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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

ADOPTION

Acknowledgment, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37

Adoptees

Address, filing, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.27

Adoption records, access, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.2252, 2019 259.89

Birth parents, see same under this topic

Communication or contact with birth relatives, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.58, 2019 259.59, 2019 260C.619, 2019 260C.635

Consent, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24, 2019 260C.629

Death, notice, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.27, 2019 260C.613

Decree, change of name, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.57

Defined as dependent children

Legislators retirement plan, Minn. Statutes 2019 3A.01

Minnesota State Retirement System, Minn. Statutes 2019 352.01

Public Employees Retirement Association, Minn. Statutes 2019 353.01

Small employer insurance plans, Minn. Statutes 2019 62L.02

Teachers retirement, Saint Paul, Minn. Statutes 2019 354A.011

Defined as individuals who are related, Minn. Statutes 2019 245A.02

Defined as surviving children, Minn. Statutes 2019 356.303

Genetic siblings, right to information about, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.83

Health and accident insurance, Minn. Statutes 2019 62A.27, 2019 62Q.23

Hearing on petition, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.49

Indian children, see same under this topic

Intestate succession

Adoption pending, Minn. Statutes 2019 524.2-118

Genetic parent relationship, Minn. Statutes 2019 524.2-119

Inheritance by and from child, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.635

Medical assistance, Minn. Statutes 2019 256B.055, 2019 256B.057, 2019 259A.65

Minority children, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.0651

Preadoption residence, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Social and medical histories, Minn. Statutes 2019 259A.01, 2019 260C.609

Stepchildren, Minn. Statutes 2019 524.2-119

Terminal illness, notice, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.27, 2019 260C.613

Unmarried minor children, Minn. Statutes 2019 257C.08

Adoptees

Locating birth parents, rights, Minn. Rules 9560.0170

Trusts, beneficial ownership statements, domestic stock insurance company securities, Minn. Rules 2715.5000

Adoptees

Birth records, access to, Court Rules Adop 7.08

Petitions for release of identifying information, Court Rules Adop 7.07

Adoption agencies

Access to data, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.41, 2019 259.61

Adoption studies, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.21, 2019 259.41, 2019 259.47

Audits, Minn. Statutes 2019 245A.04, 2019 259.45

Background checks, see Human services licensees under BACKGROUND CHECKS AND STUDIES

Birth parent history requests, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.83

Certificates and certification, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.05

Certified records, birth records, issuance, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.225

Child placement decisions, records, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.31

Consent, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24

Contracts, family recruitment, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.77

Definitions, Minn. Statutes 2019 259A.01

Disclosure, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.29, 2019 259.37, 2019 259.45

Expense statements, filing, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Family recruitment, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.77

Fees, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37, 2019 259.45

Gifts to, authority to accept, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.77

Grants to, authority to accept, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.77

Investigations, duties, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Licenses, see under HUMAN SERVICES

Lists, Minn. Statutes 2019 145.4243

Misrepresentation, lawsuits, damages, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37

Notice received, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.27

Orders, audits, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.45

Payments to, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.22

Postadoption search services data, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.88

Prospective adoptive parents, duties, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Purchase of service contracts, Minn. Statutes 2019 259A.75

Records and record keeping, see same under this topic

Religious societies, and civil marriages, Minn. Statutes 2019 517.201

Reports given, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.22, 2019 259.45, 2019 259.53

Surety bonds, Minn. Statutes 2019 245A.04

Violations and penalties, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37, 2019 259.45

Adoption agencies

Child-placing agencies, definitions, Minn. Rules 9560.0020

Private agencies, see PRIVATE CHILD-CARING AND CHILD-PLACING AGENCIES

Adoption assistance applications

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Court Rules Adop 44.06

Adoption assistance program, see ADOPTION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

Adoption exchange, duties, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.75

Adoption studies and reports, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.41, 2019 260C.611

Adoption studies

Background checks and studies, Court Rules Adop 37.03, Adop 37.04

Foster parent assessments, use, Court Rules Adop 37.07

Requirements, Court Rules Adop 37.01

Adoption study reports

Filing, Court Rules Adop 37.06

Requirements, Court Rules Adop 37.02

Updates, Court Rules Adop 37.05

Adoptive homes, suitability, certification, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.05

Adoptive parents

Address, filing with agency, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.27

Adoption studies, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.21, 2019 259.41, 2019 259.47, 2019 260C.611

Agreements by, communication or contact, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.58, 2019 260C.619, 2019 260C.635

Attorney fees, payment, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.65

Background checks and studies, see same under this topic

Birth parent histories, see same under this topic

Cooperation, background checks, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Definitions, Minn. Statutes 2019 125A.27, 2019 259A.01, 2019 260C.603

Guardians, costs, payment, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.65

Intent to adopt, notice given, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.03

Legal effect of adoption, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.635

Notice received, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.27, 2019 259.35

Parenting leave, see PREGNANCY AND PARENTING LEAVE

Payments by, petitions, agency motions and reports, costs, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.22

Prospective adoptive parents, see same under this topic

Reimbursement, nonrecurring expenses, children with special needs, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.73

Social and medical histories for children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.609

Stepparents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.43, 2019 259.53

Termination of parental rights, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.301

Adoptive parents

Postadoption services, Minn. Rules 9560.0170

Preplacement requirements, Minn. Rules 9560.0060

Recruitment, Minn. Rules 9560.0040

Suitability determination, Minn. Rules 9560.0140

Termination of placement, notice, Minn. Rules 9560.0110

Adoptive parents

Proposed adoptive parents, suitability, records, Court Rules Adop 7.06

Adoptive siblings, defined as family for child care programs, Minn. Statutes 2019 119B.011

Adult adoption, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.21, 2019 259.241, 2019 259.89

Affidavits

Anonymity of parents, disclosure, Indian children, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.34

Birth parents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.39, 2019 259.47, 2019 259.89

Hearings on petition, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.49

Prospective adoptive parents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Temporary preadoptive custody, emergency orders, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Affidavits, Minn. Rules 9560.0030, 9560.0170

Affidavits

Contempts, Court Rules Adop 14.02

Signatures, Court Rules Adop 16.01, Adop 16.02

Agencies, duties

Adoption studies, Court Rules Adop 37.01

Agreements conferring authority to place for adoption, Court Rules Adop 33.06

Communication or contact agreements, Court Rules Adop 34.01

Consents, execution, Court Rules Adop 33.03

Parent's failure to consent, notice to court, Court Rules Adop 33.05

Agencies, see Adoption agencies under this topic

Agency adoptions

Child born in another country, Court Rules Adop 30.02

Generally, Court Rules Adop 28

Agency audits, Minn. Statutes 2019 245A.04, 2019 259.45

Answers, contested adoptions, Court Rules Adop 39.01

Appeals, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.63, 2019 260C.633

Appeals

Additional review, right to, Court Rules Adop 48.04

Application for stay of trial court order, Court Rules Adop 48.03

Decisions, deadlines for, Court Rules Adop 48.06

Procedure, Court Rules Adop 48.02

Rules of Appellate Procedure, application, Court Rules Adop 48.01

Transcripts, Court Rules Adop 48.05

Appearance, failure to appear, Court Rules Adop 13.08

Application of rules

General Rules of Practice, Court Rules Adop 3.09

Attorneys, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.65

Attorneys

Adoption case records, sharing, Court Rules Adop 7.02

Appointment, Court Rules Adop 23.02

Biological parents, direct adoptive placements, Court Rules Adop 23.04

Certificates of representation, Court Rules Adop 23.05

Right to an attorney, Court Rules Adop 23.01

Social service agencies, representation of, Court Rules Adop 23.03

Withdrawal, Court Rules Adop 23.06

Authority to place for adoption, agreement, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.25

Availability for adoption, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.317

Background checks and studies

Adoption assistance program, Minn. Statutes 2019 259A.10

Adoption studies, Minn. Statutes 2019 245C.33, 2019 245C.34, 2019 259.41

Adoptive parents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.601

Fees, Minn. Statutes 2019 245C.10

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.20, 2019 259.29, 2019 259.41, 2019 259.57

Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children, Minn. Statutes 2019 260.93

Background checks and studies

Adoption studies, Court Rules Adop 37.01, Adop 37.03, Adop 37.04

Postplacement assessments, Court Rules Adop 38.03

Waivers prohibited, Court Rules Adop 38.04

Bifurcation of proceedings, Court Rules Adop 42.03

Biological parents

Adoptee petitions for release of identifying information, Court Rules Adop 7.07

Attorneys for, direct adoptive placements, Court Rules Adop 23.04

Birth certificates, see Birth records under this topic

Birth parent histories

Agencies, duties, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.83

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.609

Defined as placement activities, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.21

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.43

Prospective adoptive parents, custody motions, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Birth parents

Acknowledgment, agency disclosures, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37

Address, filing with agency, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.27

Affidavits, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47, 2019 259.89

Agreements by, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Communication or contact with adopted child, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.58, 2019 259.59, 2019 260C.619, 2019 260C.635

Consent, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24, 2019 259.89, 2019 260C.629

Counseling, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Death, notice, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.27, 2019 260C.613

Expenses, payment by prospective adoptive parents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.55

Histories, see Birth parent histories under this topic

Information about, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.2252

Lawsuits, agencies, disclosure violations, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37

Legal counsel, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Legal rights, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.635

Notice received, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.74, 2019 259.24, 2019 259.27, 2019 259.47

Payments to, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.55

Placement, preferences, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.29, 2019 259.57

Searches for, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.88

Signatures, agency disclosure statements, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37

Stepparent adoptions, confirmation of adoption, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.61

Terminal illness, notice, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.613

Termination of parental rights, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Waivers, direct adoptive placement, counseling, legal counsel, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Birth parents

Consents, Minn. Rules 9560.0030

Defined, Minn. Rules 9560.0020

Locating, Minn. Rules 9560.0170

Notice received, Minn. Rules 9560.0170

Termination of parental rights, Minn. Rules 9560.0030

Birth parents

Consent to adoption, Court Rules Juv Prot 42.09, Juv Prot 42.10

Birth records, disclosure, Minn. Rules 9560.0030, 9560.0170

Birth records

Adult adoption, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.89

Data, classification, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.225

Disclosure, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.2252, 2019 260C.637

Indians, use for tribal enrollment or membership, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.2252

Original birth records, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.218, 2019 259.89

Replacement birth records, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.218

Birth records

Information about access to, Court Rules Adop 7.09

Petitions for access, by adoptees, Court Rules Adop 7.08

Replacement birth records, Court Rules Adop 10.03

Requests for identifying information in, Court Rules Adop 7.02

Case captions, Court Rules Adop 35.05

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Court Rules Adop 35.05

Change of name, see CHANGE OF NAME

Child custody proceedings, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.20, 2019 518D.103

Child-placing agencies, see Adoption agencies under this topic

Children in need of protection or services

Parental consent, exception, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24

Placement, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.201

Children in need of protection or services, Minn. Rules 9560.0410 to 9560.0485

Children over age 14, consent to adoption, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24, 2019 260C.629

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 256N.28, 2019 259A.01, 2019 260C.601 to 2019 260C.637

Children under guardianship of commissioner

Contested adoptive placements

Review hearings, Court Rules Juv Prot 42.11

Review of progress toward adoption, Court Rules Juv Prot 42.11

Children under guardianship of commissioner

Adoption assistance applications, Court Rules Adop 44.06

Attachments to petitions, Court Rules Adop 35.05

Case captions, Court Rules Adop 35.05

Communication or contact agreements, Court Rules Adop 34.01, Adop 34.03, Adop 34.07

Consent to adoption, Court Rules Adop 33.01, Adop 33.03

Contested adoptive placements

Consolidation or bifurcation, Court Rules Adop 42.04

Definition, Court Rules Adop 2.01

Discovery, Court Rules Adop 17.02

Post-placement assessment reports, Court Rules Adop 38.05

Notice of hearing and petition, Court Rules Adop 31.01, Adop 31.04

Party status, Court Rules Adop 20.01

Petitions

Content, Court Rules Adop 35.05

Notice to department, Court Rules Adop 36

Timing, Court Rules Adop 35.03

Verification, Court Rules Adop 35.06

Who may petition, Court Rules Adop 35.01

Review of progress toward adoption, Court Rules Adop 3.08

Scope of rules, Court Rules Adop 1.01

Venue, Court Rules Adop 49.01

Communication or contact agreements, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.58, 2019 259.59, 2019 260C.619, 2019 260C.635

Communication or contact agreements

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Court Rules Adop 34.01, Adop 34.03, Adop 34.07

Deadlines for issuance, Court Rules Adop 34.04

Enforcement, Court Rules Adop 34.07

Filing, Court Rules Adop 34.02

Modification, Court Rules Adop 34.09

Orders for

Service of process, Court Rules Adop 34.06

Writing, Court Rules Adop 34.03

Putative fathers' adoption registry, Court Rules Adop 32.03 to 32.09

Requirement for entry, Court Rules Adop 34.05

Who may enter, Court Rules Adop 34.01

Compromise and settlement

Generally, Court Rules Adop 19.01

Partial, Court Rules Adop 19.02

Procedure, Court Rules Adop 19.04

Settlement agreements, contents, Court Rules Adop 19.03

Conferences

Pretrial conferences, Court Rules Adop 39.03, Adop 43.01 to 43.03

Telephone and interactive video, Court Rules Adop 12.01 to 12.03

Confidential or privileged information, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Consent

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.629

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24, 2019 259.25, 2019 259.47

Putative fathers, denial of paternity, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.52

Consent, Minn. Rules 9560.0030, 9560.0040

Consent

Birth parents, Court Rules Juv Prot 42.09

Consent

Agreement conferring authority to place for adoption, Court Rules Adop 33.06

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Court Rules Adop 33.01, Adop 33.03

Deadlines, Court Rules Adop 33.04

Direct placement adoption, consent to, Court Rules Adop 33.07

Execution, Court Rules Adop 33.03

Failure to execute, Court Rules Adop 33.05

Indian children, Court Rules Adop 33.01, Adop 33.09

Notice of intent to consent, Court Rules Adop 33.02

Revocation, Court Rules Adop 33.08

Who must consent, Court Rules Adop 33.01

Consolidation of proceedings, Court Rules Adop 42.01, Adop 42.02

Contempts, Court Rules Adop 14.01 to 14.04

Contested adoptions

Adoption assistance, delays for, Court Rules Adop 44.06

Answers, Court Rules Adop 39.01

Definitions, Court Rules Adop 2.01

Notices about, Court Rules Adop 39.02

Orders, Court Rules Adop 10.01

Pretrial conferences, Court Rules Adop 39.03, Adop 43.01 to 43.03

Trials, see same under this topic

Contested adoptive placements

Children under guardianship of commissioner

Review hearings, Court Rules Juv Prot 42.11

Contested adoptive placements

Children under guardianship of commissioner

Consolidation or bifurcation, Court Rules Adop 42.04

Definition, Court Rules Adop 2.01

Discovery, Court Rules Adop 17.02

Post-placement assessment reports, Court Rules Adop 38.05

Continuances, Court Rules Adop 5.01 to 5.03

Costs

Adoption studies, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.41

Birth parent expenses, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47, 2019 259.55

Children's homes, Minn. Statutes 2019 317A.907

Expense statements, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.55

Fees, see same under this topic

Legal counsel, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Nonrecurring expenses, special needs children, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.73

Payment by prospective adoptive parents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.55

Private child-caring and child-placing agencies, Minn. Statutes 2019 317A.907

Costs

Statements of, Court Rules Adop 35.08

Transcripts, Court Rules Adop 11.03

Court administrators, duties

Information about access to birth records, Court Rules Adop 7.09

Court proceedings

E-filing

Juvenile protection matters, see Juvenile protection under E-FILING

Damages, adoption agencies, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37, 2019 259.45

Data, see Adoption under GOVERNMENT DATA

Decisions

Deadline for issuing, Court Rules Adop 46.03

Decrees

Certified copies, foreign persons, replacement birth records, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.218

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.631

Data, classification, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.218

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.57

Intercountry adoptions, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.60

Decrees

Filing, Court Rules Adop 10.04, Adop 45.04

Granting, Court Rules Adop 45.02, Adop 45.03

Service of process, Court Rules Adop 45.04

Service or mailing, Court Rules Adop 10.03

Defaults, procedure, Court Rules Adop 18.01

Definitions

Accident and health insurance, Minn. Statutes 2019 65A.27

Adoptees, see same under this topic

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.603

Custodial trusts, Minn. Statutes 2019 529.01

Disclosure, consent, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.212

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.21, 2019 259.24

Juvenile Court Act, juvenile protection provisions, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.007

Permanency dispositions, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.007

Transfers to minors, Minn. Statutes 2019 527.21

Definitions

Drivers' license records, Minn. Rules 7410.0100

Generally, Minn. Rules 9560.0015, 9560.0020

Definitions, Court Rules Adop 2.01

Dependent or neglected children, hearing on petition, notice, service on guardian, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.49

Developmentally disabled persons, public guardians, consent, Minn. Rules 9525.3040

Developmentally disabled persons

Consent, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24

Public guardian or conservator, powers, Minn. Statutes 2019 252A.111

Direct placement adoptions

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Orders, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.45, 2019 259.47, 2019 260.781

Preadoptive placement, human services licensing, Minn. Statutes 2019 245A.03

Reports, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Direct placement adoptions

Adoption study reports, Court Rules Adop 37.06

Background checks and studies, Court Rules Adop 37.03

Biological parents, attorneys for, Court Rules Adop 23.04

Child born in another country, Court Rules Adop 30.02

Consent to, Court Rules Adop 33.07

Deadlines, Court Rules Adop 29.02

Motions, Court Rules Adop 29.01, Adop 29.02, Adop 29.03

Orders, Court Rules Adop 29.04

Disabled children, special needs, Minn. Rules 9560.0040

Disabled children

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 259A.01, 2019 260C.601 to 2019 260C.637

Expenses, see Costs under this topic

Special needs, adoption assistance, see ADOPTION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

Disclosure

Adoption agencies, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.29, 2019 259.37, 2019 259.45

Birth certificate information, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.225, 2019 259.89

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Prospective adoptive parents, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.613

Records, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53, 2019 259.79

Discovery, Court Rules Adop 17.01, Adop 17.02

Discrimination prohibited, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.613

Discrimination, Minn. Rules 9560.0670

E-filing, Court Rules Adop 25.01

E-filing

Juvenile protection matters, see Juvenile protection under E-FILING

Effect, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.59

Electronically filed records

Certified copies, Court Rules Juv Efile 7

Format, Court Rules Juv Efile 3

Retention of originals, Court Rules Juv Efile 4.06

Signatures, Court Rules Juv Efile 4.01 to Juv Efile 4.05

Emotionally disturbed children, consent, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24

Equitable adoption, intestate succession, effect, Minn. Statutes 2019 524.2-122

Ethnic minorities, see Minority children under this topic

Evidence

Newly discovered, relief from order, Court Rules Adop 47.02

Rules of Evidence, application, Court Rules Adop 3.02

Ex parte communications, Court Rules Adop 9.01, Adop 9.02

Exchange, duties, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.75

Execution, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24

Family reunification services, see FAMILY REUNIFICATION

Fathers' adoption registry, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.21, 2019 259.49, 2019 259.52

Fees

Adoption agencies, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37, 2019 259.45

Petitions, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.52, 2019 357.021

Filings, methods, Court Rules Adop 25.01

Final hearings

Commencement, Court Rules Adop 41.02

Decisions, deadlines, Court Rules Adop 41.05

Generally, Court Rules Adop 41.01

Notice, Court Rules Adop 31.01 to 31.04

Procedure, Court Rules Adop 41.03

Standard of proof, Court Rules Adop 41.04

Findings

Amended, motions for, Court Rules Adop 46.01

Referee findings, Court Rules Adop 6.04, Adop 6.05, Adop 6.06

Foreign adoption birth records, certified birth certificates, notation on, Minn. Rules 4601.2525

Foster children, criteria, Minn. Rules 9560.0050

Foster parents, adoptions by

Adoption studies, Court Rules Adop 37.01

Fraud in, relief from order, Court Rules Adop 47.02

Grandparent visitation, adopted child, Minn. Statutes 2019 257C.08, 2019 259.78, 2019 518.1752

Grants for, Minn. Statutes 2019 256.01, 2019 259.77

Guardians ad litem

Access to reports on suitability, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Appointment, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.65

Guardians ad litem

Appointment, Court Rules Gen Prac 903.02

Guardian ad litem procedure, rules of, application, Court Rules Gen Prac 901.01

Guardians ad litem

Generally, Court Rules Adop 24.01 to 24.03

Rules of Guardian ad Litem Procedure, application, Court Rules Adop 3.03

Guardians and conservators

Hearing on petition, notice about, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.49

Minor unmarried parents, guardian's consent, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24

Service of process on, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.49

Hearings

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.607, 2019 260C.627 to 2019 260C.631

Confidentiality, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.61

Consent procedures, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Hearings on petition, notice, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.49, 2019 259.53, 2019 260C.627

Hearings

Attendance at, Court Rules Adop 8.01, Adop 8.02

Contempts, Court Rules Adop 13.01, Adop 14.03

Exclusion from, Court Rules Adop 8.03, Adop 8.04

Final hearings, see same under this topic

Telephone and interactive video, Court Rules Adop 12.01 to 12.03

Hearsay rule, declarant's statements, exception, Court Rules Evid 804

Home studies, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.212

Human Services Department wards, see Children under guardianship of commissioner under this topic

Human Services Licensing Act, application to adoptions, Court Rules Adop 3.07

Independent placements

Defined, Minn. Rules 9560.0020

Requirements, Minn. Rules 9560.0120, 9560.0130

Indian children

Background checks, adoption studies, Minn. Statutes 2019 245C.34

Best interests of child, placement, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.29, 2019 259.57

Child custody proceedings, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.20

Child's tribe, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.2252, 2019 259.89, 2019 260.761

Consent, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.629

Enrollment in tribe, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.635

Extended family members, identification, social services agencies, Minn. Statutes 2019 260.761

Indian Child Welfare Act, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.0651, 2019 259.57

Indian children, Minn. Rules 9560.0040

Indian children

Adult adoptees, applications for information, Court Rules Adop 7.02

Attorneys, appointment, Court Rules Adop 23.07

Consent to adoption of, Court Rules Adop 33.01, Adop 33.09

Definitions, Court Rules Adop 2.01

Indian Child Welfare Act, application, Court Rules Adop 3.04

Invalidation of district court action, Court Rules Adop 47.03

Placements

Preadoptive placements, Court Rules Adop 50.02

Preferences, Court Rules Adop 50.01, Adop 50.03

Records and record keeping, Court Rules Adop 50.04

Relief from orders, Court Rules Adop 47.03, Adop 47.04

Service of process, Court Rules Adop 25.02

Vacation of adoption decrees, Court Rules Adop 47.04

Intercountry adoptions

Adoptive homes, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.05

Procedures, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.60

Putative fathers, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.52

Intercountry adoptions, Minn. Rules 9560.0150, 9560.0160

Intercountry adoptions

Birth records, Court Rules Adop 30.02

Definitions, Court Rules Adop 2.01

Postadoption reports, Court Rules Adop 30.03

Validity, Court Rules Adop 30.01

Interpreters, application of law, Court Rules Adop 3.05

Interstate adoption compacts, Minn. Statutes 2019 259A.65, 2019 260C.615, 2019 260C.621

Interstate adoption, Minn. Rules 9560.0150

Intervention

Effect, Court Rules Adop 21.04

Intervention of right, Court Rules Adop 21.01

Parents, Court Rules Adop 21.02

Permissive, Court Rules Adop 21.03

Investigations

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Human Services Department, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.03, 2019 257.04

Investigations

Nonrelative homes, Minn. Rules 9560.0130

Petitions, Minn. Rules 9560.0160

Joinder, Court Rules Adop 22.01

Judges, Court Rules Adop 6.05, Adop 6.07

Jurisdiction, juvenile courts, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.23, 2019 260C.101, 2019 260C.621

Jurisdiction, transfers, Court Rules Adop 49.03

Juvenile protection proceedings, purpose, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.001

Juvenile protection

Access to e-filed documents, Court Rules Juv Efile 8

Applicability of General Rules of Practice, Court Rules Juv Efile 9

Certified copies, Court Rules Juv Efile 7

Effect of filing, Court Rules Juv Efile 5.01

Effective date, Court Rules Juv Efile 5.02

Fees, Court Rules Juv Efile 5.02

Format of documents, Court Rules Juv Efile 3

Nonacceptance of filings, Court Rules Juv Efile 5.03

Originals, retention, Court Rules Juv Efile 4.06

Registration for, Court Rules Juv Efile 2

Signatures, Court Rules Juv Efile 4.01 to Juv Efile 4.05

Technical errors, remedies, Court Rules Juv Efile 5.06

Time periods, computation, Court Rules Juv Efile 10

Who may use e-file procedure, Court Rules Juv Efile 1.01 to 1.03

Lawsuits

Adoption agencies, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37, 2019 259.45

Birth parents, payment violations, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.55

Conciliation courts, no jurisdiction, Minn. Statutes 2019 491A.01

Paternity, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.57

Placement violations, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47, 2019 259.55

Legal counsel, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Legal effect, children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.635

Licenses, see under HUMAN SERVICES

Matters, commencement, Court Rules Adop 26.01

Members of beneficiary's family, Minn. Statutes 2019 529.01

Minnesota fathers' adoption registry, see Putative fathers' adoption registry under this topic

MinnesotaCare, coverage for adopted children, Minn. Rules 9506.0030

Minority children

Adoption agencies, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.0651

Indian children, see same under this topic

Minority children, Minn. Rules 9560.0040

Motions

Amended findings, Court Rules Adop 46.01

Ex parte motions, Court Rules Adop 15.03

Form, Court Rules Adop 15.01

Motions for waivers of agency placement, Court Rules Adop 26.01

New trials, motions for, Court Rules Adop 46.02

Notice of motion, Court Rules Adop 15.02

Post-trial motions, Court Rules Adop 46.01 to 46.03

Protective orders, Court Rules Adop 7.05

Review of referee decisions, Court Rules Adop 6.05

Service of process, Court Rules Adop 15.02

Signatures, Court Rules Adop 16.01, Adop 16.02

Subpoenas, motions to quash, Court Rules Adop 13.04

Telephone and interactive video, Court Rules Adop 12.01 to 12.03

Neglect in proceedings, relief from order, Court Rules Adop 47.02

Nonrelative homes, independent placement, Minn. Rules 9560.0130

Notice of hearing and petition

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Court Rules Adop 31.01

Ombudsperson for families, see OMBUDSPERSON FOR FAMILIES

Orders

Adoption agencies, audits, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.45

Direct adoptive placement, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Indian children, juvenile court, Minn. Statutes 2019 260.781

Temporary preadoptive custody, emergencies, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Orders

Communication or contact agreements

Service of process, Court Rules Adop 34.06

Writing, Court Rules Adop 34.03

Direct placement adoptions, Court Rules Adop 29.04

Effect during continuances, Court Rules Adop 5.03

Emergency orders, Court Rules Adop 29.04

Filing, notice of, Court Rules Adop 10.04

Mailing, Court Rules Adop 10.03

Oral, Court Rules Adop 10.01, Adop 10.02

Preadoptive custody orders, Court Rules Adop 26.01, Adop 29.04

Pretrial orders, Court Rules Adop 43.03

Protective orders, Court Rules Adop 7.05

Referee findings, confirmation as orders, Court Rules Adop 6.06

Relief from, Court Rules Adop 47.01 to 47.04

Service, Court Rules Adop 10.03

Stepparent adoptions, Court Rules Adop 27.04

Written, Court Rules Adop 10.01

Parent and child relationship, establishment, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.54, 2019 524.2-118

Parenting leave, see PREGNANCY AND PARENTING LEAVE

Parents

Adoptive parents, see same under this topic

Birth parents, see same under this topic

Notice received, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.49

Prospective adoptive parents, see same under this topic

Parties

Addresses, Court Rules Adop 20.03

Rights, Court Rules Adop 20.02

Status, Court Rules Adop 20.01

Party status

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Court Rules Adop 20.01

Petitions

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.623, 2019 260C.627 to 2019 260C.633

Contents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.23

Denial, procedures, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.57, 2019 260C.633

Filing, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.22, 2019 259.23, 2019 259.47, 2019 260C.623, 2019 357.021

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Hearings, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.49, 2019 259.53

Intercountry adoptions, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.60

Prospective adoptive parents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Requirements, generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.22

Residence, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.22, 2019 259.23

Surcharges, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.52

Verification, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.23, 2019 259.53

Petitions, Minn. Rules 9560.0160

Petitions

Adoptees, petitions for release of identifying information, Court Rules Adop 7.07

Adoption case records, access to, Court Rules Adop 7.02

Amendments, Court Rules Adop 35.07

Children under guardianship of commissioner

Content, Court Rules Adop 35.05

Notice to department, Court Rules Adop 36

Timing, Court Rules Adop 35.03

Verification, Court Rules Adop 35.06

Who may petition, Court Rules Adop 35.01

Contents, Court Rules Adop 35.05

Deadlines, Court Rules Adop 35.03

Denial, Court Rules Adop 45.01

Dismissal, Court Rules Adop 40.02

Expenses, statements of, Court Rules Adop 35.08

Filing

As commencement of adoption matter, Court Rules Adop 26.01

Conditions for, Court Rules Adop 35.04

Verification, Court Rules Adop 35.06

Who may petition, Court Rules Adop 35.01, Adop 35.02

Withdrawal, voluntary, Court Rules Adop 40.01

Placement agreements, Minn. Rules 9560.0060

Placement prevention services, see PLACEMENT PREVENTION

Placement

Adoption placement agreements, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.607, 2019 260C.613, 2019 260C.615, 2019 260C.623

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.605 to 2019 260C.607, 2019 260C.613

Definitions, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.21, 2019 260C.603

Local social services agencies, Minn. Statutes 2019 393.07

Petitions, filing, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.22

Preadoptive placement, human services licensing, exclusions, Minn. Statutes 2019 245A.03

Violations and penalties, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47, 2019 259.55

Placement

Agency placements, waivers, motions for, Court Rules Adop 26.01

Agreement conferring authority to place for adoption, Court Rules Adop 33.06

Definitions, Court Rules Adop 2.01

Direct placement adoptions, see same under this topic

Interstate compact, application of law, Court Rules Adop 3.06

Pleadings, signatures, Court Rules Adop 16.02

Policy of state

Best interests of child, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.29, 2019 259.57

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.20

Indian children, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.29, 2019 259.57

Religious preference, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.29, 2019 259.57

Positive abortion alternatives, Minn. Statutes 2019 145.4235

Post-permanency review hearings

Commencement of adoption matters, Court Rules Adop 26.02

Post-trial motions, Court Rules Adop 46.01 to 46.03

Postadoption services, see POSTADOPTION SERVICES

Postplacement assessments, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47, 2019 259.53

Postplacement assessments

Background checks and studies, Court Rules Adop 38.03

Contents, Court Rules Adop 38.02

Timing, Court Rules Adop 38.01

Waivers by court, Court Rules Adop 38.04

Postplacement services

Defined, Minn. Rules 9560.0020

Requirements, Minn. Rules 9560.0060

Preadoptive custody orders, Court Rules Adop 26.01, Adop 29.04

Preadoptive parents, juvenile protection proceedings, participants, Court Rules Juv Prot 22.01, Juv Prot 22.02

Preplacement requirements, Minn. Rules 9560.0060

Pretrial conferences, contested adoptions, Court Rules Adop 39.03, Adop 43.01 to 43.03

Private agencies, see PRIVATE CHILD-CARING AND CHILD-PLACING AGENCIES

Process

Agencies, disclosure, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.601 to 2019 260C.637

Legal requirements, statements, Human Services Department, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37, 2019 259.39

Prospective adoptive parents

Adoption studies, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.21, 2019 259.41, 2019 259.47, 2019 260C.611

Agency disclosure statements, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37

Definitions, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.603

Disclosure, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.613

Expense statements, filing, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Names, disclosure, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.41

Payments by

Adoption studies, costs, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.41

Agency costs, motions for orders, reports, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.22

Agency fees, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37

Birth parents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47, 2019 259.55

Direct adoptive placement, legal costs, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Payments to, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.55

Recruitment, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.605

Public guardianship, see Human Services Department wards under this topic

Purpose of rules, Minn. Rules 9560.0010

Purpose of rules, Court Rules Adop 1.02

Putative fathers' adoption registry

Communication or contact agreements, Court Rules Adop 32.03 to 32.09

Fees for, Court Rules Adop 32.02

Searches, Court Rules Adop 32.01

Putative fathers, definitions, Court Rules Adop 2.01

Records and record keeping

Access, Minn. Statutes 2019 144.2252

Birth certificates, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.89

Child placement decisions, adoption agencies, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.31

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.609, 2019 260C.613, 2019 260C.625, 2019 260C.629

Confidentiality, juvenile court records, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.61

Contents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.79

Data, classification, Minn. Statutes 2019 13.10, 2019 259.79

Direct adoptive placement, adoption agencies, duties, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Disclosure, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53, 2019 259.79

Purchase of service records retention, Minn. Statutes 2019 259A.75

Requirements, generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.01, 2019 257.066

Retention, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47, 2019 259.79

Rulemaking, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.066, 2019 259.87

Transfer and storage, costs, surety bonds for, licenses, Minn. Statutes 2019 245A.04

Treatment, generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 13.10

Use, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.79

Records and record keeping

Birth records, disclosure, Minn. Rules 9560.0030, 9560.0170

Certified copies, definitions, Minn. Rules 7410.0100

Requirements, Minn. Rules 9560.0170, 9560.0180

Records and record keeping

Court records, access, Court Rules Rec Acc 4

Records and record keeping

Access to, Court Rules Adop 7.01, Adop 7.02, Adop 7.04, Adop 7.05

Access to records, application of rules, Court Rules Adop 3.10

Proposed adoptive parents, suitability, Court Rules Adop 7.06

Protective orders, Court Rules Adop 7.05

Stepparent adoptions, Court Rules Adop 7.03

Recruitment efforts, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.317

Referees

Authorization to hear matter, Court Rules Adop 6.01

Findings and recommended orders, Court Rules Adop 6.04, Adop 6.05, Adop 6.06

Objections to, Court Rules Adop 6.02

Removal, Court Rules Adop 6.03

Referral services, adoption agencies, disclosure statements, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.37

Relatives

Defined, Minn. Rules 9560.0020

Preference, Minn. Rules 9560.0040

Reports about

Children, out-of-home placement, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.0725

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.625

Confidentiality, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Investigations, part of court file, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Review of progress toward adoption

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Court Rules Adop 3.08

Right to an attorney, generally, Court Rules Adop 23.01

Rules of Civil Procedure, application, Court Rules Adop 3.01

Rules of Evidence, application, Court Rules Adop 3.02

Rules of Guardian ad Litem Procedure, application, Court Rules Adop 3.03

Safe Place for Newborns adoptions, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.150

Scope of rules, Minn. Rules 9560.0015

Scope of rules, Court Rules Adop 1.01

Service of process

Additional time after, Court Rules Adop 4.02

Methods, Court Rules Adop 25.02 to 25.07

Motions, Court Rules Adop 15.02

Subpoenas, Court Rules Adop 13.03

Settlement, see Compromise and settlement under this topic

Siblings

Human Services Department, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24

Placed together, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.613, 2019 260C.617

Social and medical histories, Minn. Statutes 2019 259A.01, 2019 260C.609

Social service agencies, representation of, Court Rules Adop 23.03

Special laws regarding, Minn. Const. art 12 s 1

Special needs children, adoption assistance program, see ADOPTION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

Special needs children, requirements, Minn. Rules 9560.0040

Standard of proof

Final hearings, Court Rules Adop 41.04

Trials, Court Rules Adop 44.04

Standards, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

State adoption exchange, Minn. Rules 9560.0040

Stepparent adoptions

Decisions and orders, Court Rules Adop 27.04

Generally, Court Rules Adop 27

Notice of motion and motion for preadoptive custody order, Court Rules Adop 27.01, Adop 27.02, Adop 27.03

Petitions, Court Rules Adop 35.03

Records, access to, Court Rules Adop 7.03

Studies

Defined as placement activities, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.21

Direct adoptive placement, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Filing, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.41, 2019 259.47

Subpoenas

Depositions, subpoenas for taking, Court Rules Adop 13.06

Expenses, Court Rules Adop 13.07

Failure to appear, Court Rules Adop 13.08

Form, Court Rules Adop 13.02

Hearings or trials, subpoenas for, Court Rules Adop 13.01

Motions to quash, Court Rules Adop 13.04

Notice, Court Rules Adop 13.02

Objections, Court Rules Adop 13.05

Purpose, Court Rules Adop 13.02

Service of process, Court Rules Adop 13.03

Suitability studies

Defined, Minn. Rules 9560.0020

Generally, Minn. Rules 9560.0140

Summary judgment, Court Rules Adop 40.03

Support services, ombudsperson for families, Minn. Statutes 2019 257.0762

Termination of parental rights, Minn. Rules 9560.0030

Termination of placement, Minn. Rules 9560.0110

Testimony, telephone and interactive video, Court Rules Adop 12.01 to 12.03

Time, computation, Court Rules Adop 4.01, Adop 4.02

Transcripts

Availability, Court Rules Adop 11.02

Expenses, Court Rules Adop 11.03

Procedure, Court Rules Adop 11.01

Referee hearings, Court Rules Adop 6.05

Transfers to minors, see TRANSFERS TO MINORS

Transportation of child, independent placements, Minn. Rules 9560.0120

Trials

Contested adoptions

Commencement, Court Rules Adop 44.02

Decisions, deadlines, Court Rules Adop 44.06

Generally, Court Rules Adop 44.01

Motion for judgment at conclusion of, Court Rules Adop 44.05

New trials, motions for, Court Rules Adop 46.02

Procedure, Court Rules Adop 44.03

Standard of proof, Court Rules Adop 44.04

New trials, motions for, Court Rules Adop 46.02

Notice, Court Rules Adop 31.01 to 31.04

Venue, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.23, 2019 259.47, 2019 260C.621

Venue

Children under guardianship of commissioner, Court Rules Adop 49.01

Generally, Court Rules Adop 49.01

Transfers

Granting, orders, Court Rules Adop 49.03

Requests, Court Rules Adop 49.02

Waivers

Birth parents, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Children under guardianship of commissioner, prohibited, Minn. Statutes 2019 260C.605

Generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.22

Hearing on petition, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24, 2019 259.49

Legal counsel, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.47

Preadoption residence, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.53

Witnesses, subpoenas, Court Rules Adop 25.05

Witnesses

Consents, generally, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.24

Hearing on petition, waiver of notice, Minn. Statutes 2019 259.49