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HF 3520

as introduced - 92nd Legislature (2021 - 2022) Posted on 02/24/2022 05:56pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to commerce; modifying minimum biofuel standard; making technical
changes; requiring reports; establishing exemptions; amending Minnesota Statutes
2020, section 239.791, subdivisions 1, 2b, 2c, 3, 7, 8, by adding subdivisions;
repealing Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 239.791, subdivision 2a.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 239.791, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Minimum biofuel deleted text begincontent requireddeleted text endnew text begin standardnew text end.

(a) Except as provided
in subdivisions 10 to deleted text begin14deleted text endnew text begin 18new text end, a person responsible for the product shall ensure that all gasoline
sold or offered for sale in Minnesota deleted text beginmust containdeleted text endnew text begin containsnew text end at least deleted text beginthe quantity of biofuel
required by clause (1) or (2), at the option of the person responsible for the product:
deleted text endnew text begin 15
percent conventional or advanced biofuel by volume.
new text end

deleted text begin (1) the greater of:
deleted text end

deleted text begin (i) 10.0 percent conventional biofuel by volume; or
deleted text end

deleted text begin (ii) the maximum percent ofdeleted text end deleted text beginconventional biofuel by volume authorized in a waiver
granted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency; or
deleted text end

deleted text begin (2) 10.0 percent of a biofuel, other than a conventional biofuel, by volume authorized
in a waiver granted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency or a biofuel
formulation registered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under United
States Code, title 42, section 7545.
deleted text end

(b) For purposes of enforcing the requirement deleted text beginofdeleted text endnew text begin undernew text end paragraph (a), deleted text beginclause (1), item
(i),
deleted text end a deleted text begingasoline/biofuel blend will be construed to bedeleted text endnew text begin gasoline and biofuel blend isnew text end in
compliance if the biofuel content, exclusive of denaturants and other permitted components,
comprises not less than deleted text begin9.2deleted text endnew text begin 13.8new text end percent by volume and not more than deleted text begin10.0deleted text endnew text begin 15new text end percent by
volume of the blend as determined by an appropriate United States Environmental Protection
Agency or American Society of Testing Materials standard method of analysis.

(c) deleted text beginThe aggregatedeleted text endnew text begin Of the totalnew text end amount of biofuel blended pursuant to this subdivision
deleted text begin may be any biofuel; howeverdeleted text endnew text begin each yearnew text end, conventional biofuel must comprise no less than
the portion specified on and after the specified dates:

(1)
July 1, 2013
90 percent
(2)
January 1, 2015
80 percent
(3)
January 1, 2017
70 percent
(4)
January 1, 2020
60 percent
(5)
January 1, 2025
no minimum

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 239.791, subdivision 2b, is amended to read:


Subd. 2b.

Limited liability waiver.

No motor fuel shall be deemed to be a defective
product by virtue of the fact that the motor fuel is formulated or blended pursuant to the
requirements of subdivision 1deleted text begin, paragraph (a), clause (1), item (ii),deleted text end under any theory of
liability except for simple or willful negligence or fraud. This subdivision does not preclude
an action for negligent, fraudulent, or willful acts. This subdivision does not affect a person
whose liability arises under chapter 115, water pollution control; 115A, waste management;
115B, environmental response and liability; 115C, leaking underground storage tanks; or
299J, pipeline safety; under public nuisance law for damage to the environment or the public
health; under any other environmental or public health law; or under any environmental or
public health ordinance or program of a municipality as defined in section 466.01.

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 239.791, subdivision 2c, is amended to read:


Subd. 2c.

deleted text beginFuel dispensing equipment; blends over ten percent ethanoldeleted text endnew text begin Fuel dispenser
labeling
new text end.

deleted text begin Notwithstanding any other law or rule, fuel dispensing equipment authorized to
dispense fuel under subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (1), is authorized to dispense fuel
under subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (2), or subdivision 1a.
deleted text end new text begin Equipment that dispenses
gasoline and biofuel blends under subdivision 1 must be labeled as provided under Code
of Federal Regulations, title 40, section 1090.1510.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 239.791, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Blending restriction.

When gasoline contains an oxygenate, a person responsible
for the product shall not blend the product with deleted text beginethanoldeleted text endnew text begin biofuelnew text end or with any other oxygenate
after it is transferred or otherwise removed from a refinery or terminal.

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 239.791, subdivision 7, is amended to read:


Subd. 7.

deleted text beginEthanoldeleted text endnew text begin Biofuelnew text end records; state audit.

The director shall audit the records of
registered deleted text beginethanoldeleted text endnew text begin biofuelnew text end blenders to ensure that each blender has met all requirements in
this chapter. Specific information or data relating to sales figures or to processes or methods
of production unique to the blender or that would tend to adversely affect the competitive
position of the blender must be only for the confidential use of the director, unless otherwise
specifically authorized by the registered blender.

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 239.791, subdivision 8, is amended to read:


Subd. 8.

Disclosurenew text begin; reportingnew text end.

(a) A refinery or terminal, shall provide, at the time
gasoline is sold or transferred from the refinery or terminal, a bill of lading or shipping
manifest to the person who receives the gasoline. For oxygenated gasoline, the bill of lading
or shipping manifest must include the identity and the volume percentage or gallons of
oxygenate included in the gasoline, and it must state: "This fuel contains an oxygenate. Do
not blend this fuel with ethanol or with any other oxygenate." For nonoxygenated gasoline
deleted text begin sold or transferred after September 30, 1997deleted text end, the bill or manifest must state: "This fuel is
not oxygenated. It must not be sold at retail in Minnesota." This subdivision does not apply
to sales or transfers of gasoline between refineries, between terminals, or between a refinery
and a terminal.

(b) A delivery ticket required under section 239.092 for biofuel blended with gasoline
must state the volume percentage of biofuel blended into gasoline delivered through a meter
into a storage tank used for dispensing by persons not exempt under subdivisions 10 to deleted text begin14deleted text endnew text begin
16
new text end.

new text begin (c) On or before the 23rd day of each month, a person responsible for the product must
report to the director, in the form prescribed by the director, the gross number of gallons of
intermediate blends sold at retail by the person during the preceding calendar month. The
report must identify the number of gallons by blend type. For purposes of this subdivision,
"intermediate blends" means blends of gasoline and biofuel in which the biofuel content,
exclusive of denaturants and other permitted components, is greater than ten percent and
no more than 50 percent by volume.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective July 1, 2022.
new text end

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 239.791, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 17. new text end

new text begin Exemption for vehicles not approved to use more than ten percent
biofuel.
new text end

new text begin As provided in waivers granted by the United States Environmental Protection
Agency under United States Code, title 42, section 7545, a person responsible for the product
who offers for sale or sells gasoline and biofuel blends at retail may provide one dispenser
that dispenses a gasoline and biofuel blend containing 9.2 to ten percent biofuel for use by
motorists who cannot lawfully use a gasoline and biofuel blend containing more than ten
percent biofuel. Dispensers that dispense the blend allowed under this subdivision must be
labeled "INTENDED FOR USE IN 2000 AND OLDER PASSENGER VEHICLES." The
label must be positioned to clearly identify the control to select the product. Labeling under
this subdivision is not required for the exemption under subdivision 18.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 239.791, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 18. new text end

new text begin Exemption for certain sellers with nonconforming equipment. new text end

new text begin (a) A person
responsible for the product who annually sells less than 500,000 gallons of petroleum
products in Minnesota may sell gasoline and biofuel blends containing 9.2 to ten percent
biofuel at locations that do not have equipment capable of lawfully storing and dispensing
the gasoline and ethanol blend required under subdivision 1.
new text end

new text begin (b) This subdivision expires July 1, 2027, or four years after this section takes effect,
whichever is later.
new text end

Sec. 9. new text beginREPEALER.
new text end

new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 239.791, subdivision 2a, new text end new text begin is repealed.
new text end

Sec. 10. new text beginEFFECTIVE DATE.
new text end

new text begin Sections 1 to 4 and 6 to 9 are effective July 1, 2023, or 180 days after the federal
government approves the year-round sale and use of gasoline and biofuel blends containing
15 percent biofuel by volume, whichever is later. The commissioner of commerce must
notify the revisor of statutes of the date when federal approval is received.
new text end

APPENDIX

Repealed Minnesota Statutes: 22-05676

239.791 OXYGENATED GASOLINE.

Subd. 2a.

Federal Clean Air Act waivers; conditions.

(a) Before a waiver granted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under United States Code, title 42, section 7545, may alter the minimum content level required by subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (1), item (ii), the waiver must:

(1) apply to all gasoline-powered motor vehicles irrespective of model year; and

(2) allow for special regulatory treatment of Reid vapor pressure under Code of Federal Regulations, title 40, section 80.27, paragraph (d), for blends of gasoline and ethanol up to the maximum percent of denatured ethanol by volume authorized under the waiver.

(b) The minimum biofuel requirement in subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (1), item (ii), shall, upon the grant of the federal waiver, be effective the day after the commissioner of commerce publishes notice in the State Register. In making this determination, the commissioner shall consider the amount of time required by refiners, retailers, pipeline and distribution terminal companies, and other fuel suppliers, acting expeditiously, to make the operational and logistical changes required to supply fuel in compliance with the minimum biofuel requirement.