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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 1085

3rd Engrossment - 85th Legislature (2007 - 2008) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - 3rd Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to health and the environment; prohibiting the sale of certain
mercury-containing products; modifying restrictions on the sale, use, and
disposal of certain mercury-containing products; requiring certain consumer
information; modifying lamp recycling facility operation requirements; providing
for consumer education regarding fluorescent bulbs; amending Minnesota
Statutes 2006, sections 115A.932, subdivision 1; 116.92, subdivisions 3, 7a,
by adding subdivisions; 116.93, subdivision 2; proposing coding for new law
in Minnesota Statutes, chapters 116; 121A; 325E.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 115A.932, subdivision 1, is amended to
read:


Subdivision 1.

Prohibitionsnew text begin and recycling requirementsnew text end.

(a) A person may not
place mercury or a thermostat, thermometer, electric switch, appliance, gauge, medical
or scientific instrument, deleted text beginordeleted text endnew text begin fluorescent or high-intensity discharge lamp,new text end electric relaynew text begin,new text end
or other electrical device from which the mercury has not been removed for reuse or
recycling:

(1) in solid waste; or

(2) in a wastewater disposal system.

(b) A person may not knowingly place mercury or a thermostat, thermometer,
electric switch, appliance, gauge, medical or scientific instrument, deleted text beginordeleted text endnew text begin fluorescent or
high-intensity discharge lamp,
new text end electric relaynew text begin,new text end or other electrical device from which the
mercury has not been removed for reuse or recycling:

(1) in a solid waste processing facility; or

(2) in a solid waste disposal facility, as defined in section 115.01, subdivision 4.

deleted text begin (c) A person may not knowingly place a fluorescent or high intensity discharge lamp:
deleted text end

deleted text begin (1) in solid waste; or
deleted text end

deleted text begin (2) in a solid waste facility deleted text end deleted text begin , except deleted text end deleted text begin a household deleted text end deleted text begin hazardous waste collection or
recycling facility.
deleted text end

deleted text begin This paragraph does not apply to waste lamps generated by households until August
1, 1994.
deleted text end

new text begin (c) A fluorescent or high-intensity discharge lamp must be recycled by delivery
of the lamp to a lamp recycling facility, as defined in section 116.93, subdivision 1, or
to a facility that collects and stores lamps for the purpose of delivering them to a lamp
recycling facility, including, but not limited to, a household hazardous waste collection
or recycling facility, retailer take-back and utility provider program sites, or other sites
designated by an electric utility under section 216B.241, subdivisions 2 and 4.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Labeling; products containing mercury.

new text begin(a) new text endA manufacturer or
wholesaler may not sell and a retailer may not knowingly sell any of the following items
in this state that contain mercury unless the item is labeled in a manner to clearly inform a
purchaser or consumer that mercury is present in the item and that the item may not be
placed in the garbage until the mercury is removed and reused, recycled, or otherwise
managed to ensure that it does not become part of solid waste or wastewater:

(1) a thermostat or thermometer;

(2) an electric switch, individually or as part of another product, other than a motor
vehicle;

(3) an appliance;

(4) a medical or scientific instrument; deleted text beginand
deleted text end

(5) an electric relay or other electrical devicedeleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin;
new text end

new text begin (6) a fluorescent or high-intensity discharge lamp, individually or as part of another
product; and
new text end

new text begin (7) laboratory chemicals, reagents, fixatives, and electrodes.
new text end

new text begin (b) Labeling of items in accordance with mercury product labeling plans approved
by another state that is a member of the Interstate Mercury Education and Reduction
Clearinghouse (IMERC) shall be considered to be in compliance with this section. The
manufacturer shall provide a copy of the labeling plan to the agency and shall notify the
agency if the approval is modified.
new text end

new text begin (c) Manufacturers of products that contain a mercury-containing lamp not intended
to be replaceable by the user or consumer shall meet the product labeling requirements of
this section by placing the label on the product or in the care and use manual or product
instructions.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin Paragraphs (b) and (c) apply to products manufactured on
or after January 1, 2008.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, subdivision 7a, is amended to read:


Subd. 7a.

Fluorescent new text beginand high-intensity discharge new text endlamps; residential
applications.

new text begin(a) new text endAny information regarding fluorescent new text beginand high-intensity discharge
new text endlamps containing mercury that is sent by a utility to a customer, present on a utility's Web
site, or contained in a utility's print, radio, or video advertisement, mustnew text begin:
new text end

(1) state that the lamps contain mercurynew text begin;
new text end

new text begin (2) statenew text end that new text beginmercury new text endis harmful to the environment deleted text beginanddeleted text endnew text begin;
new text end

new text begin (3) statenew text end that deleted text beginit is illegal to place themdeleted text endnew text begin placing the lampsnew text end in garbage new text beginis illegal;new text end and

deleted text begin(2)deleted text end new text begin(4) new text endprovide a toll-free telephone number or Web site that customers can access to
learn how to lawfully dispose of the lamps.

new text begin (b) The information under paragraph (a) must be:
new text end

new text begin (1) provided in a minimum of 12-point type in print or online media; and
new text end

new text begin (2) provided in a manner that the ordinary consumer will understand that fluorescent
and high-intensity discharge lamps contain mercury and must not be placed in garbage
in Minnesota.
new text end

new text begin (c) A television or radio advertisement regarding fluorescent and high-intensity
discharge lamps containing mercury must prominently convey the information that the
lamps contain mercury and must be recycled.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 8b. new text end

new text begin Ban; mercury-containing sphygmomanometers. new text end

new text begin After August 1,
2007, a person may not sell, offer for sale, distribute, install, or reinstall in the state a
sphygmomanometer containing mercury.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 8c. new text end

new text begin Ban; mercury-containing gastrointestinal devices. new text end

new text begin After August 1,
2007, a person may not sell, offer for sale, distribute, or use in the state an esophageal
dilator, bougie tube, gastrointestinal tube, feeding tube, or similar device containing
mercury.
new text end

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 8d. new text end

new text begin Ban; mercury-containing thermostats. new text end

new text begin After August 1, 2007, a person
may not sell, offer for sale, distribute, install, or reinstall in the state a product or device
that uses a mercury switch to sense and control room temperature through communication
with heating, ventilating, or air-conditioning equipment. This subdivision does not apply
to a thermostat used to sense and control temperature as part of a manufacturing process.
new text end

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 8e. new text end

new text begin Ban; mercury-containing switches and relays. new text end

new text begin (a) After August 1,
2007, a person may not sell, offer for sale, or distribute in the state a mercury switch or
mercury relay individually or as part of another product.
new text end

new text begin (b) For the purposes of this subdivision:
new text end

new text begin (1) "mercury relay" means a mercury-containing product or device that opens or
closes electrical contacts to affect the operation of other devices in the same or another
electrical circuit and includes, but is not limited to, mercury displacement relays, mercury
wetted reed relays, and mercury contact relays; and
new text end

new text begin (2) "mercury switch" means a mercury-containing product or device that opens or
closes an electrical circuit or gas valve and includes, but is not limited to, mercury float
switches actuated by rising or falling liquid levels, mercury tilt switches actuated by a
change in the switch position, mercury pressure switches actuated by a change in pressure,
mercury temperature switches actuated by a change in temperature, and mercury flame
sensors. A mercury switch does not include a mercury-added thermostat or a mercury
diostat.
new text end

new text begin (c) A manufacturer shall be in compliance with this subdivision if:
new text end

new text begin (1) it has received an exclusion or exemption from a state that is a member of the
Interstate Mercury Education and Reduction Clearinghouse (IMERC) for replacement
parts or for a use where no feasible alternative is available;
new text end

new text begin (2) it submits a copy of the approved exclusion or exemption to the commissioner;
and
new text end

new text begin (3) it meets all of the requirements in the approved exclusion or exemption for its
activities within the state.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 8f. new text end

new text begin Ban; mercury diostats. new text end

new text begin After January 1, 2008, a person may not sell,
offer for sale, or distribute a new gas oven, range, or stove containing a mercury-containing
switch that controls a gas valve in an oven or oven portion of a gas range or stove.
new text end

Sec. 9.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 8g. new text end

new text begin Ban; mercury-containing barometers, manometers, and pyrometers.
new text end

new text begin After January 1, 2008, a person may not sell, offer for sale, or distribute in the state a
mercury-containing device used for measuring atmospheric pressure or for measuring
pressure of liquids and gases or a mercury-containing device used for measuring the
temperature of extremely hot materials, individually or as part of another product.
new text end

Sec. 10.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 8h. new text end

new text begin Ban; mercury in over-the-counter pharmaceuticals. new text end

new text begin After January
1, 2008, a person may not sell, offer for sale, or distribute in the state for human use an
over-the-counter pharmaceutical product containing mercury.
new text end

Sec. 11.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 8i. new text end

new text begin Ban; mercury in cosmetics, toiletries, and fragrances. new text end

new text begin After January 1,
2008, a person may not sell, offer for sale, or distribute in the state a cosmetic, toiletry,
or fragrance product containing mercury.
new text end

Sec. 12.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 8j. new text end

new text begin Exclusion for existing equipment. new text end

new text begin The prohibitions in subdivisions 8b to
8g of this section do not apply if a switch, relay, or measuring device is used to replace a
switch, relay, or measuring device that is a component of a larger product in use prior to
January 1, 2008, provided the owner of that equipment has made every reasonable effort
to determine that no compatible nonmercury replacement component exists.
new text end

Sec. 13.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.92, is amended by adding a subdivision
to read:


new text begin Subd. 10. new text end

new text begin Definition of mercury-containing. new text end

new text begin For the purposes of this section,
"mercury-containing" or "containing mercury" means that the product, component of a
product, or chemical formulation contains intentionally added mercury.
new text end

Sec. 14.

new text begin [116.921] MULTISTATE CLEARINGHOUSE.
new text end

new text begin The agency is authorized to participate in the Interstate Mercury Education
and Reduction Clearinghouse (IMERC) to assist in carrying out the requirements
and coordinating any other activities related to the administration of statutes
governing the purchase, sale, use, labeling, disposal, and management of mercury and
mercury-containing products.
new text end

Sec. 15.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 116.93, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Lamp recycling facility; permits or licensesnew text begin; reportingnew text end.

(a) A person
may not operate a lamp recycling facility without obtaining a permit or license for the
facility from the agency. The permit or license must require:

(1) a plan for response to releases, including emergency response;

(2) proof of financial responsibility for closure and any necessary postclosure care at
the facility which may include a performance bond or other insurance; deleted text beginand
deleted text end

(3) liability insurance or another financial mechanism that provides proof of financial
responsibility for response actions required under chapter 115Bdeleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin; and
new text end

new text begin (4) by March 1 each year, beginning in 2008, an annual report to the agency on the
number and type of lamps received from businesses and households in the state and total
number of lamps received from all generators outside of the state.
new text end

new text begin The agency shall specify the format for the report under clause (4) and make the
reported information available on the agency's Web site.
new text end

(b) A lamp recycling facility that is licensed or permitted by a county under section
473.811, subdivision 5b, complies with this subdivision if the license or permit held by the
facility contains at least all the terms and conditions required by the agency for a license
or permit issued under this subdivision.

(c) A lamp recycling facility with a demonstrated capability for recycling that is in
operation prior to adoption of rules for a licensing or permitting process for the facility
by the agency may continue to operate in accordance with a compliance agreement or
other approval by the commissioner until a license or permit is issued by the agency
under this subdivision.

Sec. 16.

new text begin [121A.33] CERTAIN MERCURY USE IN SCHOOLS PROHIBITED.
new text end

new text begin (a) For the purposes of this section, "school" has the meaning given under section
120A.22, subdivision 4, excluding home schools.
new text end

new text begin (b) After December 31, 2007, a school shall not:
new text end

new text begin (1) purchase or use elemental mercury for any purpose; and
new text end

new text begin (2) purchase or use an instrument of measurement that contains mercury, including,
but not limited to, a thermometer, barometer, or sphygmomanometer, or a manometer
containing mercury.
new text end

new text begin (c) After December 31, 2009, a school shall not:
new text end

new text begin (1) store elemental mercury for any purpose; and
new text end

new text begin (2) store an instrument of measurement that contains mercury, including, but not
limited to, a thermometer, barometer, sphygmomanometer, or a manometer containing
mercury.
new text end

new text begin (d) This section does not apply to thermostats for heating, ventilation, and air
conditioning in the school.
new text end

Sec. 17.

new text begin [325E.127] NOTICE FOR FLUORESCENT LAMPS CONTAINING
MERCURY.
new text end

new text begin (a) A person who sells fluorescent lamps at retail must post the notice in paragraph
(b) in a manner clearly visible to a consumer examining fluorescent lamps offered for sale.
new text end

new text begin (b) The notice must be in 36-point type or larger and state:
new text end

new text begin "Fluorescent bulbs save energy and reduce environmental pollution. Note:
Fluorescent bulbs contain a small amount of mercury and must be recycled at the end of
their use. Contact your county or utility for recycling options."
new text end

new text begin (c) A retailer may include additional language in the notice in order to promote the
sale of fluorescent lamps, provided that the language in paragraph (b) is present.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective July 1, 2008.
new text end

Sec. 18. new text beginCONSUMER EDUCATION REGARDING FLUORESCENT BULBS.
new text end

new text begin Before July 1, 2008, the legislature shall examine and consider alternative methods
to those established in Minnesota Statutes, section 325E.127, to educate consumers about
the presence of mercury in fluorescent lamps and the requirement that they be recycled,
and shall proceed to enact methods deemed to be effective.
new text end