1st Engrossment - 92nd Legislature (2021 - 2022) Posted on 05/21/2022 12:38pm
A bill for an act
relating to education; modifying reading instruction requirements; amending
Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 122A.06, subdivision 4.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:
Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 122A.06, subdivision 4, is amended to read:
scientifically based reading instruction" includes a program or collection of instructional
practices that is based on valid, replicable evidence showing that when these programs or
practices are used, students can be expected to achieve, at a minimum, satisfactory reading
progress. The program or collection of practices must include, at a minimum, effectivedeleted text begin,
balanceddeleted text end instruction in all five areas of reading: phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency,
vocabulary development, and reading comprehension.
Comprehensive, scientifically based reading instruction also includes and integrates
instructional strategies for continuously assessing, evaluating, and communicating the
student's reading progress and needs in order to design and implement ongoing interventions
so that students of all ages and proficiency levels can read and comprehend text, write, and
apply higher level thinking skills. For English learners developing literacy skills, districts
are encouraged to use strategies that teach reading and writing in the students' native language
and English at the same time.
(b) "Fluency" is the ability of students to read text with speed, accuracy, and proper
(c) "Phonemic awareness" is the ability of students to notice, think about, and manipulate
individual sounds in spoken syllables and words.
(d) "Phonics" is the understanding that there are systematic and predictable relationships
between written letters and spoken words. Phonics instruction is a way of teaching reading
that stresses learning how letters correspond to sounds and how to apply this knowledge in
reading and spelling.
(e) "Reading comprehension" is an active process that requires intentional thinking
during which meaning is constructed through interactions between text and reader.
Comprehension skills are taught explicitly by demonstrating, explaining, modeling, and
implementing specific cognitive strategies to help beginning readers derive meaning through
intentional, problem-solving thinking processes.
(f) "Vocabulary development" is the process of teaching vocabulary both directly and
indirectly, with repetition and multiple exposures to vocabulary items. Learning in rich
contexts, incidental learning, and use of computer technology enhance the acquiring of
(g) Nothing in this subdivision limits the authority of a school district to select a school's
reading program or curriculum.
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