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Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 2958

2nd Engrossment - 89th Legislature (2015 - 2016) Posted on 04/01/2016 09:01am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - 2nd Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to agriculture; establishing a good food access program and advisory
committee to provide financial and technical assistance to increase access to
affordable foods; requiring a report; appropriating money; proposing coding for
new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 17.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [17.1017] GOOD FOOD ACCESS PROGRAM.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin (a) For purposes of this section, unless the language
or context indicates that a different meaning is intended, the following terms have the
meanings given them.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Account" means the good food access account established in subdivision 3.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of agriculture.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Economic or community development financial institution (ECDFI)" means
a lender, including but not limited to a community development financial institution
(CDFI), an economic development district (EDD), a political subdivision of the state, a
microenterprise firm, or a nonprofit community lending organization that has previous
experience lending to a food retailer, producer, or another healthy food enterprise in an
underserved community in a low-income or moderate-income area, as defined in this
section; has been in existence and operating prior to January 1, 2014; has demonstrated
the ability to raise matching capital and in-kind services to leverage appropriated money;
has the demonstrated ability to underwrite loans and grants; and has partnered previously
with nonprofit healthy food access, public health, or related governmental departments or
community organizations.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Farmers' market" means an association of three or more persons who assemble
at a defined location that is open to the public for the purpose of selling directly to the
consumer the products of a farm or garden occupied and cultivated by the person selling
the product.
new text end

new text begin (f) "Financing" means loans, including low-interest loans, zero-interest loans,
forgivable loans, and other types of financial assistance other than grants.
new text end

new text begin (g) "Food hub" means a centrally located facility with a business management
structure that facilitates the aggregation, storage, processing, distribution, marketing, and
sale of locally or regionally produced food products, and which may include a small-scale
retail grocery operation.
new text end

new text begin (h) "Good Food Access Program Advisory Committee" means the Good Food
Access Program Advisory Committee under section 17.1018.
new text end

new text begin (i) "Grocery store" means a for-profit, not-for-profit, or cooperative self-service retail
establishment that sells primarily meat, fish, seafood, fruits, vegetables, dry groceries,
and dairy products and may also sell household products, sundries, and other products.
Grocery store includes a supermarket or a large-, mid-, or small-scale retail grocery
establishment and may include a mobile food market or a delivery service operation.
new text end

new text begin (j) "Low-income area" means a census tract as reported in the most recently
completed decennial census published by the United States Bureau of the Census that has
a poverty rate of at least 20 percent or in which the median family income does not exceed
80 percent of the greater of the statewide or metropolitan median family income.
new text end

new text begin (k) "Moderate-income area" means a census tract as reported in the most recently
completed decennial census published by the United States Bureau of the Census in which
the median family income is between 81 percent and 95 percent of the median family
income for that area.
new text end

new text begin (l) "Mobile food market" means a self-contained for-profit, not-for-profit, or
cooperative retail grocery operation located in a movable new or renovated truck, bus, or
other vehicle that is used to store, prepare, display, and sell primarily meat, fish, seafood,
fruits, vegetables, dry groceries, and dairy products and may also be used to sell a nominal
supply of cooking utensils and equipment and other household products and sundries.
new text end

new text begin (m) "Program" means the good food access program established in this section.
new text end

new text begin (n) "Small food retailer" means a small-scale retail food outlet, other than a grocery
store as defined in this section. Small food retailer includes, but is not limited to, a corner
store, convenience store, farmers' market, mobile food market, and a retail food outlet
operated by an emergency food program or food hub.
new text end

new text begin (o) "Technical assistance" means needs-based project assistance provided through
the program, including sustainability-focused individualized guidance, presentations,
workshops, trainings, printed materials, mentorship opportunities, peer-to-peer
opportunities, or other guidance and resources on relevant topics such as business
planning, sales projections, cash flow, succession planning, financing, fund-raising,
marketing, food preparation demonstrations, and workforce training.
new text end

new text begin (p) "Underserved community" means a census tract that is federally designated
as a food desert by the United States Department of Agriculture, or a census tract in a
low-income or moderate-income area that includes a substantial subpopulation such as
the elderly or the disabled that has low supermarket access, regardless of distance, due
to lack of transportation.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Program established. new text end

new text begin (a) A good food access program is established within
the Department of Agriculture to increase the availability of and access to affordable,
nutritious, and culturally appropriate food, including fresh fruits and vegetables, for
underserved communities in low-income and moderate-income areas by providing financial
support and sustainable public-private projects to open, renovate, or expand the operations
of grocery stores and small food retailers; expanding access to credit and reducing barriers
to investment in underserved communities in low- and moderate-income areas; and to
provide technical assistance, primarily for small food retailers with demonstrated need,
to increase availability and sustainable sales of affordable, nutritious, and culturally
appropriate food, including fresh fruits and vegetables, to underserved communities in
low-income and moderate-income areas. The commissioner, in cooperation with public
and private partners, shall establish and implement the program as provided in this section.
new text end

new text begin (b) The good food access program shall be comprised of state or private grants, loans,
or other types of financial and technical assistance for the establishment, construction,
expansion of operations, or renovation of grocery stores and small food retailers to increase
the availability of and access to affordable fresh produce and other nutritious, culturally
appropriate food to underserved communities in low-income and moderate-income areas.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Good food access account. new text end

new text begin A good food access account is established in
the agricultural fund. The account consists of money appropriated by the legislature to the
commissioner, as provided by law, and any other money donated, allotted, transferred,
or otherwise provided to the account. Money in the account may only be expended on
projects receiving financing, grants, or other financial and technical assistance as provided
under this section, and shall be used, to the extent practicable, to leverage other forms of
public and private financing or financial assistance for the projects.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Program administration. new text end

new text begin (a) The commissioner shall be the administrator
of the account for auditing purposes and shall establish program requirements and a
competitive process for projects applying for financial and technical assistance.
new text end

new text begin (b) The commissioner may receive money or other assets from any source, including
but not limited to philanthropic foundations and financial investors, for deposit into the
account, and shall direct the investment of the account and credit to the account interest
and earnings from account investments.
new text end

new text begin (c) Through issuance of requests for proposals, the commissioner may contract
with one or more qualified economic or community development financial institutions
to manage the financing component of the program and with one or more qualified
organizations or public agencies with financial or other program-related expertise to
manage the provision of technical assistance to project grantees.
new text end

new text begin (d) No more than 15 percent of the money in the account shall be reserved to the
commissioner for administrative and operational costs of the program. Any additional
money needed for administrative and operational costs may be provided from other
budgets or in-kind resources.
new text end

new text begin (e) Money in the account at the close of each fiscal year shall remain in the account
and shall not cancel. In each biennium, the commissioner shall determine the appropriate
proportion of money to be allocated to loans, grants, technical assistance, and any other
types of financial assistance.
new text end

new text begin (f) To encourage public-private, cross-sector collaboration and investment in the
account and program and to ensure that the program intent is maintained throughout
implementation, the commissioner shall convene and maintain the Good Food Access
Program Advisory Committee.
new text end

new text begin (g) The commissioner, in cooperation with the Good Food Access Program Advisory
Committee, shall manage the program, establish program criteria, facilitate leveraging of
additional public and private investment, and promote the program statewide.
new text end

new text begin (h) The commissioner, in cooperation with the Good Food Access Program Advisory
Committee, shall establish annual monitoring and accountability mechanisms for all
projects receiving financing or other financial or technical assistance through this program.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Eligible projects. new text end

new text begin (a) The commissioner, in cooperation with the program
partners and advisors, shall establish project eligibility guidelines and application
processes to be used to review and select project applicants for financing or other financial
or technical assistance. All projects must be located in an underserved community or must
serve primarily underserved communities in low-income and moderate-income areas.
new text end

new text begin (b) Projects eligible for financing include, but are not limited to, new construction,
renovations, expansions of operations, and infrastructure upgrades of grocery stores and
small food retailers to improve the availability of and access to affordable, nutritious food,
including fresh fruits and vegetables, and build capacity in areas of greatest need.
new text end

new text begin (c) Projects eligible for other types of financial assistance such as grants or
technical assistance are primarily projects throughout the state, including, but not limited
to, feasibility studies, new construction, renovations, expansion of operations, and
infrastructure upgrades of small food retailers.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Qualifications for receipt of financing and other financial or technical
assistance.
new text end

new text begin (a) An applicant for receipt of financing through an economic or community
development financial institution, or an applicant for a grant or other financial or technical
assistance, may be a for-profit or not-for-profit entity, including, but not limited to, a sole
proprietorship, limited liability company, corporation, cooperative, nonprofit organization,
or nonprofit community development organization. Each applicant must:
new text end

new text begin (1) demonstrate community engagement in and support for the project;
new text end

new text begin (2) demonstrate the capacity to successfully implement the project;
new text end

new text begin (3) demonstrate a viable plan for long-term sustainability, including the ability to
increase the availability of and access to affordable, nutritious, and culturally appropriate
food, including fresh fruits and vegetables, for underserved communities in low-income
and moderate-income areas; and
new text end

new text begin (4) demonstrate the ability to repay the debt, to the extent that the financing requires
repayment.
new text end

new text begin (b) Each applicant must also agree to comply with the following conditions for a
period of at least five years, except as otherwise specified in this section:
new text end

new text begin (1) accept Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits;
new text end

new text begin (2) apply to accept Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants,
and Children (WIC) benefits and, if approved, accept WIC benefits;
new text end

new text begin (3) allocate at least 30 percent of retail space for the sale of affordable, nutritious,
and culturally appropriate foods, including fruits and vegetables, low-fat and nonfat
dairy, fortified dairy substitute beverages such as soy-based or nut-based dairy substitute
beverages, whole grain-rich staple foods, meats, poultry, fish, seafood, and other proteins,
consistent with nutrition standards in national guidelines described in the current United
States Department of Agriculture Dietary Guidelines for Americans;
new text end

new text begin (4) comply with all data collection and reporting requirements established by the
commissioner; and
new text end

new text begin (5) promote the hiring, training, and retention of local or regional residents from
low-income and moderate-income areas that reflect area demographics, including
communities of color.
new text end

new text begin (c) A selected project that is a small food retailer is not subject to the allocation
agreement under paragraph (b), clause (3), and may use financing, grants, or other financial
or technical assistance for refrigeration, displays, or onetime capital expenditures for the
promotion and sale of perishable foods, including a combination of affordable, nutritious,
and culturally appropriate fresh or frozen dairy, dairy substitute products, produce, meats,
poultry, and fish, consistent with nutrition standards in national guidelines described in the
current United States Department of Agriculture Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin Additional selection criteria. new text end

new text begin In determining which qualified projects to
finance, and in determining which qualified projects to provide with grants or other types
of financial or technical assistance, the commissioner, in cooperation with any entities
with which the commissioner contracts for those purposes and the Good Food Access
Program Advisory Committee, shall also consider:
new text end

new text begin (1) the level of need in the area to be served;
new text end

new text begin (2) the degree to which the project requires an investment of public support, or
technical assistance where applicable, to move forward, build capacity, create community
impact, or be competitive;
new text end

new text begin (3) the likelihood that the project will have positive economic and health impacts on
the underserved community, including creation and retention of jobs for local or regional
residents from low-income and moderate-income areas that reflect area demographics,
including communities of color;
new text end

new text begin (4) the degree to which the project will participate in state and local health department
initiatives to educate consumers on nutrition, promote healthy eating and healthy weight,
and support locally grown food products through programs such as Minnesota Grown; and
new text end

new text begin (5) any other criteria that the commissioner, in cooperation with public and private
partners, determines to be consistent with the purposes of this chapter.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin Eligible costs. new text end

new text begin Financing for project loans, including low-interest,
zero-interest, and forgivable loans, grants, and other financial or technical assistance, may
be used to support one or more of the following purposes:
new text end

new text begin (1) site acquisition and preparation;
new text end

new text begin (2) predevelopment costs, including but not limited to feasibility studies, market
studies, and appraisals;
new text end

new text begin (3) construction and build-out costs;
new text end

new text begin (4) equipment and furnishings;
new text end

new text begin (5) workforce or retailer training; and
new text end

new text begin (6) working capital.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 9. new text end

new text begin Legislative report. new text end

new text begin The commissioner, in cooperation with any economic
or community development financial institution and any other entity with which it
contracts, shall submit an annual report on the good food access program by January 15 of
each year to the chairs and ranking minority members of the house of representatives and
senate committees and divisions with jurisdiction over agriculture policy and finance. The
annual report shall include, but not be limited to, a summary of the following metrics:
new text end

new text begin (1) the number and types of projects financed;
new text end

new text begin (2) the amount of dollars leveraged or matched per project;
new text end

new text begin (3) the geographic distribution of financed projects;
new text end

new text begin (4) the number and types of technical assistance recipients;
new text end

new text begin (5) any market or commodity expansion associated with increased access;
new text end

new text begin (6) the demographics of the areas served;
new text end

new text begin (7) the costs of the program;
new text end

new text begin (8) the number of SNAP and WIC dollars spent;
new text end

new text begin (9) any increase in retail square footage;
new text end

new text begin (10) the number of loans or grants to minority-owned or female-owned businesses;
and
new text end

new text begin (11) measurable economic and health outcomes, including, but not limited to,
increases in sales and consumption of locally sourced and other fresh fruits and vegetables,
the number of construction and retail jobs retained or created, and any health initiatives
associated with the program.
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text begin [17.1018] GOOD FOOD ACCESS PROGRAM ADVISORY
COMMITTEE.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin As used in this section, the following terms have the
meanings given them:
new text end

new text begin (1) "program" means the good food access program under section 17.1017; and
new text end

new text begin (2) "commissioner" means the commissioner of agriculture.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Creation. new text end

new text begin The Good Food Access Program Advisory Committee consists
of the following members, appointed by the commissioner of agriculture, unless otherwise
specified:
new text end

new text begin (1) the commissioners of health, employment and economic development, and
human services, or their respective designees;
new text end

new text begin (2) one person representing the grocery industry;
new text end

new text begin (3) two people representing economic or community development, one rural
member and one urban or suburban member;
new text end

new text begin (4) two people representing political subdivisions of the state;
new text end

new text begin (5) one person designated by the Council for Minnesotans of African Heritage;
new text end

new text begin (6) one person designated by the Minnesota Indian Affairs Council;
new text end

new text begin (7) one person designated by the Council on Asian Pacific Minnesotans;
new text end

new text begin (8) one person designated by the Chicano Latino Affairs Council;
new text end

new text begin (9) one person designated by the Minnesota Farmers Union;
new text end

new text begin (10) one person representing public health experts;
new text end

new text begin (11) one person representing philanthropic foundations;
new text end

new text begin (12) one person representing economic or community development financial
institutions;
new text end

new text begin (13) one person representing the University of Minnesota Regional Sustainable
Development Partnerships;
new text end

new text begin (14) two people representing organizations engaged in addressing food security,
one representative from a statewide hunger relief organization and one from a
community-based organization;
new text end

new text begin (15) one person representing immigrant farmer-led organizations;
new text end

new text begin (16) one person representing small business technical assistance with experience
in food retail; and
new text end

new text begin (17) up to four additional members with economic development, health equity,
financial, or other relevant expertise.
new text end

new text begin At least half of the members must reside in or their organizations must serve rural
Minnesota. The commissioner may remove members and fill vacancies as provided in
section 15.059, subdivision 4.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Duties. new text end

new text begin The advisory committee must advise the commissioner of
agriculture on managing the program, establishing program criteria, establishing project
eligibility guidelines, establishing application processes and additional selection criteria,
establishing annual monitoring and accountability mechanisms, facilitating leveraging of
additional public and private investments, and promoting the program statewide.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Meetings. new text end

new text begin The commissioner must convene the advisory committee at
least two times per year to achieve the committee's duties.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Administrative support. new text end

new text begin The commissioner of agriculture must provide
staffing, meeting space, and administrative services for the advisory committee.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Chair. new text end

new text begin The commissioner of agriculture or the commissioner's designee
shall serve as chair of the committee.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin Compensation. new text end

new text begin The public members of the advisory committee serve
without compensation or payment of expenses.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin Expiration. new text end

new text begin The advisory committee does not expire.
new text end

Sec. 3. new text beginGOOD FOOD ACCESS ADVISORY COMMITTEE.
new text end

new text begin The commissioner of agriculture and designating authorities must make their initial
appointments and designations by July 1, 2016, for the Good Food Access Advisory
Committee established under Minnesota Statutes, section 17.1018. The commissioner of
agriculture or the commissioner's designee must convene the first meeting of the Good
Food Access Advisory Committee by September 1, 2016.
new text end

Sec. 4. new text beginAPPROPRIATION.
new text end

new text begin $10,000,000 in fiscal year 2017 is appropriated from the general fund to the
commissioner of agriculture to be deposited in the good food access account created in
Minnesota Statutes, section 17.1017, subdivision 3. This appropriation shall be added to
the agency's base.
new text end