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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

HF 331

2nd Engrossment - 91st Legislature (2019 - 2020) Posted on 03/27/2019 01:15pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - 2nd Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to health; adding charter schools to the prohibition of tobacco in schools;
increasing the tobacco sale age; increasing administrative penalties; adding a
provision to municipal license of tobacco; allowing alternative penalties;amending
Minnesota Statutes 2018, sections 144.4165; 144.4167, subdivision 4; 171.171;
461.12, subdivisions 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8; 461.18; 609.685; 609.6855; proposing coding
for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 461.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 144.4165, is amended to read:


144.4165 TOBACCO PRODUCTS PROHIBITED IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

No person shall at any time smoke, chew, or otherwise ingest tobacco deleted text beginor a tobacco
product
deleted text end, or inhale or exhale new text beginaerosol or new text endvapor from an electronic delivery device as defined
in section 609.685, subdivision 1, in a public school, as defined in section 120A.05,
subdivisions 9, 11, and 13
, deleted text beginand no person under the age of 18 shall possess any of these
items
deleted text endnew text begin or in a charter school governed by chapter 124Enew text end. This prohibition extends to all
facilities, whether owned, rented, or leased, and all vehicles that a school district owns,
leases, rents, contracts for, or controls. Nothing in this section shall prohibit the lighting of
tobacco by an adult as a part of a traditional Indian spiritual or cultural ceremony. For
purposes of this section, an Indian is a person who is a member of an Indian tribe as defined
in section 260.755new text begin,new text end subdivision 12.

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 144.4167, subdivision 4, is amended to read:


Subd. 4.

Tobacco products shop.

Sections 144.414 to 144.417 do not prohibit the
lightingnew text begin, heating, or activationnew text end of tobacco in a tobacco products shop by a customer or
potential customer for the specific purpose of sampling tobacco products. For the purposes
of this subdivision, a tobacco products shop is a retail establishment deleted text beginwithdeleted text endnew text begin that cannot be
entered at any time by persons younger than 21 years of age, that has
new text end an entrance door
opening directly to the outsidenew text begin, and new text endthat derives more than 90 percent of its gross revenue
from the sale of deleted text beginloosedeleted text end tobacco, deleted text beginplants, or herbs and cigars, cigarettes, pipes, and other
smoking devices for burning tobacco and related smoking accessories
deleted text endnew text begin tobacco-related
devices, and electronic delivery devices, as defined in section 609.685,
new text end and in which the
sale of other products is merely incidental. "Tobacco products shop" does not include a
tobacco department or section of any individual business establishment with any type of
liquor, food, or restaurant license.

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 171.171, is amended to read:


171.171 SUSPENSION; ILLEGAL PURCHASE OF ALCOHOL OR TOBACCO.

The commissioner shall suspend for a period of 90 days the license of a person who:

(1) is under the age of 21 years and is convicted of purchasing or attempting to purchase
an alcoholic beverage in violation of section 340A.503 if the person used a license, Minnesota
identification card, or any type of false identification to purchase or attempt to purchase the
alcoholic beverage;

(2) is convicted under section 171.22, subdivision 1, clause (2), or 340A.503, subdivision
2
, clause (3), of lending or knowingly permitting a person under the age of 21 years to use
the person's license, Minnesota identification card, or other type of identification to purchase
or attempt to purchase an alcoholic beverage;new text begin or
new text end

deleted text begin (3) is under the age of 18 years and is found by a court to have committed a petty
misdemeanor under section 609.685, subdivision 3, if the person used a license, Minnesota
identification card, or any type of false identification to purchase or attempt to purchase the
tobacco product; or
deleted text end

deleted text begin (4)deleted text endnew text begin (3)new text end is convicted under section 171.22, subdivision 1, clause (2), of lending or
knowingly permitting a person under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end years to use the person's license,
Minnesota identification card, or other type of identification to purchase or attempt to
purchase deleted text begina tobacco productdeleted text endnew text begin tobacco, a tobacco-related device, an electronic delivery device,
as defined in section 609.685, subdivision 1; or a nicotine or lobelia delivery product, as
described in section 609.6855, subdivision 1
new text end.

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 461.12, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Administrative penaltiesnew text begin for sales and furnishingnew text end; licensees.

If a licensee or
employee of a licensee sellsnew text begin, gives, or otherwise furnishesnew text end tobacco, tobacco-related devices,
electronic delivery devices, or nicotine or lobelia delivery products to a person under the
age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end years, or violates any other provision of this chapter, the licensee shall be
charged an administrative penalty of deleted text begin$75deleted text endnew text begin $300 for the first violationnew text end. An administrative
penalty of deleted text begin$200deleted text endnew text begin $600new text end must be imposed for a second violation at the same location within
deleted text begin 24deleted text endnew text begin 36new text end months after the initial violation. For a third new text beginor any subsequent new text endviolation at the same
location within deleted text begin24deleted text endnew text begin 36new text end months after the initial violation, an administrative penalty of deleted text begin$250deleted text endnew text begin
$1,000
new text end must be imposed, and the licensee's authority to sell tobacco, tobacco-related devices,
electronic delivery devices, or nicotine or lobelia delivery products at that location must be
suspended for not less than seven daysnew text begin and may be revokednew text end. No suspensionnew text begin, revocation,new text end or
new text begin other new text endpenalty may take effect until the licensee has received notice, served personally or by
mail, of the alleged violation and an opportunity for a hearing before a person authorized
by the licensing authority to conduct the hearing. A decision that a violation has occurred
must be in writing.

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 461.12, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Administrative penaltynew text begin for sales and furnishingnew text end; individuals.

An individual
who sellsnew text begin, gives, or otherwise furnishesnew text end tobacco, tobacco-related devices, electronic delivery
devices, or nicotine or lobelia delivery products to a person under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end years
deleted text begin mustdeleted text endnew text begin maynew text end be charged an administrative penalty of $50. No penalty may be imposed until
the individual has received notice, served personally or by mail, of the alleged violation
and an opportunity for a hearing before a person authorized by the licensing authority to
conduct the hearing. A decision that a violation has occurred must be in writing.

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 461.12, subdivision 4, is amended to read:


Subd. 4.

deleted text beginMinorsdeleted text endnew text begin Alternative penalties for use of false identification; persons under
age 21
new text end.

The licensing authority shall consult with interested new text beginpersons, as applicable, including
but not limited to
new text endeducators, parents, deleted text beginchildrendeleted text endnew text begin guardians, persons under the age of 21 yearsnew text end,
and representatives of the court system to develop alternative penalties for deleted text beginminorsdeleted text endnew text begin persons
under the age of 21 years
new text end who purchase, deleted text beginpossess, and consumedeleted text endnew text begin or attempt to purchase,new text end
tobacco, tobacco-related devices, electronic delivery devices, or nicotine or lobelia delivery
productsnew text begin using a driver's license, permit, Minnesota identification card, or any other type
of false identification to misrepresent the person's age, in violation of section 609.685 or
609.6855
new text end. The licensing authority and the interested persons shall consider a variety of
new text begin alternative civil new text enddeleted text beginoptionsdeleted text end new text beginpenaltiesnew text end, including, but not limited to, deleted text begintobacco freedeleted text endnew text begin tobacco-freenew text end
educationnew text begin; tobacco-cessationnew text end programsdeleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin;new text end notice to schoolsdeleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin andnew text end parents, new text beginor guardians;
new text end community servicedeleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin;new text end and deleted text beginotherdeleted text end court diversion programs. new text beginAlternative civil penalties developed
under this subdivision shall not include fines or monetary penalties.
new text end

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 461.12, subdivision 5, is amended to read:


Subd. 5.

Compliance checks.

new text begin(a) new text endA licensing authority shall conduct unannounced
compliance checks at least once each calendar year at each location where tobacco,
tobacco-related devices, electronic delivery devices, or nicotine or lobelia delivery products
are sold to test compliance with sections 609.685 and 609.6855. Compliance checks
new text begin conducted under this subdivisionnew text end must involve deleted text beginminorsdeleted text endnew text begin personsnew text end deleted text beginover the age of 15deleted text endnew text begin at least
17 years of age
new text end, but under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end, who, with the prior written consent of a parent
or guardiannew text begin if the person is under the age of 18new text end, attempt to purchase tobacco, tobacco-related
devices, electronic delivery devices, or nicotine or lobelia delivery products under the direct
supervision of a law enforcement officer or an employee of the licensing authority. new text beginThe age
requirements for persons participating in compliance checks under this subdivision shall
not affect the age requirements in federal law for persons participating in federally required
compliance checks of these locations.
new text end

new text begin (b) By January 15 of each year, a licensing authority must report the following
information to the commissioner of human services:
new text end

new text begin (1) the total number of current licensees overseen by the licensing authority and the total
number of compliance checks performed by the licensing authority in the preceding calendar
year as required under paragraph (a); and
new text end

new text begin (2) the following information for each violation found in a retail compliance check
required under paragraph (a) that was performed by the licensing authority in the preceding
calendar year:
new text end

new text begin (i) the name of the licensing authority;
new text end

new text begin (ii) the date of the compliance check at which the violations were found;
new text end

new text begin (iii) the name and physical address of the licensee; and
new text end

new text begin (iv) the number of violations of sections 609.685 and 609.6855 by that licensee in the
past 36 months.
new text end

new text begin The licensing authority may also report to the commissioner, a list of the products purchased
during the compliance check and the penalty assessed on the licensee by the licensing
authority. The commissioner shall compile all reports received from licensing authorities,
make publicly available the information reported to the commissioner under this paragraph
for the most recent five-year period, make publicly available the most recent list of licensees
provided to the commissioner under subdivision 8, paragraph (b), and update the publicly
available information at least annually.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 461.12, subdivision 6, is amended to read:


Subd. 6.

Defense.

It is an affirmative defense to the charge of selling tobacco,
tobacco-related devices, electronic delivery devices, or nicotine or lobelia delivery products
to a person under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end years in violation of subdivision 2 or 3 that the licensee
or individual making the sale relied in good faith upon proof of age as described in section
340A.503, subdivision 6.

Sec. 9.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 461.12, subdivision 8, is amended to read:


Subd. 8.

Notice to commissionernew text begin; information shared with commissioner of human
services
new text end.

new text begin(a) new text endThe licensing authority under this section shall, within 30 days of the issuance
of a license, inform the commissioner of revenue of the licensee's name, address, trade
name, and the effective and expiration dates of the license. The commissioner of revenue
must also be informed of a license renewal, transfer, cancellation, suspension, or revocation
during the license period.

new text begin (b) The commissioner of revenue shall, by January 15 of each year, provide the
commissioner of human services with a list of current licensees and shall provide the
following information for each licensee: name, address, trade name, and effective date and
expiration date of the license.
new text end

Sec. 10.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 461.18, is amended to read:


461.18 BAN ON SELF-SERVICE deleted text beginSALE OF PACKSdeleted text endnew text begin SALESnew text end; EXCEPTIONS.

Subdivision 1.

Except in deleted text beginadult-onlydeleted text end facilitiesnew text begin for persons 21 years of age and oldernew text end.

(a)
No person shall offer for sale tobacco or tobacco-related devices, or electronic delivery
devices as defined in section 609.685, subdivision 1, or nicotine or lobelia delivery products
as described in section 609.6855, in open displays which are accessible to the public without
the intervention of a store employee.

deleted text begin (b) [Expired August 28, 1997]
deleted text end

deleted text begin (c) [Expired]
deleted text end

deleted text begin (d)deleted text endnew text begin (b)new text end This subdivision shall not apply to retail stores deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin that have an entrance door
opening directly to the outside and that
new text end derive at least 90 percent of their new text begingross new text endrevenue from
new text begin the sale ofnew text end tobacco deleted text beginanddeleted text endnew text begin,new text end tobacco-related devicesnew text begin, and electronic delivery devices as defined
in section 609.685, subdivision 1,
new text end and where the retailer ensures that no person deleted text beginyounger
than 18 years of age
deleted text endnew text begin under the age of 21 years new text endis present, or permitted to enter, at any time.

Subd. 2.

Vending machine sales prohibited.

No person shall sell tobacco products,
electronic delivery devices, or nicotine or lobelia delivery products from vending machines.
This subdivision does not apply to vending machines in facilities that cannot be entered at
any time by persons deleted text beginyounger than 18deleted text endnew text begin under the age of 21new text end years deleted text beginof agedeleted text end.

Subd. 3.

Federal regulations for cartons, multipacks.

Code of Federal Regulations,
title 21, part deleted text begin897.16(c)deleted text endnew text begin 1140.16(c)new text end, new text beginas amended from time to time, new text endis incorporated by reference
with respect to cartons and other multipack units.

Sec. 11.

new text begin [461.22] AGE VERIFICATION AND SIGNAGE REQUIRED.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Signage. new text end

new text begin At each location where tobacco, tobacco-related devices,
electronic delivery devices, or nicotine or lobelia delivery products are sold, the licensee
shall display a sign in plain view to provide public notice that selling any of these products
to any person under the age of 21 is illegal and subject to penalties. The notice shall be
placed in a conspicuous location in the licensed establishment and shall be readily visible
to any person who is purchasing or attempting to purchase these products. The sign shall
provide notice that all persons responsible for selling these products must verify, by means
of photographic identification containing the bearer's date of birth, the age of any person
under 30 years of age.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Age verification. new text end

new text begin At each location where tobacco, tobacco-related devices,
electronic delivery devices, or nicotine or lobelia delivery products are sold, the licensee
shall verify, by means of government-issued photographic identification containing the
bearer's date of birth, that the purchaser or person attempting to make the purchase is at
least 21 years of age. Verification is not required if the purchaser or person attempting to
make the purchase is 30 years of age or older. It shall not constitute a defense to a violation
of this subdivision that the person appeared to be 30 years of age or older.
new text end

Sec. 12.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 609.685, is amended to read:


609.685 SALE OF TOBACCO TO deleted text beginCHILDRENdeleted text endnew text begin PERSONS UNDER AGE 21new text end.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall
have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section.

(a) "Tobacco" means cigarettes and any product containing, made, or derived from
tobacco that is intended for human consumption, whether chewed, smoked, absorbed,
dissolved, inhaled, snorted, sniffed, or ingested by any other means, or any component,
part, or accessory of a tobacco product including but not limited to cigars; cheroots; stogies;
perique; granulated, plug cut, crimp cut, ready rubbed, and other smoking tobacco; snuff;
snuff flour; cavendish; plug and twist tobacco; fine cut and other chewing tobaccos; shorts;
refuse scraps, clippings, cuttings and sweepings of tobacco; and other kinds and forms of
tobacco. Tobacco excludes any deleted text begintobacco product that has been approved by the United States
deleted text enddeleted text begin Food and Drug Administration for sale as a tobacco-cessation product, as a
deleted text enddeleted text begin tobacco-dependence product, or for other medical purposes, and is being marketed and sold
deleted text enddeleted text begin solely for such an approved purpose.deleted text end new text begindrugs, devices, or combination products, as those terms
are defined in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, that are authorized for sale by the
United States Food and Drug Administration.
new text end

(b) "Tobacco-related devices" means cigarette papers or pipes for smoking or other
devices intentionally designed or intended to be used in a manner which enables the chewing,
sniffing, smoking, or inhalation of deleted text beginvaporsdeleted text end new text beginaerosol or vapor new text endof tobacco or tobacco products.
Tobacco-related devices include components of tobacco-related devices which may be
marketed or sold separately.

(c) "Electronic delivery device" means any product containing or delivering nicotine,
lobelia, or any other substancenew text begin, whether natural or synthetic,new text end intended for human consumption
deleted text begin that can be used by a person to simulate smoking in the delivery of nicotine or any other
substance
deleted text end through inhalation of new text beginaerosol or new text endvapor from the product. new text beginElectronic delivery
devices includes but is not limited to devices manufactured, marketed, or sold as electronic
cigarettes, electronic cigars, electronic pipe, vape pens, modes, tank systems, or under any
other product name or descriptor.
new text endElectronic delivery device includes any component part
of a product, whether or not marketed or sold separately. Electronic delivery device deleted text begindoesdeleted text end
deleted text begin not include any product that has been approved or certified by the United States Food and
deleted text enddeleted text begin Drug Administration for sale as a tobacco-cessation product, as a tobacco-dependence
deleted text enddeleted text begin product, or for other medical purposes, and is marketed and sold for such an approved
deleted text enddeleted text begin purpose.deleted text end new text beginexcludes drugs, devices, or combination products, as those terms are defined in
the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, that are authorized for sale by the United States
Food and Drug Administration.
new text end

Subd. 1a.

Penalty to sellnew text begin or furnishnew text end.

(a) deleted text beginWhoeverdeleted text end new text beginAny person 21 years of age or older
who
new text endsellsnew text begin, gives, or otherwise furnishesnew text end tobacco, tobacco-related devices, or electronic
delivery devices to a person under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end years is guilty of a new text beginpetty new text endmisdemeanor
for the first violation. Whoever violates this subdivision a subsequent time within five years
of a previous conviction under this subdivision is guilty of a deleted text begingrossdeleted text end misdemeanor.

(b) It is an affirmative defense to a charge under this subdivision if the defendant proves
by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant reasonably and in good faith relied
on proof of age as described in section 340A.503, subdivision 6.

Subd. 2.

deleted text beginOther offensesdeleted text endnew text begin Use of false identificationnew text end.

deleted text begin (a) Whoever furnishes tobacco,
tobacco-related devices, or electronic delivery devices to a person under the age of 18 years
is guilty of a misdemeanor for the first violation. Whoever violates this paragraph a
subsequent time is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
deleted text end

deleted text begin (b)deleted text end A person under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end years who purchases or attempts to purchase tobacco,
tobacco-related devices, or electronic delivery devices and who uses a driver's license,
permit, Minnesota identification card, or any type of false identification to misrepresent the
person's age, deleted text beginis guilty of a misdemeanordeleted text endnew text begin shall only be subject to an alternative civil penalty,
in accordance with subdivision 2a
new text end.

new text begin Subd. 2a. new text end

new text begin Alternative penalties. new text end

new text begin Law enforcement and court system representatives
shall consult, as applicable, with interested persons, including but not limited to parents,
guardians, educators, and persons under the age of 21 years, to develop alternative civil
penalties for persons under the age of 21 years who violate this section. Consulting
participants shall consider a variety of alternative civil penalties including but not limited
to tobacco-free education programs, community service, court diversion programs, and
tobacco cessation programs, and for persons under the age of 18 years, notice to schools
and to parents or guardians. Alternative civil penalties developed under this subdivision
shall not include fines or monetary penalties.
new text end

deleted text begin Subd. 3. deleted text end

deleted text begin Petty misdemeanor. deleted text end

deleted text begin Except as otherwise provided in subdivision 2, whoever
possesses, smokes, chews, or otherwise ingests, purchases, or attempts to purchase tobacco,
tobacco-related devices, or electronic delivery devices and is under the age of 18 years is
guilty of a petty misdemeanor.
deleted text end

Subd. 4.

Effect on local ordinances.

Nothing in subdivisions 1 to deleted text begin3deleted text endnew text begin 2anew text end shall supersede
or preclude the continuation or adoption of any local ordinance which provides for more
stringent regulation of the subject matter in subdivisions 1 to deleted text begin3deleted text endnew text begin 2anew text end.

Subd. 5.

Exceptions.

(a) Notwithstanding subdivision deleted text begin2deleted text endnew text begin 1anew text end, an Indian may furnish
tobacco to an Indian under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end years if the tobacco is furnished as part of a
traditional Indian spiritual or cultural ceremony. For purposes of this paragraph, an Indian
is a person who is a member of an Indian tribe as defined in section 260.755, subdivision
12
.

(b) The penalties in this section do not apply to a person under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end years
who purchases or attempts to purchase tobacco, tobacco-related devices, or electronic
delivery devices while under the direct supervision of a responsible adult for training,
education, research, or enforcement purposes.

Subd. 6.

Seizure of false identification.

A deleted text beginretailerdeleted text endnew text begin licenseenew text end may seize a form of
identification listed in section 340A.503, subdivision 6, if the deleted text beginretailerdeleted text endnew text begin licenseenew text end has reasonable
grounds to believe that the form of identification has been altered or falsified or is being
used to violate any law. A deleted text beginretailerdeleted text endnew text begin licenseenew text end that seizes a form of identification as authorized
under this subdivision shall deliver it to a law enforcement agency within 24 hours of seizing
it.

Sec. 13.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 609.6855, is amended to read:


609.6855 SALE OF NICOTINE DELIVERY PRODUCTS TO deleted text beginCHILDRENdeleted text endnew text begin
PERSONS UNDER AGE 21
new text end.

Subdivision 1.

Penalty to sellnew text begin or furnishnew text end.

(a) deleted text beginWhoeverdeleted text end new text beginAny person 21 years of age or
older who
new text endsellsnew text begin, gives, or otherwise furnishesnew text end to a person under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end years a
product containing or delivering nicotine or lobelianew text begin, whether natural or synthetic,new text end intended
for human consumption, or any part of such a product, that is not tobacco or an electronic
delivery device as defined by section 609.685, is guilty of a new text beginpetty new text endmisdemeanor for the first
violation. Whoever violates this subdivision a subsequent time within five years of a previous
conviction under this subdivision is guilty of a deleted text begingrossdeleted text end misdemeanor.

(b) It is an affirmative defense to a charge under this subdivision if the defendant proves
by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant reasonably and in good faith relied
on proof of age as described in section 340A.503, subdivision 6.

(c) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), a product containing or delivering nicotine or lobelia
intended for human consumption, new text beginwhether natural or synthetic, new text endor any part of such a product,
that is not tobacco or an electronic delivery device as defined by section 609.685, may be
sold to persons under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end if the product deleted text beginhas been approved or otherwise certified
for legal sale by the United States Food and Drug Administration for tobacco use cessation,
harm reduction, or for other medical purposes, and is being marketed and sold solely for
that approved purpose
deleted text endnew text begin is a drug, device, or combination product, as those terms are defined
in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, that are authorized for sale by the United
States Food and Drug Administration
new text end.

Subd. 2.

deleted text beginOther offensedeleted text endnew text begin Use of false identificationnew text end.

A person under the age of deleted text begin18deleted text endnew text begin 21new text end
years who purchases or attempts to purchase a product containing or delivering nicotine or
lobelia intended for human consumption, or any part of such a product, that is not tobacco
or an electronic delivery device as defined by section 609.685, and who uses a driver's
license, permit, Minnesota identification card, or any type of false identification to
misrepresent the person's age, deleted text beginis guilty of a misdemeanordeleted text endnew text begin shall only be subject to an
alternative civil penalty in accordance with subdivision 3. No penalty shall apply to a person
under the age of 21 years who purchases or attempts to purchase these products while under
the direct supervision of a responsible adult for training, education, research, or enforcement
purposes
new text end.

Subd. 3.

deleted text beginPetty misdemeanordeleted text endnew text begin Alternative penaltiesnew text end.

deleted text beginExcept as otherwise provided in
subdivisions 1 and 2, whoever is under the age of 18 years and possesses, purchases, or
attempts to purchase a product containing or delivering nicotine or lobelia intended for
human consumption, or any part of such a product, that is not tobacco or an electronic
delivery device as defined by section 609.685, is guilty of a petty misdemeanor.
deleted text end new text beginLaw
enforcement and court system representatives shall consult, as applicable, with interested
persons, including but not limited to parents, guardians, educators, and persons under the
age of 21 years, to develop alternative civil penalties for persons under the age of 21 years
who violate this section. Consulting participants shall consider a variety of alternative civil
penalties including but not limited to tobacco-free education programs, community service,
court diversion programs, and tobacco cessation programs, and for persons under the age
of 18 years, notice to schools and to parents or guardians. Alternative civil penalties
developed under this subdivision shall not include fines or monetary penalties.
new text end