Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

HF 1501

as introduced - 90th Legislature (2017 - 2018) Posted on 03/03/2017 08:49am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

Line numbers 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26
2.27
2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29
3.30

A bill for an act
relating to education; clarifying speech and press rights of student journalists in
grades 7 through 12 and in postsecondary institutions; proposing coding for new
law in Minnesota Statutes, chapters 121A; 135A.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [121A.80] STUDENT PUBLICATIONS; STUDENT EXPRESSION.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin (a) For purposes of this section, the terms defined in this
subdivision have the meanings given them.
new text end

new text begin (b) "School-sponsored media" means any material:
new text end

new text begin (1) prepared, wholly or substantially written, published, broadcast, or otherwise
disseminated by a student journalist enrolled in a public school, including a charter school;
new text end

new text begin (2) distributed or generally made available to students in the school; and
new text end

new text begin (3) prepared by the student journalist under the supervision of a student media adviser.
new text end

new text begin School-sponsored media does not include any media prepared solely for distribution or
transmission in the classroom in which the media is produced.
new text end

new text begin (c) "School official" means a school principal under section 123B.147 or other licensed
professional who participates in supporting, supervising, or administering the education
program of a school building.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Student journalist" means a public school student in grades 7 through 12 who gathers,
compiles, writes, edits, photographs, records, or otherwise prepares information for
dissemination in school-sponsored media.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Student media adviser" means a person whom a school district employs, appoints,
or designates to supervise student journalists preparing school-sponsored media.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Student journalists; rights to freedom of speech and freedom of the press.
new text end

new text begin Except as provided in subdivision 3 and subdivision 4, paragraph (b), a student journalist
has the right to exercise freedom of speech and freedom of the press in school-sponsored
media, regardless of whether the school-sponsored media receives financial support from
the school or district, uses school equipment or facilities in its production, or is produced
in relationship to a class or course in which the student journalist is enrolled. Consistent
with subdivision 3 and subdivision 4, paragraph (b), a student journalist who works on
school-sponsored media has the right to determine the news, opinion, feature, and advertising
content of the school-sponsored media. This subdivision does not prevent a student media
adviser from teaching professional standards of English and journalism to student journalists.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Unprotected expression. new text end

new text begin (a) This section does not authorize or protect student
expression that is libelous or slanderous; constitutes an unwarranted invasion of privacy;
violates federal or state law; or, in a school official's professional judgment, so incites
students as to:
new text end

new text begin (1) create a clear and present danger of the commission of unlawful acts on school
premises or the violation of lawful school policies or rules; or
new text end

new text begin (2) cause a material and substantial disruption of school activities.
new text end

new text begin (b) A school or district may not authorize any prior restraint of any school-sponsored
media except under paragraph (a) or subdivision 4, paragraph (b).
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Student journalist policy. new text end

new text begin (a) Each school district and charter school must
adopt and post a student journalist policy consistent with this section. The policy must
include reasonable provisions for the time, place, and manner of student expression.
new text end

new text begin (b) The policy may limit student expression that, in a school official's professional
judgment, is profane, harassing, threatening, or intimidating.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.
new text end

Sec. 2.

new text begin [135A.159] STUDENT JOURNALISTS; FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin (a) For purposes of this section, the terms defined in this
subdivision have the meanings given them.
new text end

new text begin (b) "School-sponsored media" means any material that is:
new text end

new text begin (1) prepared, substantially written, published, or broadcast by a student journalist at an
institution under the supervision of the Office of Higher Education;
new text end

new text begin (2) distributed or generally made available to members of the student body; and
new text end

new text begin (3) prepared under the direction of a student media adviser.
new text end

new text begin School-sponsored media does not include any media intended for distribution or transmission
solely in the classroom in which the media is produced.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Student journalist" means a student of an institution under the supervision of the
state board of higher education who gathers, compiles, writes, edits, photographs, records,
or prepares information for dissemination in school-sponsored media.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Student media adviser" means an individual employed, appointed, or designated
by an institution under the supervision of the state board of higher education to supervise
or provide instruction relating to school-sponsored media.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Student journalists; rights to freedom of speech and freedom of the press.
new text end

new text begin Except as provided in subdivision 3, a student journalist has the right to exercise freedom
of speech and of the press in school-sponsored media, regardless of whether the media is
supported financially by the institution or by use of facilities of the institution or produced
in conjunction with a class in which the student is enrolled. Subject to subdivision 3, a
student journalist is responsible for determining the news, opinion, feature, and advertising
content of school-sponsored media. This subdivision may not be construed to prevent a
student media adviser from teaching professional standards of English and journalism to
student journalists.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Unprotected expression. new text end

new text begin (a) This section does not authorize or protect student
expression that is libelous or slanderous; constitutes an unwarranted invasion of privacy;
violates federal or state law; or so incites students as to:
new text end

new text begin (1) create a clear and present danger of the commission of an unlawful act or the violation
of institutional or Office of Higher Education policies; or
new text end

new text begin (2) cause the material and substantial disruption of the orderly operation of the institution.
new text end

new text begin (b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the prior restraint of
school-sponsored media.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.
new text end