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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 1262

3rd Engrossment - 85th Legislature (2007 - 2008) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - 3rd Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to commerce; regulating the manufacture and sale of jewelry products
containing lead;proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter
325E.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [325E.385] ITEMS CONTAINING LEAD PROHIBITED.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin For purposes of this section, the following definitions
apply.
new text end

new text begin (a) "Body piercing jewelry" means any part of jewelry that is manufactured or sold
for placement in a new piercing or a mucous membrane, but does not include any part of
that jewelry that is not placed within a new piercing or a mucous membrane.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Children" means children age six and younger.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Children's jewelry" means jewelry that is made for, marketed for use by, or
marketed to children. For purposes of this section, children's jewelry includes, but is not
limited to, jewelry that meets any of the following conditions:
new text end

new text begin (1) is represented in its packaging, display, or advertising as appropriate for use by
children;
new text end

new text begin (2) is sold in conjunction with, attached to, or packaged together with other products
that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children;
new text end

new text begin (3) is sized for children and not intended for use by adults; or
new text end

new text begin (4) is sold in any of the following:
new text end

new text begin (i) a vending machine;
new text end

new text begin (ii) retail store, catalog, or Web site in which a person exclusively offers for sale
products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children; or
new text end

new text begin (iii) a discrete portion of a retail store, catalog, or Web site in which a person offers
for sale products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by
children.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Class 1 material" means any of the following materials:
new text end

new text begin (1) stainless or surgical steel;
new text end

new text begin (2) karat gold;
new text end

new text begin (3) sterling silver;
new text end

new text begin (4) platinum, palladium, iridium, ruthenium, rhodium, or osmium;
new text end

new text begin (5) natural or cultured pearls;
new text end

new text begin (6) glass, ceramic, or crystal decorative components including cat's eye; cubic
zirconia, including cubic zirconium or CZ; rhinestones; and cloisonne;
new text end

new text begin (7) a gemstone that is cut and polished for ornamental purposes, except that the
following gemstones are not Class 1 materials: aragonite, bayldonite, boleite, cerussite,
crocoite, ekanite, linarite, mimetite, phosgenite, samarskite, vanadinite, and wulfenite;
new text end

new text begin (8) elastic, fabric, ribbon, rope, or string, unless it contains intentionally added lead
and is listed as a Class 2 material;
new text end

new text begin (9) all natural decorative material including amber, bone, coral, feathers, fur,
horn, leather, shell, and wood that is in its natural state and is not treated in a way that
adds lead; or
new text end

new text begin (10) adhesive.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Class 2 material" means any of the following materials:
new text end

new text begin (1) electroplated metal that meets the following standards:
new text end

new text begin (i) on and before August 30, 2009, a metal alloy with less than ten percent lead by
weight that is electroplated with suitable under and finish coats; or
new text end

new text begin (ii) on and after August 31, 2009, a metal alloy with less than six percent lead by
weight that is electroplated with suitable under and finish coats;
new text end

new text begin (2) unplated metal with less than 1.5 percent lead that is not otherwise listed as
a Class 1 material;
new text end

new text begin (3) plastic or rubber including acrylic, polystyrene, plastic beads and stones, and
polyvinyl chloride (PVC) that meets the following standards:
new text end

new text begin (i) on and before August 30, 2009, less than 0.06 percent (600 parts per million)
lead by weight; and
new text end

new text begin (ii) on and after August 31, 2009, less than 0.02 percent (200 parts per million)
lead by weight; and
new text end

new text begin (4) a dye or surface coating containing less than 0.06 percent (600 parts per million)
lead by weight.
new text end

new text begin (f) "Class 3 material" means any portion of jewelry that meets both of the following
criteria:
new text end

new text begin (1) is not a Class 1 or Class 2 material; and
new text end

new text begin (2) contains less than 0.06 percent (600 parts per million) lead by weight.
new text end

new text begin (g) "Component" means any part of jewelry.
new text end

new text begin (h) "EPA reference methods 3050B (Acid Digestion of Sediments, Sludges, and
Soils) or 3051 (Microwave Assisted Digestion/Sludge, Soils)" means those test methods
incorporated by reference in Code of Federal Regulations, title 40, section 260.11,
paragraph (11), subdivision (a).
new text end

new text begin (i) "Jewelry" means:
new text end

new text begin (1) any of the following ornaments worn by a person: anklet, arm cuff, bracelet,
brooch, chain, crown, cuff link, decorated hair accessories, earring, necklace, pin, ring, or
body piercing jewelry; or
new text end

new text begin (2) any bead, chain, link, pendant, or other component of such an ornament.
new text end

new text begin (j) "Surface coating" means a fluid, semifluid, or other material, with or without a
suspension of finely divided coloring matter, that changes to a solid film when a thin layer
is applied to a metal, wood, stone, paper, leather, cloth, plastic, or other surface. Surface
coating does not include a printing ink or a material that actually becomes a part of the
substrate including, but not limited to, pigment in a plastic article or a material that is
actually bonded to the substrate, such as by electroplating or ceramic glazing.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Sale prohibited. new text end

new text begin (a) No person shall manufacture any jewelry that is
offered for sale in Minnesota unless the jewelry is made entirely from a Class 1, Class 2,
or Class 3 material, or any combination thereof.
new text end

new text begin (b) No person shall offer for sale, sell, label, or distribute for free any jewelry
represented to contain safe levels of lead, unless the jewelry is made entirely from a Class
1, Class 2, or Class 3 material, or any combination thereof.
new text end

new text begin (c) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), no person shall manufacture any children's
jewelry that is offered for sale in Minnesota unless the children's jewelry is made entirely
from one or more of the following materials:
new text end

new text begin (1) a nonmetallic material that is a Class 1 material;
new text end

new text begin (2) a nonmetallic material that is a Class 2 material;
new text end

new text begin (3) a metallic material that is either a Class 1 material or contains less than 0.06
percent (600 parts per million) lead by weight;
new text end

new text begin (4) glass or crystal decorative components that weigh in total no more than one
gram, excluding any glass or crystal decorative component that contains less than 0.02
percent (200 parts per million) lead by weight and has no intentionally added lead;
new text end

new text begin (5) printing ink or ceramic glaze that contains less than 0.06 percent (600 parts
per million) lead by weight; or
new text end

new text begin (6) Class 3 material that contains less than 0.02 percent (200 parts per million)
lead by weight.
new text end

new text begin (d) Notwithstanding paragraph (b), no person shall offer for sale, sell, distribute for
free, or label any jewelry as children's jewelry represented to contain safe levels of lead,
unless the jewelry is made entirely from one or more of the following materials:
new text end

new text begin (1) a nonmetallic material that is a Class 1 material;
new text end

new text begin (2) a nonmetallic material that is a Class 2 material;
new text end

new text begin (3) a metallic material that is either a Class 1 material or contains less than 0.06
percent (600 parts per million) lead by weight;
new text end

new text begin (4) glass or crystal decorative components that weigh in total no more than one
gram, excluding any glass or crystal decorative component that contains less than 0.02
percent (200 parts per million) lead by weight and has no intentionally added lead;
new text end

new text begin (5) printing ink or ceramic glaze that contains less than 0.06 percent (600 parts
per million) lead by weight; or
new text end

new text begin (6) Class 3 material that contains less than 0.02 percent (200 parts per million)
lead by weight.
new text end

new text begin (e) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), no person shall manufacture any body piercing
jewelry that is offered for sale in Minnesota unless the body piercing jewelry is made of
one or more of the following materials:
new text end

new text begin (1) surgical implant stainless steel; or
new text end

new text begin (2) surgical implant grade of titanium, niobium (Nb), solid 14-karat or higher white
or yellow nickel-free gold, solid platinum, or a dense low-porosity plastic including,
but not limited to, Tygon or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), if the plastic contains no
intentionally added lead.
new text end

new text begin (f) No person shall offer for sale, sell, label, or distribute for free any body piercing
jewelry represented to contain safe levels of lead unless the body piercing jewelry is made
of one or more of the following materials:
new text end

new text begin (1) surgical implant stainless steel; or
new text end

new text begin (2) surgical implant grade of titanium, niobium (Nb), solid 14-karat or higher white
or yellow nickel-free gold, solid platinum, or a dense low-porosity plastic including,
but not limited to, Tygon or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), if the plastic contains no
intentionally added lead.
new text end

new text begin (g) The prohibitions under this section do not apply to sales or free distribution of
jewelry by a nonprofit organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue
Code or to isolated and occasional sales of jewelry not made in the normal course of
business.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Testing methods. new text end

new text begin (a) The testing methods for determining compliance
with this section must be conducted using EPA reference method 3050B or 3051 for the
material being tested, except as otherwise provided in subdivision 4 and in accordance
with all of the following procedures:
new text end

new text begin (1) when preparing a sample, the laboratory shall make every effort to ensure
that the sample removed from a jewelry piece is representative of the component to be
tested, and is free of contamination from extraneous dirt and material not related to the
component to be tested;
new text end

new text begin (2) all component samples must be washed before testing using standard laboratory
detergent, rinsed with laboratory reagent-grade deionized water, and dried in a clean
ambient environment;
new text end

new text begin (3) if a component is required to be cut or scraped to obtain a sample, the metal
snips, scissors, or other cutting tools used for the cutting or scraping must be made of
stainless steel and washed and rinsed before each use and between samples;
new text end

new text begin (4) a sample must be digested in a container that is known to be free of lead and
with the use of an acid that is not contaminated by lead, including analytical reagent-grade
digestion acids and reagent-grade deionized water;
new text end

new text begin (5) method blanks, consisting of all reagents used in sample preparation handled,
digested, and made to volume in the same exact manner and in the same container type as
samples, must be tested with each group of 20 or fewer samples tested; and
new text end

new text begin (6) the results for the method blanks must be reported with each group of sample
results and must be below the stated reporting limit for sample results to be considered
valid.
new text end

new text begin (b) A material does not meet an applicable lead standard set forth in this section
if any of the following occurs:
new text end

new text begin (1) the mean lead level of one or two samples of the material exceeds 300 percent
of the applicable limit for a component;
new text end

new text begin (2) the mean lead level of three samples of the material exceeds 200 percent of
the applicable limit for a component; or
new text end

new text begin (3) the mean lead level of four or more samples of the material exceeds the
applicable limit for a component.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Additional testing procedures. new text end

new text begin In addition to the requirements of
subdivision 3, the following procedures must be used for testing the following materials:
new text end

new text begin (1) for testing a metal plated with suitable undercoats and finish coats, the following
protocols must be observed:
new text end

new text begin (i) digestion must be conducted using hot concentrated nitric acid with the option of
using hydrochloric acid or hydrogen peroxide;
new text end

new text begin (ii) the sample size must be 0.050 gram to one gram;
new text end

new text begin (iii) the digested sample may require dilution prior to analysis;
new text end

new text begin (iv) the digestion and analysis must achieve a reported detection limit no greater
than 0.1 percent for samples; and
new text end

new text begin (v) all necessary dilutions must be made to ensure that measurements are made
within the calibrated range of the analytical instrument;
new text end

new text begin (2) for testing unplated metal and metal substrates that are not a Class 1 material,
the following protocols must be observed:
new text end

new text begin (i) digestion must be conducted using hot concentrated nitric acid with the option of
using hydrochloric acid and hydrogen peroxide;
new text end

new text begin (ii) the sample size must be 0.050 gram to one gram;
new text end

new text begin (iii) the digested sample may require dilution prior to analysis;
new text end

new text begin (iv) the digestion and analysis must achieve a reported detection limit no greater
than 0.01 percent for samples; and
new text end

new text begin (v) all necessary dilutions must be made to ensure that measurements are made
within the calibrated range of the analytical instrument;
new text end

new text begin (3) for testing polyvinyl chloride (PVC), the following protocols must be observed:
new text end

new text begin (i) the digestion must be conducted using hot concentrated nitric acid with the option
of using hydrochloric acid and hydrogen peroxide;
new text end

new text begin (ii) the sample size must be a minimum of 0.05 gram if using microwave digestion
or 0.5 gram if using hotplate digestion, and must be chopped or comminuted prior to
digestion;
new text end

new text begin (iii) digested samples may require dilution prior to analysis;
new text end

new text begin (iv) digestion and analysis must achieve a reported detection limit no greater than
0.001 percent (10 parts per million) for samples; and
new text end

new text begin (v) all necessary dilutions must be made to ensure that measurements are made
within the calibrated range of the analytical instrument;
new text end

new text begin (4) for testing plastic or rubber that is not polyvinyl chloride (PVC), including
acrylic, polystyrene, plastic beads, or plastic stones, the following protocols must be
observed:
new text end

new text begin (i) the digestion must be conducted using hot concentrated nitric acid with the option
of using hydrochloric acid or hydrogen peroxide;
new text end

new text begin (ii) the sample size must be a minimum of 0.05 gram if using microwave digestion
or 0.5 gram if using hotplate digestion, and must be chopped or comminuted prior to
digestion;
new text end

new text begin (iii) plastic beads or stones must be crushed prior to digestion;
new text end

new text begin (iv) digested samples may require dilution prior to analysis;
new text end

new text begin (v) digestion and analysis must achieve a reported detection limit no greater than
0.001 percent (10 parts per million) for samples; and
new text end

new text begin (vi) all necessary dilutions must be made to ensure that measurements are made
within the calibrated range of the analytical instrument;
new text end

new text begin (5) for testing coatings on glass and plastic pearls, the following protocols must be
observed:
new text end

new text begin (i) the coating of glass or plastic beads must be scraped onto a surface free of dust,
including a clean weighing paper or pan, using a clean stainless steel razor blade or other
clean sharp instrument that will not contaminate the sample with lead. The substrate pearl
material must not be included in the scrapings;
new text end

new text begin (ii) the razor blade or sharp instrument must be rinsed with deionized water, wiped
to remove particulate matter, rinsed again, and dried between samples;
new text end

new text begin (iii) the scrapings must be weighed and not less than 50 micrograms of scraped
coating must be used for analysis. If less than 50 micrograms of scraped coating is
obtained from an individual pearl, multiple pearls from that sample must be scraped and
composited to obtain a sufficient sample amount;
new text end

new text begin (iv) the number of pearls used to make the composite must be noted;
new text end

new text begin (v) the scrapings must be digested according to EPA reference method 3050B or 3051
or an equivalent procedure for hot acid digestion in preparation for trace lead analysis;
new text end

new text begin (vi) the digestate must be diluted in the minimum volume practical for analysis;
new text end

new text begin (vii) the digested sample must be analyzed according to specification of an approved
and validated methodology for inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry;
new text end

new text begin (viii) a reporting limit of 0.001 percent (10 parts per million) in the coating must
be obtained for the analysis; and
new text end

new text begin (ix) the sample result must be reported within the calibrated range of the instrument.
If the initial test of the sample is above the highest calibration standard, the sample must
be diluted and reanalyzed within the calibrated range of the instrument;
new text end

new text begin (6) for testing dyes, paints, coatings, varnish, printing inks, ceramic glazes, glass, or
crystal, the following testing protocols must be observed:
new text end

new text begin (i) the digestion must use hot concentrated nitric acid with the option of using
hydrochloric acid or hydrogen peroxide;
new text end

new text begin (ii) the sample size must be not less than 0.050 gram, and must be chopped or
comminuted prior to digestion;
new text end

new text begin (iii) the digested sample may require dilution prior to analysis;
new text end

new text begin (iv) the digestion and analysis must achieve a reported detection limit no greater
than 0.001 percent (10 parts per million) for samples; and
new text end

new text begin (v) all necessary dilutions must be made to ensure that measurements are made
within the calibrated range of the analytical instrument; and
new text end

new text begin (7) for testing glass and crystal used in children's jewelry, the following testing
protocols for determining weight must be used:
new text end

new text begin (i) a component must be free of any extraneous material, including adhesive, before
it is weighed;
new text end

new text begin (ii) the scale used to weigh a component must be calibrated immediately before the
components are weighed using S-class weights of one and two grams, as certified by the
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) of the United States Department
of Commerce; and
new text end

new text begin (iii) the calibration of the scale must be accurate to within 0.01 gram.
new text end

Sec. 2. new text beginEFFECTIVE DATE.
new text end

new text begin This act is effective September 1, 2007, except that section 1, subdivision 2,
paragraphs (a) and (c), are effective March 1, 2008.
new text end