TABLE OF CONTENTS


INTRODUCTION

Two Rulemaking Tools: Manuals and Guide
Agencies Not Bound by the Administrative Procedure Act
A Word About Notices

  1. THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE YOU START TO DRAFT
  2. Know What a Rule Is
    Know the Law that Provides Your Statutory Authority
    Know the Laws that Determine How Your Rule Will Be Read
    Know the Common Problems of Construction
    Be Aware of the Problem of Unacceptable Discretion

  3. THE FORM OF RULES
  4. Finding the Current Text: The Rules Publication Cycle
    Organizing Your Draft: Elements to Avoid
    The Part and Its Divisions
    Devices for Grouping Parts: Centered Headings
    General Format of Rule Drafts
    Striking and Underscoring Text
    Should You Amend or Repeal?
    Term Changes
    Preparing Copy for the Revisor's Office
    Deciding How Much Text to Show
    Renumbering or Relettering Instructions
    Repealing Rules
    Checking Cross-References
    Amending Headnotes
    Changing Chapter Titles and Centered Headings
    Special Types of Amendments
    Submitting the Rules to the State Register

  5. READABILITY IN DRAFTING
  6. Before You Draft, Identify Your Audience
    Keep the Rule Title Short, But Make it Communicate
    Make Your Organization Clear to Readers
    Avoid Some Common Headnote Problems
    Try Organizing a Draft for Several Audiences
    Keep Parts and Subparts Short
    Take Care with Definitions
    Doní't Duplicate Statutory Languagee
    Doní't Vary Your Terms
    Don't Use Obsolete or Vague Words and Phrases
    Limit Your Use of "Shall"
    Write in the Third Person
    Use Familiar Words
    Replace Wordy Expressions With Shorter Substitutes
    Avoid Nominal Style
    Avoid Creating Jargon
    Avoid Strings of Nouns and Adjectives
    Avoid Strings of Initials
    Be On Guard Against Euphemisms
    Don't Try to Squeeze Everything into One Sentence
    Put the Subject Up Front and Make it a Person
    Don't Use "Which + Noun"
    Keep the Parts of a Verb Close Together
    Never Use the Passive When You Can Use the Active
    Cut Needless Words
    Put Modifiers Near the Things They Modify
    Limit Your Use of Parentheses
    Write Paragraphs, Not Outlines
    Be Careful with Lists
    Some Special Problems with Lists
    State Conditions Clearly
    Avoid Provisos
    Keep Parallel Ideas in Parallel Form
    Untangle Computations
    Avoid Gender-Specific Language Without Sacrificing Clarity
    Don't Draft What You Don't Need
    Composing Amendments
    Housekeeping Changes
    Get A Second Opinion

  7. FORMS OF REFERENCE
  8. References to Rules in Other Rules
    Citing Rules in Statutes
    Short Citation Forms for Case Materials
    Citing Minnesota Statutes in Rules
    Citing Laws of Minnesota in Rules
    Citing Federal Laws in Rules
    Citing Federal Regulations in Rules
    Citing Safety Standards in Rules
    First References
    Second and Later References
    Deciding Which Format to Cite
    Incorporations by Reference
    Incorporating Other Rules
    Incorporations and Specificity
    Editions, Dates, and Future Amendments
    Amending Documents Incorporated by Reference

  9. TABLES, ILLUSTRATIONS, AND OTHER SPECIAL MATERIALS
  10. Use of Graphics
    Making Materials Easy to Cite
    Designing Tables
    Equations
    Forms
    Photographs, Illustrations, Charts, Maps, and Designs
    Summary on Acceptable Requested Formats

  11. EXEMPT RULES
  12. ADOPTIONS, MODIFICATIONS, AND WITHDRAWALS
  13. Amendments to Proposed Rules Before Adoption
    Modifications
    Preparing Copy of Adopted Rules
    Withdrawals of Rules

  14. QUICK DRAFTING AIDS
  15. Abbreviations
    Addresses
    Apostrophes
    Brackets
    Capitalization
    Captions
    Charts
    Citations
    Coding
    Colons
    Commas
    Compound Words
    Contractions
    Dashes
    Dates
    Definitions
    Forms
    Fractions
    Hyphens
    Illustrations
    Initials
    Italics
    Item
    Maps
    Measurements
    Money
    Numbers
    Official Titles
    Parentheses
    Part
    Percentages
    Periods
    Photographs
    Punctuation
    Quotation Marks
    Semicolons
    Slashes
    Spelling
    Strikeouts
    Subitem
    Subpart
    Subunit
    Symbols
    Tables
    Temperature
    Time of Day
    Underscoring
    Unit
    Word Division

  16. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT RULEMAKING
  17. A GUIDE TO THE LAW ABOUT RULEMAKING

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX


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Last review or upate: 2/23/99 (haj)
If you find errors in this page, please let us know at help.desk@revisor. leg.state.mn.us