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HF 2361

as introduced - 92nd Legislature (2021 - 2022) Posted on 03/22/2021 02:07pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to environment; establishing mattress recycling program; proposing coding
for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 115A.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [115A.143] MATTRESS RECYCLING.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin (a) For purposes of this section, the terms in this subdivision
have the meanings given.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Brand" means a name, symbol, word, or mark that attributes a mattress to the
producer of the mattress.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Covered entity" means a political subdivision of the state, mattress retailer, permitted
transfer station, waste-to-energy facility, health care facility, educational facility, military
base, or commercial or nonprofit lodging establishment that possesses a discarded mattress
that was used and discarded in this state. Covered entity does not include a renovator,
refurbisher, or person that only transports a discarded mattress.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Discarded mattress" means a mattress that a consumer discarded, intends to discard,
or abandoned in the state, but does not include a mattress that cannot be safely recycled
because it is contaminated by putrescible solid waste or is substantially soiled, is infested
with bedbugs, or poses a risk to worker health or equipment, which mattress should be
disposed of through the existing solid waste system.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Energy recovery" means the process by which all or a portion of solid waste materials
are processed or combusted to use the heat content or other forms of energy derived from
the solid waste materials.
new text end

new text begin (f) "Foundation" means any ticking-covered structure that is used to support a mattress
and that is composed of one or more of the following: a constructed frame, foam, or a box
spring, whether stationary, adjustable, or foldable. Foundation does not include any bed
frame or base made of wood, metal, or other material that rests upon the floor and that serves
as a brace for a mattress.
new text end

new text begin (g) "Mattress" means any resilient material or combination of materials that is enclosed
by ticking, used alone or in combination with other products, and that is intended or promoted
for sleeping upon. Mattress includes any foundation and any used or renovated mattress.
Mattress does not include any mattress pad; mattress topper; sleeping bag; pillow; car bed;
carriage; basket; dressing table; stroller; playpen; infant carrier; lounge pad; crib or bassinet
mattress; crib bumper; liquid or gaseous filled ticking, including any water bed and any air
mattress that does not contain upholstery material between the ticking and the mattress core;
or upholstered furniture, including a sleeper sofa.
new text end

new text begin (h) "Mattress core" means the principal support system that is present in a mattress,
including but not limited to springs, foam, air bladder, water bladder, or resilient filling.
new text end

new text begin (i) "Mattress recycling council" or "council" means the nonprofit organization created
by producers or created by any trade association that represents producers who account for
a majority of mattress production in the United States to design, submit, and implement the
mattress stewardship program described in subdivision 2.
new text end

new text begin (j) "Mattress stewardship fee" means the amount added to the purchase price of a mattress
sold to a consumer or to an ultimate end user in this state that is necessary to cover the cost
of collecting, transporting, and processing discarded mattresses by the council according
to the mattress stewardship program.
new text end

new text begin (k) "Mattress stewardship program" or "program" means the statewide program described
in subdivision 2 and implemented according to the mattress stewardship plan developed
under subdivision 2.
new text end

new text begin (l) "Mattress topper" means an item that contains resilient filling, with or without ticking,
that is intended to be used with or on top of a mattress.
new text end

new text begin (m) "Performance goal" means a metric proposed by the council to annually measure
the performance of the mattress stewardship program, taking into consideration technical
and economic feasibilities, in achieving continuous, meaningful improvement in the rate
of mattress recycling in the state and any other specified goal of the program.
new text end

new text begin (n) "Producer" means a person who manufactures or renovates a mattress that is sold,
offered for sale, or distributed in the state under the producer's own name or brand. Producer
includes:
new text end

new text begin (1) the owner of a trademark or brand under which a mattress is sold, offered for sale,
or distributed in this state, whether or not the trademark or brand is registered in this state;
and
new text end

new text begin (2) a person who imports a mattress into the United States that is sold or offered for sale
in this state and that is manufactured or renovated by a person who does not have a presence
in the United States.
new text end

new text begin (o) "Recycling" means a process in which discarded mattresses, components, and
by-products may lose their original identity or form as they are transformed into new, usable,
or marketable materials. Recycling does not include using destructive incineration.
new text end

new text begin (p) "Renovate" or "renovation" means altering a mattress for resale, including any one
or a combination of the following: replacing the ticking or filling, adding additional filling,
or replacing components with new or recycled materials. Renovate or renovation does not
include:
new text end

new text begin (1) stripping a mattress of its ticking or filling without adding new material;
new text end

new text begin (2) sanitizing or sterilizing a mattress without otherwise altering the mattress; or
new text end

new text begin (3) a renovator altering a mattress for a person who retains the altered mattress for
personal use, in accordance with chapter 325F.
new text end

new text begin (q) "Renovator" means a person who renovates discarded mattresses to resell the
mattresses to consumers.
new text end

new text begin (r) "Retailer" means a person who sells mattresses to a consumer or to an ultimate end
user in this state or offers mattresses to a consumer in this state.
new text end

new text begin (s) "Sale" means transfer of title of a mattress for consideration to a consumer or an
ultimate end user in the state, including but not limited to by means of a sales outlet, catalog,
website, or similar electronic means.
new text end

new text begin (t) "Sanitizing" means directly applying chemicals to a mattress to kill human
disease-causing pathogens.
new text end

new text begin (u) "Sterilizing" means mitigating deleterious substances or organisms, including human
disease-causing pathogens, fungi, and insects, from a mattress or filling material using a
chemical or heat process.
new text end

new text begin (v) "Ticking" means the outermost layer of fabric or material of a mattress. Ticking does
not include any layer of fabric or material quilted together with, or otherwise attached to,
the outermost layer of fabric or material of a mattress.
new text end

new text begin (w) "Upholstery material" means all material, loose or attached, between the ticking and
the core of a mattress.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Mattress recycling council; required plan. new text end

new text begin (a) Within 180 days after the
effective date of this section, each producer or the producer's designee must join the mattress
recycling council. Within 180 days after the effective date of this section, the council must
submit a plan for approval by the commissioner to establish a statewide mattress stewardship
program, as described in this paragraph. Retailers may participate in the council. The mattress
stewardship program must, to the extent technologically feasible and economically practical:
new text end

new text begin (1) provide for free, convenient, and accessible statewide opportunities for receiving
discarded mattresses from any person in the state with a discarded mattress that was used
and discarded in the state, including but not limited to participating covered entities that
accumulate and segregate a minimum of 100 discarded mattresses for collection at one time;
new text end

new text begin (2) provide for free collection of discarded mattresses from transfer stations that
accumulate and segregate fewer than 50 mattresses, provided the transfer stations require
the collection due to space or permit requirements;
new text end

new text begin (3) provide for council-financed end-of-life management for discarded mattresses
collected according to clauses (1) and (2);
new text end

new text begin (4) provide suitable storage containers at or make other mutually agreeable storage and
transport arrangements for permitted transfer stations for segregated, discarded mattresses,
at no cost to the municipality, provided the transfer station makes space available for the
purpose and imposes no fee for placement of the storage container on the transfer station's
premises;
new text end

new text begin (5) provide that the council will conduct research as needed related to improving used
mattress collection, dismantling, and recycling operations, including pilot programs to test
new processes, methods, or equipment on a local, regional, or otherwise limited basis; and
new text end

new text begin (6) include a mattress stewardship fee that is sufficient to cover the costs of operating
and administering the program.
new text end

new text begin (b) The plan submitted according to paragraph (a) must:
new text end

new text begin (1) identify each producer participating in the program;
new text end

new text begin (2) describe the fee structure for the program;
new text end

new text begin (3) establish performance goals for the first two years of the program;
new text end

new text begin (4) identify proposed facilities to be used by the program;
new text end

new text begin (5) set convenience goals and a timeline for implementing and achieving convenient
access to the program;
new text end

new text begin (6) detail how the program will promote recycling discarded mattresses consistent with
the state's solid waste management hierarchy; and
new text end

new text begin (7) include a description of public education regarding the program.
new text end

new text begin (c) The council must set the amount of the mattress stewardship fee that is added to the
purchase price of a mattress at the point of sale. The council must establish and implement
a fee structure that covers but does not exceed the costs of developing the plan described
in paragraph (b), operating and administering the program described in paragraph (a), and
maintaining a financial reserve sufficient to operate the program over multiple years in a
fiscally prudent and responsible manner. The council must set the fee as a flat rate and not
as a percentage of the purchase price. The council must maintain all records relating to the
program for not less than three years.
new text end

new text begin (d) Under the program, recycling is preferred over any other disposal method for
mattresses, to the extent that recycling is technologically feasible and economically practical.
new text end

new text begin (e) The commissioner must approve the plan for establishing the mattress stewardship
program if the plan meets the requirements of paragraphs (a) to (d). No later than 90 days
after the council submits the plan according to this section, the commissioner must make a
determination whether to approve the plan. Before making the determination, the
commissioner must post the plan on the agency's website and solicit public comments on
the plan. If the commissioner disapproves the plan because the plan does not meet the
requirements of paragraphs (a) to (d), the commissioner must describe the reasons for the
disapproval in a notice of determination that the commissioner provides to the council. The
council must revise and resubmit the plan to the commissioner no later than 45 days after
receiving notice of the commissioner's disapproval. No later than 45 days after receiving
the revised plan, the commissioner must review and approve or disapprove the revised plan
and provide a notice of determination to the council. The council may resubmit a revised
plan to the commissioner for approval no more than twice. If the council fails to submit a
plan that is acceptable to the commissioner because it does not meet the requirements of
paragraphs (a) to (d), the commissioner must modify a submitted plan to make it conform
to the requirements of paragraphs (a) to (d) and approve it. No later than 180 days after
approval of a plan according to this paragraph, the council must implement the mattress
stewardship program. Regardless of when the program begins, the program's fiscal year
begins January 1.
new text end

new text begin (f) The council must submit any proposed substantial change to the program to the
commissioner for approval. If the commissioner does not disapprove a proposed substantial
change within 90 days of receiving notice of the proposed substantial change, the proposed
substantial change is deemed approved. For purposes of this paragraph, "substantial change"
means:
new text end

new text begin (1) a change in the processing facilities to be used for discarded mattresses collected
under the program; or
new text end

new text begin (2) a material change to the system for collecting mattresses.
new text end

new text begin (g) Within 90 days after the end of the program's second fiscal year, the council must
submit updated performance goals to the commissioner that are based on the experience of
the program during the first two years of the program.
new text end

new text begin (h) The council must notify the commissioner of other material changes to the program
on an ongoing basis, without resubmitting the plan to the commissioner for approval. Material
changes include but are not limited to a change in the composition, officers, or contact
information of the council.
new text end

new text begin (i) Within 90 days after the end of the program's second fiscal year and every two years
thereafter, the council must propose a mattress stewardship fee for all mattresses sold in
this state. The council may propose a change to the mattress stewardship fee more frequently
than once every two years if the council determines the change is needed to avoid funding
shortfalls or excesses for the mattress stewardship program. Any proposed mattress
stewardship fee must be reviewed by an auditor to ensure that the assessment does not
exceed the cost to fund the mattress stewardship program described in paragraph (a) and to
maintain financial reserves sufficient to operate the program over multiple years in a fiscally
prudent and responsible manner. Not later than 60 days after the council proposes a mattress
stewardship fee, the auditor must render an opinion to the commissioner as to whether the
proposed mattress stewardship fee is reasonable to achieve the goals set forth in this section.
If the auditor concludes that the mattress stewardship fee is reasonable, then the proposed
fee goes into effect. If the auditor concludes that the mattress stewardship fee is not
reasonable, the auditor must provide the council with written notice explaining the auditor's
opinion. No later than 60 days after the council receives the auditor's opinion, the council
may either propose a new mattress stewardship fee or provide written comments on the
auditor's opinion. If the auditor concludes that the fee is not reasonable, the commissioner
must decide, based on the auditor's opinion and any comments provided by the council,
whether to approve the proposed mattress stewardship fee. The council must select the
auditor. The cost of any work performed by the auditor under this paragraph and paragraph
(k) must be paid by the mattress stewardship fee.
new text end

new text begin (j) Not later than October 15 each year, the council must submit an annual report to the
commissioner for the most recently completed fiscal year. The commissioner must post the
annual report on the agency's website. The report must include:
new text end

new text begin (1) the tonnage of mattresses collected under the program from:
new text end

new text begin (i) transfer stations;
new text end

new text begin (ii) retailers; and
new text end

new text begin (iii) all other covered entities;
new text end

new text begin (2) the tonnage of mattresses diverted for recycling;
new text end

new text begin (3) the weight of mattress materials recycled, as indicated by the weight of each of the
commodities sold to secondary markets;
new text end

new text begin (4) the weight of mattress materials sent for disposal at:
new text end

new text begin (i) waste-to-energy facilities;
new text end

new text begin (ii) landfills; and
new text end

new text begin (iii) any other facilities;
new text end

new text begin (5) a summary of the public education that supports the program;
new text end

new text begin (6) an evaluation of the effectiveness of methods and processes used to achieve
performance goals of the program; and
new text end

new text begin (7) recommendations for any changes to the program.
new text end

new text begin (k) Two years after the program is implemented according to paragraph (e) and every
three years thereafter or upon the request of the commissioner, but not more frequently than
once a year, the council must cause an audit of the program to be conducted by an auditor
as described in paragraph (i). The audit must review the accuracy of the council's data
concerning the program and provide any other information requested by the commissioner,
consistent with the requirements of this section, provided the request does not require the
disclosure of proprietary information or trade or business secrets. The council must pay for
the audit. The council must maintain all records relating to the program for at least three
years.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Charging fee; producer participation. new text end

new text begin Upon implementation of the mattress
stewardship program, each manufacturer, renovator, retailer, or distributor that sells a
mattress to a consumer or to an ultimate end user in the state must add the mattress
stewardship fee to the purchase price for the mattress and must remit the fee collected to
the council. In each transaction, the fee must appear on the invoice and must be accompanied
by a brief description of the fee. The council must determine the rules and procedures
necessary to implement collection of the fee in a fair, efficient, and lawful manner. Any
producer who fails to participate in the program must not sell mattresses in this state.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Receipt of discarded mattresses. new text end

new text begin Upon implementation of the mattress
stewardship program according to subdivision 2, paragraph (e), a covered entity that
participates in the program must not charge for the receipt of discarded mattresses that are
discarded in this state, except that covered entities may charge a fee for providing the service
of collecting mattresses and may restrict the acceptance of mattresses by number, source,
or physical condition.
new text end