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SF 3350

1st Engrossment - 92nd Legislature (2021 - 2022) Posted on 06/27/2022 09:02am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - 1st Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to children; amending child welfare provisions; amending Minnesota
Statutes 2020, sections 260.012; 260C.001, subdivision 3; 260C.007, subdivision
27; 260C.151, subdivision 6; 260C.152, subdivision 5; 260C.175, subdivision 2;
260C.176, subdivision 2; 260C.178, subdivision 1; 260C.181, subdivision 2;
260C.193, subdivision 3; 260C.201, subdivisions 1, 2; 260C.202; 260C.203;
260C.204; 260C.221; 260C.513; 260C.607, subdivisions 2, 5; 260C.613,
subdivisions 1, 5; Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, sections 260C.212,
subdivisions 1, 2; 260C.605, subdivision 1; 260C.607, subdivision 6.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260.012, is amended to read:


260.012 DUTY TO ENSURE PLACEMENT PREVENTION AND FAMILY
REUNIFICATION; REASONABLE EFFORTS.

(a) Once a child alleged to be in need of protection or services is under the court's
jurisdiction, the court shall ensure that reasonable efforts, including culturally appropriate
servicesnew text begin and practicesnew text end, by the social services agency are made to prevent placement or to
eliminate the need for removal and to reunite the child with the child's family at the earliest
possible time, and the court must ensure that the responsible social services agency makes
reasonable efforts to finalize an alternative permanent plan for the child as provided in
paragraph (e). In determining reasonable efforts to be made with respect to a child and in
making those reasonable efforts, the child's best interests, health, and safety must be of
paramount concern. Reasonable efforts to prevent placement and for rehabilitation and
reunification are always required except upon a determination by the court that a petition
has been filed stating a prima facie case that:

(1) the parent has subjected a child to egregious harm as defined in section 260C.007,
subdivision 14
;

(2) the parental rights of the parent to another child have been terminated involuntarily;

(3) the child is an abandoned infant under section 260C.301, subdivision 2, paragraph
(a), clause (2);

(4) the parent's custodial rights to another child have been involuntarily transferred to a
relative under Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 260C.201, subdivision 11, paragraph (d),
clause (1), section 260C.515, subdivision 4, or a similar law of another jurisdiction;

(5) the parent has committed sexual abuse as defined in section 260E.03, against the
child or another child of the parent;

(6) the parent has committed an offense that requires registration as a predatory offender
under section 243.166, subdivision 1b, paragraph (a) or (b); or

(7) the provision of services or further services for the purpose of reunification is futile
and therefore unreasonable under the circumstances.

(b) When the court makes one of the prima facie determinations under paragraph (a),
either permanency pleadings under section 260C.505, or a termination of parental rights
petition under sections 260C.141 and 260C.301 must be filed. A permanency hearing under
sections 260C.503 to 260C.521 must be held within 30 days of this determination.

(c) In the case of an Indian child, in proceedings under sections 260B.178, 260C.178,
260C.201, 260C.202, 260C.204, 260C.301, or 260C.503 to 260C.521, the juvenile court
must make findings and conclusions consistent with the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978,
United States Code, title 25, section 1901 et seq., as to the provision of active efforts. In
cases governed by the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978, United States Code, title 25, section
1901, the responsible social services agency must provide active efforts as required under
United States Code, title 25, section 1911(d).

(d) "Reasonable efforts to prevent placement" means:

(1) the agency has made reasonable efforts to prevent the placement of the child in foster
care by working with the family to develop and implement a safety plannew text begin that is individualized
to the needs of the child and the child's family and may include support persons from the
child's extended family, kin network, and community
new text end; or

(2) new text beginthe agency has demonstrated to the court that, new text endgiven the particular circumstances of
the child and family at the time of the child's removal, there are no services or efforts
available deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin thatnew text end could allow the child to safely remain in the home.

(e) "Reasonable efforts to finalize a permanent plan for the child" means due diligence
by the responsible social services agency to:

(1) reunify the child with the parent or guardian from whom the child was removed;

(2) assess a noncustodial parent's ability to provide day-to-day care for the child and,
where appropriate, provide services necessary to enable the noncustodial parent to safely
provide the care, as required by section 260C.219;

(3) conduct a relative search to identify and provide notice to adult relativesnew text begin, and engage
relatives in case planning and permanency planning,
new text end as required under section 260C.221;

new text begin (4) consider placing the child with relatives in the order specified in section 260C.212,
subdivision 2, paragraph (a);
new text end

deleted text begin (4)deleted text endnew text begin (5)new text end place siblings removed from their home in the same home for foster care or
adoption, or transfer permanent legal and physical custody to a relative. Visitation between
siblings who are not in the same foster care, adoption, or custodial placement or facility
shall be consistent with section 260C.212, subdivision 2; and

deleted text begin (5)deleted text endnew text begin (6)new text end when the child cannot return to the parent or guardian from whom the child was
removed, to plan for and finalize a safe and legally permanent alternative home for the child,
and considers permanent alternative homes for the child inside or outside of the state,
preferably new text beginwith a relative in the order specified in section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph
(a),
new text endthrough adoption or transfer of permanent legal and physical custody of the child.

(f) Reasonable efforts are made upon the exercise of due diligence by the responsible
social services agency to use culturally appropriate and available services to meet the
new text begin individualized new text endneeds of the child and the child's family. Services may include those provided
by the responsible social services agency and other culturally appropriate services available
in the community. new text beginThe responsible social services agency must select services for a child
and the child's family by collaborating with the child's family and, if appropriate, the child.
new text end At each stage of the proceedings deleted text beginwheredeleted text endnew text begin whennew text end the court is required to review the
appropriateness of the responsible social services agency's reasonable efforts as described
in paragraphs (a), (d), and (e), the social services agency has the burden of demonstrating
that:

(1) deleted text beginitdeleted text end new text beginthe agency new text endhas made reasonable efforts to prevent placement of the child in foster
carenew text begin, including that the agency considered or established a safety plan according to paragraph
(d), clause (1)
new text end;

(2) deleted text beginitdeleted text endnew text begin the agencynew text end has made reasonable efforts to eliminate the need for removal of the
child from the child's home and to reunify the child with the child's family at the earliest
possible time;

new text begin (3) the agency has made reasonable efforts to finalize a permanent plan for the child
pursuant to paragraph (e);
new text end

deleted text begin (3) itdeleted text end new text begin(4) the agency new text endhas made reasonable efforts to finalize an alternative permanent
home for the child, and deleted text beginconsidersdeleted text endnew text begin considerednew text end permanent alternative homes for the child
deleted text begin inside or outsidedeleted text endnew text begin in or outnew text end of the statenew text begin, preferably with a relative in the order specified in
section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (a)
new text end; or

deleted text begin (4)deleted text endnew text begin (5)new text end reasonable efforts to prevent placement and to reunify the child with the parent
or guardian are not required. The agency may meet this burden by stating facts in a sworn
petition filed under section 260C.141, by filing an affidavit summarizing the agency's
reasonable efforts or factsnew text begin thatnew text end the agency believes demonstrate new text beginthat new text endthere is no need for
reasonable efforts to reunify the parent and child, or through testimony or a certified report
required under juvenile court rules.

(g) Once the court determines that reasonable efforts for reunification are not required
because the court has made one of the prima facie determinations under paragraph (a), the
court may only require new text beginthe agency to make new text endreasonable efforts for reunification after a hearing
according to section 260C.163, deleted text beginwheredeleted text endnew text begin ifnew text end the court findsnew text begin thatnew text end there is not clear and convincing
evidence of the facts upon which the court based deleted text beginitsdeleted text endnew text begin the court'snew text end prima facie determination.
deleted text begin In this case whendeleted text endnew text begin Ifnew text end there is clear and convincing evidence that the child is in need of
protection or services, the court may find the child in need of protection or services and
order any of the dispositions available under section 260C.201, subdivision 1. Reunification
of a child with a parent is not required if the parent has been convicted of:

(1) a violation of, or an attempt or conspiracy to commit a violation of, sections 609.185
to 609.20; 609.222, subdivision 2; or 609.223 in regard to another child of the parent;

(2) a violation of section 609.222, subdivision 2; or 609.223, in regard to the child;

(3) a violation of, or an attempt or conspiracy to commit a violation of, United States
Code, title 18, section 1111(a) or 1112(a), in regard to another child of the parent;

(4) committing sexual abuse as defined in section 260E.03, against the child or another
child of the parent; or

(5) an offense that requires registration as a predatory offender under section 243.166,
subdivision 1b
, paragraph (a) or (b).

(h) The juvenile court, in proceedings under sections 260B.178, 260C.178, 260C.201,
260C.202, 260C.204, 260C.301, or 260C.503 to 260C.521, shall make findings and
conclusions as to the provision of reasonable efforts. When determining whether reasonable
efforts have been madenew text begin by the agencynew text end, the court shall consider whether services to the child
and family were:

new text begin (1) selected in collaboration with the child's family and, if appropriate, the child;
new text end

new text begin (2) tailored to the individualized needs of the child and child's family;
new text end

deleted text begin (1)deleted text endnew text begin (3)new text end relevant to the safety deleted text beginanddeleted text endnew text begin,new text end protectionnew text begin, and well-beingnew text end of the child;

deleted text begin (2)deleted text endnew text begin (4)new text end adequate to meet the new text beginindividualized new text endneeds of the child and family;

deleted text begin (3)deleted text endnew text begin (5)new text end culturally appropriate;

deleted text begin (4)deleted text endnew text begin (6)new text end available and accessible;

deleted text begin (5)deleted text endnew text begin (7)new text end consistent and timely; and

deleted text begin (6)deleted text endnew text begin (8)new text end realistic under the circumstances.

In the alternative, the court may determine that new text beginthe new text endprovision of services or further services
for the purpose of rehabilitation is futile and therefore unreasonable under the circumstances
or that reasonable efforts are not required as provided in paragraph (a).

(i) This section does not prevent out-of-home placement for new text beginthe new text endtreatment of a child with
a mental disability when it is determined to be medically necessary as a result of the child's
diagnostic assessment or new text beginthe child's new text endindividual treatment plan indicates that appropriate and
necessary treatment cannot be effectively provided outside of a residential or inpatient
treatment program and the level or intensity of supervision and treatment cannot be
effectively and safely provided in the child's home or community and it is determined that
a residential treatment setting is the least restrictive setting that is appropriate to the needs
of the child.

(j) If continuation of reasonable efforts to prevent placement or reunify the child with
the parent or guardian from whom the child was removed is determined by the court to be
inconsistent with the permanent plan for the child or upon the court making one of the prima
facie determinations under paragraph (a), reasonable efforts must be made to place the child
in a timely manner in a safe and permanent home and to complete whatever steps are
necessary to legally finalize the permanent placement of the child.

(k) Reasonable efforts to place a child for adoption or in another permanent placement
may be made concurrently with reasonable efforts to prevent placement or to reunify the
child with the parent or guardian from whom the child was removed. When the responsible
social services agency decides to concurrently make reasonable efforts for both reunification
and permanent placement away from the parent under paragraph (a), the agency shall disclose
deleted text begin itsdeleted text endnew text begin the agency'snew text end decision and both plans for concurrent reasonable efforts to all parties and
the court. When the agency discloses deleted text beginitsdeleted text endnew text begin the agency'snew text end decision to proceed deleted text beginondeleted text endnew text begin withnew text end both plans
for reunification and permanent placement away from the parent, the court's review of the
agency's reasonable efforts shall include the agency's efforts under both plans.

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.001, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Permanency, termination of parental rights, and adoption.

The purpose of
the laws relating to permanency, termination of parental rights, and children who come
under the guardianship of the commissioner of human services is to ensure that:

(1) when required and appropriate, reasonable efforts have been made by the social
services agency to reunite the child with the child's parents in a home that is safe and
permanent;

(2) if placement with the parents is not reasonably foreseeable, to secure for the child a
safe and permanent placement according to the requirements of section 260C.212, subdivision
2, preferably deleted text beginwith adoptive parentsdeleted text endnew text begin with a relative through an adoption or a transfer of
permanent legal and physical custody
new text end or, if that is not possible or in the best interests of the
child, deleted text begina fit and willing relative through transfer of permanent legal and physical custody to
that relative
deleted text endnew text begin with a nonrelative caregiver through adoptionnew text end; and

(3) when a child is under the guardianship of the commissioner of human services,
reasonable efforts are made to finalize an adoptive home for the child in a timely manner.

Nothing in this section requires reasonable efforts to prevent placement or to reunify
the child with the parent or guardian to be made in circumstances where the court has
determined that the child has been subjected to egregious harm, when the child is an
abandoned infant, the parent has involuntarily lost custody of another child through a
proceeding under section 260C.515, subdivision 4, or similar law of another state, the
parental rights of the parent to a sibling have been involuntarily terminated, or the court has
determined that reasonable efforts or further reasonable efforts to reunify the child with the
parent or guardian would be futile.

The paramount consideration in all proceedings for permanent placement of the child
under sections 260C.503 to 260C.521, or the termination of parental rights is the best interests
of the child. In proceedings involving an American Indian child, as defined in section
260.755, subdivision 8, the best interests of the child must be determined consistent with
the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978, United States Code, title 25, section 1901, et seq.

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.007, subdivision 27, is amended to read:


Subd. 27.

Relative.

"Relative" means a person related to the child by blood, marriage,
or adoption; the legal parent, guardian, or custodian of the child's siblings; or an individual
who is an important friend new text beginof the child or of the child's parent or custodian, including an
individual
new text endwith whom the child has resided or had significant contactnew text begin or who has a significant
relationship to the child or the child's parent or custodian
new text end.

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.151, subdivision 6, is amended to read:


Subd. 6.

Immediate custody.

If the court makes individualized, explicit findings, based
on the notarized petition or sworn affidavit, that there are reasonable grounds to believe
new text begin that new text endthe child is in surroundings or conditions deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin thatnew text end endanger the child's health, safety,
or welfare that require that responsibility for the child's care and custody be immediately
assumed by the responsible social services agency and that continuation of the child in the
custody of the parent or guardian is contrary to the child's welfare, the court may order that
the officer serving the summons take the child into immediate custody for placement of the
child in foster carenew text begin, preferably with a relativenew text end. In ordering that responsibility for the care,
custody, and control of the child be assumed by the responsible social services agency, the
court is ordering emergency protective care as that term is defined in the juvenile court
rules.

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.152, subdivision 5, is amended to read:


Subd. 5.

Notice to foster parents and preadoptive parents and relatives.

The foster
parents, if any, of a child and any preadoptive parent or relative providing care for the child
must be provided notice of and a right to be heard in any review or hearing to be held with
respect to the child. Any other relative may also request, and must be granted, a notice and
the deleted text beginopportunitydeleted text endnew text begin rightnew text end to be heard under this section. This subdivision does not require that
a foster parent, preadoptive parent, deleted text beginordeleted text end relative providing care for the childnew text begin, or any other
relative
new text end be made a party to a review or hearing solely on the basis of the notice and right to
be heard.

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.175, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Notice to parent or custodiannew text begin and child; emergency placement with
relative
new text end.

deleted text beginWheneverdeleted text endnew text begin (a) At the time thatnew text end a peace officer takes a child into custody fornew text begin relative
placement or
new text end shelter care deleted text beginor relative placementdeleted text end pursuant to subdivision 1, section 260C.151,
subdivision 5
, or section 260C.154, the officer shall notify the new text beginchild's new text endparent or custodiannew text begin
and the child, if the child is ten years of age or older,
new text end that under section 260C.181, subdivision
2
, the parent or custodiannew text begin or the childnew text end may request deleted text beginthatdeleted text endnew text begin to placenew text end the child deleted text beginbe placeddeleted text end with a
relative deleted text beginor a designated caregiver under chapter 257Adeleted text endnew text begin as defined in section 260C.007,
subdivision 27,
new text end instead of in a shelter care facility.

new text begin (b) When a child who is not alleged to be delinquent is taken into custody pursuant to
subdivision 1, clause (1), or clause (2), item (ii), and placement with an identified relative
is requested, the peace officer shall coordinate with the responsible social services agency
to ensure the child's safety and well-being, and comply with section 260C.181, subdivision
2.
new text end

new text begin (c) new text endThe officer also shall give the parent or custodian of the child a list of names,
addresses, and telephone numbers of social services agencies that offer child welfare services.
If the parent or custodian was not present when the child was removed from the residence,
the list shall be left with an adult on the premises or left in a conspicuous place on the
premises if no adult is present. If the officer has reason to believe the parent or custodian
is not able to read and understand English, the officer must provide a list that is written in
the language of the parent or custodian. The list shall be prepared by the commissioner of
human services. The commissioner shall prepare lists for each county and provide each
county with copies of the list without charge. The list shall be reviewed annually by the
commissioner and updated if it is no longer accurate. Neither the commissioner nor any
peace officer or the officer's employer shall be liable to any person for mistakes or omissions
in the list. The list does not constitute a promise that any agency listed will deleted text beginin factdeleted text end assist the
parent or custodian.

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.176, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Reasons for detention.

(a) If the child is not released as provided in subdivision
1, the person taking the child into custody shall notify the court as soon as possible of the
detention of the child and the reasons for detention.

(b) No child taken into custody and placed in anew text begin relative's home ornew text end shelter care facility
deleted text begin or relative's homedeleted text end by a peace officer pursuant to section 260C.175, subdivision 1, clause
(1) or (2), item (ii), may be held in custody longer than 72 hours, excluding Saturdays,
Sundays and holidays, unless a petition has been filed and the judge or referee determines
pursuant to section 260C.178 that the child shall remain in custody or unless the court has
made a finding of domestic abuse perpetrated by a minor after a hearing under Laws 1997,
chapter 239, article 10, sections 2 to 26, in which case the court may extend the period of
detention for an additional seven days, within which time the social services agency shall
conduct an assessment and shall provide recommendations to the court regarding voluntary
services or file a child in need of protection or services petition.

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.178, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Hearing and release requirements.

(a) If a child was taken into custody
under section 260C.175, subdivision 1, clause (1) or (2), item (ii), the court shall hold a
hearing within 72 hours of the timenew text begin thatnew text end the child was taken into custody, excluding
Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, to determine whether the child should continuenew text begin to benew text end in
custody.

(b) Unless there is reason to believe that the child would endanger self or others or not
return for a court hearing, or that the child's health or welfare would be immediately
endangered, the child shall be released to the custody of a parent, guardian, custodian, or
other suitable person, subject to reasonable conditions of release including, but not limited
to, a requirement that the child undergo a chemical use assessment as provided in section
260C.157, subdivision 1.

(c) If the court determines new text beginthat new text endthere is reason to believe that the child would endanger
self or others or not return for a court hearing, or that the child's health or welfare would be
immediately endangered if returned to the care of the parent or guardian who has custody
and from whom the child was removed, the court shall order the childnew text begin:
new text end

new text begin (1) into the care of the child's noncustodial parent and order the noncustodial parent to
comply with any conditions that the court determines appropriate to ensure the safety and
care of the child, including requiring the noncustodial parent to cooperate with paternity
establishment proceedings if the noncustodial parent has not been adjudicated the child's
father; or
new text end

new text begin (2)new text end into foster care as defined in section 260C.007, subdivision 18, under the legal
responsibility of the responsible social services agency or responsible probation or corrections
agency for the purposes of protective care as that term is used in the juvenile court rules deleted text beginor
into the home of a noncustodial parent and order the noncustodial parent to comply with
any conditions the court determines to be appropriate to the safety and care of the child,
including cooperating with paternity establishment proceedings in the case of a man who
has not been adjudicated the child's father
deleted text end. The court shall not give the responsible social
services legal custody and order a trial home visit at any time prior to adjudication and
disposition under section 260C.201, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (3), but may order
the child returned to the care of the parent or guardian who has custody and from whom the
child was removed and order the parent or guardian to comply with any conditions the court
determines to be appropriate to meet the safety, health, and welfare of the child.

(d) In determining whether the child's health or welfare would be immediately
endangered, the court shall consider whether the child would reside with a perpetrator of
domestic child abuse.

(e) The court, before determining whether a child should be placed in or continue in
foster care under the protective care of the responsible agency, shall also make a
determination, consistent with section 260.012 as to whether reasonable efforts were made
to prevent placement or whether reasonable efforts to prevent placement are not required.
In the case of an Indian child, the court shall determine whether active efforts, according
to section 260.762 and the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978, United States Code, title 25,
section 1912(d), were made to prevent placement. The court shall enter a finding that the
responsible social services agency has made reasonable efforts to prevent placement when
the agency establishes either:

(1) that deleted text beginitdeleted text end new text beginthe agency new text endhas actually provided services or made efforts in an attempt to
prevent the child's removal but that such services or efforts have not proven sufficient to
permit the child to safely remain in the home; or

(2) that there are no services or other efforts that could be made at the time of the hearing
that could safely permit the child to remain home or to return home. new text beginThe court shall not
make a reasonable efforts determination under this clause unless the court is satisfied that
the agency has sufficiently demonstrated to the court that there were no services or other
efforts that the agency was able to provide at the time of the hearing enabling the child to
safely remain home or to safely return home.
new text endWhen reasonable efforts to prevent placement
are required and there are services or other efforts that could be ordered deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin thatnew text end would
permit the child to safely return home, the court shall order the child returned to the care of
the parent or guardian and the services or efforts put in place to ensure the child's safety.
When the court makes a prima facie determination that one of the circumstances under
paragraph (g) exists, the court shall determine that reasonable efforts to prevent placement
and to return the child to the care of the parent or guardian are not required.

new text begin (f) new text endIf the court finds the social services agency's preventive or reunification efforts have
not been reasonable but further preventive or reunification efforts could not permit the child
to safely remain at home, the court may nevertheless authorize or continue the removal of
the child.

deleted text begin (f)deleted text endnew text begin (g)new text end The court may not order or continue the foster care placement of the child unless
the court makes explicit, individualized findings that continued custody of the child by the
parent or guardian would be contrary to the welfare of the child and that placement is in the
best interest of the child.

deleted text begin (g)deleted text endnew text begin (h)new text end At the emergency removal hearing, or at any time during the course of the
proceeding, and upon notice and request of the county attorney, the court shall determine
whether a petition has been filed stating a prima facie case that:

(1) the parent has subjected a child to egregious harm as defined in section 260C.007,
subdivision 14
;

(2) the parental rights of the parent to another child have been involuntarily terminated;

(3) the child is an abandoned infant under section 260C.301, subdivision 2, paragraph
(a), clause (2);

(4) the parents' custodial rights to another child have been involuntarily transferred to a
relative under Minnesota Statutes 2010, section 260C.201, subdivision 11, paragraph (e),
clause (1); section 260C.515, subdivision 4; or a similar law of another jurisdiction;

(5) the parent has committed sexual abuse as defined in section 260E.03, against the
child or another child of the parent;

(6) the parent has committed an offense that requires registration as a predatory offender
under section 243.166, subdivision 1b, paragraph (a) or (b); or

(7) the provision of services or further services for the purpose of reunification is futile
and therefore unreasonable.

deleted text begin (h)deleted text endnew text begin (i)new text end When a petition to terminate parental rights is required under section 260C.301,
subdivision 4, or 260C.503, subdivision 2, but the county attorney has determined not to
proceed with a termination of parental rights petition, and has instead filed a petition to
transfer permanent legal and physical custody to a relative under section 260C.507, the
court shall schedule a permanency hearing within 30 days of the filing of the petition.

deleted text begin (i)deleted text endnew text begin (j)new text end If the county attorney has filed a petition under section 260C.307, the court shall
schedule a trial under section 260C.163 within 90 days of the filing of the petition except
when the county attorney determines that the criminal case shall proceed to trial first under
section 260C.503, subdivision 2, paragraph (c).

deleted text begin (j)deleted text endnew text begin (k)new text end If the court determines the child should be ordered into foster care and the child's
parent refuses to give information to the responsible social services agency regarding the
child's father or relatives of the child, the court may order the parent to disclose the names,
addresses, telephone numbers, and other identifying information to the responsible social
services agency for the purpose of complying with sectionsnew text begin 260C.150,new text end 260C.151, 260C.212,
260C.215, new text begin260C.219, new text endand 260C.221.

deleted text begin (k)deleted text endnew text begin (l)new text end If a child ordered into foster care has siblings, whether full, half, or step, who are
also ordered into foster care, the court shall inquire of the responsible social services agency
of the efforts to place the children together as required by section 260C.212, subdivision 2,
paragraph (d), if placement together is in each child's best interests, unless a child is in
placement for treatment or a child is placed with a previously noncustodial parent who is
not a parent to all siblings. If the children are not placed together at the time of the hearing,
the court shall inquire at each subsequent hearing of the agency's reasonable efforts to place
the siblings together, as required under section 260.012. If any sibling is not placed with
another sibling or siblings, the agency must develop a plan to facilitate visitation or ongoing
contact among the siblings as required under section 260C.212, subdivision 1, unless it is
contrary to the safety or well-being of any of the siblings to do so.

deleted text begin (l)deleted text endnew text begin (m)new text end When the court has ordered the child into new text beginthe care of a noncustodial parent or in
new text end foster care deleted text beginor into the home of a noncustodial parentdeleted text end, the court may order a chemical
dependency evaluation, mental health evaluation, medical examination, and parenting
assessment for the parent as necessary to support the development of a plan for reunification
required under subdivision 7 and section 260C.212, subdivision 1, or the child protective
services plan under section 260E.26, and Minnesota Rules, part 9560.0228.

Sec. 9.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.181, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Least restrictive setting.

Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision 1, if
the child had been taken into custody pursuant to section 260C.175, subdivision 1, clause
(1) or (2), item (ii), and is not alleged to be delinquent, the child shall be detained in the
least restrictive setting consistent with the child's health and welfare and in closest proximity
to the child's family as possible. Placement may be with a child's relativedeleted text begin, a designated
caregiver under chapter 257A,
deleted text end ornew text begin, if no placement is available with a relative,new text end in a shelter
care facility. The placing officer shall comply with this section and shall document why a
less restrictive setting will or will not be in the best interests of the child for placement
purposes.

Sec. 10.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.193, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Best interests of the child.

(a) The policy of the state is to ensure that the best
interests of children in foster care, who experience new text begina new text endtransfer of permanent legal and physical
custody to a relative under section 260C.515, subdivision 4, or adoption under this chapter,
are met bynew text begin:
new text end

new text begin (1) considering placement of a child with relatives in the order specified in section
260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (a); and
new text end

new text begin (2)new text end requiring individualized determinations under section 260C.212, subdivision 2,
paragraph (b), of the needs of the child and of how the selected home will serve the needs
of the child.

(b) No later than three months after a child is ordered new text beginto be new text endremoved from the care of a
parent in the hearing required under section 260C.202, the court shall review and enter
findings regarding whether the responsible social services agency deleted text beginmadedeleted text end:

(1) deleted text begindiligent effortsdeleted text end new text beginexercised due diligencenew text end to identify deleted text beginanddeleted text endnew text begin,new text end search fornew text begin, notify, and engagenew text end
relatives as required under section 260C.221; and

(2) new text beginmade a placement consistent with section 260C.212, subdivision 2, that is based on
new text end an individualized determination deleted text beginas required under section 260C.212, subdivision 2,deleted text end new text beginof the
child's needs
new text endto select a home that meets the needs of the child.

(c) If the court finds new text beginthat new text endthe agency has not deleted text beginmade effortsdeleted text end new text beginexercised due diligencenew text end as
required under section 260C.221, deleted text beginanddeleted text end new text beginthe court shall order the agency to make reasonable
efforts. If
new text endthere is a relative who qualifies to be licensed to provide family foster care under
chapter 245A, the court may order the child new text beginto be new text endplaced with the relative consistent with
the child's best interests.

(d) If the agency's efforts under section 260C.221 are found new text beginby the court new text endto be sufficient,
the court shall order the agency to continue to appropriately engage relatives who responded
to the notice under section 260C.221 in placement and case planning decisions and to
appropriately engage relatives who subsequently come to the agency's attention.new text begin A court's
finding that the agency has made reasonable efforts under this paragraph does not relieve
the agency of the duty to continue notifying relatives who come to the agency's attention
and engaging and considering relatives who respond to the notice under section 260C.221
in child placement and case planning decisions.
new text end

(e) If the child's birth parent deleted text beginor parentsdeleted text end explicitly deleted text beginrequestdeleted text endnew text begin requestsnew text end that a new text beginspecific new text endrelative
deleted text begin or important frienddeleted text end not be considerednew text begin for placement of the childnew text end, the court shall honor that
request if it is consistent with the best interests of the child and consistent with the
requirements of section 260C.221.new text begin The court shall not waive relative search, notice, and
consideration requirements, unless section 260C.139 applies.
new text end If the child's birth parent deleted text beginor
parents express
deleted text endnew text begin expressesnew text end a preference for placing the child in a foster or adoptive home of
the same or a similar religious background deleted text begintodeleted text endnew text begin asnew text end that of the birth parent or parents, the court
shall order placement of the child with an individual who meets the birth parent's religious
preference.

(f) Placement of a child deleted text begincannotdeleted text endnew text begin must notnew text end be delayed or denied based on race, color, or
national origin of the foster parent or the child.

(g) Whenever possible, siblings requiring foster care placement deleted text beginshoulddeleted text endnew text begin shallnew text end be placed
together unless it is determined not to be in the best interests ofnew text begin one or more of thenew text end siblings
after weighing the benefits of separate placement against the benefits of sibling connections
for each sibling. new text beginThe agency shall consider section 260C.008 when making this determination.
new text end If siblings were not placed together according to section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph
(d), the responsible social services agency shall report to the court the efforts made to place
the siblings together and why the efforts were not successful. If the court is not satisfied
that the agency has made reasonable efforts to place siblings together, the court must order
the agency to make further reasonable efforts. If siblings are not placed together, the court
shall order the responsible social services agency to implement the plan for visitation among
siblings required as part of the out-of-home placement plan under section 260C.212.

(h) This subdivision does not affect the Indian Child Welfare Act, United States Code,
title 25, sections 1901 to 1923, and the Minnesota Indian Family Preservation Act, sections
260.751 to 260.835.

Sec. 11.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.201, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Dispositions.

(a) If the court finds that the child is in need of protection
or services or neglected and in foster care, deleted text beginitdeleted text endnew text begin the courtnew text end shall enter an order making any of
the following dispositions of the case:

(1) place the child under the protective supervision of the responsible social services
agency or child-placing agency in the home of a parent of the child under conditions
prescribed by the court directed to the correction of the child's need for protection or services:

(i) the court may order the child into the home of a parent who does not otherwise have
legal custody of the child, however, an order under this section does not confer legal custody
on that parent;

(ii) if the court orders the child into the home of a father who is not adjudicated, the
father must cooperate with paternity establishment proceedings regarding the child in the
appropriate jurisdiction as one of the conditions prescribed by the court for the child to
continue in the father's home; and

(iii) the court may order the child into the home of a noncustodial parent with conditions
and may also order both the noncustodial and the custodial parent to comply with the
requirements of a case plan under subdivision 2; or

(2) transfer legal custody to one of the following:

(i) a child-placing agency; or

(ii) the responsible social services agency. In making a foster care placement deleted text beginfordeleted text endnew text begin ofnew text end a
child whose custody has been transferred under this subdivision, the agency shall make an
individualized determination of how the placement is in the child's best interests using thenew text begin
placement
new text end considerationnew text begin ordernew text end for relativesdeleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin andnew text end the best interest factors in section 260C.212,
subdivision 2deleted text begin, paragraph (b)deleted text end
, and may include a child colocated with a parent in a licensed
residential family-based substance use disorder treatment program under section 260C.190;
or

(3) order a trial home visit without modifying the transfer of legal custody to the
responsible social services agency under clause (2). Trial home visit means the child is
returned to the care of the parent or guardian from whom the child was removed for a period
not to exceed six months. During the period of the trial home visit, the responsible social
services agency:

(i) shall continue to have legal custody of the child, which means new text beginthat new text endthe agency may
see the child in the parent's home, at school, in a child care facility, or other setting as the
agency deems necessary and appropriate;

(ii) shall continue to have the ability to access information under section 260C.208;

(iii) shall continue to provide appropriate services to both the parent and the child during
the period of the trial home visit;

(iv) without previous court order or authorization, may terminate the trial home visit in
order to protect the child's health, safety, or welfare and may remove the child to foster care;

(v) shall advise the court and parties within three days of the termination of the trial
home visit when a visit is terminated by the responsible social services agency without a
court order; and

(vi) shall prepare a report for the court when the trial home visit is terminated whether
by the agency or court order deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin thatnew text end describes the child's circumstances during the trial
home visit and recommends appropriate orders, if any, for the court to enter to provide for
the child's safety and stability. In the event a trial home visit is terminated by the agency
by removing the child to foster care without prior court order or authorization, the court
shall conduct a hearing within ten days of receiving notice of the termination of the trial
home visit by the agency and shall order disposition under this subdivision or commence
permanency proceedings under sections 260C.503 to 260C.515. The time period for the
hearing may be extended by the court for good cause shown and if it is in the best interests
of the child as long as the total time the child spends in foster care without a permanency
hearing does not exceed 12 months;

(4) if the child has been adjudicated as a child in need of protection or services because
the child is in need of special services or care to treat or ameliorate a physical or mental
disability or emotional disturbance as defined in section 245.4871, subdivision 15, the court
may order the child's parent, guardian, or custodian to provide it. The court may order the
child's health plan company to provide mental health services to the child. Section 62Q.535
applies to an order for mental health services directed to the child's health plan company.
If the health plan, parent, guardian, or custodian fails or is unable to provide this treatment
or care, the court may order it provided. Absent specific written findings by the court that
the child's disability is the result of abuse or neglect by the child's parent or guardian, the
court shall not transfer legal custody of the child for the purpose of obtaining special
treatment or care solely because the parent is unable to provide the treatment or care. If the
court's order for mental health treatment is based on a diagnosis made by a treatment
professional, the court may order that the diagnosing professional not provide the treatment
to the child if it finds that such an order is in the child's best interests; or

(5) if the court believes that the child has sufficient maturity and judgment and that it is
in the best interests of the child, the court may order a child 16 years old or older to be
allowed to live independently, either alone or with others as approved by the court under
supervision the court considers appropriate, if the county board, after consultation with the
court, has specifically authorized this dispositional alternative for a child.

(b) If the child was adjudicated in need of protection or services because the child is a
runaway or habitual truant, the court may order any of the following dispositions in addition
to or as alternatives to the dispositions authorized under paragraph (a):

(1) counsel the child or the child's parents, guardian, or custodian;

(2) place the child under the supervision of a probation officer or other suitable person
in the child's own home under conditions prescribed by the court, including reasonable rules
for the child's conduct and the conduct of the parents, guardian, or custodian, designed for
the physical, mental, and moral well-being and behavior of the child;

(3) subject to the court's supervision, transfer legal custody of the child to one of the
following:

(i) a reputable person of good moral character. No person may receive custody of two
or more unrelated children unless licensed to operate a residential program under sections
245A.01 to 245A.16; or

(ii) a county probation officer for placement in a group foster home established under
the direction of the juvenile court and licensed pursuant to section 241.021;

(4) require the child to pay a fine of up to $100. The court shall order payment of the
fine in a manner that will not impose undue financial hardship upon the child;

(5) require the child to participate in a community service project;

(6) order the child to undergo a chemical dependency evaluation and, if warranted by
the evaluation, order participation by the child in a drug awareness program or an inpatient
or outpatient chemical dependency treatment program;

(7) if the court believes that it is in the best interests of the child or of public safety that
the child's driver's license or instruction permit be canceled, the court may order the
commissioner of public safety to cancel the child's license or permit for any period up to
the child's 18th birthday. If the child does not have a driver's license or permit, the court
may order a denial of driving privileges for any period up to the child's 18th birthday. The
court shall forward an order issued under this clause to the commissioner, who shall cancel
the license or permit or deny driving privileges without a hearing for the period specified
by the court. At any time before the expiration of the period of cancellation or denial, the
court may, for good cause, order the commissioner of public safety to allow the child to
apply for a license or permit, and the commissioner shall so authorize;

(8) order that the child's parent or legal guardian deliver the child to school at the
beginning of each school day for a period of time specified by the court; or

(9) require the child to perform any other activities or participate in any other treatment
programs deemed appropriate by the court.

To the extent practicable, the court shall enter a disposition order the same day it makes
a finding that a child is in need of protection or services or neglected and in foster care, but
in no event more than 15 days after the finding unless the court finds that the best interests
of the child will be served by granting a delay. If the child was under eight years of age at
the time the petition was filed, the disposition order must be entered within ten days of the
finding and the court may not grant a delay unless good cause is shown and the court finds
the best interests of the child will be served by the delay.

(c) If a child who is 14 years of age or older is adjudicated in need of protection or
services because the child is a habitual truant and truancy procedures involving the child
were previously dealt with by a school attendance review board or county attorney mediation
program under section 260A.06 or 260A.07, the court shall order a cancellation or denial
of driving privileges under paragraph (b), clause (7), for any period up to the child's 18th
birthday.

(d) In the case of a child adjudicated in need of protection or services because the child
has committed domestic abuse and been ordered excluded from the child's parent's home,
the court shall dismiss jurisdiction if the court, at any time, finds the parent is able or willing
to provide an alternative safe living arrangement for the child, as defined in Laws 1997,
chapter 239, article 10, section 2.

(e) When a parent has complied with a case plan ordered under subdivision 6 and the
child is in the care of the parent, the court may order the responsible social services agency
to monitor the parent's continued ability to maintain the child safely in the home under such
terms and conditions as the court determines appropriate under the circumstances.

Sec. 12.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.201, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Written findings.

(a) Any order for a disposition authorized under this section
shall contain written findings of fact to support the disposition and case plan ordered and
shall also set forth in writing the following information:

(1) why the best interests and safety of the child are served by the disposition and case
plan ordered;

(2) what alternative dispositions or services under the case plan were considered by the
court and why such dispositions or services were not appropriate in the instant case;

(3) when legal custody of the child is transferred, the appropriateness of the particular
placement made or to be made by the placing agency using thenew text begin relative and sibling placement
considerations and best interest
new text end factors in section 260C.212, subdivision 2deleted text begin, paragraph (b)deleted text end,
or the appropriateness of a child colocated with a parent in a licensed residential family-based
substance use disorder treatment program under section 260C.190;

(4) whether reasonable efforts to finalize the permanent plan for the child consistent
with section 260.012 were made including reasonable efforts:

(i) to prevent the child's placement and to reunify the child with the parent or guardian
from whom the child was removed at the earliest time consistent with the child's safety.
The court's findings must include a brief description of what preventive and reunification
efforts were made and why further efforts could not have prevented or eliminated the
necessity of removal or that reasonable efforts were not required under section 260.012 or
260C.178, subdivision 1;

(ii) to identify and locate any noncustodial or nonresident parent of the child and to
assess such parent's ability to provide day-to-day care of the child, and, where appropriate,
provide services necessary to enable the noncustodial or nonresident parent to safely provide
day-to-day care of the child as required under section 260C.219, unless such services are
not required under section 260.012 or 260C.178, subdivision 1deleted text begin;deleted text endnew text begin. The court's findings must
include a description of the agency's efforts to:
new text end

new text begin (A) identify and locate the child's noncustodial or nonresident parent;
new text end

new text begin (B) assess the noncustodial or nonresident parent's ability to provide day-to-day care of
the child; and
new text end

new text begin (C) if appropriate, provide services necessary to enable the noncustodial or nonresident
parent to safely provide the child's day-to-day care, including efforts to engage the
noncustodial or nonresident parent in assuming care and responsibility of the child;
new text end

(iii) to make the diligent search for relatives and provide the notices required under
section 260C.221; a finding made pursuant to a hearing under section 260C.202 that the
agency has made diligent efforts to conduct a relative search and has appropriately engaged
relatives who responded to the notice under section 260C.221 and other relatives, who came
to the attention of the agency after notice under section 260C.221 was sent, in placement
and case planning decisions fulfills the requirement of this item;

(iv) to identify and make a foster care placement new text beginof the child, considering the order in
section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (a),
new text endin the home of an unlicensed relative,
according to the requirements of section 245A.035, a licensed relative, or other licensed
foster care providernew text begin,new text end who will commit to being the permanent legal parent or custodian for
the child in the event reunification cannot occur, but who will actively support the
reunification plan for the childnew text begin. If the court finds that the agency has not appropriately
considered relatives for placement of the child, the court shall order the agency to comply
with section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (a). The court may order the agency to
continue considering relatives for placement of the child regardless of the child's current
placement setting
new text end; and

(v) to place siblings together in the same home or to ensure visitation is occurring when
siblings are separated in foster care placement and visitation is in the siblings' best interests
under section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (d); and

(5) if the child has been adjudicated as a child in need of protection or services because
the child is in need of special services or care to treat or ameliorate a mental disability or
emotional disturbance as defined in section 245.4871, subdivision 15, the written findings
shall also set forth:

(i) whether the child has mental health needs that must be addressed by the case plan;

(ii) what consideration was given to the diagnostic and functional assessments performed
by the child's mental health professional and to health and mental health care professionals'
treatment recommendations;

(iii) what consideration was given to the requests or preferences of the child's parent or
guardian with regard to the child's interventions, services, or treatment; and

(iv) what consideration was given to the cultural appropriateness of the child's treatment
or services.

(b) If the court finds that the social services agency's preventive or reunification efforts
have not been reasonable but that further preventive or reunification efforts could not permit
the child to safely remain at home, the court may nevertheless authorize or continue the
removal of the child.

(c) If the child has been identified by the responsible social services agency as the subject
of concurrent permanency planning, the court shall review the reasonable efforts of the
agency to develop a permanency plan for the child that includes a primary plan deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin thatnew text end
is for reunification with the child's parent or guardian and a secondary plan deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin thatnew text end is
for an alternative, legally permanent home for the child in the event reunification cannot
be achieved in a timely manner.

Sec. 13.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.202, is amended to read:


260C.202 COURT REVIEW OF FOSTER CARE.

(a) If the court orders a child placed in foster care, the court shall review the out-of-home
placement plan and the child's placement at least every 90 days as required in juvenile court
rules to determine whether continued out-of-home placement is necessary and appropriate
or whether the child should be returned home. This review is not required if the court has
returned the child home, ordered the child permanently placed away from the parent under
sections 260C.503 to 260C.521, or terminated rights under section 260C.301. Court review
for a child permanently placed away from a parent, including where the child is under
guardianship of the commissioner, shall be governed by section 260C.607. When a child
is placed in a qualified residential treatment program setting as defined in section 260C.007,
subdivision 26d, the responsible social services agency must submit evidence to the court
as specified in section 260C.712.

(b) No later than three months after the child's placement in foster care, the court shall
review agency efforts new text beginto search for and notify relatives new text endpursuant to section 260C.221, and
order that the new text beginagency's new text endefforts new text beginbegin immediately, or new text endcontinuenew text begin,new text end if the agency has failed to
performnew text begin, or has not adequately performed,new text end the duties under that section. The court must
order the agency to continue to appropriately engage relatives who responded to the notice
under section 260C.221 in placement and case planning decisions and to new text beginconsider relatives
for foster care placement consistent with section 260C.221. Notwithstanding a court's finding
that the agency has made reasonable efforts to search for and notify relatives under section
260C.221, the court may order the agency to continue making reasonable efforts to search
for, notify,
new text endengage deleted text beginotherdeleted text endnew text begin, and considernew text end relatives who came to the agency's attention after
new text begin sending the initial new text endnotice under section 260C.221 deleted text beginwas sentdeleted text end.

(c) The court shall review the out-of-home placement plan and may modify the plan as
provided under section 260C.201, subdivisions 6 and 7.

(d) When the court deleted text beginorders transfer ofdeleted text endnew text begin transfers thenew text end custodynew text begin of a childnew text end to a responsible
social services agency resulting in foster care or protective supervision with a noncustodial
parent under subdivision 1, the court shall notify the parents of the provisions of sections
260C.204 and 260C.503 to 260C.521, as required under juvenile court rules.

(e) When a child remains in or returns to foster care pursuant to section 260C.451 and
the court has jurisdiction pursuant to section 260C.193, subdivision 6, paragraph (c), the
court shall at least annually conduct the review required under section 260C.203.

Sec. 14.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.203, is amended to read:


260C.203 ADMINISTRATIVE OR COURT REVIEW OF PLACEMENTS.

(a) Unless the court is conducting the reviews required under section 260C.202, there
shall be an administrative review of the out-of-home placement plan of each child placed
in foster care no later than 180 days after the initial placement of the child in foster care
and at least every six months thereafter if the child is not returned to the home of the parent
or parents within that time. The out-of-home placement plan must be monitored and updated
new text begin by the responsible social services agency new text endat each administrative review. The administrative
review shall be conducted by the responsible social services agency using a panel of
appropriate persons at least one of whom is not responsible for the case management of, or
the delivery of services to, either the child or the parents who are the subject of the review.
The administrative review shall be open to participation by the parent or guardian of the
child and the child, as appropriate.

(b) As an alternative to the administrative review required in paragraph (a), the court
may, as part of any hearing required under the Minnesota Rules of Juvenile Protection
Procedure, conduct a hearing to monitor and update the out-of-home placement plan pursuant
to the procedure and standard in section 260C.201, subdivision 6, paragraph (d). The party
requesting review of the out-of-home placement plan shall give parties to the proceeding
notice of the request to review and update the out-of-home placement plan. A court review
conducted pursuant to section 260C.141, subdivision 2; 260C.193; 260C.201, subdivision
1; 260C.202; 260C.204; 260C.317; or 260D.06 shall satisfy the requirement for the review
so long as the other requirements of this section are met.

(c) As appropriate to the stage of the proceedings and relevant court orders, the
responsible social services agency or the court shall review:

(1) the safety, permanency needs, and well-being of the child;

(2) the continuing necessity for and appropriateness of the placementnew text begin, including whether
the placement is consistent with the child's best interests and other placement considerations,
including relative and sibling placement considerations under section 260C.212, subdivision
2
new text end;

(3) the extent of compliance with the out-of-home placement plannew text begin required under section
260C.212, subdivisions 1 and 1a, including services and resources that the agency has
provided to the child and child's parents, services and resources that other agencies and
individuals have provided to the child and child's parents, and whether the out-of-home
placement plan is individualized to the needs of the child and child's parents
new text end;

(4) the extent of progress that has been made toward alleviating or mitigating the causes
necessitating placement in foster care;

(5) the projected date by which the child may be returned to and safely maintained in
the home or placed permanently away from the care of the parent or parents or guardian;
and

(6) the appropriateness of the services provided to the child.

(d) When a child is age 14 or older:

(1) in addition to any administrative review conducted by the responsible social services
agency, at the in-court review required under section 260C.317, subdivision 3, clause (3),
or 260C.515, subdivision 5 or 6, the court shall review the independent living plan required
under section 260C.212, subdivision 1, paragraph (c), clause (12), and the provision of
services to the child related to the well-being of the child as the child prepares to leave foster
care. The review shall include the actual plans related to each item in the plan necessary to
the child's future safety and well-being when the child is no longer in foster care; and

(2) consistent with the requirements of the independent living plan, the court shall review
progress toward or accomplishment of the following goals:

(i) the child has obtained a high school diploma or its equivalent;

(ii) the child has completed a driver's education course or has demonstrated the ability
to use public transportation in the child's community;

(iii) the child is employed or enrolled in postsecondary education;

(iv) the child has applied for and obtained postsecondary education financial aid for
which the child is eligible;

(v) the child has health care coverage and health care providers to meet the child's
physical and mental health needs;

(vi) the child has applied for and obtained disability income assistance for which the
child is eligible;

(vii) the child has obtained affordable housing with necessary supports, which does not
include a homeless shelter;

(viii) the child has saved sufficient funds to pay for the first month's rent and a damage
deposit;

(ix) the child has an alternative affordable housing plan, which does not include a
homeless shelter, if the original housing plan is unworkable;

(x) the child, if male, has registered for the Selective Service; and

(xi) the child has a permanent connection to a caring adult.

Sec. 15.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.204, is amended to read:


260C.204 PERMANENCY PROGRESS REVIEW FOR CHILDREN IN FOSTER
CARE FOR SIX MONTHS.

(a) When a child continues in placement out of the home of the parent or guardian from
whom the child was removed, no later than six months after the child's placement the court
shall conduct a permanency progress hearing to review:

(1) the progress of the case, the parent's progress on the case plan or out-of-home
placement plan, whichever is applicable;

(2) the agency's reasonable, or in the case of an Indian child, active efforts for
reunification and its provision of services;

(3) the agency's reasonable efforts to finalize the permanent plan for the child under
section 260.012, paragraph (e), and to make a placement as required under section 260C.212,
subdivision 2
, in a home that will commit to being the legally permanent family for the
child in the event the child cannot return home according to the timelines in this section;
and

(4) in the case of an Indian child, active efforts to prevent the breakup of the Indian
family and to make a placement according to the placement preferences under United States
Code, title 25, chapter 21, section 1915.

(b) When a child is placed in a qualified residential treatment program setting as defined
in section 260C.007, subdivision 26d, the responsible social services agency must submit
evidence to the court as specified in section 260C.712.

(c) The court shall ensure that notice of the hearing is sent to any relative who:

(1) responded to the agency's notice provided under section 260C.221, indicating an
interest in participating in planning for the child or being a permanency resource for the
child and who has kept the court apprised of the relative's address; or

(2) asked to be notified of court proceedings regarding the child as is permitted in section
260C.152, subdivision 5.

(d)(1) If the parent or guardian has maintained contact with the child and is complying
with the court-ordered out-of-home placement plan, and if the child would benefit from
reunification with the parent, the court may either:

(i) return the child home, if the conditions deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin thatnew text end led to the out-of-home placement
have been sufficiently mitigated that it is safe and in the child's best interests to return home;
or

(ii) continue the matter up to a total of six additional months. If the child has not returned
home by the end of the additional six months, the court must conduct a hearing according
to sections 260C.503 to 260C.521.

(2) If the court determines that the parent or guardian is not complyingnew text begin, is not making
progress with or engaging
new text end with new text beginservices in new text endthe out-of-home placement plannew text begin,new text end or is not
maintaining regular contact with the child as outlined in the visitation plan required as part
of the out-of-home placement plan under section 260C.212, the court may order the
responsible social services agency:

(i) to develop a plan for legally permanent placement of the child away from the parent;

(ii) to consider, identify, recruit, and support one or more permanency resources from
the child's relatives and foster parentnew text begin, consistent with section 260C.212, subdivision 2,
paragraph (a),
new text end to be the legally permanent home in the event the child cannot be returned
to the parent. Any relative or the child's foster parent may ask the court to order the agency
to consider them for permanent placement of the child in the event the child cannot be
returned to the parent. A relative or foster parent who wants to be considered under this
item shall cooperate with the background study required under section 245C.08, if the
individual has not already done so, and with the home study process required under chapter
245A for providing child foster care and for adoption under section 259.41. The home study
referred to in this item shall be a single-home study in the form required by the commissioner
of human services or similar study required by the individual's state of residence when the
subject of the study is not a resident of Minnesota. The court may order the responsible
social services agency to make a referral under the Interstate Compact on the Placement of
Children when necessary to obtain a home study for an individual who wants to be considered
for transfer of permanent legal and physical custody or adoption of the child; and

(iii) to file a petition to support an order for the legally permanent placement plan.

(e) Following the review under this section:

(1) if the court has either returned the child home or continued the matter up to a total
of six additional months, the agency shall continue to provide services to support the child's
return home or to make reasonable efforts to achieve reunification of the child and the parent
as ordered by the court under an approved case plan;

(2) if the court orders the agency to develop a plan for the transfer of permanent legal
and physical custody of the child to a relative, a petition supporting the plan shall be filed
in juvenile court within 30 days of the hearing required under this section and a trial on the
petition held within 60 days of the filing of the pleadings; or

(3) if the court orders the agency to file a termination of parental rights, unless the county
attorney can show cause why a termination of parental rights petition should not be filed,
a petition for termination of parental rights shall be filed in juvenile court within 30 days
of the hearing required under this section and a trial on the petition held within 60 days of
the filing of the petition.

Sec. 16.

Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 260C.212, subdivision 1, is amended
to read:


Subdivision 1.

Out-of-home placement; plan.

(a) An out-of-home placement plan shall
be prepared within 30 days after any child is placed in foster care by court order or a
voluntary placement agreement between the responsible social services agency and the
child's parent pursuant to section 260C.227 or chapter 260D.

(b) An out-of-home placement plan means a written document deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin individualized to
the needs of the child and the child's parents or guardians that
new text end is prepared by the responsible
social services agency jointly with deleted text beginthe parent or parents or guardian of the childdeleted text endnew text begin the child's
parents or guardians
new text end and in consultation with the child's guardian ad litemdeleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin;new text end the child's tribe,
if the child is an Indian childdeleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin;new text end the child's foster parent or representative of the foster care
facilitydeleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin;new text end and, deleted text beginwheredeleted text endnew text begin whennew text end appropriate, the child. When a child is age 14 or older, the child
may include two other individuals on the team preparing the child's out-of-home placement
plan. The child may select one member of the case planning team to be designated as the
child's advisor and to advocate with respect to the application of the reasonable and prudent
parenting standards. The responsible social services agency may reject an individual selected
by the child if the agency has good cause to believe that the individual would not act in the
best interest of the child. For a child in voluntary foster care for treatment under chapter
260D, preparation of the out-of-home placement plan shall additionally include the child's
mental health treatment provider. For a child 18 years of age or older, the responsible social
services agency shall involve the child and the child's parents as appropriate. As appropriate,
the plan shall be:

(1) submitted to the court for approval under section 260C.178, subdivision 7;

(2) ordered by the court, either as presented or modified after hearing, under section
260C.178, subdivision 7, or 260C.201, subdivision 6; and

(3) signed by the parent or parents or guardian of the child, the child's guardian ad litem,
a representative of the child's tribe, the responsible social services agency, and, if possible,
the child.

(c) The out-of-home placement plan shall be explained new text beginby the responsible social services
agency
new text endto all persons involved in deleted text beginitsdeleted text endnew text begin the plan'snew text end implementation, including the child who has
signed the plan, and shall set forth:

(1) a description of the foster care home or facility selected, including how the
out-of-home placement plan is designed to achieve a safe placement for the child in the
least restrictive, most family-likedeleted text begin,deleted text end setting available deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin thatnew text end is in close proximity to the
home of the deleted text beginparent ordeleted text endnew text begin child'snew text end parents or deleted text beginguardian of the childdeleted text endnew text begin guardiansnew text end when the case plan
goal is reunificationdeleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin;new text end and how the placement is consistent with the best interests and special
needs of the child according to the factors under subdivision 2, paragraph (b);

(2) the specific reasons for the placement of the child in foster care, and when
reunification is the plan, a description of the problems or conditions in the home of the
parent or parents deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin thatnew text end necessitated removal of the child from home and the changes
the parent or parents must make for the child to safely return home;

(3) a description of the services offered and provided to prevent removal of the child
from the home and to reunify the family including:

(i) the specific actions to be taken by the parent or parents of the child to eliminate or
correct the problems or conditions identified in clause (2), and the time period during which
the actions are to be taken; and

(ii) the reasonable efforts, or in the case of an Indian child, active efforts to be made to
achieve a safe and stable home for the child including social and other supportive services
to be provided or offered to the parent or parents or guardian of the child, the child, and the
residential facility during the period the child is in the residential facility;

(4) a description of any services or resources that were requested by the child or the
child's parent, guardian, foster parent, or custodian since the date of the child's placement
in the residential facility, and whether those services or resources were provided and if not,
the basis for the denial of the services or resources;

(5) the visitation plan for the parent or parents or guardian, other relatives as defined in
section 260C.007, subdivision 26b or 27, and siblings of the child if the siblings are not
placed together in foster care, and whether visitation is consistent with the best interest of
the child, during the period the child is in foster care;

(6) when a child cannot return to or be in the care of either parent, documentation of
steps to finalize adoption as the permanency plan for the child through reasonable efforts
to place the child for adoptionnew text begin pursuant to section 260C.605new text end. At a minimum, the
documentation must include consideration of whether adoption is in the best interests of
the childdeleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin andnew text end child-specific recruitment efforts such as new text begina new text endrelative searchnew text begin, consideration of
relatives for adoptive placement,
new text end and the use of state, regional, and national adoption
exchanges to facilitate orderly and timely placements in and outside of the state. A copy of
this documentation shall be provided to the court in the review required under section
260C.317, subdivision 3, paragraph (b);

(7) when a child cannot return to or be in the care of either parent, documentation of
steps to finalize the transfer of permanent legal and physical custody to a relative as the
permanency plan for the child. This documentation must support the requirements of the
kinship placement agreement under section 256N.22 and must include the reasonable efforts
used to determine that it is not appropriate for the child to return home or be adopted, and
reasons why permanent placement with a relative through a Northstar kinship assistance
arrangement is in the child's best interest; how the child meets the eligibility requirements
for Northstar kinship assistance payments; agency efforts to discuss adoption with the child's
relative foster parent and reasons why the relative foster parent chose not to pursue adoption,
if applicable; and agency efforts to discuss with the child's parent or parents the permanent
transfer of permanent legal and physical custody or the reasons why these efforts were not
made;

(8) efforts to ensure the child's educational stability while in foster care for a child who
attained the minimum age for compulsory school attendance under state law and is enrolled
full time in elementary or secondary school, or instructed in elementary or secondary
education at home, or instructed in an independent study elementary or secondary program,
or incapable of attending school on a full-time basis due to a medical condition that is
documented and supported by regularly updated information in the child's case plan.
Educational stability efforts include:

(i) efforts to ensure that the child remains in the same school in which the child was
enrolled prior to placement or upon the child's move from one placement to another, including
efforts to work with the local education authorities to ensure the child's educational stability
and attendance; or

(ii) if it is not in the child's best interest to remain in the same school that the child was
enrolled in prior to placement or move from one placement to another, efforts to ensure
immediate and appropriate enrollment for the child in a new school;

(9) the educational records of the child including the most recent information available
regarding:

(i) the names and addresses of the child's educational providers;

(ii) the child's grade level performance;

(iii) the child's school record;

(iv) a statement about how the child's placement in foster care takes into account
proximity to the school in which the child is enrolled at the time of placement; and

(v) any other relevant educational information;

(10) the efforts by the responsible social services agency to ensure the oversight and
continuity of health care services for the foster child, including:

(i) the plan to schedule the child's initial health screens;

(ii) how the child's known medical problems and identified needs from the screens,
including any known communicable diseases, as defined in section 144.4172, subdivision
2, shall be monitored and treated while the child is in foster care;

(iii) how the child's medical information shall be updated and shared, including the
child's immunizations;

(iv) who is responsible to coordinate and respond to the child's health care needs,
including the role of the parent, the agency, and the foster parent;

(v) who is responsible for oversight of the child's prescription medications;

(vi) how physicians or other appropriate medical and nonmedical professionals shall be
consulted and involved in assessing the health and well-being of the child and determine
the appropriate medical treatment for the child; and

(vii) the responsibility to ensure that the child has access to medical care through either
medical insurance or medical assistance;

(11) the health records of the child including information available regarding:

(i) the names and addresses of the child's health care and dental care providers;

(ii) a record of the child's immunizations;

(iii) the child's known medical problems, including any known communicable diseases
as defined in section 144.4172, subdivision 2;

(iv) the child's medications; and

(v) any other relevant health care information such as the child's eligibility for medical
insurance or medical assistance;

(12) an independent living plan for a child 14 years of age or older, developed in
consultation with the child. The child may select one member of the case planning team to
be designated as the child's advisor and to advocate with respect to the application of the
reasonable and prudent parenting standards in subdivision 14. The plan should include, but
not be limited to, the following objectives:

(i) educational, vocational, or employment planning;

(ii) health care planning and medical coverage;

(iii) transportation including, where appropriate, assisting the child in obtaining a driver's
license;

(iv) money management, including the responsibility of the responsible social services
agency to ensure that the child annually receives, at no cost to the child, a consumer report
as defined under section 13C.001 and assistance in interpreting and resolving any inaccuracies
in the report;

(v) planning for housing;

(vi) social and recreational skills;

(vii) establishing and maintaining connections with the child's family and community;
and

(viii) regular opportunities to engage in age-appropriate or developmentally appropriate
activities typical for the child's age group, taking into consideration the capacities of the
individual child;

(13) for a child in voluntary foster care for treatment under chapter 260D, diagnostic
and assessment information, specific services relating to meeting the mental health care
needs of the child, and treatment outcomes;

(14) for a child 14 years of age or older, a signed acknowledgment that describes the
child's rights regarding education, health care, visitation, safety and protection from
exploitation, and court participation; receipt of the documents identified in section 260C.452;
and receipt of an annual credit report. The acknowledgment shall state that the rights were
explained in an age-appropriate manner to the child; and

(15) for a child placed in a qualified residential treatment program, the plan must include
the requirements in section 260C.708.

(d) The parent or parents or guardian and the child each shall have the right to legal
counsel in the preparation of the case plan and shall be informed of the right at the time of
placement of the child. The child shall also have the right to a guardian ad litem. If unable
to employ counsel from their own resources, the court shall appoint counsel upon the request
of the parent or parents or the child or the child's legal guardian. The parent or parents may
also receive assistance from any person or social services agency in preparation of the case
plan.

new text begin (e) new text endAfter the plan has been agreed upon by the parties involved or approved or ordered
by the court, the foster parents shall be fully informed of the provisions of the case plan and
shall be provided a copy of the plan.

new text begin (f) new text endUpon the child's discharge from foster care, the responsible social services agency
must provide the child's parent, adoptive parent, or permanent legal and physical custodian,
and the child, if the child is 14 years of age or older, with a current copy of the child's health
and education record. If a child meets the conditions in subdivision 15, paragraph (b), the
agency must also provide the child with the child's social and medical history. The responsible
social services agency may give a copy of the child's health and education record and social
and medical history to a child who is younger than 14 years of age, if it is appropriate and
if subdivision 15, paragraph (b), applies.

Sec. 17.

Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 260C.212, subdivision 2, is amended
to read:


Subd. 2.

Placement decisions based on best interests of the child.

(a) The policy of
the state of Minnesota is to ensure that the child's best interests are met by requiring an
individualized determination of the needs of the child new text beginin consideration of paragraphs (a) to
(f),
new text endand of how the selected placement will serve the new text begincurrent and future new text endneeds of the child
being placed. The authorized child-placing agency shall place a child, released by court
order or by voluntary release by the parent or parents, in a family foster home selected by
considering placement with relatives deleted text beginand important friendsdeleted text end in the following order:

(1) with an individual who is related to the child by blood, marriage, or adoption,
including the legal parent, guardian, or custodian of the child's deleted text beginsiblingsdeleted text endnew text begin siblingnew text end; or

(2) with an individual who is an important friend deleted text beginwith whom the child has resided or
had significant contact
deleted text endnew text begin of the child or the child's parent or custodian, including an individual
with whom the child has resided or had significant contact or who has a significant
relationship to the child or the child's parent or custodian
new text end.

For an Indian child, the agency shall follow the order of placement preferences in the Indian
Child Welfare Act of 1978, United States Code, title 25, section 1915.

(b) Among the factors the agency shall consider in determining the new text begincurrent and future
new text end needs of the child are the following:

(1) the child's current functioning and behaviors;

(2) the medical needs of the child;

(3) the educational needs of the child;

(4) the developmental needs of the child;

(5) the child's history and past experience;

(6) the child's religious and cultural needs;

(7) the child's connection with a community, school, and faith community;

(8) the child's interests and talents;

(9) the child's deleted text beginrelationship to current caretakers,deleted text endnew text begin current and long-term needs regarding
relationships with
new text end parents, siblings, deleted text beginanddeleted text end relativesnew text begin, and other caretakersnew text end;

(10) the reasonable preference of the child, if the court, or the child-placing agency in
the case of a voluntary placement, deems the child to be of sufficient age to express
preferences; and

(11) for an Indian child, the best interests of an Indian child as defined in section 260.755,
subdivision 2a
.

new text begin When placing a child in foster care or in a permanent placement based on an individualized
determination of the child's needs, the agency must not use one factor in this paragraph to
the exclusion of all others, and the agency shall consider that the factors in paragraph (b)
may be interrelated.
new text end

(c) Placement of a child cannot be delayed or denied based on race, color, or national
origin of the foster parent or the child.

(d) Siblings should be placed together for foster care and adoption at the earliest possible
time unless it is documented that a joint placement would be contrary to the safety or
well-being of any of the siblings or unless it is not possible after reasonable efforts by the
responsible social services agency. In cases where siblings cannot be placed together, the
agency is required to provide frequent visitation or other ongoing interaction between
siblings unless the agency documents that the interaction would be contrary to the safety
or well-being of any of the siblings.

(e) Except for emergency placement as provided for in section 245A.035, the following
requirements must be satisfied before the approval of a foster or adoptive placement in a
related or unrelated home: (1) a completed background study under section 245C.08; and
(2) a completed review of the written home study required under section 260C.215,
subdivision 4
, clause (5), or 260C.611, to assess the capacity of the prospective foster or
adoptive parent to ensure the placement will meet the needs of the individual child.

(f) The agency must determine whether colocation with a parent who is receiving services
in a licensed residential family-based substance use disorder treatment program is in the
child's best interests according to paragraph (b) and include that determination in the child's
case plan under subdivision 1. The agency may consider additional factors not identified
in paragraph (b). The agency's determination must be documented in the child's case plan
before the child is colocated with a parent.

(g) The agency must establish a juvenile treatment screening team under section 260C.157
to determine whether it is necessary and appropriate to recommend placing a child in a
qualified residential treatment program, as defined in section 260C.007, subdivision 26d.

Sec. 18.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.221, is amended to read:


260C.221 RELATIVE SEARCHnew text begin AND ENGAGEMENT; PLACEMENT
CONSIDERATION
new text end.

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Relative search requirements. new text end

(a) The responsible social services agency
shall exercise due diligence to identify and notify adult relatives new text beginand current caregivers of
a child's sibling,
new text endprior to placement or within 30 days after the child's removal from the
parentnew text begin, regardless of whether a child is placed in a relative's home, as required under
subdivision 2
new text end. deleted text beginThe county agency shall consider placement with a relative under this section
without delay and whenever the child must move from or be returned to foster care.
deleted text end The
relative search required by this section shall be comprehensive in scope. deleted text beginAfter a finding
that the agency has made reasonable efforts to conduct the relative search under this
paragraph, the agency has the continuing responsibility to appropriately involve relatives,
who have responded to the notice required under this paragraph, in planning for the child
and to continue to consider relatives according to the requirements of section 260C.212,
subdivision 2
. At any time during the course of juvenile protection proceedings, the court
may order the agency to reopen its search for relatives when it is in the child's best interest
to do so.
deleted text end

(b) The relative search required by this section shall include both maternal and paternal
adult relatives of the child; all adult grandparents; all legal parents, guardians, or custodians
of the child's siblings; and any other adult relatives suggested by the child's parents, subject
to the exceptions due to family violence in new text beginsubdivision 5, new text endparagraph deleted text begin(c)deleted text endnew text begin (b)new text end. The search shall
also include getting information from the child in an age-appropriate manner about who the
child considers to be family members and important friends with whom the child has resided
or had significant contact. The relative search required under this section must fulfill the
agency's duties under the Indian Child Welfare Act regarding active efforts to prevent the
breakup of the Indian family under United States Code, title 25, section 1912(d), and to
meet placement preferences under United States Code, title 25, section 1915.

new text begin (c) The responsible social services agency has a continuing responsibility to search for
and identify relatives of a child and send the notice to relatives that is required under
subdivision 2, unless the court has relieved the agency of this duty under subdivision 5,
paragraph (e).
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Relative notice requirements. new text end

new text begin(a) The agency may provide oral or written
notice to a child's relatives. In the child's case record, the agency must document providing
the required notice to each of the child's relatives.
new text endThenew text begin responsible social services agency
must notify
new text end relatives deleted text beginmust be notifieddeleted text end:

(1) of the need for a foster home for the child, the option to become a placement resource
for the child, new text beginthe order of placement that the agency will consider under section 260C.212,
subdivision 2, paragraph (a),
new text endand the possibility of the need for a permanent placement for
the child;

(2) of their responsibility to keep the responsible social services agency and the court
informed of their current address in order to receive notice in the event that a permanent
placement is sought for the child and to receive notice of the permanency progress review
hearing under section 260C.204. A relative who fails to provide a current address to the
responsible social services agency and the court forfeits the right to receive notice of the
possibility of permanent placement and of the permanency progress review hearing under
section 260C.204new text begin, until the relative provides a current address to the responsible social
services agency and the court
new text end. A decision by a relative not to be identified as a potential
permanent placement resource or participate in planning for the child deleted text beginat the beginning of
the case
deleted text end shall not affect whether the relative is considered for placement ofnew text begin, or as a
permanency resource for,
new text end the child with that relative deleted text beginlaterdeleted text endnew text begin at any time in the case, and shall
not be the sole basis for the court to rule out the relative as the child's placement or
permanency resource
new text end;

(3) that the relative may participate in the care and planning for the child, new text beginas specified
in subdivision 3,
new text endincluding that the opportunity for such participation may be lost by failing
to respond to the notice sent under this subdivisiondeleted text begin. "Participate in the care and planning"
includes, but is not limited to, participation in case planning for the parent and child,
identifying the strengths and needs of the parent and child, supervising visits, providing
respite and vacation visits for the child, providing transportation to appointments, suggesting
other relatives who might be able to help support the case plan, and to the extent possible,
helping to maintain the child's familiar and regular activities and contact with friends and
relatives
deleted text end;

(4) of the family foster care licensing new text beginand adoption home study new text endrequirements, including
how to complete an application and how to request a variance from licensing standards that
do not present a safety or health risk to the child in the home under section 245A.04 and
supports that are available for relatives and children who reside in a family foster home;
deleted text begin and
deleted text end

(5) of the relatives' right to ask to be notified of any court proceedings regarding the
child, to attend the hearings, and of a relative's right deleted text beginor opportunitydeleted text end to be heard by the court
as required under section 260C.152, subdivision 5deleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin;
new text end

new text begin (6) that regardless of the relative's response to the notice sent under this subdivision, the
agency is required to establish permanency for a child, including planning for alternative
permanency options if the agency's reunification efforts fail or are not required; and
new text end

new text begin (7) that by responding to the notice, a relative may receive information about participating
in a child's family and permanency team if the child is placed in a qualified residential
treatment program as defined in section 260C.007, subdivision 26d.
new text end

new text begin (b) The responsible social services agency shall send the notice required under paragraph
(a) to relatives who become known to the responsible social services agency, except for
relatives that the agency does not contact due to safety reasons under subdivision 5, paragraph
(b). The responsible social services agency shall continue to send notice to relatives
notwithstanding a court's finding that the agency has made reasonable efforts to conduct a
relative search.
new text end

new text begin (c) The responsible social services agency is not required to send the notice under
paragraph (a) to relatives who become known to the agency after an adoption placement
agreement has been fully executed under section 260C.613, subdivision 1. If such a relative
wishes to be considered for adoptive placement of the child, the agency shall inform the
relative of the relative's ability to file a motion for an order for adoptive placement under
section 260C.607, subdivision 6.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Relative engagement requirements. new text end

new text begin (a) A relative who responds to the notice
under subdivision 2 has the opportunity to participate in care and planning for a child, which
must not be limited based solely on the relative's prior inconsistent participation or
nonparticipation in care and planning for the child. Care and planning for a child may include
but is not limited to:
new text end

new text begin (1) participating in case planning for the child and child's parent, including identifying
services and resources that meet the individualized needs of the child and child's parent. A
relative's participation in case planning may be in person, via phone call, or by electronic
means;
new text end

new text begin (2) identifying the strengths and needs of the child and child's parent;
new text end

new text begin (3) asking the responsible social services agency to consider the relative for placement
of the child according to subdivision 4;
new text end

new text begin (4) acting as a support person for the child, the child's parents, and the child's current
caregiver;
new text end

new text begin (5) supervising visits;
new text end

new text begin (6) providing respite care for the child and having vacation visits with the child;
new text end

new text begin (7) providing transportation;
new text end

new text begin (8) suggesting other relatives who may be able to participate in the case plan or that the
agency may consider for placement of the child. The agency shall send a notice to each
relative identified by other relatives according to subdivision 2, paragraph (b), unless a
relative received this notice earlier in the case;
new text end

new text begin (9) helping to maintain the child's familiar and regular activities and contact with the
child's friends and relatives, including providing supervision of the child at family gatherings
and events; and
new text end

new text begin (10) participating in the child's family and permanency team if the child is placed in a
qualified residential treatment program as defined in section 260C.007, subdivision 26d.
new text end

new text begin (b) The responsible social services agency shall make reasonable efforts to contact and
engage relatives who respond to the notice required under this section. Upon a request by
a relative or party to the proceeding, the court may conduct a review of the agency's
reasonable efforts to contact and engage relatives who respond to the notice. If the court
finds that the agency did not make reasonable efforts to contact and engage relatives who
respond to the notice, the court may order the agency to make reasonable efforts to contact
and engage relatives who respond to the notice in care and planning for the child.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Placement considerations. new text end

new text begin (a) The responsible social services agency shall
consider placing a child with a relative under this section without delay and when the child:
new text end

new text begin (1) enters foster care;
new text end

new text begin (2) must be moved from the child's current foster setting;
new text end

new text begin (3) must be permanently placed away from the child's parent; or
new text end

new text begin (4) returns to foster care after permanency has been achieved for the child.
new text end

new text begin (b) The agency shall consider placing a child with relatives:
new text end

new text begin (1) in the order specified in section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (a); and
new text end

new text begin (2) based on the child's best interests using the factors in section 260C.212, subdivision
2.
new text end

new text begin (c) The agency shall document how the agency considered relatives in the child's case
record.
new text end

new text begin (d) Any relative who requests to be a placement option for a child in foster care has the
right to be considered for placement of the child according to section 260C.212, subdivision
2, paragraph (a), unless the court finds that placing the child with a specific relative would
endanger the child, sibling, parent, guardian, or any other family member under subdivision
5, paragraph (b).
new text end

new text begin (e) When adoption is the responsible social services agency's permanency goal for the
child, the agency shall consider adoptive placement of the child with a relative in the order
specified under section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (a).
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Data disclosure; court review. new text end

deleted text begin(c)deleted text endnew text begin (a)new text end A responsible social services agency
may disclose private data, as defined in section 13.02 and chapter 260E, to relatives of the
child for the purpose of locating and assessing a suitable placement and may use any
reasonable means of identifying and locating relatives including the Internet or other
electronic means of conducting a search. The agency shall disclose data that is necessary
to facilitate possible placement with relatives and to ensure that the relative is informed of
the needs of the child so the relative can participate in planning for the child and be supportive
of services to the child and family.

new text begin (b) new text endIf the child's parent refuses to give the responsible social services agency information
sufficient to identify the maternal and paternal relatives of the child, the agency shall ask
the juvenile court to order the parent to provide the necessary informationnew text begin and shall use
other resources to identify the child's maternal and paternal relatives
new text end. If a parent makes an
explicit request that a specific relative not be contacted or considered for placement due to
safety reasonsnew text begin,new text end including past family or domestic violence, the agency shall bring the parent's
request to the attention of the court to determine whether the parent's request is consistent
with the best interests of the child deleted text beginanddeleted text endnew text begin.new text end The agency shall not contact the specific relative
when the juvenile court finds that contacting new text beginor placing the child with new text endthe specific relative
would endanger the parent, guardian, child, sibling, or any family member. new text beginUnless section
260C.139 applies to the child's case, a court shall not waive or relieve the responsible social
services agency of reasonable efforts to:
new text end

new text begin (1) conduct a relative search;
new text end

new text begin (2) notify relatives;
new text end

new text begin (3) contact and engage relatives in case planning; and
new text end

new text begin (4) consider relatives for placement of the child.
new text end

new text begin (c) Notwithstanding chapter 13, the agency shall disclose data to the court about particular
relatives that the agency has identified, contacted, or considered for the child's placement
for the court to review the agency's due diligence.
new text end

(d) At a regularly scheduled hearing not later than three months after the child's placement
in foster care and as required in deleted text beginsectiondeleted text endnew text begin sections 260C.193 andnew text end 260C.202, the agency shall
report to the court:

(1) deleted text beginitsdeleted text endnew text begin the agency'snew text end efforts to identify maternal and paternal relatives of the child and to
engage the relatives in providing support for the child and family, and document that the
relatives have been provided the notice required under deleted text beginparagraph (a)deleted text endnew text begin subdivision 2new text end; and

(2) deleted text beginitsdeleted text endnew text begin the agency'snew text end decision regarding placing the child with a relative as required under
section 260C.212, subdivision 2deleted text begin, and to askdeleted text endnew text begin. If the responsible social services agency decides
that relative placement is not in the child's best interests at the time of the hearing, the agency
shall inform the court of the agency's decision, including:
new text end

new text begin (i) why the agency decided against relative placement of the child; and
new text end

new text begin (ii) the agency's efforts to engagenew text end relatives deleted text beginto visit or maintain contact with the child in
order
deleted text endnew text begin as required under subdivision 3new text end to support family connections for the childdeleted text begin, when
placement with a relative is not possible or appropriate
deleted text end.

deleted text begin (e) Notwithstanding chapter deleted text end deleted text begin 13 deleted text end deleted text begin , the agency shall disclose data about particular relatives
identified, searched for, and contacted for the purposes of the court's review of the agency's
due diligence.
deleted text end

deleted text begin (f)deleted text endnew text begin (e)new text end When the court is satisfied that the agency has exercised due diligence to identify
relatives and provide the notice required in deleted text beginparagraph (a)deleted text endnew text begin subdivision 2new text end, the court may find
that new text beginthe agency made new text endreasonable efforts deleted text beginhave been madedeleted text end to conduct a relative search to
identify and provide notice to adult relatives as required under section 260.012, paragraph
(e), clause (3). new text beginA finding under this paragraph does not relieve the responsible social services
agency of the ongoing duty to contact, engage, and consider relatives under this section nor
is it a basis for the court to rule out any relative from being a foster care or permanent
placement option for the child. The agency has the continuing responsibility to:
new text end

new text begin (1) involve relatives who respond to the notice in planning for the child; and
new text end

new text begin (2) continue considering relatives for the child's placement while taking the child's short-
and long-term permanency goals into consideration, according to the requirements of section
260C.212, subdivision 2.
new text end

new text begin (f) At any time during the course of juvenile protection proceedings, the court may order
the agency to reopen the search for relatives when it is in the child's best interests.
new text end

new text begin (g) new text endIf the court is not satisfied that the agency has exercised due diligence to identify
relatives and provide the notice required in deleted text beginparagraph (a)deleted text endnew text begin subdivision 2new text end, the court may order
the agency to continue its search and notice efforts and to report back to the court.

deleted text begin (g) When the placing agency determines that permanent placement proceedings are
necessary because there is a likelihood that the child will not return to a parent's care, the
agency must send the notice provided in paragraph (h), may ask the court to modify the
duty of the agency to send the notice required in paragraph (h), or may ask the court to
completely relieve the agency of the requirements of paragraph (h). The relative notification
requirements of paragraph (h) do not apply when the child is placed with an appropriate
relative or a foster home that has committed to adopting the child or taking permanent legal
and physical custody of the child and the agency approves of that foster home for permanent
placement of the child. The actions ordered by the court under this section must be consistent
with the best interests, safety, permanency, and welfare of the child.
deleted text end

(h) deleted text beginUnless required under the Indian Child Welfare Act or relieved of this duty by the
court under paragraph (f),
deleted text end When the agency determines that it is necessary to prepare for
permanent placement determination proceedings, or in anticipation of filing a termination
of parental rights petition, the agency shall send notice to deleted text beginthedeleted text end relativesnew text begin who responded to a
notice under this section sent at any time during the case
new text end, any adult with whom the child is
currently residing, any adult with whom the child has resided for one year or longer in the
past, and any adults who have maintained a relationship or exercised visitation with the
child as identified in the agency case plan. The notice must state that a permanent home is
sought for the child and that the individuals receiving the notice may indicate to the agency
their interest in providing a permanent home. The notice must state that within 30 days of
receipt of the notice an individual receiving the notice must indicate to the agency the
individual's interest in providing a permanent home for the child or that the individual may
lose the opportunity to be considered for a permanent placement.new text begin A relative's failure to
respond or timely respond to the notice is not a basis for ruling out the relative from being
a permanent placement option for the child should the relative request to be considered for
permanent placement at a later date.
new text end

Sec. 19.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.513, is amended to read:


260C.513 PERMANENCY DISPOSITIONS WHEN CHILD CANNOT RETURN
HOME.

(a) deleted text beginTermination of parental rights and adoption, or guardianship to the commissioner of
human services through a consent to adopt, are preferred permanency options for a child
who cannot return home. If the court finds that termination of parental rights and guardianship
to the commissioner is not in the child's best interests, the court may transfer permanent
legal and physical custody of the child to a relative when that order is in the child's best
interests
deleted text endnew text begin In determining a permanency disposition under section 260C.515 for a child who
cannot return home, the court shall give preference to a permanency disposition that will
result in the child being placed in the permanent care of a relative through a termination of
parental rights and adoption, guardianship to the commissioner of human services through
a consent to adopt, or a transfer of permanent legal and physical custody, consistent with
the best interests of the child and section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (a). If a relative
is not available to accept placement or the court finds that a permanent placement with a
relative is not in the child's best interests, the court may consider a permanency disposition
that may result in the child being permanently placed in the care of a nonrelative caregiver,
including adoption
new text end.

(b) When the court has determined that permanent placement of the child away from
the parent is necessary, the court shall consider permanent alternative homes that are available
both inside and outside the state.

Sec. 20.

Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 260C.605, subdivision 1, is amended
to read:


Subdivision 1.

Requirements.

(a) Reasonable efforts to finalize the adoption of a child
under the guardianship of the commissioner shall be made by the responsible social services
agency responsible for permanency planning for the child.

(b) Reasonable efforts to make a placement in a home according to the placement
considerations under section 260C.212, subdivision 2, with a relative or foster parent who
will commit to being the permanent resource for the child in the event the child cannot be
reunified with a parent are required under section 260.012 and may be made concurrently
with reasonable, or if the child is an Indian child, active efforts to reunify the child with the
parent.

(c) Reasonable efforts under paragraph (b) must begin as soon as possible when the
child is in foster care under this chapter, but not later than the hearing required under section
260C.204.

(d) Reasonable efforts to finalize the adoption of the child include:

new text begin (1) considering the child's preference for an adoptive family;
new text end

deleted text begin (1)deleted text endnew text begin (2)new text end using age-appropriate engagement strategies to plan for adoption with the child;

deleted text begin (2)deleted text endnew text begin (3)new text end identifying an appropriate prospective adoptive parent for the child by updating
the child's identified needs using the factors in section 260C.212, subdivision 2;

deleted text begin (3)deleted text endnew text begin (4)new text end making an adoptive placement that meets the child's needs by:

(i) completing or updating the relative search required under section 260C.221 and giving
notice of the need for an adoptive home for the child to:

(A) relatives who have kept the agency or the court apprised of their whereabouts deleted text beginand
who have indicated an interest in adopting the child
deleted text end; or

(B) relatives of the child who are located in an updated search;

(ii) an updated search is required whenever:

(A) there is no identified prospective adoptive placement for the child notwithstanding
a finding by the court that the agency made diligent efforts under section 260C.221, in a
hearing required under section 260C.202;

(B) the child is removed from the home of an adopting parent; or

(C) the court determines new text beginthat new text enda relative search by the agency is in the best interests of
the child;

(iii) engaging the child's new text beginrelatives or current or former new text endfoster deleted text beginparent and the child's
relatives identified as an adoptive resource during the search conducted under section
260C.221,
deleted text endnew text begin parentsnew text end to commit to being the prospective adoptive parent of the childnew text begin, and
considering the child's relatives for adoptive placement of the child in the order specified
under section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (a)
new text end; or

(iv) when there is no identified prospective adoptive parent:

(A) registering the child on the state adoption exchange as required in section 259.75
unless the agency documents to the court an exception to placing the child on the state
adoption exchange reported to the commissioner;

(B) reviewing all families with approved adoption home studies associated with the
responsible social services agency;

(C) presenting the child to adoption agencies and adoption personnel who may assist
with finding an adoptive home for the child;

(D) using newspapers and other media to promote the particular child;

(E) using a private agency under grant contract with the commissioner to provide adoption
services for intensive child-specific recruitment efforts; and

(F) making any other efforts or using any other resources reasonably calculated to identify
a prospective adoption parent for the child;

deleted text begin (4)deleted text endnew text begin (5)new text end updating and completing the social and medical history required under sections
260C.212, subdivision 15, and 260C.609;

deleted text begin (5)deleted text endnew text begin (6)new text end making, and keeping updated, appropriate referrals required by section 260.851,
the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children;

deleted text begin (6)deleted text endnew text begin (7)new text end giving notice regarding the responsibilities of an adoptive parent to any prospective
adoptive parent as required under section 259.35;

deleted text begin (7)deleted text endnew text begin (8)new text end offering the adopting parent the opportunity to apply for or decline adoption
assistance under chapter 256N;

deleted text begin (8)deleted text endnew text begin (9)new text end certifying the child for adoption assistance, assessing the amount of adoption
assistance, and ascertaining the status of the commissioner's decision on the level of payment
if the adopting parent has applied for adoption assistance;

deleted text begin (9)deleted text endnew text begin (10)new text end placing the child with siblings. If the child is not placed with siblings, the agency
must document reasonable efforts to place the siblings together, as well as the reason for
separation. The agency may not cease reasonable efforts to place siblings together for final
adoption until the court finds further reasonable efforts would be futile or that placement
together for purposes of adoption is not in the best interests of one of the siblings; and

deleted text begin (10)deleted text endnew text begin (11)new text end working with the adopting parent to file a petition to adopt the child and with
the court administrator to obtain a timely hearing to finalize the adoption.

Sec. 21.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.607, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Notice.

Notice of review hearings shall be given by the court to:

(1) the responsible social services agency;

(2) the child, if the child is age ten and older;

(3) the child's guardian ad litem;

(4) counsel appointed for the child pursuant to section 260C.163, subdivision 3;

(5) relatives of the child who have kept the court informed of their whereabouts as
required in section 260C.221 and who have responded to the agency's notice under section
260C.221, deleted text beginindicating a willingness to provide an adoptive home for the childdeleted text end unless the
relative has been previously ruled out by the court as a suitable deleted text beginfoster parent ordeleted text end permanency
resource for the child;

(6) the current foster or adopting parent of the child;

(7) any foster or adopting parents of siblings of the child; and

(8) the Indian child's tribe.

Sec. 22.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.607, subdivision 5, is amended to read:


Subd. 5.

Required placement by responsible social services agency.

(a) No petition
for adoption shall be filed for a child under the guardianship of the commissioner unless
the child sought to be adopted has been placed for adoption with the adopting parent by the
responsible social services agencynew text begin as required under section 260C.613, subdivision 1new text end. The
court may order the agency to make an adoptive placement using standards and procedures
under subdivision 6.

(b) Any relative or the child's foster parent who believes the responsible agency has not
reasonably considered the relative's or foster parent's request to be considered for adoptive
placement as required under section 260C.212, subdivision 2, and who wants to be considered
for adoptive placement of the child shall bring a request for consideration to the attention
of the court during a review required under this section. The child's guardian ad litem and
the child may also bring a request for a relative or the child's foster parent to be considered
for adoptive placement. After hearing from the agency, the court may order the agency to
take appropriate action regarding the relative's or foster parent's request for consideration
under section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (b).

Sec. 23.

Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 260C.607, subdivision 6, is amended
to read:


Subd. 6.

Motion and hearing to order adoptive placement.

(a) At any time after the
district court orders the child under the guardianship of the commissioner of human services,
but not later than 30 days after receiving notice required under section 260C.613, subdivision
1, paragraph (c), that the agency has made an adoptive placement, a relative or the child's
foster parent may file a motion for an order for adoptive placement of a child who is under
the guardianship of the commissioner if the relative or the child's foster parent:

(1) has an adoption home study under section 259.41 new text beginor 260C.611 new text endapproving the relative
or foster parent for adoption deleted text beginand hasdeleted text endnew text begin. If the relative or foster parent does not have an adoption
home study, an affidavit attesting to efforts to complete an adoption home study may be
filed with the motion. The affidavit must be signed by the relative or foster parent and the
responsible social services agency or licensed child-placing agency completing the adoption
home study. The relative or foster parent must also have
new text end been a resident of Minnesota for
at least six months before filing the motion; the court may waive the residency requirement
for the moving party if there is a reasonable basis to do so; or

(2) is not a resident of Minnesota, but has an approved adoption home study by an agency
licensed or approved to complete an adoption home study in the state of the individual's
residence and the study is filed with the motion for adoptive placement. new text beginIf the relative or
foster parent does not have an adoption home study in the relative or foster parent's state
of residence, an affidavit attesting to efforts to complete an adoption home study may be
filed with the motion instead. The affidavit must be signed by the relative or foster parent
and the agency completing the adoption home study.
new text end

(b) The motion shall be filed with the court conducting reviews of the child's progress
toward adoption under this section. The motion and supporting documents must make a
prima facie showing that the agency has been unreasonable in failing to make the requested
adoptive placement. The motion must be served according to the requirements for motions
under the Minnesota Rules of Juvenile Protection Procedure and shall be made on all
individuals and entities listed in subdivision 2.

(c) If the motion and supporting documents do not make a prima facie showing for the
court to determine whether the agency has been unreasonable in failing to make the requested
adoptive placement, the court shall dismiss the motion. If the court determines a prima facie
basis is made, the court shall set the matter for evidentiary hearing.

(d) At the evidentiary hearing, the responsible social services agency shall proceed first
with evidence about the reason for not making the adoptive placement proposed by the
moving party. new text beginWhen the agency presents evidence regarding the child's current relationship
with the identified adoptive placement resource, the court must consider the agency's efforts
to support the child's relationship with the moving party consistent with section 260C.221.
new text end The moving party then has the burden of proving by a preponderance of the evidence that
the agency has been unreasonable in failing to make the adoptive placement.

new text begin (e) The court shall review and enter findings regarding whether the agency, in making
an adoptive placement decision for the child:
new text end

new text begin (1) considered relatives for adoptive placement in the order specified under section
260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (a); and
new text end

new text begin (2) assessed how the identified adoptive placement resource and the moving party are
each able to meet the child's current and future needs, based on an individualized
determination of the child's needs, as required under section 260C.613, subdivision 1,
paragraph (b), and section 260C.212, subdivision 2.
new text end

deleted text begin (e)deleted text endnew text begin (f)new text end At the conclusion of the evidentiary hearing, if the court finds that the agency has
been unreasonable in failing to make the adoptive placement and that the deleted text beginrelative or the
child's foster parent
deleted text endnew text begin moving partynew text end is the most suitable adoptive home to meet the child's
needs using the factors in section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (b), the court maynew text begin:
new text end

new text begin (1)new text end order the responsible social services agency to make an adoptive placement in the
home of the deleted text beginrelative or the child's foster parent.deleted text endnew text begin moving party if the moving party has an
approved adoption home study; or
new text end

new text begin (2) order the responsible social services agency to place the child in the home of the
moving party upon approval of an adoption home study. The agency must promote and
support the child's ongoing visitation and contact with the moving party until the child is
placed in the moving party's home. The agency must provide an update to the court after
90 days, including progress and any barriers encountered. If the moving party does not have
an approved adoption home study within 180 days, the moving party and the agency must
inform the court of any barriers to obtaining the approved adoption home study during a
review hearing under this section. If the court finds that the moving party is unable to obtain
an approved adoption home study, the court must dismiss the order for adoptive placement
under this subdivision and order the agency to continue making reasonable efforts to finalize
the adoption of the child as required under section 260C.605.
new text end

deleted text begin (f)deleted text endnew text begin (g)new text end If, in order to ensure that a timely adoption may occur, the court orders the
responsible social services agency to make an adoptive placement under this subdivision,
the agency shall:

(1) make reasonable efforts to obtain a fully executed adoption placement agreementnew text begin,
including assisting the moving party with the adoption home study process
new text end;

(2) work with the moving party regarding eligibility for adoption assistance as required
under chapter 256N; and

(3) if the moving party is not a resident of Minnesota, timely refer the matter for approval
of the adoptive placement through the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children.

deleted text begin (g)deleted text endnew text begin (h)new text end Denial or granting of a motion for an order for adoptive placement after an
evidentiary hearing is an order which may be appealed by the responsible social services
agency, the moving party, the child, when age ten or over, the child's guardian ad litem,
and any individual who had a fully executed adoption placement agreement regarding the
child at the time the motion was filed if the court's order has the effect of terminating the
adoption placement agreement. An appeal shall be conducted according to the requirements
of the Rules of Juvenile Protection Procedure.

Sec. 24.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.613, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Adoptive placement decisions.

(a) The responsible social services agency
has exclusive authority to make an adoptive placement of a child under the guardianship of
the commissioner. The child shall be considered placed for adoption when the adopting
parent, the agency, and the commissioner have fully executed an adoption placement
agreement on the form prescribed by the commissioner.

(b) The responsible social services agency shall use an individualized determination of
the child's currentnew text begin and futurenew text end needsnew text begin,new text end pursuant to section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph
(b), to determine the most suitable adopting parent for the child in the child's best interests.new text begin
The responsible social services agency must consider adoptive placement of the child with
relatives in the order specified in section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (a).
new text end

(c) The responsible social services agency shall notify the court and parties entitled to
notice under section 260C.607, subdivision 2, when there is a fully executed adoption
placement agreement for the child.

(d) In the event an adoption placement agreement terminates, the responsible social
services agency shall notify the court, the parties entitled to notice under section 260C.607,
subdivision 2
, and the commissioner that the agreement and the adoptive placement have
terminated.

Sec. 25.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 260C.613, subdivision 5, is amended to read:


Subd. 5.

Required record keeping.

The responsible social services agency shall
document, in the records required to be kept under section 259.79, the reasons for the
adoptive placement decision regarding the child, including the individualized determination
of the child's needs based on the factors in section 260C.212, subdivision 2, paragraph (b)deleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin;
the agency's consideration of relatives in the order specified in section 260C.212, subdivision
2, paragraph (a);
new text end and the assessment of how the selected adoptive placement meets the
identified needs of the child. The responsible social services agency shall retain in the
records required to be kept under section 259.79, copies of all out-of-home placement plans
made since the child was ordered under guardianship of the commissioner and all court
orders from reviews conducted pursuant to section 260C.607.