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SF 919

2nd Engrossment - 90th Legislature (2017 - 2018) Posted on 05/11/2018 04:14pm

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Current Version - 2nd Engrossment

A bill for an act
relating to commerce; providing financial exploitation protections for older adults
and vulnerable adults;proposing coding for new law as Minnesota Statutes, chapter
45A.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

[45A.01] DEFINITIONS.

Subdivision 1.

Scope and application.

For purposes of this chapter, the terms in this
section have the meanings given them.

Subd. 2.

Broker-dealer.

"Broker-dealer" has the meaning given in section 80A.41.

Subd. 3.

Commissioner.

"Commissioner" means the commissioner of commerce.

Subd. 4.

Common entry point.

"Common entry point" has the meaning given in section
626.5572, subdivision 5.

Subd. 5.

Eligible adult.

"Eligible adult" means:

(1) a person 65 years of age or older; or

(2) a person subject to section 626.5572, subdivision 21.

Subd. 6.

Financial exploitation.

"Financial exploitation" means:

(1) the wrongful or unauthorized taking, withholding, appropriation, expenditure, or use
of money, assets, or property of an eligible adult; or

(2) an act or omission taken by a person, including through the use of a power of attorney,
guardianship, trustee, or conservatorship of an eligible adult, to:

(i) obtain control, through deception, intimidation, or undue influence, over the eligible
adult's money, assets, or property to deprive the eligible adult of the ownership, use, benefit,
or possession of the eligible adult's money, assets, or property; or

(ii) convert money, assets, or property of the eligible adult to deprive the eligible adult
of the ownership, use, benefit, or possession of the eligible adult's money, assets, or property.

Subd. 7.

Investment adviser.

"Investment adviser" has the meaning given in section
80A.41.

Subd. 8.

Lead investigative agency.

"Lead investigative agency" has the meaning given
in section 626.5572, subdivision 13.

Sec. 2.

[45A.02] GOVERNMENTAL DISCLOSURES.

If a broker-dealer or investment adviser reasonably believes that financial exploitation
of an eligible adult may have occurred, may have been attempted, or is being attempted,
the broker-dealer or investment adviser may promptly notify the commissioner and the
common entry point.

Sec. 3.

[45A.03] IMMUNITY FOR GOVERNMENTAL DISCLOSURES.

A broker-dealer or investment adviser who, in good faith, makes a disclosure of
information pursuant to section 45A.02, cooperates with a civil or criminal investigation of
financial exploitation of an eligible adult, or testifies about alleged financial exploitation
of an eligible adult in a judicial or administrative proceeding is immune from administrative
or civil liability that might otherwise arise from the disclosure or testimony or for failure
to notify the customer of the disclosure or testimony.

Sec. 4.

[45A.04] THIRD-PARTY DISCLOSURES.

If a broker-dealer or investment adviser reasonably believes that financial exploitation
of an eligible adult may have occurred, may have been attempted, or is being attempted, a
broker-dealer or investment adviser may notify a third party reasonably associated with the
eligible adult or any other person permitted under state or federal law or rule, rules of a
self-regulating organization, or customer agreement. Disclosure may not be made to a third
party that is suspected of financial exploitation or other abuse of the eligible adult.

Sec. 5.

[45A.05] IMMUNITY FOR THIRD-PARTY DISCLOSURES.

A broker-dealer or investment adviser who, in good faith, complies with section 45A.04
is immune from administrative or civil liability that might otherwise arise from the disclosure.

Sec. 6.

[45A.06] DELAYING DISBURSEMENTS.

(a) A broker-dealer or investment adviser shall delay a disbursement from or place a
hold on a transaction involving an account of an eligible adult or an account on which an
eligible adult is a beneficiary if the commissioner of commerce, law enforcement agency,
or the prosecuting attorney's office provides information to the broker-dealer or investment
adviser demonstrating that it is reasonable to believe that financial exploitation of an eligible
adult may have occurred, may have been attempted, or is being attempted. A broker-dealer
or investment adviser may delay a disbursement from or place a hold on a transaction
involving an account of an eligible adult or an account on which an eligible adult is a
beneficiary if:

(1) the broker-dealer or investment adviser reasonably believes, after initiating an internal
review of the requested disbursement or transaction and the suspected financial exploitation,
that the requested disbursement or transaction may result in financial exploitation of an
eligible adult; and

(2) the broker-dealer or investment adviser:

(i) immediately, but in no event more than two business days after the delayed
disbursement or transaction, provides written notification of the delay or hold and the reason
for the delay or hold to all parties authorized to transact business on the account, unless the
party is reasonably believed to have engaged in suspected or attempted financial exploitation
of the eligible adult;

(ii) immediately, but in no event more than two business days after the delayed
disbursement or transaction, notifies the commissioner and the common entry point; and

(iii) provides documentation and updates of any internal review conducted by the
broker-dealer or investment adviser upon request of the commissioner, lead investigative
agency, law enforcement agency, or the prosecuting attorney's office.

(b) A delay of a disbursement or hold on a transaction as authorized by this section
expires upon the sooner of:

(1) a determination by the broker-dealer or investment adviser that the disbursement or
transaction will not result in financial exploitation of the eligible adult if the broker-dealer
or investment adviser initiated the delay of disbursement or hold on the transaction;

(2) a determination by the commissioner, law enforcement agency, lead investigative
agency, or prosecuting attorney's office that the disbursement or transaction will not result
in financial exploitation of the eligible adult; or

(3) 15 business days after the date on which the broker-dealer or investment adviser first
delayed disbursement of the funds or held the transaction, unless the commissioner, law
enforcement agency, lead investigative agency, or prosecuting attorney's office requests
that the broker-dealer or investment adviser extend the delay or hold, in which case the
delay or hold expires no more than 25 business days after the date on which the broker-dealer
or investment adviser first delayed disbursement or placed the hold on the transaction unless
sooner terminated or extended by the commissioner, law enforcement agency, lead
investigative agency, or prosecuting attorney's office or an order of a court of competent
jurisdiction.

(c) A court of competent jurisdiction may enter an order extending the delay of the
disbursement of funds or hold on the transaction or may order other protective relief based
on the petition of the commissioner of commerce, lead investigative agency, broker-dealer
or investment adviser, or other interested party that initiated the delay or hold under this
section.

(d) Provided that a broker-dealer or investment adviser's internal review of the suspected
or attempted financial exploitation of the eligible adult supports the broker-dealer or
investment adviser's reasonable belief that financial exploitation of the eligible adult has
occurred, has been attempted, or is being attempted, the temporary delay or hold may be
extended by the broker-dealer or investment adviser for no longer than ten business days
following the date authorized by paragraph (b), clause (2), unless otherwise terminated or
extended by the commissioner, law enforcement agency, lead investigative agency, or
prosecuting attorney's office or an order of a court of competent jurisdiction.

Sec. 7.

[45A.07] IMMUNITY FOR DELAYING DISBURSEMENTS.

A broker-dealer or investment adviser that, in good faith, complies with section 45A.06
or the commissioner of commerce, law enforcement agency, or the prosecuting attorney's
office is immune from administrative or civil liability that might otherwise arise from the
delay in a disbursement or placing a hold on a transaction in accordance with this chapter.

Sec. 8.

[45A.08] RECORDS.

A broker-dealer or investment adviser shall provide access to or copies of records that
are relevant to the suspected or attempted financial exploitation of an eligible adult to the
lead investigative agency, and to the law enforcement agency, either as part of a referral to
the lead investigative agency or to the law enforcement agency, or upon request of the lead
investigative agency or the law enforcement agency pursuant to an investigation. The records
may include historical records as well as records relating to the most recent transaction or
transactions that may comprise financial exploitation of an eligible adult. Records made
available to agencies under this section are classified as private data on individuals or
nonpublic data as those terms are defined in section 13.02, unless the records are part of an
active civil investigation and classified as confidential or protected nonpublic under section
13.39. Nothing in this provision limits or otherwise impedes the authority of the
commissioner of commerce to access or examine the books and records of broker-dealers
or investment advisers as otherwise provided by law.

Sec. 9.

[45A.09] IMMUNITY FOR RECORDS DISCLOSURE.

A broker-dealer or investment adviser who, in good faith, complies with section 45A.08,
is immune from administrative or civil liability that might otherwise arise from the disclosure.

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700 State Office Building, 100 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd., St. Paul, MN 55155 ♦ Phone: (651) 296-2868 ♦ TTY: 1-800-627-3529 ♦ Fax: (651) 296-0569