Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Capital IconMinnesota Legislature

HF 914

as introduced - 86th Legislature (2009 - 2010) Posted on 02/09/2010 01:42am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.
Line numbers 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12
1.13 1.14
1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 2.32 2.33 2.34 2.35 2.36 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.30 3.31 3.32 3.33 3.34 3.35 3.36 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 4.31 4.32 4.33 4.34 4.35 4.36 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33 5.34 5.35 6.1 6.2
6.3 6.4

A bill for an act
relating to financial institutions; regulating payday lending; providing penalties
and remedies; amending Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 47.60, subdivision 6;
proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 47.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 47.60, subdivision 6, is amended to read:


Subd. 6.

Penalties for violation.

deleted text beginA persondeleted text endnew text begin An individual or entitynew text end or the deleted text beginperson'sdeleted text endnew text begin
entity's
new text end members, officers, directors, agents, and employees who violate or participate in
the violation of any of the provisions of this section deleted text beginmay bedeleted text endnew text begin isnew text end liable in the same manner as
in section deleted text begin56.19deleted text endnew text begin 47.601. A violation of any provision of this section is considered to be
a violation of section 325F.69 and all remedies of section 8.31 are available for such a
violation
new text end.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2009, and applies to loans
made on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text begin [47.601] CONSUMER SHORT-TERM LOANS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin (a) For the purposes of this section, the terms defined in
this subdivision have the meanings given.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Borrower" means an individual who obtains a consumer short-term loan
primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of commerce.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Consumer short-term loan" means a loan to a borrower which has a principal
amount, or an advance on a credit limit, of $1,000 or less and requires a minimum
payment within 60 days of loan origination or credit advance of more than 25 percent
of the principal balance or credit advance. For the purposes of this section, each new
advance of money to a borrower under a consumer short-term loan agreement constitutes
a new consumer short-term loan.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Consumer short-term lender" means an individual or entity engaged in the
business of making or arranging consumer short-term loans, other than a state or federally
chartered bank, savings bank, or credit union.
new text end

new text begin (f) "Conventional term loan" means a closed-end loan in a principal amount no
less than the amount owed on the consumer short-term loan on which the borrower is
currently obligated, with:
new text end

new text begin (1) payment intervals the same as were required for the consumer short-term loan
with the shortest payment interval made to the borrower;
new text end

new text begin (2) a periodic payment amount of $1 less than the amount required for the lowest
periodic payment exclusive of principal on the consumer short-term loan made to the
borrower;
new text end

new text begin (3) an annual percentage rate of no more than 33 percent; and
new text end

new text begin (4) no other charges, prepayment penalties, or other fees, except that a late fee
not in excess of $3 may be charged for untimely payment if the terms of the late fee
are reasonable and a prominent notice of the late fee amount has been provided to the
borrower.
new text end

new text begin (g) "Loan inquiry" means an inquiry to a consumer short-term lender by a borrower
currently obligated on a consumer short-term loan, or who has been obligated on a
consumer short-term loan within the prior 30 days, about obtaining a new consumer
short-term loan, expressing concern about paying amounts due on a consumer short-term
loan, or any inquiry in connection with refinancing or repayment of a consumer short-term
loan. An inquiry includes written or oral communication in any form or through any
means of communication.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Loan churning prohibited. new text end

new text begin A consumer short-term lender may not make
a consumer short-term loan to a borrower who has obtained a consumer short-term loan
from that lender within the prior six months. A consumer short-term lender must offer a
conventional term loan to any such borrower who makes a loan inquiry.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Additional short-term loans. new text end

new text begin Notwithstanding subdivision 2, a consumer
short-term lender may respond to loan inquiries from a borrower in connection with the
initial consumer short-term loan and one subsequent consumer short-term loan by offering
and making a new consumer short-term loan. If the consumer short-term lender does
not offer a new consumer short-term loan in response to one of these two inquiries, or
after the origination of two additional consumer short-term loans under this subdivision
following the initial consumer short-term loan, a consumer short-term lender must offer a
conventional term loan to any borrower who makes a loan inquiry.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Discouraging inquiry of conventional term loan. new text end

new text begin A consumer short-term
lender shall not make any representation or engage in any practice to discourage the
acceptance of a conventional term loan from that lender or another consumer short-term
lender or to discourage a loan inquiry. A consumer short-term lender who engages in a
pattern of making additional consumer short-term loans to borrowers as permitted under
subdivision 3 while not making a substantially similar number of conventional term loans
to borrowers shall be presumed, subject to contrary clear and convincing proof by the
consumer short-term lender, to have violated this subdivision.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Consumer short-term loan contract. new text end

new text begin (a) No contract or agreement
between a consumer short-term loan lender and a borrower residing in Minnesota may
contain the following:
new text end

new text begin (1) a mandatory arbitration provision;
new text end

new text begin (2) a provision selecting a law other than Minnesota law under which the contract
is construed or enforced;
new text end

new text begin (3) a provision choosing a forum for dispute resolution other than the Minnesota
courts; or
new text end

new text begin (4) a provision limiting class actions.
new text end

new text begin (b) Any provision prohibited by paragraph (a) is void and unenforceable.
new text end

new text begin (c) A consumer short-term loan lender must furnish a copy of the written loan
contract to each borrower. The contract and disclosures must be written in the language in
which the loan was negotiated with the borrower and must contain:
new text end

new text begin (1) the name; address, which may not be a post office box; and telephone number of
the lender making the consumer short-term loan;
new text end

new text begin (2) the name and title of the individual employee or representative who signs the
contract on behalf of the lender;
new text end

new text begin (3) a prominent itemization of the fees and interest charges to be paid by the
borrower;
new text end

new text begin (4) in bold, 24-point type and in a manner which is more conspicuous than other
information provided, the annual percentage rate as computed under United States Code,
chapter 15, section 1606;
new text end

new text begin (5) a clear description of the borrower's payment obligations under the loan; and
new text end

new text begin (6) in bold, 14-point type and in a manner which is more conspicuous than the
other information provided in the loan document other than the annual percentage rate, a
statement of the following verbatim notice: "You cannot be prosecuted in criminal court
to collect this loan." The notice must be located immediately preceding the signature of
the borrower.
new text end

new text begin (d) The holder or assignee of a check or other instrument evidencing an obligation of
a borrower in connection with a consumer short-term loan takes the instrument subject to
all claims by and defenses of the borrower against the consumer short-term lender.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Debt collection. new text end

new text begin A consumer short-term lender collecting or attempting to
collect on an indebtedness in connection with a consumer short-term loan must not engage
in the prohibited debt collection practices referenced in section 332.37.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin Record keeping; annual reports; notifications. new text end

new text begin In addition to any other
information required to be filed under chapters 45 through 56, a consumer short-term
lender must annually file a report with the commissioner that contains the following
information for each calendar year:
new text end

new text begin (1) the number of consumer short-term loans made;
new text end

new text begin (2) the number of conventional term loans made;
new text end

new text begin (3) the total dollar amount of consumer short-term loans made;
new text end

new text begin (4) the total dollar amount of fees collected on consumer short-term loans;
new text end

new text begin (5) the lowest, highest, and average loan amount for consumer short-term loans;
new text end

new text begin (6) the average annual percentage rate and range of annual percentage rates for
consumer short-term loans;
new text end

new text begin (7) the shortest, longest, and average loan term for consumer short-term loans;
new text end

new text begin (8) the number of individual borrowers who obtained one or more consumer
short-term loans;
new text end

new text begin (9) a breakdown of the number of individual borrowers identified in clause (8) by
the number of individual borrowers who obtained one, two, three, four, five, six, and
more than six consumer short-term loans;
new text end

new text begin (10) the number of individual borrowers who obtained one, two, and more than two
conventional term loans;
new text end

new text begin (11) the total dollar amount of conventional term loans made;
new text end

new text begin (12) the lowest, highest, and average loan amount for conventional term loans;
new text end

new text begin (13) the average annual percentage rate and range of annual percentage rates for
conventional term loans;
new text end

new text begin (14) the shortest, longest, and average loan term for conventional term loans;
new text end

new text begin (15) the number of individual borrowers who were delinquent on a consumer
short-term loan;
new text end

new text begin (16) the number of individual borrowers who were delinquent on a conventional
term loan;
new text end

new text begin (17) the total number and dollar amount of loans charged off or written off;
new text end

new text begin (18) the number of loans made to borrowers designed to be paid through an
automated clearing house or other electronic transaction;
new text end

new text begin (19) the number of loans made to borrowers through other than a physical visit to the
consumer short-term lender's location including, but not limited to, loans made via the
Internet or telephone; and
new text end

new text begin (20) any other information the commissioner may require in order to ensure
compliance with this section.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin Jurisdiction. new text end

new text begin For the purposes of this section, a consumer short-term
loan transaction involving a borrower who is a resident of Minnesota shall be deemed to
take place in Minnesota.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 9. new text end

new text begin Penalties for violation; private right of action. new text end

new text begin (a) An individual or
entity, or a member, officer, director, agent, or employee of the entity, who violates any
provision of this section is liable to the borrower for:
new text end

new text begin (1) all money collected or received in connection with the loan;
new text end

new text begin (2) actual, incidental, and consequential damages;
new text end

new text begin (3) statutory damages of up to $1,000 per violation;
new text end

new text begin (4) costs, disbursements, and reasonable attorney fees; and
new text end

new text begin (5) injunctive relief.
new text end

new text begin (b) In addition to the remedies in paragraph (a), a loan made in violation of any
provision of this section is void, and the borrower is not obligated to pay any amounts
owing.
new text end

new text begin (c) In addition to the remedies in paragraphs (a) and (b), an individual or entity, or
a member, officer, director, agent, or employee of the entity, who violates subdivision 4
is subject to punitive damages.
new text end

new text begin (d) A private cause of action under this section by an aggrieved debtor is in the
public interest.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 10. new text end

new text begin Attorney general enforcement. new text end

new text begin (a) The attorney general shall enforce
this section under section 8.31.
new text end

new text begin (b) A violation of any provision of this section is considered to be a violation of
section 325F.69, and all remedies of section 8.31 are available for such an action.
new text end

new text begin (c) A private right of action under section 8.31 by an aggrieved debtor under this
section is in the public interest.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 11. new text end

new text begin Remedies cumulative. new text end

new text begin The remedies provided in this section are
cumulative and do not restrict any remedy that is otherwise available. The provisions
of this section are not exclusive and are in addition to any other requirements, rights,
remedies, and penalties provided by law.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2009, and applies to loans
made on or after that date.
new text end