language to be deleted (2) new language
Laws of Minnesota 1989 CHAPTER 280-H.F.No. 950 An act relating to human rights; adopting federal fair housing amendments; clarifying the definition of disability; modifying the definition of familial status; limiting certain exceptions for age discrimination; modifying requirements dealing with reasonable accommodations in employment and requiring reasonable accommodations by public accommodations under certain circumstances; expanding the prohibition of credit discrimination; prohibiting discrimination in certain services because of social or economic conditions in an area; requiring disclosure of medical information that adversely affects an employment decision; limiting age-related questions in employment applications; clarifying who is an aggrieved party for certain violations; clarifying burden on the employer to show a person's impairment is disqualifying; providing for service of subpoenas personally or by mail; striking the requirement that a person's employees must be within Minnesota for purposes of affirmative action; clarifying the time period allowed for filing a private lawsuit; modifying notice requirements in certain human rights appeals; amending Minnesota Statutes 1988, sections 363.01, subdivisions 25, 25a, and 31; 363.02, subdivisions 1, 2, 2a, 2b, and 6; 363.03, subdivisions 1, 3, 7, 8, and by adding subdivisions; 363.05, subdivision 2; 363.073, subdivision 1; 363.117; 363.123; 363.14, subdivision 1; and 363.15; repealing Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.01, subdivisions 30 and 32. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.01, subdivision 25, is amended to read: Subd. 25. [DISABILITY.] "Disability" means any condition or characteristic that renders a person a disabled person. A disabled person is any person who (1) has a physical, sensory, or mental impairment which
substantiallymaterially limits one or more major life activities; (2) has a record of such an impairment; or (3) is regarded as having such an impairment. Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.01, subdivision 25a, is amended to read: Subd. 25a. [QUALIFIED DISABLED PERSON.] "Qualified disabled person" means: (1) with respect to employment, a disabled person who, with reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions required of all applicants for the job in question; and (2) with respect to services and programs, a disabled person who, with physical and program access, meets the essential eligibility criteria required of all applicants for the program or service in question. For the purposes of this subdivision, "disability" excludes any condition resulting from alcohol or drug abuse which prevents a person from performing the essential functions of the job in question or constitutes a direct threat to property or the safety of others. If a respondent contends that the person is not a qualified disabled person, the burden is on the respondent to prove that it was reasonable to conclude the disabled person, with reasonable accommodation, could not have met the requirements of the job or that the selected person was demonstrably better able to perform the job. Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.01, subdivision 31, is amended to read: Subd. 31. [FAMILIAL STATUS.] "Familial status" means the condition of one or more minors being domiciled with (a) their parent or parents or the minor's legal guardian or (b) the designee of the parent or parents or guardian with the written permission of the parent or parents or guardian. The protections afforded against discrimination on the basis of family status apply to any person who is pregnant or is in the process of securing legal custody of an individual who has not attained the age of majority. Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.02, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [EMPLOYMENT.] The provisions of section 363.03, subdivision 1, shall not apply to: (1) The employment of any individual (a) by the individual's parent, grandparent, spouse, child, or grandchild, or (b) in the domestic service of any person; (2) A religious or fraternal corporation, association, or society, with respect to qualifications based on religion, when religion shall be a bona fide occupational qualification for employment; (3) The employment of one person in place of another, standing by itself, shall not be evidence of an unfair discriminatory practice; (4) The operation of a bona fide seniority system which mandates differences in such things as wages, hiring priorities, layoff priorities, vacation credit, and job assignments based on seniority, so long as the operation of the system is not a subterfuge to evade the provisions of this chapter; (5) With respect to age discrimination, a practice by which a labor organization or employer offers or supplies varying insurance benefits or other fringe benefits to members or employees of differing ages, so long as the cost to the labor organization or employer for the benefits is reasonably equivalent for all members or employees; (6) A restriction imposed by state statute, home rule charter, ordinance, or civil service rule, and applied uniformly and without exception to all individuals, which establishes a maximum age for entry into employment as a peace officer or firefighter. (7) Nothing in this chapter concerning age discrimination shall be construed to validate or permit age requirements which have a disproportionate impact on persons of any class otherwise protected by section 363.03, subdivision 1 or 5. (8) It is not an unfair employment practice for an employer, employment agency, or labor organization: (i) to require or request a person to undergo physical examination, which may include a medical history, for the purpose of determining the person's capability to perform available employment, provided (a) that an offer of employment has been made on condition that the person meets the physical or mental requirements of the job; (b) that the examination tests only for essential job-related abilities; and (c) that the examination except for examinations authorized under chapter 176 is required of all persons conditionally offered employment for the same position regardless of disability; or (ii) with the consent of the employee, to obtain additional medical information for the purposes of establishing an employee health record; (iii) to administer preemployment tests, provided that the tests (a) measure only essential job-related abilities, (b) are required of all applicants for the same position regardless of disability except for tests authorized under chapter 176, and (c) accurately measure the applicant's aptitude, achievement level, or whatever factors they purport to measure rather than reflecting the applicant's impaired sensory, manual, or speaking skills except when those skills are the factors that the tests purport to measure; or (iv) to limit receipt of benefits payable under a fringe benefit plan for disabilities to that period of time which a licensed physician reasonably determines a person is unable to work; or (v) to provide special safety considerations for pregnant women involved in tasks which are potentially hazardous to the health of the unborn child, as determined by medical criteria. Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.02, subdivision 2, is amended to read: Subd. 2. [HOUSING.] (1) The provisions of section 363.03, subdivision 2, shall not apply to: (a) rooms in a temporary or permanent residence home run by a nonprofit organization, if the discrimination is by sex; or (b) the rental by a resident owner or occupier of a one-family accommodation of a room or rooms in the accommodation to another person or persons if the discrimination is by sex, marital status, status with regard to public assistance or disability. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to require anyExcept as provided elsewhere in this chapter or other state or federal law, no person or group of persons selling, renting, or leasing property is required to modify the property in any way, or exercise a higher degree of care for a person having a disability than for a person who does not have a disability; nor shall this chapter be construed to relieve any person or persons of any obligations generally imposed on all persons regardless of any disability in a written lease, rental agreement, or contract of purchase or sale, or to forbid distinctions based on the inability to fulfill the terms and conditions, including financial obligations of the lease, agreement or contract. (2) The provisions of section 363.03, subdivision 2, prohibiting discrimination because of familial status shall not be construed to defeat the applicability of any local, state or federal restrictions regarding the maximum number of occupants permitted to occupy a dwelling unit and shall not apply to: (a) any unoccupied dwelling unit in one building of a housing complex consisting of two buildings or, in a housing complex consisting of three or more buildings, any unoccupied dwelling unit in up to one-third of all buildings in the housing complex. For the purposes of this clause, "housing complex" means a group of buildings each containing five or more units on a contiguous parcel of land owned by the same person; a building shall not be exempt from section 363.03, subdivision 2, pursuant to this clause unless the owner has filed an election to designate the building as exempt with the commissioner; an election made by an owner pursuant to this clause may not be withdrawn for purposes of designating another building in the housing complex as exempt for a period of one year from the filing of the election; or (b) any unit in a condominium created prior to April 12, 1980, any unit in a condominium, other than a condominium converted from a residential building, created on or after April 12, 1980, and any unit in an adults-only condominium created from an existing adults-only rental building on or after April 12, 1980; or (c) an unoccupied dwelling unit in any building in which at least a majority of the dwelling units are occupied by elderly persons or are unoccupied and available for occupancy solely by households of which at least one member is an elderly person; or (d)any owner occupied building containing four or fewer dwelling units; or (e) an unoccupied dwelling unit in any building which is the subject of a valid certificate filed with the commissioner pursuant to the provisions of this clause. To be valid, a certificate must be on a form provided by the commissioner, be received by the commissioner, state that on the date that the certificate is received by the commissioner at least a majority of the dwelling units in the building are occupied by elderly persons or are unoccupied and available for occupancy solely by households of which at least one member is an elderly person, state that on the date that the certificate is received by the commissioner there is on file with the owner of the building or a specified duly authorized agent of the owner for each occupied unit relied upon in support of the certificate a signed statement by an elderly person occupying the unit on the date that the certificate is received by the commissioner that the person is an elderly person, state that for a period of 180 days following the receipt of the certificate by the commissioner the owner or duly authorized agent will preserve the signed statements of the elderly persons and will, upon request, make the statements available for inspection by the commissioner or by any local commission having jurisdiction over the building, be signed by the owner or the duly authorized agent, and be in all respects true and accurate. A valid certificate shall remain valid for a period of 180 days following the date on which it is received by the commissioner. Any owner or authorized agent who files a certificate containing statements or information that the owner or authorized agent knows or should reasonably know to be false shall be guilty of a misdemeanor; (f) any unoccupied dwelling unit of up to one-third of the units in a building that is not part of a multibuilding complex; or (g) any dwelling unit in a building owned by a cooperative apartment corporation, other than a building converted from a residential rental building to a cooperative apartment corporation building on or after April 12, 1980, unless that conversion was from an existing adults-only residential rental building.(b) housing for elderly persons. "Housing for elderly persons" means housing: (i) provided under any state or federal program that the commissioner determines is specifically designed and operated to assist elderly persons, as defined in the state or federal program; (ii) intended for, and solely occupied by, persons 62 years of age or older; or (iii) intended and operated for occupancy by at least one person 55 years of age or older per unit, provided that: (A) there are significant facilities and services specifically designed to meet the physical or social needs of older persons, or if the provision of these facilities and services is not practicable, that the housing is necessary to provide important housing opportunities for older persons; (B) at least 80 percent of the units are occupied by at least one person 55 years of age or older per unit; and (C) there is publication of, and adherence to, policies and procedures that demonstrate an intent by the owner or manager to provide housing for persons 55 years of age or older. Housing does not fail to meet the requirements for housing for elderly persons by reason of persons residing in the housing as of the effective date of this act who do not meet the age requirements of clauses (b)(ii) and (b)(iii) if new occupants of the housing meet the age requirements of clause (b)(ii) or (b)(iii). In addition, housing does not fail to meet the requirements by reason of unoccupied units if unoccupied units are reserved for occupancy by persons who meet the age requirements of clause (b)(ii) or (b)(iii). Sec. 6. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.02, subdivision 2a, is amended to read: Subd. 2a. [MANUFACTURED HOME PARKS.] The provisions of subdivision 2, prohibiting discrimination because of familial status: (1) do not apply to a manufactured home park the majority of whose lots are reserved by park rule to households containing at least one elderly person; and (2) do not apply to a section or sections of a manufactured home park which are identified by park rule and do not comprise more than one-third of the lots in the park. In order to qualify for exemption under this subdivision,A park owner must comply with section 327C.02, subdivision 2, 327C.05, or 327C.07, subdivision 4, when adopting or amending a rule concerning the permitted familial status of residents or of buyers of homes offered for in park sale. Sec. 7. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.02, subdivision 2b, is amended to read: Subd. 2b. [EVICTION DUE TO FAMILIAL STATUS.] The provisions of section 363.03, subdivision 2, prohibiting discrimination because of familial status, do not apply to eviction from, or denial of continuing tenancy in, dwelling units exempt through certificationunder this section, provided that (1) one year has elapsed from the commencement of the familial status and (2) six months prior written notice has been given to the tenant, unless the eviction or denial of continuing tenancy is for nonpayment of rent, damage to the premises, disturbance of other tenants, or other breach of the lease. Sec. 8. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.02, subdivision 6, is amended to read: Subd. 6. [AGE.] By law or published retirement policy, a mandatory retirement age may be established without being a violation of this chapter if it is established consistent with section 181.81. Nothing in this chapter nor in section 181.81 shall prohibit employee pension and retirement plans from granting pension credit to employees over the age of 65 at a lesser rate than is granted to other employees, provided that in no event may an employee's accumulated pension credits be reduced by continued employment, and further provided that no other state or federal law is violated by the reduced rate of pension credit accrual. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit the establishment of differential privileges, benefits, services or facilities for persons of designated ages if (a) such differential treatment is provided pursuant to statute, or (b) the designated age is greater than 59 years or less than 21 years. Clause (b) does not apply to hiring, tenure, compensation, upgrading, or conditions of employment. Sec. 9. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.03, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [EMPLOYMENT.] Except when based on a bona fide occupational qualification, it is an unfair employment practice: (1) For a labor organization, because of race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, status with regard to public assistance, disability, or age, (a) to deny full and equal membership rights to a person seeking membership or to a member; (b) to expel a member from membership; (c) to discriminate against a person seeking membership or a member with respect to hiring, apprenticeship, tenure, compensation, terms, upgrading, conditions, facilities, or privileges of employment; or (d) to fail to classify properly, or refer for employment or otherwise to discriminate against a person or member. (2) For an employer, because of race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, status with regard to public assistance, membership or activity in a local commission, disability, or age, (a) to refuse to hire or to maintain a system of employment which unreasonably excludes a person seeking employment; or (b) to discharge an employee; or (c) to discriminate against a person with respect to hiring, tenure, compensation, terms, upgrading, conditions, facilities, or privileges of employment. (3) For an employment agency, because of race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, status with regard to public assistance, disability, or age, (a) to refuse or fail to accept, register, classify properly, or refer for employment or otherwise to discriminate against a person; or (b) to comply with a request from an employer for referral of applicants for employment if the request indicates directly or indirectly that the employer fails to comply with the provisions of this chapter. (4) For an employer, employment agency, or labor organization, before a person is employed by an employer or admitted to membership in a labor organization, to (a) require the person to furnish information that pertains to race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, status with regard to public assistance or, disability, or age; or, subject to section 363.02, subdivision 1, to require or request a person to undergo physical examination; unless ,for the sole and exclusive purpose of national security, information pertaining to national origin is required by the United States, this state or a political subdivision or agency of the United States or this state, or for the sole and exclusive purpose of compliance with the public contracts act or any rule, regulation, or laws of the United States or of this state requiring the information pertaining to race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, status with regard to public assistance or disability is required by the United States or a political subdivision or agency of the United Statesor examination; or (b) seek and obtain for purposes of making a job decision, information from any source that pertains to the person's race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, status with regard to public assistance, disability, or age, unless for the sole and exclusive purpose of compliance with the public contracts act or any rule, regulation, or laws of the United States or of this state requiring the information; or (c) cause to be printed or published a notice or advertisement that relates to employment or membership and discloses a preference, limitation, specification, or discrimination based on race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, status with regard to public assistance, disability, or age. Any individual who is required to provide information that is prohibited by this subdivision is an aggrieved party under section 363.06. (5) For an employer, an employment agency or a labor organization, with respect to all employment related purposes, including receipt of benefits under fringe benefit programs, not to treat women affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or disabilities related to pregnancy or childbirth, the same as other persons who are not so affected but who are similar in their ability or inability to work. (6) For an employer with 50 or more permanent, full-time employees, an employment agency or a labor organization, not to make reasonable accommodation to the known disability of a qualified disabled person or job applicant unless the employer, agency, or organization can demonstrate that the accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the business, agency, or organization. "Reasonable accommodation" means steps which must be taken to accommodate the known physical or mental limitations of a qualified disabled person. "Reasonable accommodation" may include but is not limited to, nor does it necessarily require: (a) making facilities readily accessible to and usable by disabled persons; and (b) job restructuring, modified work schedules that do not reduce the total number of hours normally worked, acquisition or modification of equipment or devices, and the provision of aides on a temporary or periodic basis. In determining whether an accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the operation of a business or organization, factors to be considered include: (a) the overall size of the business or organization with respect to number of employees or members and the number and type of facilities; (b) the type of the operation, including the composition and structure of the work force, and the number of employees at the location where the employment would occur; (c) the nature and cost of the needed accommodation; (d) the reasonable ability to finance the accommodation at each site of business; and (e) documented good faith efforts to explore less restrictive or less expensive alternatives, including consultation with the disabled person or with knowledgeable disabled persons or organizations. A prospective employer need not pay for an accommodation for a job applicant if it is available from an alternative source without cost to the employer or applicant. Sec. 10. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.03, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 1a. [DISCLOSURE OF MEDICAL INFORMATION.] If any health care records or medical information adversely affects any hiring, firing, or promotional decision concerning an applicant or employee, the employer must notify the affected party of that information within ten days of the final decision. Sec. 11. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.03, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 2a. [REAL PROPERTY; DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION.] (a) For purposes of subdivision 2, discrimination includes: (1) a refusal to permit, at the expense of the disabled person, reasonable modifications of existing premises occupied or to be occupied by the disabled person if modifications may be necessary to afford the disabled person full enjoyment of the premises; a landlord may, where it is reasonable to do so, condition permission for a modification on the renter agreeing to restore the interior of the premises to the condition that existed before the modification, excluding reasonable wear and tear; (2) a refusal to make reasonable accommodations in rules, policies, practices, or services, when accommodations may be necessary to afford a disabled person equal opportunity to use and enjoy a dwelling; or (3) in connection with the design and construction of covered multifamily dwellings for first occupancy after March 13, 1991, a failure to design and construct those dwellings in a manner that: (i) the public use and common use portions are readily accessible to and usable by a disabled person; (ii) all the doors designed to allow passage into and within all premises are sufficiently wide to allow passage by disabled persons in wheelchairs; and (iii) all premises contain the following features of adaptive design: an accessible route into and through the dwelling; light switches, electrical outlets, thermostats, and other environmental controls in accessible locations; reinforcements in bathroom walls to allow later installation of grab bars; and usable kitchens and bathrooms so that an individual in a wheelchair can maneuver about the space. (b) As used in this subdivision, the term "covered multifamily dwellings" means: (1) a building consisting of four or more units if the building has one or more elevators; and (2) ground floor units in other buildings consisting of four or more units. (c) This subdivision does not invalidate or limit any law of the state or political subdivision of the state, or other jurisdiction in which this subdivision applies, that requires dwellings to be designed and constructed in a manner that affords disabled persons greater access than is required by this subdivision. (d) This subdivision does not require that a dwelling be made available to an individual whose tenancy would constitute a direct threat to the health or safety of other individuals or whose tenancy would result in substantial physical damage to the property of others. Sec. 12. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.03, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS.] It is an unfair discriminatory practice: (1) To deny any person the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, and accommodations of a place of public accommodation because of race, color, creed, religion, disability, national origin or sex. It is an unfair discriminatory practice for a taxicab company to discriminate in the access to, full utilization of or benefit from service because of a person's disability. Nothing in this subdivision requires any person to exercise a higher degree of care for a person having a disability or to modify property in any way except as required by the accessibility provisions of the state building code.(2) For a place of public accommodation not to make reasonable accommodation to the known physical disability of a disabled person. In determining whether an accommodation is reasonable, the factors to be considered may include: (a) the frequency and predictability with which members of the public will be served by the accommodation at that location; (b) the size of the business or organization at that location with respect to physical size, annual gross revenues, and the number of employees; (c) the extent to which disabled persons will be further served from the accommodation; (d) the type of operation; (e) the nature and amount of both direct costs and legitimate indirect costs of making the accommodation and the reasonableness for that location to finance the accommodation; (f) the extent to which any persons may be adversely affected by the accommodation. State or local building codes control where applicable. Violations of state or local building codes are not violations of this chapter and must be enforced under normal building code procedures. Nothing in this subdivision requires structural changes to real property except as required by state or local building codes. This subdivision does not create a different standard of care. It applies only to unfair discriminatory practice cases brought under this statute and to no other causes of action. Sec. 13. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.03, subdivision 7, is amended to read: Subd. 7. [REPRISALS.] It is an unfair discriminatory practice for any employer, labor organization, employment agency, public accommodation, public service, educational institution, or owner, lessor, lessee, sublessee, assignee or managing agent of any real property, or any real estate broker, real estate salesperson or employee or agent thereof to intentionally engage in any reprisal against any person because that person: (1) Opposed a practice forbidden under this chapter or has filed a charge, testified, assisted, or participated in any mattermanner in an investigation, proceeding or hearing under this chapter; or (2) Associated with a person or group of persons who are disabled or who are of different race, color, creed, religion, or national origin. A reprisal includes, but is not limited to, any form of intimidation, retaliation, or harassment. It is a reprisal for an employer to do any of the following with respect to an individual because that individual has engaged in the activities listed in clause (1) or (2): refuse to hire the individual; depart from any customary employment practice; transfer or assign the individual to a lesser position in terms of wages, hours, job classification, job security, or other employment status; or inform another employer that the individual has engaged in the activities listed in clause (1) or (2). Sec. 14. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.03, subdivision 8, is amended to read: Subd. 8. [CREDIT; SEXDISCRIMINATION.] It is an unfair discriminatory practice: (1) to discriminate in the extension of personal or commercial credit to a person, or in the requirements for obtaining credit, because of race, color, creed, religion, disability, national origin, sex or marital status; or (2) for a credit card issuer to refuse to issue a credit card to a woman under her current or former surname unless there is an intent to defraud or mislead, except that a credit card issuer may require that a woman requesting a card under a former surname open a separate account in that name. A credit card issuer may also require disclosure of any other names under which the credit card applicant may have a credit history. Sec. 15. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.05, subdivision 2, is amended to read: Subd. 2. [SERVICE, ENFORCEMENT, AND EFFECT OF SUBPOENA.] (a) Disobedience of a subpoena issued by the commissioner pursuant to subdivision 1 shall be punishable in like manner as a contempt of the district court in proceedings instituted upon application of the commissioner made to the district court of the county where the alleged unfair discriminatory practice in connection with a charge made by a charging party or a complaint filed by the commissioner has occurred or where the respondent resides or has a principal place of business. (b) It is not a violation of rights conferred by chapter 13 or any other statute related to the confidentiality of government data for ana state agency, statewide system, or political subdivision, as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 11, to provide data or information under a subpoena issued by the commissioner under this section. (c) A subpoena issued under subdivision 1 must be served personally or by mailing a copy of the subpoena, by first class mail, postage prepaid, to the person to be served. The subpoena must include two copies of a notice and acknowledgment of service on a form to be provided by the commissioner, and a return envelope, postage prepaid, addressed to the sender. If acknowledgment of service is not received by the commissioner within 20 days, service is not effective. Unless good cause is shown for not doing so, a court or administrative law judge shall order the payment of the costs of personal service by the person served if the person does not complete and return the notice and acknowledgment of receipt of the subpoena within the time allowed. Sec. 16. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.073, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [SCOPE OF APPLICATION.] No department or agency of the state shall receive, enter into, or accept any bid or proposal for a contract nor execute any contract for goods, services, or the performance of any function, or any agreement to transfer funds for any reason in excess of $50,000 with any person having more than 20 full-time employees in Minnesotaat any time during the previous 12 months, unless the person has an affirmative action plan for the employment of minority persons, women, and the disabled that has been approved by the commissioner of human rights. Receipt of a certificate of compliance issued by the commissioner shall signify that a person has an affirmative action plan that has been approved by the commissioner. A certificate shall be valid for a period of two years. Sec. 17. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.117, is amended to read: 363.117 [WITHDRAWAL FROM A LOCAL COMMISSION.] Notwithstanding the provisions of any law or ordinance to the contrary, a person who has filed a charge with a local commission may bring a civil action as provided in section 363.14 at the following times: (a) Within 45 days after receipt of notice that the local commission has determined that there is no probable cause to credit the allegations contained in the charge; receipt of notice is presumed to be five days from the date of service by mail of the written notice; or (b) After 45 days from the filing of the charge if a hearing has not been held or if the local commission has not entered into a conciliation agreement to which the charging party is a signator. The charging party shall notify the local commission of an intention to bring a civil action, which shall be commenced within 90 days of giving the notice. A charging party bringing a civil action shall mail by registered or certified mail a copy of the summons and complaint to the local commission and upon their receipt the local commission shall terminate all proceedings before the local commission relating to the charge. No charge shall be filed or reinstituted with the local commission after a civil action relating to the same unfair discriminatory practice has been brought unless the civil action has been dismissed without prejudice. Sec. 18. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.123, is amended to read: 363.123 [VIOLATION OF ACT.] It shall be a violation of Laws 1973,this chapter 729for any person furnishing credit service to discriminate against any person who is the recipient of federal, state or local public assistance, including medical assistance, or who is a tenant receiving federal, state or local housing subsidies, including rental assistance or rent supplements, solelybecause the individual is such a recipient. Sec. 19. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.14, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [COURT ACTIONS, SUITS BY PRIVATE PARTIES, INTERVENTION.] (a) The commissioner or a person may bring a civil action seeking redress for an unfair discriminatory practice directly to district court. In addition, a person may bring a civil action: (1) within 45 days after receipt of notice that the commissioner has dismissed a charge because it is frivolous or without merit, because the charging party has failed to provide required information, because the commissioner has determined that further use of department resources is not warranted, or because the commissioner has determined that there is no probable cause to credit the allegations contained in a charge filed with the commissioner; (2) within 45 days after receipt of notice that the commissioner has reaffirmed a determination of no probable cause if the charging party requested a reconsideration of the no probable cause determination, or has decided not to reopen a dismissed case that the charging party has asked to be reopened; or (3) after 45 days from the filing of a charge pursuant to section 363.06, subdivision 1, if a hearing has not been held pursuant to section 363.071 or if the commissioner has not entered into a conciliation agreement to which the charging party is a signator. The charging party shall notify the commissioner of an intention to bring a civil action, which shall be commenced within 90 days of giving the notice. For purposes of clauses (1) and (2), receipt of notice is presumed to be five days from the date of service by mail of the written notice. (b) If the commissioner has issued both probable cause and no probable cause determinations on separate issues in the same charge, the charging party may, if a hearing is held, require that all matters be heard at the hearing or may bring a civil action for the no probable cause charges at the same time as the probable cause charges under the rules and time frames that govern the probable cause charges. (c) A charging party bringing a civil action shall mail by registered or certified mail a copy of the summons and complaint to the commissioner, and upon their receipt the commissioner shall terminate all proceedings in the department relating to the charge. No charge shall be filed or reinstituted with the commissioner after a civil action relating to the same unfair discriminatory practice has been brought unless the civil action has been dismissed without prejudice. (d) Upon application by the complaining party to the district court at a special term and under circumstances the court deems just, the court may appoint an attorney for the person and may authorize the commencement of the action without payment of fees, costs, or security. (e) Upon timely application, the court may permit the department to intervene in a civil action brought pursuant to this section upon certification that the case is of general public importance. Sec. 20. Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.15, is amended to read: 363.15 [NOTICE OF APPEAL TO THE COMMISSIONER.] In any case that is appealed to the supreme court or the court of appeals in which an issue is raised under this chapter, the party raising the issue shall serve a copy of the notice of appeal on the commissioner. The clerk of the appellate courts may not acceptAt the time of filing a notice of appeal or other papers, documents, or briefs from anyin the case, a party in an action involving this chapter withoutshall file proof of service of the papers, documents, or briefs upon the commissioner. Sec. 21. [INSTRUCTION TO REVISOR.] In the next edition of Minnesota Statutes the revisor of statutes shall renumber Minnesota Statutes, section 363.123, as section 363.03, subdivision 8b. Sec. 22. [REPEALER.] Minnesota Statutes 1988, section 363.01, subdivisions 30 and 32, are repealed. Presented to the governor May 23, 1989 Signed by the governor May 25, 1989, 6:28 p.m.
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