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HF 233

as introduced - 88th Legislature (2013 - 2014) Posted on 01/31/2013 01:21pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Bill Text Versions

Engrossments
Introduction Posted on 01/31/2013

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to human services; phasing out nursing facility rate equalization;
amending Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 256B.48, subdivision 1.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 256B.48, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Prohibited practices.

new text begin (a) new text endA nursing facility is not eligible to receive
medical assistance payments unless it deleted text beginrefrains from all of the following:deleted text endnew text begin complies with the
prohibitions and requirements in this subdivision.
new text end

deleted text begin (a) Chargingdeleted text endnew text begin (b) A nursing facility must not charge new text end private paying residents rates for
similar services which exceed those which are approved by the state agency for medical
assistance recipients as determined by the prospective desk audit rate, except under the
following circumstances:

new text begin (1) new text endthe nursing facility may deleted text begin(1)deleted text endnew text begin (i) new text end charge private paying residents a higher rate for a
private room, and deleted text begin(2)deleted text endnew text begin (ii) new text end charge for special services which are not included in the daily
rate if medical assistance residents are charged separately at the same rate for the same
services in addition to the daily rate paid by the commissionernew text begin;
new text end

new text begin (2) effective October 1, 2013, nursing facilities may charge private paying residents
up to two percent higher than the sum of the medical assistance allowable payment rate in
effect on September 30, 2013, plus an adjustment equal to the incremental increase of any
other rate increase provided in law, for the RUGS group currently assigned to the resident;
new text end

new text begin (3) effective October 1, 2014, nursing facilities may charge private paying residents
rates up to four percent higher than the sum of the medical assistance allowable payment
rate in effect on September 30, 2014, plus an adjustment equal to the incremental increase
of any other rate increase provided in law, for the RUGS group currently assigned to the
resident;
new text end

new text begin (4) effective October 1, 2015, nursing facilities may charge private paying residents
rates up to six percent higher than the sum of the medical assistance allowable payment
rate in effect on September 30, 2015, plus an adjustment equal to the incremental increase
of any other rate increase provided in law, for the RUGS group currently assigned to the
resident; and
new text end

new text begin (5) effective October 1, 2016, nursing facilities may charge private paying residents
rates up to eight percent higher than the sum of the medical assistance allowable payment
rate in effect on September 30, 2016, plus an adjustment equal to the incremental increase
of any other rate increase provided in law, for the RUGS group currently assigned to
the resident. Nothing in this section precludes a nursing facility from charging a rate
allowable under the nursing facility's single room election option under Minnesota Rules,
part 9549.0060, subpart 11, or the enhanced rates under section 256B.431, subdivision 32
new text end.

Services covered by the payment rate must be the same regardless of payment
source. Special services, if offered, must be available to all residents in all areas of the
nursing facility and charged separately at the same rate. Residents are free to select
or decline special services. Special services must not include services which must be
provided by the nursing facility in order to comply with licensure or certification standards
and that if not provided would result in a deficiency or violation by the nursing facility.
Services beyond those required to comply with licensure or certification standards must
not be charged separately as a special service if they were included in the payment rate
for the previous reporting year. A nursing facility that charges a private paying resident a
rate in violation of this deleted text beginclausedeleted text endnew text begin paragraph new text end is subject to an action by the state of Minnesota
or any of its subdivisions or agencies for civil damages. A private paying resident or the
resident's legal representative has a cause of action for civil damages against a nursing
facility that charges the resident rates in violation of this deleted text beginclausedeleted text endnew text begin paragraphnew text end. The damages
awarded shall include three times the payments that result from the violation, together with
costs and disbursements, including reasonable attorney fees or their equivalent. A private
paying resident or the resident's legal representative, the state, subdivision or agency, or a
nursing facility may request a hearing to determine the allowed rate or rates at issue in
the cause of action. Within 15 calendar days after receiving a request for such a hearing,
the commissioner shall request assignment of an administrative law judge under sections
14.48 to 14.56 to conduct the hearing as soon as possible or according to agreement by
the parties. The administrative law judge shall issue a report within 15 calendar days
following the close of the hearing. The prohibition set forth in this deleted text beginclausedeleted text endnew text begin paragraph new text end shall
not apply to facilities licensed as boarding care facilities which are not certified as skilled
or intermediate care facilities level I or II for reimbursement through medical assistance.

deleted text begin (b) deleted text end new text begin (c) Effective October 1, 2017, paragraph (b) no longer applies, except that special
services, if offered, must be available to all residents of the nursing facility and charged
separately at the same rate. Residents are free to select or decline special services. Special
services must not include services that must be provided by the nursing facility in order to
comply with licensure or certification standards and that, if not provided, would result in a
deficiency or violation by the nursing facility.
new text end

new text begin (d) A nursing facility shall refrain from all of the following:
new text end

(1) charging, soliciting, accepting, or receiving from an applicant for admission to
the facility, or from anyone acting in behalf of the applicant, as a condition of admission,
expediting the admission, or as a requirement for the individual's continued stay, any
fee, deposit, gift, money, donation, or other consideration not otherwise required as
payment under the state plannew text begin. For residents on medical assistance, payment of the medical
assistance rate according to the state plan must be accepted as payment in full for services
included in the daily rate for continued stay, except where otherwise provided for in statute
new text end;

(2) requiring an individual, or anyone acting in behalf of the individual, to loan
any money to the nursing facility;

(3) requiring an individual, or anyone acting in behalf of the individual, to promise
to leave all or part of the individual's estate to the facility; or

(4) requiring a third-party guarantee of payment to the facility as a condition of
admission, expedited admission, or continued stay in the facility.

Nothing in this paragraph would prohibit discharge for nonpayment of services in
accordance with state and federal regulations.

deleted text begin (c) Requiringdeleted text endnew text begin (e) A nursing facility must not require new text end any resident of the nursing
facility to utilize a vendor of health care services chosen by the nursing facility. A
nursing facility may require a resident to use pharmacies that utilize unit dose packing
systems approved by the Minnesota Board of Pharmacy, and may require a resident to use
pharmacies that are able to meet the federal regulations for safe and timely administration
of medications such as systems with specific number of doses, prompt delivery of
medications, or access to medications on a 24-hour basis. Notwithstanding the provisions
of this paragraph, nursing facilities shall not restrict a resident's choice of pharmacy
because the pharmacy utilizes a specific system of unit dose drug packing.

deleted text begin (d) Providingdeleted text endnew text begin (f) A nursing facility must not provide new text end differential treatment on the
basis of status with regard to public assistance.

deleted text begin (e) Discriminatingdeleted text endnew text begin (g) A nursing facility must not discriminate new text end in admissions,
services offered, or room assignment on the basis of status with regard to public assistance
deleted text beginor refusal to purchase special servicesdeleted text end. new text beginDiscrimination in new text endadmissions deleted text begindiscriminationdeleted text end shall
include, but is not limited todeleted text begin:
deleted text end

deleted text begin (1)deleted text end basing admissions decisions upon deleted text beginassurance by the applicant to the nursing
facility, or the applicant's guardian or conservator, that the applicant is neither eligible for
nor will seek
deleted text end new text begininformation or assurances regarding current or future eligibility for new text endpublic
assistance for payment of nursing facility care deleted text begincosts; and
deleted text end

deleted text begin (2) engaging in preferential selection from waiting lists based on an applicant's
ability to pay privately or an applicant's refusal to pay for a special service
deleted text end.

The collection and use by a nursing facility of financial information of any applicant
pursuant to a preadmission screening program established by law shall not raise an
inference that the nursing facility is utilizing that information for any purpose prohibited
by this paragraph.

deleted text begin (f) Requiringdeleted text endnew text begin (h) A nursing facility must not require new text end any vendor of medical care as
defined by section 256B.02, subdivision 7, who is reimbursed by medical assistance under
a separate fee schedule, to pay any amount based on utilization or service levels or any
portion of the vendor's fee to the nursing facility except as payment for renting or leasing
space or equipment or purchasing support services from the nursing facility as limited by
section 256B.433. All agreements must be disclosed to the commissioner upon request of
the commissioner. Nursing facilities and vendors of ancillary services that are found to be
in violation of this provision shall each be subject to an action by the state of Minnesota or
any of its subdivisions or agencies for treble civil damages on the portion of the fee in
excess of that allowed by this provision and section 256B.433. Damages awarded must
include three times the excess payments together with costs and disbursements including
reasonable attorney fees or their equivalent.

deleted text begin (g) Refusingdeleted text endnew text begin (i) A nursing facility must not refusenew text end, for more than 24 hours, to accept a
resident returning to the same bed or a bed certified for the same level of care, in accordance
with a physician's order authorizing transfer, after receiving inpatient hospital services.

new text begin (j) new text endFor a period not to exceed 180 days, the commissioner may continue to make
medical assistance payments to a nursing facility or boarding care home deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin that new text end is in
violation of this deleted text beginsectiondeleted text endnew text begin subdivision new text end if extreme hardship to the residents would result. In
these cases the commissioner shall issue an order requiring the nursing facility to correct
the violation. The nursing facility shall have 20 days from its receipt of the order to correct
the violation. If the violation is not corrected within the 20-day period the commissioner
may reduce the payment rate to the nursing facility by up to 20 percent. The amount of the
payment rate reduction shall be related to the severity of the violation and shall remain
in effect until the violation is corrected. The nursing facility or boarding care home may
appeal the commissioner's action pursuant to the provisions of chapter 14 pertaining to
contested cases. An appeal shall be considered timely if written notice of appeal is received
by the commissioner within 20 days of notice of the commissioner's proposed action.

In the event that the commissioner determines that a nursing facility is not eligible
for reimbursement for a resident who is eligible for medical assistance, the commissioner
may authorize the nursing facility to receive reimbursement on a temporary basis until the
resident can be relocated to a participating nursing facility.

Certified beds in facilities deleted text beginwhichdeleted text endnew text begin thatnew text end do not allow medical assistance intake on July
1, 1984, or after shall be deemed to be decertified for purposes of section 144A.071 only.