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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 493

3rd Engrossment - 85th Legislature (2007 - 2008) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Bill Text Versions

Engrossments
Introduction Posted on 02/01/2007
1st Engrossment Posted on 03/12/2007
2nd Engrossment Posted on 04/10/2007
3rd Engrossment Posted on 05/18/2007
Conference Committee Reports
CCR-SF0493 Posted on 05/16/2007

Current Version - 3rd Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to public nuisances; providing that certain criminal gang behavior is a
public nuisance; authorizing injunctive relief and other remedies; proposing
coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 617.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [617.91] DEFINITIONS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin General. new text end

new text begin The definitions in this section apply to sections 617.91
to 617.97.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Continuously or regularly. new text end

new text begin "Continuously or regularly" means at least
three separate incidents or occurrences in a period of not more than 12 months.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Criminal gang. new text end

new text begin "Criminal gang" has the meaning given in section 609.229.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Gang activity. new text end

new text begin "Gang activity" means the commission of one or more of
the offenses listed in section 609.11, subdivision 9; criminal damage to property in the
first or second degree under section 609.595, subdivision 1 or 1a; trespass under section
609.605; or disorderly conduct under section 609.72.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Place. new text end

new text begin "Place" means:
new text end

new text begin (1) a structure suitable for human shelter, a commercial structure that is maintained
for business activities, a portion of the structure, or the land surrounding the structure that
is under the control of the person who owns or is responsible for maintaining the structure.
If the place is a multiunit dwelling, a hotel or motel, or a commercial or office building,
"place" means only the portion of the place in which a public nuisance is maintained or
permitted, including a dwelling unit, room, suite of rooms, office, common area, storage
area, garage, parking area, or the land surrounding the place that is under the control of the
person who owns or is responsible for maintaining the structure; or
new text end

new text begin (2) a parcel of land that does not include a structure and is under the control of the
person who owns or is responsible for maintaining the land.
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text begin [617.92] PUBLIC NUISANCE.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Gang activities. new text end

new text begin A criminal gang that continuously or regularly
engages in gang activities is a public nuisance.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Use of place. new text end

new text begin The continuous or regular use of a place by a lessee or
tenant to engage in or allow gang activity by a criminal gang that is knowingly permitted
by the owner or a person who is responsible for maintaining the place on behalf of the
owner is a public nuisance.
new text end

Sec. 3.

new text begin [617.93] SUIT TO ABATE NUISANCE.
new text end

new text begin (a) A county or city attorney or the attorney general may sue to enjoin a public
nuisance under sections 617.91 to 617.97.
new text end

new text begin (b) A person who continuously or regularly engages in gang activity as a member of
a criminal gang may be made a defendant in a suit.
new text end

new text begin (c) If the public nuisance involves the use of a place as provided in section 617.92,
subdivision 2, the owner or a person who is responsible for maintaining the place on behalf
of the owner may be made a defendant in the suit pursuant to the procedures applicable to
owners under sections 617.81 to 617.87.
new text end

Sec. 4.

new text begin [617.94] COURT ORDER.
new text end

new text begin (a) If the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that a criminal gang
constitutes a public nuisance, the court may enter a temporary or permanent order:
new text end

new text begin (1) enjoining a defendant in the suit from engaging in the gang activities; and
new text end

new text begin (2) imposing other reasonable requirements to prevent the defendant from engaging
in future gang activities.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Reasonable requirement" as specified in paragraph (a), clause (2), means an
injunctive limitation on gang behavior and social interaction that reduces the opportunity
for gang activity. The court in imposing reasonable requirements must balance state
interests in public safety against constitutional freedoms.
new text end

new text begin (c) If the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that a place is continuously
or regularly used in a manner that constitutes a public nuisance, the court may include in
its order reasonable requirements to prevent the use of the place for gang activity. This
may include cancellation of any applicable lease pursuant to the procedures in section
617.85 that may involve any tenant or lessee who has maintained or conducted the public
nuisance, or other reasonable requirements established in the order.
new text end

Sec. 5.

new text begin [617.95] VIOLATION OF COURT ORDER; FINE AND CRIMINAL
PENALTY.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Fine for civil contempt. new text end

new text begin A person who violates a temporary or
permanent injunctive order issued under section 617.94 is subject to a fine for civil
contempt of not less than $1,000 nor more than $10,000.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Criminal penalty. new text end

new text begin A person who knowingly violates a temporary or
permanent injunctive order issued under section 617.94 is guilty of a misdemeanor.
new text end

Sec. 6.

new text begin [617.96] ATTORNEY FEES.
new text end

new text begin In an action brought under sections 617.91 to 617.97, the court may award a
prevailing party reasonable attorney fees and costs.
new text end

Sec. 7.

new text begin [617.97] USE OF PLACE; EVIDENCE.
new text end

new text begin (a) In an action brought under sections 617.91 to 617.97, proof that gang activity by
a member of a criminal gang is continuously or regularly committed at a place or proof
that a place is continuously or regularly used for engaging in gang activity by a member of
a criminal gang is prima facie evidence that the person who owns or is responsible for
maintaining the place knowingly permitted the act.
new text end

new text begin (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply if the person who owns or is responsible for
maintaining the place proves, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the person has
made reasonable efforts to prevent the occurrence of the gang activity, which may include
cancellation of or an attempt to cancel the lease.
new text end