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HF 2153

as introduced - 89th Legislature (2015 - 2016) Posted on 04/07/2015 11:11am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Bill Text Versions

Engrossments
Introduction Posted on 04/07/2015

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to taxation; individual income and corporate franchise; providing a
ten-year carryover for section 179 expensing subtractions that exceed taxable
income; amending Minnesota Statutes 2014, section 290.01, subdivisions 19b,
19d; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 290.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2014, section 290.01, subdivision 19b, is amended to read:


Subd. 19b.

Subtractions from federal taxable income.

For individuals, estates,
and trusts, there shall be subtracted from federal taxable income:

(1) net interest income on obligations of any authority, commission, or
instrumentality of the United States to the extent includable in taxable income for federal
income tax purposes but exempt from state income tax under the laws of the United States;

(2) if included in federal taxable income, the amount of any overpayment of income
tax to Minnesota or to any other state, for any previous taxable year, whether the amount
is received as a refund or as a credit to another taxable year's income tax liability;

(3) the amount paid to others, less the amount used to claim the credit allowed under
section 290.0674, not to exceed $1,625 for each qualifying child in grades kindergarten
to 6 and $2,500 for each qualifying child in grades 7 to 12, for tuition, textbooks, and
transportation of each qualifying child in attending an elementary or secondary school
situated in Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, or Wisconsin, wherein a
resident of this state may legally fulfill the state's compulsory attendance laws, which
is not operated for profit, and which adheres to the provisions of the Civil Rights Act
of 1964 and chapter 363A. For the purposes of this clause, "tuition" includes fees or
tuition as defined in section 290.0674, subdivision 1, clause (1). As used in this clause,
"textbooks" includes books and other instructional materials and equipment purchased
or leased for use in elementary and secondary schools in teaching only those subjects
legally and commonly taught in public elementary and secondary schools in this state.
Equipment expenses qualifying for deduction includes expenses as defined and limited in
section 290.0674, subdivision 1, clause (3). "Textbooks" does not include instructional
books and materials used in the teaching of religious tenets, doctrines, or worship, the
purpose of which is to instill such tenets, doctrines, or worship, nor does it include books
or materials for, or transportation to, extracurricular activities including sporting events,
musical or dramatic events, speech activities, driver's education, or similar programs. No
deduction is permitted for any expense the taxpayer incurred in using the taxpayer's or
the qualifying child's vehicle to provide such transportation for a qualifying child. For
purposes of the subtraction provided by this clause, "qualifying child" has the meaning
given in section 32(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(4) income as provided under section 290.0802;

(5) to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income, income realized on
disposition of property exempt from tax under section 290.491;

(6) to the extent not deducted or not deductible pursuant to section 408(d)(8)(E)
of the Internal Revenue Code in determining federal taxable income by an individual
who does not itemize deductions for federal income tax purposes for the taxable year, an
amount equal to 50 percent of the excess of charitable contributions over $500 allowable
as a deduction for the taxable year under section 170(a) of the Internal Revenue Code,
under the provisions of Public Law 109-1 and Public Law 111-126;

(7) for individuals who are allowed a federal foreign tax credit for taxes that do not
qualify for a credit under section 290.06, subdivision 22, an amount equal to the carryover
of subnational foreign taxes for the taxable year, but not to exceed the total subnational
foreign taxes reported in claiming the foreign tax credit. For purposes of this clause,
"federal foreign tax credit" means the credit allowed under section 27 of the Internal
Revenue Code, and "carryover of subnational foreign taxes" equals the carryover allowed
under section 904(c) of the Internal Revenue Code minus national level foreign taxes to
the extent they exceed the federal foreign tax credit;

(8) in each of the five tax years immediately following the tax year in which an
addition is required under subdivision 19a, clause (7), or 19c, clause (12), in the case of a
shareholder of a corporation that is an S corporation, an amount equal to one-fifth of the
delayed depreciation. For purposes of this clause, "delayed depreciation" means the amount
of the addition made by the taxpayer under subdivision 19a, clause (7), or subdivision 19c,
clause (12), in the case of a shareholder of an S corporation, minus the positive value of
any net operating loss under section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code generated for the
tax year of the addition. The resulting delayed depreciation cannot be less than zero;

(9) job opportunity building zone income as provided under section 469.316;

(10) to the extent included in federal taxable income, the amount of compensation
paid to members of the Minnesota National Guard or other reserve components of the
United States military for active service, including compensation for services performed
under the Active Guard Reserve (AGR) program. For purposes of this clause, "active
service" means (i) state active service as defined in section 190.05, subdivision 5a, clause
(1); or (ii) federally funded state active service as defined in section 190.05, subdivision
5b
, and "active service" includes service performed in accordance with section 190.08,
subdivision 3
;

(11) to the extent included in federal taxable income, the amount of compensation
paid to Minnesota residents who are members of the armed forces of the United States
or United Nations for active duty performed under United States Code, title 10; or the
authority of the United Nations;

(12) an amount, not to exceed $10,000, equal to qualified expenses related to a
qualified donor's donation, while living, of one or more of the qualified donor's organs
to another person for human organ transplantation. For purposes of this clause, "organ"
means all or part of an individual's liver, pancreas, kidney, intestine, lung, or bone marrow;
"human organ transplantation" means the medical procedure by which transfer of a human
organ is made from the body of one person to the body of another person; "qualified
expenses" means unreimbursed expenses for both the individual and the qualified donor
for (i) travel, (ii) lodging, and (iii) lost wages net of sick pay, except that such expenses
may be subtracted under this clause only once; and "qualified donor" means the individual
or the individual's dependent, as defined in section 152 of the Internal Revenue Code. An
individual may claim the subtraction in this clause for each instance of organ donation for
transplantation during the taxable year in which the qualified expenses occur;

(13) deleted text beginin each of the five tax years immediately following the tax year in which an
addition is required under subdivision 19a, clause (8), or 19c, clause (13), in the case of a
shareholder of a corporation that is an S corporation, an amount equal to one-fifth of the
addition made by the taxpayer under subdivision 19a, clause (8), or 19c, clause (13), in the
case of a shareholder of a corporation that is an S corporation, minus the positive value of
any net operating loss under section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code generated for the
tax year of the addition. If the net operating loss exceeds the addition for the tax year,
a subtraction is not allowed under this clause
deleted text endnew text begin the section 179 expensing subtraction as
provided under section 290.0803, subdivision 3
new text end;

(14) to the extent included in the federal taxable income of a nonresident of
Minnesota, compensation paid to a service member as defined in United States Code, title
10, section 101(a)(5), for military service as defined in the Servicemembers Civil Relief
Act, Public Law 108-189, section 101(2);

(15) to the extent included in federal taxable income, the amount of national service
educational awards received from the National Service Trust under United States Code,
title 42, sections 12601 to 12604, for service in an approved Americorps National Service
program;

(16) to the extent included in federal taxable income, discharge of indebtedness
income resulting from reacquisition of business indebtedness included in federal taxable
income under section 108(i) of the Internal Revenue Code. This subtraction applies only
to the extent that the income was included in net income in a prior year as a result of the
addition under subdivision 19a, clause (13);

(17) the amount of the net operating loss allowed under section 290.095, subdivision
11
, paragraph (c);

(18) the amount of expenses not allowed for federal income tax purposes due
to claiming the railroad track maintenance credit under section 45G(a) of the Internal
Revenue Code;

(19) the amount of the limitation on itemized deductions under section 68(b) of the
Internal Revenue Code;

(20) the amount of the phaseout of personal exemptions under section 151(d) of
the Internal Revenue Code; and

(21) to the extent included in federal taxable income, the amount of qualified
transportation fringe benefits described in section 132(f)(1)(A) and (B) of the Internal
Revenue Code. The subtraction is limited to the lesser of the amount of qualified
transportation fringe benefits received in excess of the limitations under section
132(f)(2)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code for the year or the difference between the
maximum qualified parking benefits excludable under section 132(f)(2)(B) of the Internal
Revenue Code minus the amount of transit benefits excludable under section 132(f)(2)(A)
of the Internal Revenue Code.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after
December 31, 2014.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2014, section 290.01, subdivision 19d, is amended to read:


Subd. 19d.

Corporations; modifications decreasing federal taxable income.

For
corporations, there shall be subtracted from federal taxable income after the increases
provided in subdivision 19c:

(1) the amount of foreign dividend gross-up added to gross income for federal
income tax purposes under section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(2) the amount of salary expense not allowed for federal income tax purposes due to
claiming the work opportunity credit under section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(3) any dividend (not including any distribution in liquidation) paid within the
taxable year by a national or state bank to the United States, or to any instrumentality of
the United States exempt from federal income taxes, on the preferred stock of the bank
owned by the United States or the instrumentality;

(4) the deduction for capital losses pursuant to sections 1211 and 1212 of the
Internal Revenue Code, except that:

(i) for capital losses incurred in taxable years beginning after December 31, 1986,
capital loss carrybacks shall not be allowed;

(ii) for capital losses incurred in taxable years beginning after December 31, 1986,
a capital loss carryover to each of the 15 taxable years succeeding the loss year shall be
allowed;

(iii) for capital losses incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987, a
capital loss carryback to each of the three taxable years preceding the loss year, subject to
the provisions of Minnesota Statutes 1986, section 290.16, shall be allowed; and

(iv) for capital losses incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987,
a capital loss carryover to each of the five taxable years succeeding the loss year to the
extent such loss was not used in a prior taxable year and subject to the provisions of
Minnesota Statutes 1986, section 290.16, shall be allowed;

(5) an amount for interest and expenses relating to income not taxable for federal
income tax purposes, if (i) the income is taxable under this chapter and (ii) the interest and
expenses were disallowed as deductions under the provisions of section 171(a)(2), 265 or
291 of the Internal Revenue Code in computing federal taxable income;

(6) in the case of mines, oil and gas wells, other natural deposits, and timber for
which percentage depletion was disallowed pursuant to subdivision 19c, clause (8), a
reasonable allowance for depletion based on actual cost. In the case of leases the deduction
must be apportioned between the lessor and lessee in accordance with rules prescribed
by the commissioner. In the case of property held in trust, the allowable deduction must
be apportioned between the income beneficiaries and the trustee in accordance with the
pertinent provisions of the trust, or if there is no provision in the instrument, on the basis
of the trust's income allocable to each;

(7) for certified pollution control facilities placed in service in a taxable year
beginning before December 31, 1986, and for which amortization deductions were elected
under section 169 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended through December
31, 1985, an amount equal to the allowance for depreciation under Minnesota Statutes
1986, section 290.09, subdivision 7;

(8) amounts included in federal taxable income that are due to refunds of income,
excise, or franchise taxes based on net income or related minimum taxes paid by the
corporation to Minnesota, another state, a political subdivision of another state, the
District of Columbia, or a foreign country or possession of the United States to the extent
that the taxes were added to federal taxable income under subdivision 19c, clause (1), in a
prior taxable year;

(9) income or gains from the business of mining as defined in section 290.05,
subdivision 1
, clause (a), that are not subject to Minnesota franchise tax;

(10) the amount of disability access expenditures in the taxable year which are not
allowed to be deducted or capitalized under section 44(d)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(11) the amount of qualified research expenses not allowed for federal income tax
purposes under section 280C(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, but only to the extent that
the amount exceeds the amount of the credit allowed under section 290.068;

(12) the amount of salary expenses not allowed for federal income tax purposes due to
claiming the Indian employment credit under section 45A(a) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(13) any decrease in subpart F income, as defined in section 952(a) of the Internal
Revenue Code, for the taxable year when subpart F income is calculated without regard to
the provisions of Division C, title III, section 303(b) of Public Law 110-343;

(14) in each of the five tax years immediately following the tax year in which an
addition is required under subdivision 19c, clause (12), an amount equal to one-fifth of
the delayed depreciation. For purposes of this clause, "delayed depreciation" means the
amount of the addition made by the taxpayer under subdivision 19c, clause (12). The
resulting delayed depreciation cannot be less than zero;

(15) deleted text beginin each of the five tax years immediately following the tax year in which an
addition is required under subdivision 19c, clause (13), an amount equal to one-fifth
of the amount of the addition
deleted text endnew text begin the section 179 expensing subtraction as provided under
section 290.0803, subdivision 3
new text end;

(16) to the extent included in federal taxable income, discharge of indebtedness
income resulting from reacquisition of business indebtedness included in federal taxable
income under section 108(i) of the Internal Revenue Code. This subtraction applies only
to the extent that the income was included in net income in a prior year as a result of the
addition under subdivision 19c, clause (16); and

(17) the amount of expenses not allowed for federal income tax purposes due
to claiming the railroad track maintenance credit under section 45G(a) of the Internal
Revenue Code.

Sec. 3.

new text begin [290.0803] SECTION 179 EXPENSING SUBTRACTION.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Current year allowance. new text end

new text begin (a) In each of the five tax years
immediately following the tax year in which an addition is required under section 290.01,
subdivision 19a, clause (8), or 19c, clause (13), the current year allowance equals one-fifth
of the addition made by the taxpayer under section 290.01, subdivision 19a, clause (8),
or 19c, clause (13).
new text end

new text begin (b) In the case of a shareholder of a corporation that is an S corporation, the current
year allowance is reduced by the positive value of any net operating loss under section
172 of the Internal Revenue Code generated for the tax year of the addition and, if the net
operating loss exceeds the addition for the tax year, the current year allowance is zero.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Section 179 expensing carryover. new text end

new text begin For purposes of this section, the current
year allowance determined under subdivision 1 is considered to be the last subtraction
allowed in determining taxable income. If the amount allowed under subdivision 1
exceeds taxable income, then the excess is a section 179 expensing carryover to each
of the ten succeeding taxable years. The entire amount of the section 179 expensing
carryover is carried first to the earliest taxable year to which the section 179 expensing
carryover may be carried and then to each successive year to which the section 179
expensing carryover may be carried.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Section 179 expensing subtraction. new text end

new text begin A taxpayer is allowed a section 179
expensing subtraction from federal taxable income. The subtraction equals the sum of:
new text end

new text begin (1) the current year allowance determined under subdivision 1; and
new text end

new text begin (2) any section 179 expensing carryover from prior taxable years determined under
subdivision 2.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after
December 31, 2014.
new text end