamphetamine and:

(i) the person or an accomplice possesses on their person or within immediate reach, or
uses, whether by brandishing, displaying, threatening with, or otherwise employing, a
firearm; or

(ii) the offense involves three aggravating factors;

(3) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of three grams or more containing heroinnew text begin or fentanylnew text end;

(4) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of ten grams or more containing amphetamine, phencyclidine,
or hallucinogen or, if the controlled substance is packaged in dosage units, equaling 50 or
more dosage units;

(5) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully sells one or
more mixtures of a total weight of ten kilograms or more containing marijuana or
Tetrahydrocannabinols;

(6) the person unlawfully sells any amount of a Schedule I or II narcotic drug to a person
under the age of 18, or conspires with or employs a person under the age of 18 to unlawfully
sell the substance; or

(7) the person unlawfully sells any of the following in a school zone, a park zone, a
public housing zone, or a drug treatment facility:

(i) any amount of a Schedule I or II narcotic drug, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD),
3,4-methylenedioxy amphetamine, or 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine;

(ii) one or more mixtures containing methamphetamine or amphetamine; or

(iii) one or more mixtures of a total weight of five kilograms or more containing marijuana
or Tetrahydrocannabinols.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2022, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 152.022, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Possession crimes.

(a) A person is guilty of controlled substance crime in the
second degree if:

(1) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 25 grams
or more containing cocaine or methamphetamine;

(2) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of ten grams
or more containing cocaine or methamphetamine and:

(i) the person or an accomplice possesses on their person or within immediate reach, or
uses, whether by brandishing, displaying, threatening with, or otherwise employing, a
firearm; or

(ii) the offense involves three aggravating factors;

(3) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of six grams
or more containing heroinnew text begin or fentanylnew text end;

(4) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 50 grams
or more containing a narcotic drug other than cocaine, heroin, new text beginfentanyl, new text endor methamphetamine;

(5) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 50 grams
or more containing amphetamine, phencyclidine, or hallucinogen or, if the controlled
substance is packaged in dosage units, equaling 100 or more dosage units; or

(6) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 25
kilograms or more containing marijuana or Tetrahydrocannabinols, or possesses 100 or
more marijuana plants.

(b) For the purposes of this subdivision, the weight of fluid used in a water pipe may
not be considered in measuring the weight of a mixture except in cases where the mixture
contains four or more fluid ounces of fluid.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2022, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 152.023, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Possession crimes.

(a) A person is guilty of controlled substance crime in the
third degree if:

(1) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures of a total weight of ten grams or more containing a narcotic drug other
than heroinnew text begin or fentanylnew text end;

(2) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures of a total weight of three grams or more containing heroinnew text begin or fentanylnew text end;

(3) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures containing a narcotic drug, it is packaged in dosage units, and equals
50 or more dosage units;

(4) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
any amount of a schedule I or II narcotic drug or five or more dosage units of lysergic acid
diethylamide (LSD), 3,4-methylenedioxy amphetamine, or
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine in a school zone, a park zone, a public housing zone,
or a drug treatment facility;

(5) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures of a total weight of ten kilograms or more containing marijuana or
Tetrahydrocannabinols; or

(6) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures containing methamphetamine
or amphetamine in a school zone, a park zone, a public housing zone, or a drug treatment
facility.

(b) For the purposes of this subdivision, the weight of fluid used in a water pipe may
not be considered in measuring the weight of a mixture except in cases where the mixture
contains four or more fluid ounces of fluid.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2022, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 152.025, subdivision 4, is amended to read:


Subd. 4.

Penalty.

(a) A person convicted under the provisions of subdivision 2, clause
(1), who has not been previously convicted of a violation of this chapter or a similar offense
in another jurisdiction, is guilty of a gross misdemeanor if: (1) the amount of the controlled
substance possessed, other than heroinnew text begin or fentanylnew text end, is less than 0.25 grams or one dosage
unit or less if the controlled substance was possessed in dosage units; or (2) the controlled
substance possessed is heroin new text beginor fentanyl new text endand the amount possessed is less than 0.05 grams.

(b) A person convicted under the provisions of subdivision 1; subdivision 2, clause (1),
unless the conduct is described in paragraph (a); or subdivision 2, clause (2), may be
sentenced to imprisonment for not more than five years or to payment of a fine of not more
than $10,000, or both.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2022, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end