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HF 5197

as introduced - 93rd Legislature (2023 - 2024) Posted on 04/02/2024 11:52am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to education; allowing for seclusion to be used; amending Minnesota
Statutes 2023 Supplement, section 125A.0942, subdivisions 3, 4.


Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2023 Supplement, section 125A.0942, subdivision 3, is
amended to read:

Subd. 3.

Physical holding or seclusion.

(a) Physical holding or seclusion may be used
only in an emergency. A school that uses physical holding or seclusion shall meet the
following requirements:

(1) physical holding or seclusion is the least intrusive intervention that effectively
responds to the emergency;

(2) physical holding or seclusion is not used to discipline a noncompliant child;

(3) physical holding or seclusion ends when the threat of harm ends and the staff
determines the child can safely return to the classroom or activity;

(4) staff directly observes the child while physical holding or seclusion is being used;

(5) each time physical holding or seclusion is used, the staff person who implements or
oversees the physical holding or seclusion documents, as soon as possible after the incident
concludes, the following information:

(i) a description of the incident that led to the physical holding or seclusion;

(ii) why a less restrictive measure failed or was determined by staff to be inappropriate
or impractical;

(iii) the time the physical holding or seclusion began and the time the child was released;

(iv) a brief record of the child's behavioral and physical status; and

(v) a brief description of the post-use debriefing that occurred as a result of the use of
the physical hold or seclusion;

(6) the room used for seclusion must:

(i) be at least six feet by five feet;

(ii) be well lit, well ventilated, adequately heated, and clean;

(iii) have a window that allows staff to directly observe a child in seclusion;

(iv) have tamperproof fixtures, electrical switches located immediately outside the door,
and secure ceilings;

(v) have doors that open out and are unlocked, locked with keyless locks that have
immediate release mechanisms, or locked with locks that have immediate release mechanisms
connected with a fire and emergency system; and

(vi) not contain objects that a child may use to injure the child or others; and

(7) before using a room for seclusion, a school must:

(i) receive written notice from local authorities that the room and the locking mechanisms
comply with applicable building, fire, and safety codes; and

(ii) register the room with the commissioner, who may view that room.

(b) By February 1, 2015, and annually thereafter, stakeholders may, as necessary,
recommend to the commissioner specific and measurable implementation and outcome
goals for reducing the use of restrictive procedures and the commissioner must submit to
the legislature a report on districts' progress in reducing the use of restrictive procedures
that recommends how to further reduce these procedures and eliminate the use of seclusion.
The statewide plan includes the following components: measurable goals; the resources,
training, technical assistance, mental health services, and collaborative efforts needed to
significantly reduce districts' use of seclusion; and recommendations to clarify and improve
the law governing districts' use of restrictive procedures. The commissioner must consult
with interested stakeholders when preparing the report, including representatives of advocacy
organizations, special education directors, teachers, paraprofessionals, intermediate school
districts, school boards, day treatment providers, county social services, state human services
department staff, mental health professionals, and autism experts. Beginning with the
2016-2017 school year, in a form and manner determined by the commissioner, districts
must report data quarterly to the department by January 15, April 15, July 15, and October
15 about individual students who have been secluded. By July 15 each year, districts must
report summary data on their use of restrictive procedures to the department for the prior
school year, July 1 through June 30, in a form and manner determined by the commissioner.
The summary data must include information about the use of restrictive procedures, including
use of reasonable force under section 121A.582.

new text begin (c) Seclusion may be used on a student, if the use of seclusion is part of the student's
individualized education program under section 125A.08.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for the 2024-2025 school year and later.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2023 Supplement, section 125A.0942, subdivision 4, is amended
to read:

Subd. 4.


The following actions or procedures are prohibited:

(1) engaging in conduct prohibited under section 121A.58;

(2) requiring a child to assume and maintain a specified physical position, activity, or
posture that induces physical pain;

(3) totally or partially restricting a child's senses as punishment;

(4) presenting an intense sound, light, or other sensory stimuli using smell, taste,
substance, or spray as punishment;

(5) denying or restricting a child's access to equipment and devices such as walkers,
wheelchairs, hearing aids, and communication boards that facilitate the child's functioning,
except when temporarily removing the equipment or device is needed to prevent injury to
the child or others or serious damage to the equipment or device, in which case the equipment
or device shall be returned to the child as soon as possible;

(6) interacting with a child in a manner that constitutes sexual abuse, neglect, or physical
abuse under chapter 260E;

(7) withholding regularly scheduled meals or water;

(8) denying access to bathroom facilities;

(9) physical holding that restricts or impairs a child's ability to breathe, restricts or impairs
a child's ability to communicate distress, places pressure or weight on a child's head, throat,
neck, chest, lungs, sternum, diaphragm, back, or abdomen, or results in straddling a child's

(10) prone restraint; and

(11) the use of seclusion on children from birth through deleted text begin grade 3deleted text end new text begin prekindergartennew text end by
September 1, 2024.