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HF 57

2nd Engrossment - 87th Legislature (2011 - 2012) Posted on 05/20/2011 04:00pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Bill Text Versions

Engrossments
Introduction Posted on 01/10/2011
1st Engrossment Posted on 02/24/2011
2nd Engrossment Posted on 05/20/2011
Unofficial Engrossments
1st Unofficial Engrossment Posted on 04/14/2011
2nd Unofficial Engrossment Posted on 05/13/2011
Conference Committee Reports
CCR-HF0057 Posted on 05/18/2011

Current Version - 2nd Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to public safety; establishing the crimes of sale or possession of
synthetic cannabinoids; adding synthetic cannabinoids, 2C-E, and 2C-I to
the list of Schedule I controlled substances; adding a definition of "analog"
in the controlled substances law; providing that an analog of a Schedule I
or II controlled substance is considered a Schedule I controlled substance;
establishing use of weight of fluid used in a water pipe when determining weight
or amount of controlled substance; providing that the Board of Pharmacy may
reschedule certain drugs only pursuant to law; providing criminal penalties;
amending Minnesota Statutes 2010, sections 152.01, subdivisions 9a, 16, by
adding a subdivision; 152.02, subdivisions 2, 8; 152.021, subdivision 2; 152.022,
subdivision 2; 152.023, subdivision 2; 152.027, by adding a subdivision.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 152.01, subdivision 9a, is amended to read:


Subd. 9a.

Mixture.

"Mixture" means a preparation, compound, mixture, or
substance containing a controlled substance, regardless of puritynew text begin except as provided in
subdivision 16; sections 152.021, subdivision 2, paragraph (b); 152.022, subdivision 2,
paragraph (b); and 152.023, subdivision 2, paragraph (b)
new text end.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment,
and applies to crimes committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 152.01, subdivision 16, is amended to read:


Subd. 16.

Small amount.

"Small amount" as applied to marijuana means 42.5
grams or less. This provision shall not apply to the resinous form of marijuana.new text begin The
weight of fluid used in a water pipe may not be considered in determining a small amount
except in cases where the marijuana is mixed with four or more fluid ounces of fluid.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment,
and applies to crimes committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 152.01, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 23. new text end

new text begin Analog. new text end

new text begin (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), "analog" means a
substance, the chemical structure of which is substantially similar to the chemical structure
of a controlled substance in Schedule I or II:
new text end

new text begin (1) that has a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous
system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or
hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in Schedule
I or II; or
new text end

new text begin (2) with respect to a particular person, if the person represents or intends that the
substance have a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous
system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or
hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in Schedule I
or II.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Analog" does not include:
new text end

new text begin (1) a controlled substance;
new text end

new text begin (2) any substance for which there is an approved new drug application under the
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; or
new text end

new text begin (3) with respect to a particular person, any substance, if an exemption is in effect for
investigational use, for that person, as provided by United States Code, title 21, section
355, and the person is registered as a controlled substance researcher as required under
section 152.12, subdivision 3, to the extent conduct with respect to the substance is
pursuant to the exemption and registration.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective July 1, 2011, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 152.02, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Schedule I.

The following items are listed in Schedule I:

(1) Any of the following substances, including their isomers, esters, ethers,
salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers, unless specifically excepted, whenever
the existence of deleted text beginsuchdeleted text end new text beginthe new text endisomers, esters, ethers and salts is possible within the
specific chemical designation: Acetylmethadol; Allylprodine; Alphacetylmethadol;
Alphameprodine; Alphamethadol; Benzethidine; Betacetylmethadol; Betameprodine;
Betamethadol; Betaprodine; Clonitazene; Dextromoramide; Dextrorphan; Diampromide;
Diethyliambutene; Dimenoxadol; Dimepheptanol; Dimethyliambutene; Dioxaphetyl
butyrate; Dipipanone; Ethylmethylthiambutene; Etonitazene; Etoxeridine; Furethidine;
Hydroxypethidine; Ketobemidone; Levomoramide; Levophenacylmorphan;
Morpheridine; Noracymethadol; Norlevorphanol; Normethadone; Norpipanone;
Phenadoxone; Phenampromide; Phenomorphan; Phenoperidine; Piritramide;
Proheptazine; Properidine; Racemoramide; Trimeperidine.

(2) Any of the following opium derivatives, their salts, isomers and salts of
isomers, unless specifically excepted, whenever the existence of deleted text beginsuchdeleted text end new text beginthe new text endsalts, isomers
and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation: Acetorphine;
Acetyldihydrocodeine; Acetylcodone; Benzylmorphine; Codeine methylbromide;
Codeine-N-Oxide; Cyprenorphine; Desomorphine; Dihydromorphine; Etorphine; Heroin;
Hydromorphinol; Methyldesorphine; Methylhydromorphine; Morphine methylbromide;
Morphine methylsulfonate; Morphine-N-Oxide; Myrophine; Nicocodeine; Nicomorphine;
Normorphine; Pholcodine; Thebacon.

(3) Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of
the following hallucinogenic substances, their salts, isomers new text begin(whether optical, positional,
or geometric),
new text endand salts of isomers, unless specifically exceptednew text begin or unless listed in
another schedule
new text end, whenever the existence of deleted text beginsuchdeleted text end new text beginthe new text endsalts, isomers, and salts of isomers
is possible deleted text beginwithin the specific chemical designationdeleted text end: 3,4-methylenedioxy amphetamine;
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine; 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine;
2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine; 4-methoxyamphetamine; 5-methoxy-3, 4-methylenedioxy
amphetamine; Bufotenine; Diethyltryptamine; Dimethyltryptamine; 3,4,5-trimethoxy
amphetamine; 4-methyl-2, 5-dimethoxyamphetamine; Ibogaine; Lysergic acid
diethylamide; marijuana; Mescaline; N-ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate; N-methyl-3-piperidyl
benzilate; Psilocybin; Psilocyn; Tetrahydrocannabinols; 1-(1-(2-thienyl)
cyclohexyl) piperidine; n-ethyl-1-phenyl-cyclohexylamine; 1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl)
pyrrolidinenew text begin; 2,5-dimethoxy-4-ethylphenethylamine, also known as 2C-E;
2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenethylamine, also known as 2C-I
new text end.

(4) Peyote, providing the listing of peyote as a controlled substance in Schedule I
does not apply to the nondrug use of peyote in bona fide religious ceremonies of the
American Indian Church, and members of the American Indian Church are exempt
from registration. Any person who manufactures peyote for or distributes peyote to the
American Indian Church, however, is required to obtain federal registration annually and
to comply with all other requirements of law.

(5) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following
substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts,
isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of deleted text beginsuchdeleted text end new text beginthe new text endsalts, isomers, and salts
of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

Mecloqualone;

Flunitrazepam.

(6) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following
substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts,
isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of deleted text beginsuchdeleted text end new text beginthe new text endsalts, isomers, and salts
of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:

Cathinone;

Methcathinonenew text begin; 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone);
3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (methylone); 4-methoxymethcathinone
(methedrone); 3,4 - methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV)
new text end.

new text begin (7) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any natural or
synthetic material, compound, mixture, or preparation that contains any quantity of a
substance that is a cannabinoid receptor agonist, including, but not limited to, the following
substances and their analogs, including isomers, whether optical, positional, or geometric;
esters; ethers; salts; and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers, whenever the existence of the
isomers, esters, ethers, or salts is possible within the specific chemical designation:
new text end

new text begin 1-pentyl-2-methyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-007),
(2-Methyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-naphthalenylmethanone (JWH-015),
1-Pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018), 1-hexyl-3-(naphthalen-1-oyl)indole
(JWH-019), 1-Butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073),
4-methoxynaphthalen-1-yl-(1-pentylindol-3-yl)methanone (JWH-081),
4-methoxynaphthalen-1-yl-(1-pentyl-2-methylindol-3-yl)methanone
(JWH-098), (1-(2-morpholin-4-ylethyl)indol-3-yl)-naphthalen-1-ylmethanone
(JWH-200), 7-methoxynaphthalen-1-yl-(1-pentylindol-3-yl)methanone
(JWH-164), 2-(2-chlorophenyl)-1-(1-pentylindol-3-yl)ethanone (JWH-203),
4-ethylnaphthalen-1-yl-(1-pentylindol-3-yl)methanone (JWH-210),
2-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-(1-pentylindol-3-yl)ethanone (JWH-250),
1-pentyl-3-(4-chloro-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-398), (6aR,10aR)-
9-(Hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)-6a,7,10,10a-
tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol (HU-210), (R)-(+)-[2,3-Dihydro-5-methyl-3-
(4-morpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-1-napthalenylmethanone
(WIN-55,212-2), 2-[3-hydroxycyclohexyl]- 5-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)phenol (CP47,497),
dimethylheptylpyran.
new text end

new text begin (8) A controlled substance analog, to the extent that it is implicitly or explicitly
intended for human consumption.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective July 1, 2011, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 152.02, subdivision 8, is amended to read:


Subd. 8.

Add, delete, or reschedule substances.

The state Board of Pharmacy
may, by rule, add substances to or delete or reschedule substances listed in this section.
deleted text begin The state Board of Pharmacy, after consulting with the Advisory Council on Controlled
Substances, shall annually, on or before May 1 of each year, conduct a review of the
placement of controlled substances in the various schedules.
deleted text endnew text begin The Board of Pharmacy may
not delete or reschedule a drug that is in Schedule I, except as provided in subdivision 12.
new text end

In making a determination regarding a substance, the Board of Pharmacy shall
consider the following: The actual or relative potential for abuse, the scientific evidence
of its pharmacological effect, if known, the state of current scientific knowledge
regarding the substance, the history and current pattern of abuse, the scope, duration,
and significance of abuse, the risk to public health, the potential of the substance to
produce psychic or physiological dependence liability, and whether the substance is an
immediate precursor of a substance already controlled under this section. The state Board
of Pharmacy may include any nonnarcotic drug authorized by federal law for medicinal
use in a schedule only if such drug must, under either federal or state law or rule, be
sold only on prescription.

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 152.021, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Possession crimes.

new text begin(a) new text endA person is guilty of a controlled substance crime
in the first degree if:

(1) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 25
grams or more containing cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine;

(2) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 500
grams or more containing a narcotic drug other than cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine;

(3) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of
500 grams or more containing amphetamine, phencyclidine, or hallucinogen or, if the
controlled substance is packaged in dosage units, equaling 500 or more dosage units; or

(4) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 100
kilograms or more containing marijuana or Tetrahydrocannabinols.

new text begin (b) For the purposes of this subdivision, the weight of fluid used in a water pipe may
not be considered in measuring the weight of a mixture except in cases where the mixture
contains four or more fluid ounces of fluid.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment,
and applies to crimes committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 152.022, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Possession crimes.

new text begin(a) new text endA person is guilty of controlled substance crime
in the second degree if:

(1) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of six
grams or more containing cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine;

(2) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 50
grams or more containing a narcotic drug other than cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine;

(3) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of
50 grams or more containing amphetamine, phencyclidine, or hallucinogen or, if the
controlled substance is packaged in dosage units, equaling 100 or more dosage units; or

(4) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 50
kilograms or more containing marijuana or Tetrahydrocannabinols.

new text begin (b) For the purposes of this subdivision, the weight of fluid used in a water pipe may
not be considered in measuring the weight of a mixture except in cases where the mixture
contains four or more fluid ounces of fluid.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment,
and applies to crimes committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 152.023, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Possession crimes.

new text begin(a) new text endA person is guilty of controlled substance crime in
the third degree if:

(1) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures of a total weight of three grams or more containing cocaine, heroin,
or methamphetamine;

(2) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures of a total weight of ten grams or more containing a narcotic drug
other than cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine;

(3) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures containing a narcotic drug, it is packaged in dosage units, and
equals 50 or more dosage units;

(4) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully
possesses any amount of a schedule I or II narcotic drug or five or more dosage
units of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), 3,4-methylenedioxy amphetamine, or
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine in a school zone, a park zone, a public housing
zone, or a drug treatment facility;

(5) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures of a total weight of ten kilograms or more containing marijuana or
Tetrahydrocannabinols; or

(6) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures containing
methamphetamine or amphetamine in a school zone, a park zone, a public housing zone,
or a drug treatment facility.

new text begin (b) For the purposes of this subdivision, the weight of fluid used in a water pipe may
not be considered in measuring the weight of a mixture except in cases where the mixture
contains four or more fluid ounces of fluid.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment,
and applies to crimes committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 9.

Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 152.027, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Sale or possession of synthetic cannabinoids. new text end

new text begin (a) As used in this
subdivision, "synthetic cannabinoid" includes any substance included in section 152.02,
subdivision 2, clause (7).
new text end

new text begin (b) A person who unlawfully sells any amount of a synthetic cannabinoid is guilty
of a gross misdemeanor.
new text end

new text begin (c) A person who unlawfully possesses any amount of a synthetic cannabinoid is
guilty of a misdemeanor.
new text end

new text begin (d) Notwithstanding any contrary provision in sections 152.021 to 152.025, this
subdivision describes the exclusive penalties for the sale and possession of synthetic
cannabinoid.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective July 1, 2011, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end