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SF 1953

as introduced - 92nd Legislature (2021 - 2022) Posted on 03/10/2021 03:51pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to housing; authorizing termination of lease upon loss of income of tenant;
modifying landlord obligations and liabilities; modifying covenants; authorizing
recovery of costs; amending Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 504B.161,
subdivision 5; 504B.171, subdivision 1, by adding a subdivision; 504B.172;
proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 504B; repealing
Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 471.9996.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [504B.152] TERMINATION OF LEASE UPON LOSS OF INCOME.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Termination of lease upon loss of income of tenant. new text end

new text begin A residential tenant
or the authorized representative of the tenant may terminate the lease prior to the expiration
of the lease in the manner provided in subdivision 2 if the tenant has lost income and can
no longer pay the rent.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Notice. new text end

new text begin When the conditions in subdivision 1 have been met, the tenant or the
tenant's authorized representative may terminate the lease by providing at least 14 days
written notice to be effective on the last day of a calendar month. The notice must be either
hand-delivered or mailed by postage prepaid, first class United States mail.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Waiver prohibited. new text end

new text begin Any waiver of the rights of termination provided by this
section, including lease provisions or other agreements that require a longer notice period
than those provided for in this section, shall be void and unenforceable.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text begin [504B.153] TENANT ABANDONMENT OF DWELLING.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Abandonment. new text end

new text begin If a residential tenant abandons a dwelling unit during
the lease term, the landlord shall make reasonable efforts to rent it at a fair rental value. If
the landlord rents the dwelling unit for a term beginning before the expiration of the rental
agreement, the agreement is terminated on the date the new tenancy begins. The rental
agreement is terminated by the landlord on the date the landlord has notice of the
abandonment if the landlord fails to use reasonable efforts to rent the dwelling unit at a fair
rental value or if the landlord accepts the abandonment as a surrender. If the rental agreement
was for a periodic tenancy or tenancy at will, the maximum rent liability for the tenant is
the notice period required by section 504B.135 from the date the landlord has notice of the
abandonment.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Waiver prohibited. new text end

new text begin Any waiver of the rights provided by this section shall be
void and unenforceable.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 504B.161, subdivision 5, is amended to read:


Subd. 5.

Injury deleted text beginto third partiesdeleted text end.

deleted text begin Nothing in this section shall be construed to alter the
liability of the landlord or licensor of residential premises for injury to third parties.
deleted text end new text begin The
landlord is subject to liability for physical harm caused to the tenant and others upon the
premises or in the common area and curtilage of the premises with the consent of the tenant
by a violation of this section existing before or arising after the tenant has taken possession
of the premises if the violation creates an unreasonable risk to persons upon the premises
or in the common area and curtilage of the premises which the compliance with this section
would have prevented, and the landlord fails to exercise reasonable care to comply with
this section.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 504B.171, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Terms of covenant.

(a) In every lease or license of residential premises,
whether in writing or parol, the landlord or licensor and the tenant or licensee covenant that:

(1) neither will:

(i) unlawfully allow controlled substances in those premises or in the common area and
curtilage of the premisesnew text begin in violation of any criminal provision of chapter 152new text end;

(ii) allow prostitution or prostitution-related activity as defined in section 617.80,
subdivision 4
, to occur on the premises or in the common area and curtilage of the premises;

(iii) allow the unlawful use or possession of a firearm in violation of section 609.66,
subdivision 1a
, 609.67, or 624.713, on the premises or in the common area and curtilage of
the premises; or

(iv) allow stolen property or property obtained by robbery in those premises or in the
common area and curtilage of the premises; deleted text beginand
deleted text end

(2) the common area and curtilage of the premises will not be used by either the landlord
or licensor or the tenant or licensee or others acting under the control of either to manufacture,
sell, give away, barter, deliver, exchange, distribute, purchase, or possess a controlled
substance in violation of any criminal provision of chapter 152deleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin; and
new text end

new text begin (3)new text end The covenant is not violated new text beginby the landlord or licensor or the tenant or licensee
new text end when a person other than the landlord or licensor or the tenant or licensee new text beginviolates this
subdivision or
new text endpossesses or allows controlled substances in the premises, common area, or
curtilage, unless the landlord or licensor or the tenant or licensee knew or had reason to
know of that activity.

(b) In every lease or license of residential premises, whether in writing or parol, the
tenant or licensee covenant that the tenant or licensee will not commit an act enumerated
under section 504B.206, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), against a tenant or licensee or any
authorized occupant.

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 504B.171, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 2a. new text end

new text begin Limitation on crime-free ordinances and lease provisions. new text end

new text begin (a) A residential
landlord may not impose a penalty on a residential tenant or terminate the lease of a
residential tenant for the conduct of the residential tenant, household member, or guest
occurring off of the premises or the common area and curtilage of the premises.
new text end

new text begin (b) This subdivision preempts any inconsistent local ordinance or rule including, without
limitation, any ordinance or rule that requires an eviction for the conduct of a residential
tenant, household member, or guest occurring off of the premises or the common area and
curtilage of the premises. This subdivision shall not otherwise preempt any local ordinance
or rule that penalizes a landlord for, or requires a landlord to abate, conduct on the premises
that constitutes a nuisance or other disorderly conduct as defined by local ordinance or rule.
new text end

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 504B.172, is amended to read:


504B.172 RECOVERY OF ATTORNEY FEES.

If a residential lease specifies an action, circumstances, or an extent to which a landlord,
directly, or through additional rent, may recover attorney fees in an action between the
landlord and tenant, the tenant is entitled to attorney fees if the tenant prevails in the same
type of action, under the same circumstances, new text beginor is entitled to costs under section 549.02,
new text end and to the same extent as specified in the lease for the landlord.

Sec. 7. new text beginREPEALER.
new text end

new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 471.9996, new text end new text begin is repealed.
new text end

APPENDIX

Repealed Minnesota Statutes: 21-03048

471.9996 RENT CONTROL PROHIBITED.

Subdivision 1.

In general.

No statutory or home rule charter city, county, or town may adopt or renew by ordinance or otherwise any law to control rents on private residential property except as provided in subdivision 2. This section does not impair the right of any statutory or home rule charter city, county, or town:

(1) to manage or control property in which it has a financial interest through a housing authority or similar agency;

(2) to contract with a property owner;

(3) to act as required or authorized by laws or regulations of the United States government or this state; or

(4) to mediate between property owners and tenants for the purpose of negotiating rents.

Subd. 2.

Exception.

Subdivision 1 does not preclude a statutory or home rule charter city, county, or town from controlling rents on private residential property to the extent that the city, county, or town has the power to adopt an ordinance, charter amendment, or law to control these rents if the ordinance, charter amendment, or law that controls rents is approved in a general election. Subdivision 1 does not limit any power or authority of the voters of a statutory or home rule charter city, county, or town to petition for an ordinance or charter amendment to control rents on private residential property to the extent that the power or authority is otherwise provided for by law, and if the ordinance or charter amendment is approved in a general election. This subdivision does not grant any additional power or authority to the citizens of a statutory or home rule charter city, county, or town to vote on any question beyond that contained in other law.

Subdivision 1 does not apply to any statutory city unless the citizens of the statutory city have the authority to vote on the issue of rent control granted by other law.