as introduced - 87th Legislature (2011 - 2012) Posted on 04/03/2012 08:40am
A bill for an act
relating to taxation; property; modifying property classifications;amending
Minnesota Statutes 2011 Supplement, section 273.13, subdivision 23.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:
Minnesota Statutes 2011 Supplement, section 273.13, subdivision 23,
is amended to read:
(a) An agricultural homestead consists of class 2a agricultural
land that is homesteaded, along with any class 2b rural vacant land that is contiguous to
the class 2a land under the same ownership. The market value of the house and garage
and immediately surrounding one acre of land has the same class rates as class 1a or 1b
property under subdivision 22. The value of the remaining land including improvements
up to the first tier valuation limit of agricultural homestead property has a net class rate
of 0.5 percent of market value. The remaining property over the first tier has a class rate
of one percent of market value. For purposes of this subdivision, the "first tier valuation
limit of agricultural homestead property" and "first tier" means the limit certified under
section 273.11, subdivision 23.
(b) Class 2a agricultural land consists of parcels of property, or portions thereof, that
are agricultural land and buildings. Class 2a property has a net class rate of one percent of
market value, unless it is part of an agricultural homestead under paragraph (a). Class
2a property must also include any property that would otherwise be classified as 2b,
but is interspersed with class 2a property, including but not limited to sloughs, wooded
wind shelters, acreage abutting ditches, ravines, rock piles, land subject to a setback
requirement, and other similar land that is impractical for the assessor to value separately
from the rest of the property or that is unlikely to be able to be sold separately from
the rest of the property.
An assessor may classify the part of a parcel described in this subdivision that is used
for agricultural purposes as class 2a and the remainder in the class appropriate to its use.
(c) Class 2b rural vacant land consists of parcels of property, or portions thereof,
that are unplatted real estate, rural in character and not used for agricultural purposes,
including land used for growing trees for timber, lumber, and wood and wood products,
that is not improved with a structure. The presence of a minor, ancillary nonresidential
structure as defined by the commissioner of revenue does not disqualify the property from
classification under this paragraph. Any parcel of 20 acres or more improved with a
structure that is not a minor, ancillary nonresidential structure must be split-classified, and
ten acres must be assigned to the split parcel containing the structure. Class 2b property
has a net class rate of one percent of market value unless it is part of an agricultural
homestead under paragraph (a), or qualifies as class 2c under paragraph (d).
(d) Class 2c managed forest land consists of no less than 20 and no more than 1,920
acres statewide per taxpayer that is being managed under a forest management plan that
meets the requirements of chapter 290C, but is not enrolled in the sustainable forest
resource management incentive program. It has a class rate of .65 percent, provided that
the owner of the property must apply to the assessor in order for the property to initially
qualify for the reduced rate and provide the information required by the assessor to verify
that the property qualifies for the reduced rate. If the assessor receives the application
and information before May 1 in an assessment year, the property qualifies beginning
with that assessment year. If the assessor receives the application and information after
April 30 in an assessment year, the property may not qualify until the next assessment
year. The commissioner of natural resources must concur that the land is qualified. The
commissioner of natural resources shall annually provide county assessors verification
information on a timely basis. The presence of a minor, ancillary nonresidential structure
as defined by the commissioner of revenue does not disqualify the property from
classification under this paragraph.
(e) Agricultural land as used in this section means contiguous acreage of ten
acres or more, used during the preceding year for agricultural purposes. "Agricultural
purposes" as used in this section means the raising, cultivation, drying, or storage of
agricultural products for sale, or the storage of machinery or equipment used in support
of agricultural production by the same farm entity. For a property to be classified as
agricultural based only on the drying or storage of agricultural products, the products
being dried or stored must have been produced by the same farm entity as the entity
operating the drying or storage facility. "Agricultural purposes" also includes enrollment
in the Reinvest in Minnesota program under sections 103F.501 to 103F.535 or the federal
Conservation Reserve Program as contained in Public Law 99-198 or a similar state
or federal conservation program if the property was classified as agricultural (i) under
this subdivision for the assessment year 2002 or (ii) in the year prior to its enrollment.
Agricultural classification shall not be based upon the market value of any residential
structures on the parcel or contiguous parcels under the same ownership.
(f) Real estate of less than ten acres, which is exclusively or intensively used for
raising or cultivating agricultural products, shall be considered as agricultural land. To
qualify under this paragraph, property that includes a residential structure must be used
intensively for one of the following purposes:
(i) for drying or storage of grain or storage of machinery or equipment used to
support agricultural activities on other parcels of property operated by the same farming
(ii) as a nursery, provided that only those acres used to produce nursery stock are
considered agricultural land;
(iii) for livestock or poultry confinement, provided that land that is used only for
pasturing and grazing does not qualify; or
(iv) for market farming; for purposes of this paragraph, "market farming" means the
cultivation of one or more fruits or vegetables or production of animal or other agricultural
products for sale to local markets by the farmer or an organization with which the farmer
(g) Land shall be classified as agricultural even if all or a portion of the agricultural
use of that property is the leasing to, or use by another person for agricultural purposes.
Classification under this subdivision is not determinative for qualifying under
(h) The property classification under this section supersedes, for property tax
purposes only, any locally administered agricultural policies or land use restrictions that
define minimum or maximum farm acreage.
(i) The term "agricultural products" as used in this subdivision includes production
for sale of:
(1) livestock, dairy animals, dairy products, poultry and poultry products, fur-bearing
animals, horticultural and nursery stock, fruit of all kinds, vegetables, forage, grains,
bees, and apiary products by the owner;
(2) fish bred for sale and consumption if the fish breeding occurs on land zoned
for agricultural use;
(3) the commercial boarding of horses, which may include related horse training and
riding instruction, if the boarding is done on property that is also used for raising pasture
to graze horses or raising or cultivating other agricultural products as defined in clause (1);
(4) property which is owned and operated by nonprofit organizations used for
equestrian activities, excluding racing;
(5) game birds and waterfowl bred and raised (i) on a game farm licensed under
section 97A.105, provided that the annual licensing report to the Department of Natural
Resources, which must be submitted annually by March 30 to the assessor, indicates
that at least 500 birds were raised or used for breeding stock on the property during the
preceding year and that the owner provides a copy of the owner's most recent schedule F;
or (ii) for use on a shooting preserve licensed under section 97A.115;
(6) insects primarily bred to be used as food for animals;
(7) trees, grown for sale as a crop, includingnew text beginnew text end short rotation woody crops, and not sold for timber, lumber, wood, or wood
(8) maple syrup taken from trees grown by a person licensed by the Minnesota
Department of Agriculture under chapter 28A as a food processor.
(j) If a parcel used for agricultural purposes is also used for commercial or industrial
purposes, including but not limited to:
(1) wholesale and retail sales;
(2) processing of raw agricultural products or other goods;
(3) warehousing or storage of processed goods; and
(4) office facilities for the support of the activities enumerated in clauses (1), (2),
the assessor shall classify the part of the parcel used for agricultural purposes as class
1b, 2a, or 2b, whichever is appropriate, and the remainder in the class appropriate to its
use. The grading, sorting, and packaging of raw agricultural products for first sale is
considered an agricultural purpose. A greenhouse or other building where horticultural
or nursery products are grown that is also used for the conduct of retail sales must be
classified as agricultural if it is primarily used for the growing of horticultural or nursery
products from seed, cuttings, or roots and occasionally as a showroom for the retail sale of
those products. Use of a greenhouse or building only for the display of already grown
horticultural or nursery products does not qualify as an agricultural purpose.
(k) The assessor shall determine and list separately on the records the market value
of the homestead dwelling and the one acre of land on which that dwelling is located. If
any farm buildings or structures are located on this homesteaded acre of land, their market
value shall not be included in this separate determination.
(l) Class 2d airport landing area consists of a landing area or public access area of
a privately owned public use airport. It has a class rate of one percent of market value.
To qualify for classification under this paragraph, a privately owned public use airport
must be licensed as a public airport under section 360.018. For purposes of this paragraph,
"landing area" means that part of a privately owned public use airport properly cleared,
regularly maintained, and made available to the public for use by aircraft and includes
runways, taxiways, aprons, and sites upon which are situated landing or navigational aids.
A landing area also includes land underlying both the primary surface and the approach
surfaces that comply with all of the following:
(i) the land is properly cleared and regularly maintained for the primary purposes of
the landing, taking off, and taxiing of aircraft; but that portion of the land that contains
facilities for servicing, repair, or maintenance of aircraft is not included as a landing area;
(ii) the land is part of the airport property; and
(iii) the land is not used for commercial or residential purposes.
The land contained in a landing area under this paragraph must be described and certified
by the commissioner of transportation. The certification is effective until it is modified,
or until the airport or landing area no longer meets the requirements of this paragraph.
For purposes of this paragraph, "public access area" means property used as an aircraft
parking ramp, apron, or storage hangar, or an arrival and departure building in connection
with the airport.
(m) Class 2e consists of land with a commercial aggregate deposit that is not actively
being mined and is not otherwise classified as class 2a or 2b, provided that the land is not
located in a county that has elected to opt-out of the aggregate preservation program as
provided in section 273.1115, subdivision 6. It has a class rate of one percent of market
value. To qualify for classification under this paragraph, the property must be at least
ten contiguous acres in size and the owner of the property must record with the county
recorder of the county in which the property is located an affidavit containing:
(1) a legal description of the property;
(2) a disclosure that the property contains a commercial aggregate deposit that is not
actively being mined but is present on the entire parcel enrolled;
(3) documentation that the conditional use under the county or local zoning
ordinance of this property is for mining; and
(4) documentation that a permit has been issued by the local unit of government
or the mining activity is allowed under local ordinance. The disclosure must include a
statement from a registered professional geologist, engineer, or soil scientist delineating
the deposit and certifying that it is a commercial aggregate deposit.
For purposes of this section and section 273.1115, "commercial aggregate deposit"
means a deposit that will yield crushed stone or sand and gravel that is suitable for use
as a construction aggregate; and "actively mined" means the removal of top soil and
overburden in preparation for excavation or excavation of a commercial deposit.
(n) When any portion of the property under this subdivision or subdivision 22 begins
to be actively mined, the owner must file a supplemental affidavit within 60 days from
the day any aggregate is removed stating the number of acres of the property that is
actively being mined. The acres actively being mined must be (1) valued and classified
under subdivision 24 in the next subsequent assessment year, and (2) removed from the
aggregate resource preservation property tax program under section 273.1115, if the
land was enrolled in that program. Copies of the original affidavit and all supplemental
affidavits must be filed with the county assessor, the local zoning administrator, and the
Department of Natural Resources, Division of Land and Minerals. A supplemental
affidavit must be filed each time a subsequent portion of the property is actively mined,
provided that the minimum acreage change is five acres, even if the actual mining activity
constitutes less than five acres.
(o) The definitions prescribed by the commissioner under paragraphs (c) and (d) are
not rules and are exempt from the rulemaking provisions of chapter 14, and the provisions
in section 14.386 concerning exempt rules do not apply.