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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 2167

as introduced - 91st Legislature (2019 - 2020) Posted on 03/08/2019 08:51am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to civil law; enacting the Uniform Recognition of Substitute
Decision-Making Documents Act; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota
Statutes, chapter 523.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [523.30] SHORT TITLE.
new text end

new text begin Sections 523.30 to 523.38 may be cited as the "Uniform Recognition of Substitute
Decision-Making Documents Act."
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text begin [523.31] DEFINITIONS.
new text end

new text begin (a) The terms used in sections 523.30 to 523.38 have the meanings given them in this
section.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Decision maker" means a person authorized to act for an individual under a substitute
decision-making document, whether denominated a decision maker, agent, attorney-in-fact,
proxy, representative, or by another title. The term includes an original decision maker, a
co-decision maker, a successor decision maker, and a person to which a decision maker's
authority is delegated.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Good faith" means honesty in fact.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Health care" means a service or procedure to maintain, diagnose, treat, or otherwise
affect an individual's physical or mental condition.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Person" means an individual, estate, business or nonprofit entity, public corporation,
government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or other legal entity.
new text end

new text begin (f) "Personal care" means an arrangement or service to provide an individual shelter,
food, clothing, transportation, education, recreation, social contact, or assistance with the
activities of daily living.
new text end

new text begin (g) "Property" means anything that may be subject to ownership, whether real or personal
or legal or equitable, or any interest or right therein.
new text end

new text begin (h) "Record" means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored
in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
new text end

new text begin (i) "Substitute decision-making document" means a record created by an individual to
authorize a decision maker to act for the individual with respect to property, health care, or
personal care.
new text end

Sec. 3.

new text begin [523.32] VALIDITY OF SUBSTITUTE DECISION-MAKING DOCUMENT.
new text end

new text begin (a) A substitute decision-making document for property executed outside this state is
valid in this state if, when the document was executed, the execution complied with the law
of the jurisdiction indicated in the document or, if no jurisdiction is indicated, the law of
the jurisdiction in which the document was executed.
new text end

new text begin (b) A substitute decision-making document for health care or personal care executed
outside this state is valid in this state if, when the document was executed, the execution
complied with:
new text end

new text begin (1) the law of the jurisdiction indicated in the document or, if no jurisdiction is indicated,
the law of the jurisdiction in which the document was executed; or
new text end

new text begin (2) the law of this state other than sections 523.30 to 523.38.
new text end

new text begin (c) Except as otherwise provided by law of this state other than sections 523.30 to 523.38,
a photocopy or electronically transmitted copy of an original substitute decision-making
document has the same effect as the original.
new text end

Sec. 4.

new text begin [523.33] MEANING AND EFFECT OF SUBSTITUTE DECISION-MAKING
DOCUMENT.
new text end

new text begin The meaning and effect of a substitute decision-making document and the authority of
the decision maker are determined by the law of the jurisdiction indicated in the document
or, if no jurisdiction is indicated, the law of the jurisdiction in which the document was
executed.
new text end

Sec. 5.

new text begin [523.34] RELIANCE ON SUBSTITUTE DECISION-MAKING DOCUMENT.
new text end

new text begin (a) Except as otherwise provided by sections 145C.11 and 523.19, a person that in good
faith accepts a substitute decision-making document without actual knowledge that the
document is void, invalid, or terminated, or that the authority of the purported decision
maker is void, invalid, or terminated, may assume without inquiry that the document is
genuine, valid, and still in effect and that the decision maker's authority is genuine, valid,
and still in effect.
new text end

new text begin (b) A person that is asked to accept a substitute decision-making document may request
and without further investigation rely on:
new text end

new text begin (1) the decision maker's assertion of a fact concerning the individual for whom a decision
will be made, the decision maker, or the document;
new text end

new text begin (2) a translation of the document if the document contains, in whole or in part, language
other than English; and
new text end

new text begin (3) an opinion of counsel regarding any matter of law concerning the document if the
person provides in a record the reason for the request.
new text end

Sec. 6.

new text begin [523.35] OBLIGATION TO ACCEPT SUBSTITUTE DECISION-MAKING
DOCUMENT.
new text end

new text begin (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) or by law of this state other than
sections 523.30 to 523.38, a person that is asked to accept a substitute decision-making
document shall accept within a reasonable time a document that purportedly meets the
validity requirements of section 523.32. The person may not require an additional or different
form of document for authority granted in the document presented.
new text end

new text begin (b) A person that is asked to accept a substitute decision-making document is not required
to accept the document if:
new text end

new text begin (1) the person otherwise would not be required in the same circumstances to act if
requested by the individual who executed the document;
new text end

new text begin (2) the person has actual knowledge of the termination of the decision maker's authority
or the document;
new text end

new text begin (3) the person's request under section 523.34, paragraph (b), for the decision maker's
assertion of fact, a translation, or an opinion of counsel is refused;
new text end

new text begin (4) the person in good faith believes that the document is not valid or the decision maker
does not have the authority to request a particular transaction or action; or
new text end

new text begin (5) the person makes, or has actual knowledge that another person has made, a report
to the Minnesota adult abuse reporting center or a county office of adult protection stating
a belief that the individual for whom a decision will be made may be subject to abuse,
neglect, exploitation, or abandonment by the decision maker or a person acting for or with
the decision maker.
new text end

new text begin (c) A person that in violation of this section refuses to accept a substitute decision-making
document is subject to:
new text end

new text begin (1) a court order mandating acceptance of the document; and
new text end

new text begin (2) liability for reasonable attorney fees and costs incurred in an action or proceeding
that mandates acceptance of the document.
new text end

Sec. 7.

new text begin [523.36] REMEDIES UNDER OTHER LAW.
new text end

new text begin The remedies under sections 523.30 to 523.38 are not exclusive and do not abrogate any
right or remedy under law of this state other than sections 523.30 to 523.38.
new text end

Sec. 8.

new text begin [523.37] UNIFORMITY OF APPLICATION AND CONSTRUCTION.
new text end

new text begin In applying and construing this uniform act, consideration must be given to the need to
promote uniformity of the law with respect to its subject matter among the states that enact
it.
new text end

Sec. 9.

new text begin [523.38] RELATION TO ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES IN GLOBAL AND
NATIONAL COMMERCE ACT.
new text end

new text begin Sections 523.30 to 523.38 modify, limit, or supersede the Electronic Signatures in Global
and National Commerce Act, United States Code, title 15, section 7001 et seq., but do not
modify, limit, or supersede section 101(c) of that act, United States Code, title 15, section
7001(c), or authorize electronic delivery of any of the notices described in section 103(b)
of that act, United States Code, title 15, section 7003(b).
new text end

Sec. 10. new text beginEFFECTIVE DATE.
new text end

new text begin Sections 1 to 9 apply to a substitute decision-making document created before, on, or
after August 1, 2019.
new text end