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HF 1909

as introduced - 92nd Legislature (2021 - 2022) Posted on 04/06/2021 12:58pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Bill Text Versions

Engrossments
Introduction Posted on 03/04/2021

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to taxation; individual income; allowing a pass-through entity to file and
pay a pass-through entity income tax; amending Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections
289A.08, by adding a subdivision; 290.0132, by adding a subdivision; 290.06,
subdivision 2c; 290.091, subdivision 2; 290.92, subdivisions 4b, 4c.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 289A.08, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 7a. new text end

new text begin Pass-through entity tax. new text end

new text begin (a) For the purposes of this subdivision, the following
terms have the meanings given:
new text end

new text begin (1) "income" has the meaning given in subdivision 7, paragraph (j), except that the
provisions that apply to a partnership apply to a qualifying entity and the provisions applying
to a partner apply to a qualifying owner. The income of both a resident and nonresident
qualifying owner is allocated and assigned to this state as provided for nonresident partners
and shareholders under section 290.17;
new text end

new text begin (2) "qualifying owner" means an individual partner, member, or shareholder of a
qualifying entity; and
new text end

new text begin (3) "qualifying entity" means a partnership, limited liability company, or corporation
organized under subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code for federal income tax purposes,
including a qualified subsidiary also organized under subchapter S of the Internal Revenue
Code, but "qualifying entity" does not include a partnership, limited liability company, or
corporation that has a partnership, limited liability company, or corporation as a partner,
member or shareholder.
new text end

new text begin (b) A qualifying entity may elect to file a return and pay the pass-through entity tax
imposed under paragraph (c). The election:
new text end

new text begin (1) must be made on or before the due date or extended due date of the qualifying entity's
pass-through entity tax return;
new text end

new text begin (2) may only be made by qualifying owners who hold more than a 50 percent ownership
interest in a qualifying entity; and
new text end

new text begin (3) is binding on all qualifying owners who have an ownership interest in the qualifying
entity.
new text end

new text begin (c) Subject to the election in paragraph (b), a pass-through entity tax is imposed on a
qualifying entity in an amount equal to the sum of the tax liability of each qualifying owner.
new text end

new text begin (d) The amount of a qualifying owner's tax liability under paragraph (c) is the amount
of the qualifying owner's income multiplied by the highest rate used to determine the tax
liability for individuals under section 290.06, subdivision 2c. When making this
determination:
new text end

new text begin (1) nonbusiness deductions, standard deductions, or personal exemptions are not allowed;
and
new text end

new text begin (2) a credit or deduction is allowed only to the extent allowed to the qualifying owner.
new text end

new text begin (e) The amount of each credit and deduction used to determine a qualifying owner's tax
liability under paragraph (d) must also be used to determine that qualifying owner's individual
income tax liability under chapter 290.
new text end

new text begin (f) This subdivision does not negate the requirement that a qualifying owner pay estimated
tax if the qualifying owner's tax liability would exceed the requirements set forth in section
289A.25. The qualifying owner's liability to pay estimated tax is, however, satisfied when
the qualifying entity pays estimated tax in the manner prescribed in section 289A.25 for
composite estimated tax.
new text end

new text begin (g) A qualifying owner's adjusted basis in the interest in the qualifying entity, and the
treatment of distributions, is determined as if the election to pay the pass-through entity tax
under paragraph (b) is not made.
new text end

new text begin (h) To the extent not inconsistent with this subdivision, for purposes of this chapter, a
pass-through entity tax return must be treated as a composite return and a qualifying entity
filing a pass-through entity tax return must be treated as a partnership filing a composite
return.
new text end

new text begin (i) The provisions of subdivision 17 apply to the election to pay the pass-through entity
tax under this subdivision.
new text end

new text begin (j) Nothing in this subdivision prevents a qualifying entity electing to pay the pass-through
entity tax from also filing a composite return and paying tax for an electing partner as
allowed in that subdivision.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 290.0132, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 30. new text end

new text begin Subtraction for pass-through entity tax. new text end

new text begin The amount of a qualifying owner's
income used to determine tax liability under section 289A.08, subdivision 7a, paragraph
(d), is a subtraction.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 290.06, subdivision 2c, is amended to read:


Subd. 2c.

Schedules of rates for individuals, estates, and trusts.

(a) The income taxes
imposed by this chapter upon married individuals filing joint returns and surviving spouses
as defined in section 2(a) of the Internal Revenue Code must be computed by applying to
their taxable net income the following schedule of rates:

(1) On the first $38,770, 5.35 percent;

(2) On all over $38,770, but not over $154,020, 6.8 percent;

(3) On all over $154,020, but not over $269,010, 7.85 percent;

(4) On all over $269,010, 9.85 percent.

Married individuals filing separate returns, estates, and trusts must compute their income
tax by applying the above rates to their taxable income, except that the income brackets
will be one-half of the above amounts after the adjustment required in subdivision 2d.

(b) The income taxes imposed by this chapter upon unmarried individuals must be
computed by applying to taxable net income the following schedule of rates:

(1) On the first $26,520, 5.35 percent;

(2) On all over $26,520, but not over $87,110, 6.8 percent;

(3) On all over $87,110, but not over $161,720, 7.85 percent;

(4) On all over $161,720, 9.85 percent.

(c) The income taxes imposed by this chapter upon unmarried individuals qualifying as
a head of household as defined in section 2(b) of the Internal Revenue Code must be
computed by applying to taxable net income the following schedule of rates:

(1) On the first $32,650, 5.35 percent;

(2) On all over $32,650, but not over $131,190, 6.8 percent;

(3) On all over $131,190, but not over $214,980, 7.85 percent;

(4) On all over $214,980, 9.85 percent.

(d) In lieu of a tax computed according to the rates set forth in this subdivision, the tax
of any individual taxpayer whose taxable net income for the taxable year is less than an
amount determined by the commissioner must be computed in accordance with tables
prepared and issued by the commissioner of revenue based on income brackets of not more
than $100. The amount of tax for each bracket shall be computed at the rates set forth in
this subdivision, provided that the commissioner may disregard a fractional part of a dollar
unless it amounts to 50 cents or more, in which case it may be increased to $1.

(e) An individual who is not a Minnesota resident for the entire year must compute the
individual's Minnesota income tax as provided in this subdivision. After the application of
the nonrefundable credits provided in this chapter, the tax liability must then be multiplied
by a fraction in which:

(1) the numerator is the individual's Minnesota source federal adjusted gross income as
defined in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code and increased by:

(i) the additions required under sections 290.0131, subdivisions 2, 6, 8 to 10, 16, and
17, and 290.0137, paragraph (a); and reduced by

(ii) the Minnesota assignable portion of the subtraction for United States government
interest under section 290.0132, subdivision 2, the subtractions under sections 290.0132,
subdivisions 9
, 10, 14, 15, 17, 18, deleted text beginanddeleted text end 27new text begin, and 30new text end, and 290.0137, paragraph (c), after applying
the allocation and assignability provisions of section 290.081, clause (a), or 290.17; and

(2) the denominator is the individual's federal adjusted gross income as defined in section
62 of the Internal Revenue Code, increased by:

(i) the additions required under sections 290.0131, subdivisions 2, 6, 8 to 10, 16, and
17, and 290.0137, paragraph (a); and reduced by

(ii) the subtractions under sections 290.0132, subdivisions 2, 9, 10, 14, 15, 17, 18, deleted text beginanddeleted text end
27new text begin, and 30new text end, and 290.0137, paragraph (c).

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 290.091, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Definitions.

For purposes of the tax imposed by this section, the following
terms have the meanings given.

(a) "Alternative minimum taxable income" means the sum of the following for the taxable
year:

(1) the taxpayer's federal alternative minimum taxable income as defined in section
55(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(2) the taxpayer's itemized deductions allowed in computing federal alternative minimum
taxable income, but excluding:

(i) the charitable contribution deduction under section 170 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(ii) the medical expense deduction;

(iii) the casualty, theft, and disaster loss deduction; and

(iv) the impairment-related work expenses of a person with a disability;

(3) for depletion allowances computed under section 613A(c) of the Internal Revenue
Code, with respect to each property (as defined in section 614 of the Internal Revenue Code),
to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the excess of the
deduction for depletion allowable under section 611 of the Internal Revenue Code for the
taxable year over the adjusted basis of the property at the end of the taxable year (determined
without regard to the depletion deduction for the taxable year);

(4) to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the amount
of the tax preference for intangible drilling cost under section 57(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue
Code determined without regard to subparagraph (E);

(5) to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the amount
of interest income as provided by section 290.0131, subdivision 2;

(6) the amount of addition required by section 290.0131, subdivisions 9, 10, and 16;

(7) the deduction allowed under section 199A of the Internal Revenue Code, to the extent
not included in the addition required under clause (6); and

(8) to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the amount
of foreign-derived intangible income deducted under section 250 of the Internal Revenue
Code;

less the sum of the amounts determined under the following:

(i) interest income as defined in section 290.0132, subdivision 2;

(ii) an overpayment of state income tax as provided by section 290.0132, subdivision
3
, to the extent included in federal alternative minimum taxable income;

(iii) the amount of investment interest paid or accrued within the taxable year on
indebtedness to the extent that the amount does not exceed net investment income, as defined
in section 163(d)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code. Interest does not include amounts deducted
in computing federal adjusted gross income;

(iv) amounts subtracted from federal taxable or adjusted gross income as provided by
section 290.0132, subdivisions 7, 9 to 15, 17, 21, 24, and 26 to deleted text begin29deleted text endnew text begin 30new text end;

(v) the amount of the net operating loss allowed under section 290.095, subdivision 11,
paragraph (c); and

(vi) the amount allowable as a Minnesota itemized deduction under section 290.0122,
subdivision 7.

In the case of an estate or trust, alternative minimum taxable income must be computed
as provided in section 59(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, except alternative minimum
taxable income must be increased by the addition in section 290.0131, subdivision 16.

(b) "Investment interest" means investment interest as defined in section 163(d)(3) of
the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) "Net minimum tax" means the minimum tax imposed by this section.

(d) "Regular tax" means the tax that would be imposed under this chapter (without regard
to this section and section 290.032), reduced by the sum of the nonrefundable credits allowed
under this chapter.

(e) "Tentative minimum tax" equals 6.75 percent of alternative minimum taxable income
after subtracting the exemption amount determined under subdivision 3.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 290.92, subdivision 4b, is amended to read:


Subd. 4b.

Withholding by partnerships.

(a) A partnership shall deduct and withhold
a tax as provided in paragraph (b) for nonresident individual partners based on their
distributive shares of partnership income for a taxable year of the partnership.

(b) The amount of tax withheld is determined by multiplying the partner's distributive
share allocable to Minnesota under section 290.17, paid or credited during the taxable year
by the highest rate used to determine the income tax liability for an individual under section
290.06, subdivision 2c, except that the amount of tax withheld may be determined by the
commissioner if the partner submits a withholding exemption certificate under subdivision
5.

(c) The commissioner may reduce or abate the tax withheld under this subdivision if the
partnership had reasonable cause to believe that no tax was due under this section.

(d) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), a partnership is not required to deduct and withhold
tax for a nonresident partner if:

(1) the partner elects to have the tax due paid as part of the partnership's composite return
under section 289A.08, subdivision 7;

(2) the partner has Minnesota assignable federal adjusted gross income from the
partnership of less than $1,000; or

(3) the partnership is liquidated or terminated, the income was generated by a transaction
related to the termination or liquidation, and no cash or other property was distributed in
the current or prior taxable year;

(4) the distributive shares of partnership income are attributable to:

(i) income required to be recognized because of discharge of indebtedness;

(ii) income recognized because of a sale, exchange, or other disposition of real estate,
depreciable property, or property described in section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code;
or

(iii) income recognized on the sale, exchange, or other disposition of any property that
has been the subject of a basis reduction pursuant to section 108, 734, 743, 754, or 1017 of
the Internal Revenue Code

to the extent that the income does not include cash received or receivable or, if there is cash
received or receivable, to the extent that the cash is required to be used to pay indebtedness
by the partnership or a secured debt on partnership property; deleted text beginor
deleted text end

(5) the partnership is a publicly traded partnership, as defined in section 7704(b) of the
Internal Revenue Codedeleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin; or
new text end

new text begin (6) the partnership has elected to pay the pass-through entity tax under section 289A.08,
subdivision 7a.
new text end

(e) For purposes of sections 270C.60, 289A.09, subdivision 2, 289A.20, subdivision 2,
paragraph (c), 289A.50, 289A.56, 289A.60, and 289A.63, a partnership is considered an
employer.

(f) To the extent that income is exempt from withholding under paragraph (d), clause
(4), the commissioner has a lien in an amount up to the amount that would be required to
be withheld with respect to the income of the partner attributable to the partnership interest,
but for the application of paragraph (d), clause (4). The lien arises under section 270C.63
from the date of assessment of the tax against the partner, and attaches to that partner's share
of the profits and any other money due or to become due to that partner in respect of the
partnership. Notice of the lien may be sent by mail to the partnership, without the necessity
for recording the lien. The notice has the force and effect of a levy under section 270C.67,
and is enforceable against the partnership in the manner provided by that section. Upon
payment in full of the liability subsequent to the notice of lien, the partnership must be
notified that the lien has been satisfied.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2020.
new text end

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 290.92, subdivision 4c, is amended to read:


Subd. 4c.

Withholding by S corporations.

(a) A corporation having a valid election in
effect under section 290.9725 shall deduct and withhold a tax as provided in paragraph (b)
for nonresident individual shareholders their share of the corporation's income for the taxable
year.

(b) The amount of tax withheld is determined by multiplying the amount of income
allocable to Minnesota under section 290.17 by the highest rate used to determine the income
tax liability of an individual under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, except that the amount
of tax withheld may be determined by the commissioner if the shareholder submits a
withholding exemption certificate under subdivision 5.

(c) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), a corporation is not required to deduct and withhold
tax for a nonresident shareholder, if:

(1) the shareholder elects to have the tax due paid as part of the corporation's composite
return under section 289A.08, subdivision 7;

(2) the shareholder has Minnesota assignable federal adjusted gross income from the
corporation of less than $1,000; deleted text beginor
deleted text end

(3) the corporation is liquidated or terminated, the income was generated by a transaction
related to the termination or liquidation, and no cash or other property was distributed in
the current or prior taxable yeardeleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin; or
new text end

new text begin (4) the S corporation has elected to pay the pass-through entity tax under section 289A.08,
subdivision 7a.
new text end

(d) For purposes of sections 270C.60, 289A.09, subdivision 2, 289A.20, subdivision 2,
paragraph (c), 289A.50, 289A.56, 289A.60, and 289A.63, a corporation is considered an
employer.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2020.
new text end