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Capital IconMinnesota Legislature

HF 3595

1st Engrossment - 92nd Legislature (2021 - 2022) Posted on 03/21/2022 03:43pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.
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A bill for an act
relating to health; providing for the regulation of certain products containing
cannabinoids; limiting the sale of products containing cannabinoids to individuals
21 years of age or older; requiring labeling of cannabinoid products to contain a
barcode or matrix barcode; providing additional requirements for edible cannabinoid
products; modifying definition of food; establishing that products containing
cannabinoids that meet the regulation requirements are not controlled substances;
amending Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 34A.01, subdivision 4; 151.72,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, by adding a subdivision; 152.02, subdivision 2; Minnesota
Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 151.72, subdivision 5.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

ARTICLE 1

REGULATION OF PRODUCTS CONTAINING CANNABINOIDS

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 151.72, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have
the meanings given.

new text begin (b) "Certified hemp" means hemp plants that have been tested and found to meet the
requirements of chapter 18K and the rules adopted thereunder.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Edible cannabinoid product" means any product that is intended to be eaten or drunk
by humans, contains a cannabinoid in combination with food ingredients, and is not a drug.
new text end

deleted text begin (b)deleted text endnew text begin (d)new text end "Hemp" has the meaning given to "industrial hemp" in section 18K.02, subdivision
3.

new text begin (e) "Label" has the meaning given in section 151.01, subdivision 18.
new text end

deleted text begin (c)deleted text endnew text begin (f)new text end "Labeling" means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter that are:

(1) affixed to the immediate container in which a product regulated under this section
is sold; deleted text beginor
deleted text end

(2) provided, in any manner, with the immediate container, including but not limited to
outer containers, wrappers, package inserts, brochures, or pamphletsdeleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin; or
new text end

new text begin (3) provided on that portion of a manufacturer's website that is linked by a scannable
barcode or matrix barcode.
new text end

new text begin (g) "Matrix barcode" means a code that stores data in a two-dimensional array of
geometrically shaped dark and light cells capable of being read by the camera on a
smartphone or other mobile device.
new text end

new text begin (h) "Nonintoxicating cannabinoid" means substances extracted from certified hemp
plants that do not produce intoxicating effects when consumed by any route of administration.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 151.72, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Scope.

(a) This section applies to the sale of any product that contains
deleted text begin nonintoxicatingdeleted text end cannabinoids extracted from hemp deleted text beginother than fooddeleted text endnew text begin andnew text end that isnew text begin an edible
cannabinoid product or is
new text end intended for human or animal consumption by any route of
administration.

(b) This section does not apply to any product dispensed by a registered medical cannabis
manufacturer pursuant to sections 152.22 to 152.37.

new text begin (c) The board must have no authority over food products, as defined in section 34A.01,
subdivision 4, that do not contain cannabinoids extracted or derived from hemp.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 151.72, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Sale of cannabinoids derived from hemp.

new text begin(a) new text endNotwithstanding any other
section of this chapter, a product containing nonintoxicating cannabinoidsnew text begin, including an
edible cannabinoid product,
new text end may be sold for human or animal consumption new text beginonly new text endif all of
the requirements of this section are metnew text begin, provided that a product sold for human or animal
consumption does not contain more than 0.3 percent of any tetrahydrocannabinol and an
edible cannabinoid product does not contain an amount of any tetrahydrocannabinol that
exceeds the limits established in subdivision 5a, paragraph (f)
new text end.

new text begin (b) No other substance extracted or otherwise derived from hemp may be sold for human
consumption if the substance is intended:
new text end

new text begin (1) for external or internal use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention
of disease in humans or other animals; or
new text end

new text begin (2) to affect the structure or any function of the bodies of humans or other animals.
new text end

new text begin (c) No product containing any cannabinoid or tetrahydrocannabinol extracted or otherwise
derived from hemp may be sold to any individual who is under the age of 21.
new text end

new text begin (d) Products that meet the requirements of this section are not controlled substances
under section 152.02.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 151.72, subdivision 4, is amended to read:


Subd. 4.

Testing requirements.

(a) A manufacturer of a product regulated under this
section must submit representative samples of the product to an independent, accredited
laboratory in order to certify that the product complies with the standards adopted by the
board. Testing must be consistent with generally accepted industry standards for herbal and
botanical substances, and, at a minimum, the testing must confirm that the product:

(1) contains the amount or percentage of cannabinoids that is stated on the label of the
product;

(2) does not contain more than trace amounts of any new text beginmold, new text endpesticides, fertilizers, or
heavy metals; and

(3) does not contain deleted text begina delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration that exceeds the
concentration permitted for industrial hemp as defined in section 18K.02, subdivision 3
deleted text endnew text begin
more than 0.3 percent of any tetrahydrocannabinol
new text end.

(b) Upon the request of the board, the manufacturer of the product must provide the
board with the results of the testing required in this section.

new text begin (c) Testing of the hemp from which the nonintoxicating cannabinoid was derived, or
possession of a certificate of analysis for such hemp, does not meet the testing requirements
of this section.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 151.72, subdivision 5, is amended
to read:


Subd. 5.

Labeling requirements.

(a) A product regulated under this section must bear
a label that contains, at a minimum:

(1) the name, location, contact phone number, and website of the manufacturer of the
product;

(2) the name and address of the independent, accredited laboratory used by the
manufacturer to test the product; and

(3) an accurate statement of the amount or percentage of cannabinoids found in each
unit of the product meant to be consumeddeleted text begin; ordeleted text endnew text begin.
new text end

deleted text begin (4) instead of the information required in clauses (1) to (3), a scannable bar code or QR
code that links to the manufacturer's website.
deleted text end

new text begin (b) The information in paragraph (a) may be provided on an outer package if the
immediate container that holds the product is too small to contain all of the information.
new text end

new text begin (c) The information required in paragraph (a) may be provided through the use of a
scannable barcode or matrix barcode that links to a page on the manufacturer's website if
that page contains all of the information required by this subdivision.
new text end

new text begin (d) new text endThe label must also include a statement stating that deleted text beginthisdeleted text endnew text begin thenew text end product does not claim
to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease and has not been evaluated or approved by
the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) unless the product has been so
approved.

deleted text begin (b)deleted text endnew text begin (e)new text end The information required deleted text beginto be on the labeldeleted text endnew text begin by this subdivisionnew text end must be prominently
and conspicuously placed deleted text beginanddeleted text endnew text begin on the label or displayed on the websitenew text end in terms that can be
easily read and understood by the consumer.

deleted text begin (c)deleted text endnew text begin (f)new text end The deleted text beginlabeldeleted text endnew text begin labelingnew text end must not contain any claim that the product may be used or is
effective for the prevention, treatment, or cure of a disease or that it may be used to alter
the structure or function of human or animal bodies, unless the claim has been approved by
the FDA.

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 151.72, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 5a. new text end

new text begin Additional requirements for edible cannabinoid products. new text end

new text begin (a) In addition
to the testing and labeling requirements under subdivisions 4 and 5, an edible cannabinoid
must meet the requirements of this subdivision.
new text end

new text begin (b) An edible cannabinoid product must not:
new text end

new text begin (1) bear the likeness or contain characteristics of a real or fictional person, animal, or
fruit;
new text end

new text begin (2) be modeled after a brand of products primarily consumed by or marketed to children;
new text end

new text begin (3) be made by applying extracted or concentrated tetrahydrocannabinol to a commercially
available candy or snack food item;
new text end

new text begin (4) contain an ingredient, other than tetrahydrocannabinol, that is not approved by the
United States Food and Drug Administration for use in food;
new text end

new text begin (5) be packaged in a way that resembles the trademarked, characteristic, or
product-specialized packaging of any commercially available food product; or
new text end

new text begin (6) be packaged in a container that includes a statement, artwork, or design that could
reasonably mislead any person to believe that the package contains anything other than an
edible cannabinoid product.
new text end

new text begin (c) An edible cannabinoid product must be prepackaged in packaging or a container that
is child-resistant, tamper-evident, and opaque or placed in packaging or a container that is
child-resistant, tamper-evident, and opaque at the final point of sale to a customer. The
requirement that packaging be child-resistant does not apply to an edible cannabinoid product
that is intended to be drunk and which contains no more than a trace amount of any
tetrahydrocannabinol.
new text end

new text begin (d) If an edible cannabinoid product is intended for more than a single use or contains
multiple servings, each serving must be indicated by scoring, wrapping, or other indicators
designating the individual serving size.
new text end

new text begin (e) A label containing at least the following information must be affixed to the packaging
or container of all edible cannabinoid products sold to consumers:
new text end

new text begin (1) the serving size;
new text end

new text begin (2) the cannabinoid profile per serving and in total;
new text end

new text begin (3) a list of ingredients, including identification of any major food allergens declared
by name; and
new text end

new text begin (4) the following statement: "Keep this product out of reach of children."
new text end

new text begin (f) An edible cannabinoid product must not contain more than 2.5 milligrams of any
tetrahydrocannabinol and 50 milligrams of cannabidiol in a single serving, or more than a
total of 25 milligrams of any tetrahydrocannabinol and 500 milligrams of cannabidiol per
package.
new text end

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 151.72, subdivision 6, is amended to read:


Subd. 6.

Enforcement.

(a) A product deleted text beginsolddeleted text endnew text begin coverednew text end under this sectionnew text begin, including an edible
cannabinoid product,
new text end shall be considered an adulterated drug if:

(1) it consists, in whole or in part, of any filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance;

(2) it has been produced, prepared, packed, or held under unsanitary conditions where
it may have been rendered injurious to health, or where it may have been contaminated with
filth;

(3) its container is composed, in whole or in part, of any poisonous or deleterious
substance that may render the contents injurious to health;

(4) it contains any new text beginfood additives, new text endcolor additivesnew text begin,new text end or excipients that have been found by
the FDA to be unsafe for human or animal consumption; deleted text beginor
deleted text end

(5) it contains an amount or percentage of new text beginnonintoxicating new text endcannabinoids that is different
than the amount or percentage stated on the labeldeleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin;
new text end

new text begin (6) it contains more than 0.3 percent of any tetrahydrocannabinol; or
new text end

new text begin (7) it contains more than trace amounts of mold, pesticides, fertilizers, or heavy metals.
new text end

(b) A product sold under this section shall be considered a misbranded drug if the
product's labeling is false or misleading in any manner or in violation of the requirements
of this section.

(c) The board's authority to issue cease and desist orders under section 151.06; to embargo
adulterated and misbranded drugs under section 151.38; and to seek injunctive relief under
section 214.11, extends to any violation of this section.

ARTICLE 2

CONFORMING CHANGES

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 34A.01, subdivision 4, is amended to read:


Subd. 4.

Food.

"Food" means every ingredient used for, entering into the consumption
of, or used or intended for use in the preparation of food, drink, confectionery, or condiment
for humans or other animals, whether simple, mixed, or compound; and articles used as
components of these ingredientsnew text begin, except that edible cannabinoid products, as defined in
section 151.72, subdivision 1, paragraph (c), are not food
new text end.

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 152.02, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Schedule I.

(a) Schedule I consists of the substances listed in this subdivision.

(b) Opiates. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the
following substances, including their analogs, isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of
isomers, esters, and ethers, whenever the existence of the analogs, isomers, esters, ethers,
and salts is possible:

(1) acetylmethadol;

(2) allylprodine;

(3) alphacetylmethadol (except levo-alphacetylmethadol, also known as levomethadyl
acetate);

(4) alphameprodine;

(5) alphamethadol;

(6) alpha-methylfentanyl benzethidine;

(7) betacetylmethadol;

(8) betameprodine;

(9) betamethadol;

(10) betaprodine;

(11) clonitazene;

(12) dextromoramide;

(13) diampromide;

(14) diethyliambutene;

(15) difenoxin;

(16) dimenoxadol;

(17) dimepheptanol;

(18) dimethyliambutene;

(19) dioxaphetyl butyrate;

(20) dipipanone;

(21) ethylmethylthiambutene;

(22) etonitazene;

(23) etoxeridine;

(24) furethidine;

(25) hydroxypethidine;

(26) ketobemidone;

(27) levomoramide;

(28) levophenacylmorphan;

(29) 3-methylfentanyl;

(30) acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl;

(31) alpha-methylthiofentanyl;

(32) benzylfentanyl beta-hydroxyfentanyl;

(33) beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl;

(34) 3-methylthiofentanyl;

(35) thenylfentanyl;

(36) thiofentanyl;

(37) para-fluorofentanyl;

(38) morpheridine;

(39) 1-methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine;

(40) noracymethadol;

(41) norlevorphanol;

(42) normethadone;

(43) norpipanone;

(44) 1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine (PEPAP);

(45) phenadoxone;

(46) phenampromide;

(47) phenomorphan;

(48) phenoperidine;

(49) piritramide;

(50) proheptazine;

(51) properidine;

(52) propiram;

(53) racemoramide;

(54) tilidine;

(55) trimeperidine;

(56) N-(1-Phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylacetamide (acetyl fentanyl);

(57) 3,4-dichloro-N-[(1R,2R)-2-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl]-N-
methylbenzamide(U47700);

(58) N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]furan-2-carboxamide(furanylfentanyl);

(59) 4-(4-bromophenyl)-4-dimethylamino-1-phenethylcyclohexanol (bromadol);

(60) N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylcyclopropanecarboxamide (Cyclopropryl
fentanyl);

(61) N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylbutanamide) (butyryl fentanyl);

(62) 1-cyclohexyl-4-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperazine) (MT-45);

(63) N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylcyclopentanecarboxamide (cyclopentyl
fentanyl);

(64) N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylisobutyramide (isobutyryl fentanyl);

(65) N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylpentanamide (valeryl fentanyl);

(66) N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)isobutyramide
(para-chloroisobutyryl fentanyl);

(67) N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)butyramide (para-fluorobutyryl
fentanyl);

(68) N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)butyramide
(para-methoxybutyryl fentanyl);

(69) N-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-methoxy-N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)acetamide (ocfentanil);

(70) N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)isobutyramide (4-fluoroisobutyryl
fentanyl or para-fluoroisobutyryl fentanyl);

(71) N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylacrylamide (acryl fentanyl or
acryloylfentanyl);

(72) 2-methoxy-N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylacetamide (methoxyacetyl
fentanyl);

(73) N-(2-fluorophenyl)-N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)propionamide (ortho-fluorofentanyl
or 2-fluorofentanyl);

(74) N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenyltetrahydrofuran-2-carboxamide
(tetrahydrofuranyl fentanyl); and

(75) Fentanyl-related substances, their isomers, esters, ethers, salts and salts of isomers,
esters and ethers, meaning any substance not otherwise listed under another federal
Administration Controlled Substance Code Number or not otherwise listed in this section,
and for which no exemption or approval is in effect under section 505 of the Federal Food,
Drug, and Cosmetic Act, United States Code , title 21, section 355, that is structurally related
to fentanyl by one or more of the following modifications:

(i) replacement of the phenyl portion of the phenethyl group by any monocycle, whether
or not further substituted in or on the monocycle;

(ii) substitution in or on the phenethyl group with alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxyl, hydroxyl, halo,
haloalkyl, amino, or nitro groups;

(iii) substitution in or on the piperidine ring with alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxyl, ester, ether,
hydroxyl, halo, haloalkyl, amino, or nitro groups;

(iv) replacement of the aniline ring with any aromatic monocycle whether or not further
substituted in or on the aromatic monocycle; or

(v) replacement of the N-propionyl group by another acyl group.

(c) Opium derivatives. Any of the following substances, their analogs, salts, isomers,
and salts of isomers, unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule,
whenever the existence of the analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible:

(1) acetorphine;

(2) acetyldihydrocodeine;

(3) benzylmorphine;

(4) codeine methylbromide;

(5) codeine-n-oxide;

(6) cyprenorphine;

(7) desomorphine;

(8) dihydromorphine;

(9) drotebanol;

(10) etorphine;

(11) heroin;

(12) hydromorphinol;

(13) methyldesorphine;

(14) methyldihydromorphine;

(15) morphine methylbromide;

(16) morphine methylsulfonate;

(17) morphine-n-oxide;

(18) myrophine;

(19) nicocodeine;

(20) nicomorphine;

(21) normorphine;

(22) pholcodine; and

(23) thebacon.

(d) Hallucinogens. Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any
quantity of the following substances, their analogs, salts, isomers (whether optical, positional,
or geometric), and salts of isomers, unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another
schedule, whenever the existence of the analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is
possible:

(1) methylenedioxy amphetamine;

(2) methylenedioxymethamphetamine;

(3) methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA);

(4) n-hydroxy-methylenedioxyamphetamine;

(5) 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOB);

(6) 2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (2,5-DMA);

(7) 4-methoxyamphetamine;

(8) 5-methoxy-3, 4-methylenedioxyamphetamine;

(9) alpha-ethyltryptamine;

(10) bufotenine;

(11) diethyltryptamine;

(12) dimethyltryptamine;

(13) 3,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine;

(14) 4-methyl-2, 5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOM);

(15) ibogaine;

(16) lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD);

(17) mescaline;

(18) parahexyl;

(19) N-ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate;

(20) N-methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate;

(21) psilocybin;

(22) psilocyn;

(23) tenocyclidine (TPCP or TCP);

(24) N-ethyl-1-phenyl-cyclohexylamine (PCE);

(25) 1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl) pyrrolidine (PCPy);

(26) 1-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]-pyrrolidine (TCPy);

(27) 4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOC);

(28) 4-ethyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOET);

(29) 4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOI);

(30) 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-B);

(31) 4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-C);

(32) 4-methyl-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-D);

(33) 4-ethyl-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-E);

(34) 4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-I);

(35) 4-propyl-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-P);

(36) 4-isopropylthio-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-T-4);

(37) 4-propylthio-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-T-7);

(38) 2-(8-bromo-2,3,6,7-tetrahydrofuro [2,3-f][1]benzofuran-4-yl)ethanamine
(2-CB-FLY);

(39) bromo-benzodifuranyl-isopropylamine (Bromo-DragonFLY);

(40) alpha-methyltryptamine (AMT);

(41) N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (DiPT);

(42) 4-acetoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (4-AcO-DMT);

(43) 4-acetoxy-N,N-diethyltryptamine (4-AcO-DET);

(44) 4-hydroxy-N-methyl-N-propyltryptamine (4-HO-MPT);

(45) 4-hydroxy-N,N-dipropyltryptamine (4-HO-DPT);

(46) 4-hydroxy-N,N-diallyltryptamine (4-HO-DALT);

(47) 4-hydroxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (4-HO-DiPT);

(48) 5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DiPT);

(49) 5-methoxy-?-methyltryptamine (5-MeO-AMT);

(50) 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT);

(51) 5-methylthio-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeS-DMT);

(52) 5-methoxy-N-methyl-N-isopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-MiPT);

(53) 5-methoxy-?-ethyltryptamine (5-MeO-AET);

(54) 5-methoxy-N,N-dipropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DPT);

(55) 5-methoxy-N,N-diethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DET);

(56) 5-methoxy-N,N-diallyltryptamine (5-MeO-DALT);

(57) methoxetamine (MXE);

(58) 5-iodo-2-aminoindane (5-IAI);

(59) 5,6-methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane (MDAI);

(60) 2-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25B-NBOMe);

(61) 2-(4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25C-NBOMe);

(62) 2-(4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25I-NBOMe);

(63) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H);

(64) 2-(4-Ethylthio-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-T-2);

(65) N,N-Dipropyltryptamine (DPT);

(66) 3-[1-(Piperidin-1-yl)cyclohexyl]phenol (3-HO-PCP);

(67) N-ethyl-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexanamine (3-MeO-PCE);

(68) 4-[1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexyl]morpholine (3-MeO-PCMo);

(69) 1-[1-(4-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexyl]-piperidine (methoxydine, 4-MeO-PCP);

(70) 2-(2-Chlorophenyl)-2-(ethylamino)cyclohexan-1-one (N-Ethylnorketamine,
ethketamine, NENK);

(71) methylenedioxy-N,N-dimethylamphetamine (MDDMA);

(72) 3-(2-Ethyl(methyl)aminoethyl)-1H-indol-4-yl (4-AcO-MET); and

(73) 2-Phenyl-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone (deschloroketamine).

(e) Peyote. All parts of the plant presently classified botanically as Lophophora williamsii
Lemaire, whether growing or not, the seeds thereof, any extract from any part of the plant,
and every compound, manufacture, salts, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant,
its seeds or extracts. The listing of peyote as a controlled substance in Schedule I does not
apply to the nondrug use of peyote in bona fide religious ceremonies of the American Indian
Church, and members of the American Indian Church are exempt from registration. Any
person who manufactures peyote for or distributes peyote to the American Indian Church,
however, is required to obtain federal registration annually and to comply with all other
requirements of law.

(f) Central nervous system depressants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in
another schedule, any material compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any
quantity of the following substances, their analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers
whenever the existence of the analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible:

(1) mecloqualone;

(2) methaqualone;

(3) gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), including its esters and ethers;

(4) flunitrazepam;

(5) 2-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone (2-MeO-2-deschloroketamine,
methoxyketamine);

(6) tianeptine;

(7) clonazolam;

(8) etizolam;

(9) flubromazolam; and

(10) flubromazepam.

(g) Stimulants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any
material compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following
substances, their analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of the
analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible:

(1) aminorex;

(2) cathinone;

(3) fenethylline;

(4) methcathinone;

(5) methylaminorex;

(6) N,N-dimethylamphetamine;

(7) N-benzylpiperazine (BZP);

(8) methylmethcathinone (mephedrone);

(9) 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (methylone);

(10) methoxymethcathinone (methedrone);

(11) methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV);

(12) 3-fluoro-N-methylcathinone (3-FMC);

(13) methylethcathinone (MEC);

(14) 1-benzofuran-6-ylpropan-2-amine (6-APB);

(15) dimethylmethcathinone (DMMC);

(16) fluoroamphetamine;

(17) fluoromethamphetamine;

(18) ?-methylaminobutyrophenone (MABP or buphedrone);

(19) 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)butan-1-one (butylone);

(20) 2-(methylamino)-1-(4-methylphenyl)butan-1-one (4-MEMABP or BZ-6378);

(21) 1-(naphthalen-2-yl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl) pentan-1-one (naphthylpyrovalerone or
naphyrone);

(22) (alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone (alpha-PVP);

(23) (RS)-1-(4-methylphenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-hexanone (4-Me-PHP or MPHP);

(24) 2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-hexanophenone (Alpha-PHP);

(25) 4-methyl-N-ethylcathinone (4-MEC);

(26) 4-methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (4-MePPP);

(27) 2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpentan-1-one (pentedrone);

(28) 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)pentan-1-one (pentylone);

(29) 4-fluoro-N-methylcathinone (4-FMC);

(30) 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylcathinone (ethylone);

(31) alpha-pyrrolidinobutiophenone (?-PBP);

(32) 5-(2-Aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran (5-APDB);

(33) 1-phenyl-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-heptanone (PV8);

(34) 6-(2-Aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran (6-APDB);

(35) 4-methyl-alpha-ethylaminopentiophenone (4-MEAPP);

(36) 4'-chloro-alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (4'-chloro-PPP);

(37) 1-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(dimethylamino)butan-1-one (dibutylone, bk-DMBDB);

(38) 1-(3-chlorophenyl) piperazine (meta-chlorophenylpiperazine or mCPP);

(39) 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(ethylamino)-pentan-1-one (N-ethylpentylone, ephylone);
and

(40) any other substance, except bupropion or compounds listed under a different
schedule, that is structurally derived from 2-aminopropan-1-one by substitution at the
1-position with either phenyl, naphthyl, or thiophene ring systems, whether or not the
compound is further modified in any of the following ways:

(i) by substitution in the ring system to any extent with alkyl, alkylenedioxy, alkoxy,
haloalkyl, hydroxyl, or halide substituents, whether or not further substituted in the ring
system by one or more other univalent substituents;

(ii) by substitution at the 3-position with an acyclic alkyl substituent;

(iii) by substitution at the 2-amino nitrogen atom with alkyl, dialkyl, benzyl, or
methoxybenzyl groups; or

(iv) by inclusion of the 2-amino nitrogen atom in a cyclic structure.

(h) Marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinols, and synthetic cannabinoids. Unless specifically
excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any natural or synthetic material, compound,
mixture, or preparation that contains any quantity of the following substances, their analogs,
isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers, whenever the existence
of the isomers, esters, ethers, or salts is possible:

(1) marijuana;

(2) tetrahydrocannabinols naturally contained in a plant of the genus Cannabisnew text begin except
that a product containing tetrahydrocannabinols is not included if it meets the requirements
of section 151.72
new text end, synthetic equivalents of the substances contained in the cannabis plant
or in the resinous extractives of the plant, or synthetic substances with similar chemical
structure and pharmacological activity to those substances contained in the plant or resinous
extract, including, but not limited to, 1 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, 6 cis or trans
tetrahydrocannabinol, and 3,4 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol;

(3) synthetic cannabinoids, including the following substances:

(i) Naphthoylindoles, which are any compounds containing a 3-(1-napthoyl)indole
structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl,
alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or
2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any
extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent. Examples of
naphthoylindoles include, but are not limited to:

(A) 1-Pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018 and AM-678);

(B) 1-Butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073);

(C) 1-Pentyl-3-(4-methoxy-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-081);

(D) 1-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200);

(E) 1-Propyl-2-methyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-015);

(F) 1-Hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-019);

(G) 1-Pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-122);

(H) 1-Pentyl-3-(4-ethyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-210);

(I) 1-Pentyl-3-(4-chloro-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-398);

(J) 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM-2201).

(ii) Napthylmethylindoles, which are any compounds containing a
1H-indol-3-yl-(1-naphthyl)methane structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the
indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl,
1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further
substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl
ring to any extent. Examples of naphthylmethylindoles include, but are not limited to:

(A) 1-Pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl-(1-naphthyl)methane (JWH-175);

(B) 1-Pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl-(4-methyl-1-naphthyl)methane (JWH-184).

(iii) Naphthoylpyrroles, which are any compounds containing a 3-(1-naphthoyl)pyrrole
structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the pyrrole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl,
alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or
2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group whether or not further substituted in the pyrrole ring to any
extent, whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent. Examples of
naphthoylpyrroles include, but are not limited to,
(5-(2-fluorophenyl)-1-pentylpyrrol-3-yl)-naphthalen-1-ylmethanone (JWH-307).

(iv) Naphthylmethylindenes, which are any compounds containing a naphthylideneindene
structure with substitution at the 3-position of the indene ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl,
cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or
2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group whether or not further substituted in the indene ring to any
extent, whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent. Examples of
naphthylemethylindenes include, but are not limited to,
E-1-[1-(1-naphthalenylmethylene)-1H-inden-3-yl]pentane (JWH-176).

(v) Phenylacetylindoles, which are any compounds containing a 3-phenylacetylindole
structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl,
alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or
2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any
extent, whether or not substituted in the phenyl ring to any extent. Examples of
phenylacetylindoles include, but are not limited to:

(A) 1-(2-cyclohexylethyl)-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (RCS-8);

(B) 1-pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-250);

(C) 1-pentyl-3-(2-methylphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-251);

(D) 1-pentyl-3-(2-chlorophenylacetyl)indole (JWH-203).

(vi) Cyclohexylphenols, which are compounds containing a
2-(3-hydroxycyclohexyl)phenol structure with substitution at the 5-position of the phenolic
ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl,
1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group whether or not substituted
in the cyclohexyl ring to any extent. Examples of cyclohexylphenols include, but are not
limited to:

(A) 5-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (CP 47,497);

(B) 5-(1,1-dimethyloctyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol
(Cannabicyclohexanol or CP 47,497 C8 homologue);

(C) 5-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,2R)-5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydroxypropyl)cyclohexyl]
-phenol (CP 55,940).

(vii) Benzoylindoles, which are any compounds containing a 3-(benzoyl)indole structure
with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl,
cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or
2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any
extent and whether or not substituted in the phenyl ring to any extent. Examples of
benzoylindoles include, but are not limited to:

(A) 1-Pentyl-3-(4-methoxybenzoyl)indole (RCS-4);

(B) 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM-694);

(C) (4-methoxyphenyl-[2-methyl-1-(2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl)indol-3-yl]methanone (WIN
48,098 or Pravadoline).

(viii) Others specifically named:

(A) (6aR,10aR)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)
-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol (HU-210);

(B) (6aS,10aS)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)
-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol (Dexanabinol or HU-211);

(C) 2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-morpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]
-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl-1-naphthalenylmethanone (WIN 55,212-2);

(D) (1-pentylindol-3-yl)-(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (UR-144);

(E) (1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone
(XLR-11);

(F) 1-pentyl-N-tricyclo[3.3.1.13,7]dec-1-yl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide
(AKB-48(APINACA));

(G) N-((3s,5s,7s)-adamantan-1-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide
(5-Fluoro-AKB-48);

(H) 1-pentyl-8-quinolinyl ester-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid (PB-22);

(I) 8-quinolinyl ester-1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid (5-Fluoro PB-22);

(J) N-[(1S)-1-(aminocarbonyl)-2-methylpropyl]-1-pentyl-1H-indazole- 3-carboxamide
(AB-PINACA);

(K) N-[(1S)-1-(aminocarbonyl)-2-methylpropyl]-1-[(4-fluorophenyl)methyl]-
1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-FUBINACA);

(L) N-[(1S)-1-(aminocarbonyl)-2-methylpropyl]-1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-
indazole-3-carboxamide(AB-CHMINACA);

(M) (S)-methyl 2-(1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamido)-3- methylbutanoate
(5-fluoro-AMB);

(N) [1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazol-3-yl](naphthalen-1-yl) methanone (THJ-2201);

(O) (1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)(naphthalen-1-yl)methanone)
(FUBIMINA);

(P) (7-methoxy-1-(2-morpholinoethyl)-N-((1S,2S,4R)-1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo
[2.2.1]heptan-2-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide (MN-25 or UR-12);

(Q) (S)-N-(1-amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)
-1H-indole-3-carboxamide (5-fluoro-ABICA);

(R) N-(1-amino-3-phenyl-1-oxopropan-2-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)
-1H-indole-3-carboxamide;

(S) N-(1-amino-3-phenyl-1-oxopropan-2-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)
-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide;

(T) methyl 2-(1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamido) -3,3-dimethylbutanoate;

(U) N-(1-amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1(cyclohexylmethyl)-1
H-indazole-3-carboxamide (MAB-CHMINACA);

(V) N-(1-Amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxo-2-butanyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide
(ADB-PINACA);

(W) methyl (1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carbonyl)-L-valinate (FUB-AMB);

(X) N-[(1S)-2-amino-2-oxo-1-(phenylmethyl)ethyl]-1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-Indazole-
3-carboxamide. (APP-CHMINACA);

(Y) quinolin-8-yl 1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (FUB-PB-22); and

(Z) methyl N-[1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-indole-3-carbonyl]valinate (MMB-CHMICA).

(ix) Additional substances specifically named:

(A) 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-N-(2-phenylpropan-2-yl)-1
H-pyrrolo[2,3-B]pyridine-3-carboxamide (5F-CUMYL-P7AICA);

(B) 1-(4-cyanobutyl)-N-(2- phenylpropan-2-yl)-1 H-indazole-3-carboxamide
(4-CN-Cumyl-Butinaca);

(C) naphthalen-1-yl-1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1-H-indole-3-carboxylate (NM2201; CBL2201);

(D) N-(1-amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1
H-indazole-3-carboxamide (5F-ABPINACA);

(E) methyl-2-(1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamido)-3,3-dimethylbutanoate
(MDMB CHMICA);

(F) methyl 2-(1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamido)-3,3-dimethylbutanoate
(5F-ADB; 5F-MDMB-PINACA); and

(G) N-(1-amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(4-fluorobenzyl)
1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (ADB-FUBINACA).

(i) A controlled substance analog, to the extent that it is implicitly or explicitly intended
for human consumption.