language to be deleted (2) new language
CHAPTER 113-S.F.No. 333 An act relating to home care; modifying an exemption from the definition of provider; requiring rules to include certain standards; establishing an assisted living home care provider license; redefining elderly housing with services establishment; modifying reimbursement procedures for assisted living services under medical assistance and alternative care; defining certain housing with services establishments as a permitted single family residential use of property for zoning purposes; requiring a study; amending Minnesota Statutes 1996, sections 144A.43, subdivision 4; 144A.45, subdivision 1, and by adding a subdivision; 144A.46, subdivisions 1 and 3; 144D.01, subdivisions 4, 5, 6, and by adding a subdivision; 144D.03, subdivision 1; 144D.06; 157.17, subdivisions 2 and 5; 245A.03, subdivision 2; 256B.0913, subdivision 5; 256B.0915, subdivision 3; 256I.04, subdivision 2a; and 462.357, subdivision 7; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapters 144A; and 144D; repealing Minnesota Statutes 1996, sections 144A.45, subdivision 3; 144A.49; 144B.01; 144B.02; 144B.03; 144B.04; 144B.05; 144B.06; 144B.07; 144B.08; 144B.09; 144B.10; 144B.11; 144B.12; 144B.13; 144B.14; 144B.15; 144B.16; and 144B.17. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144A.43, subdivision 4, is amended to read: Subd. 4. [HOME CARE PROVIDER.] "Home care provider" means an individual, organization, association, corporation, unit of government, or other entity that is regularly engaged in the delivery, directly or by contractual arrangement, of home care services for a fee. At least one home care service must be provided directly, although additional home care services may be provided by contractual arrangements. "Home care provider" includes a hospice program defined in section 144A.48. "Home care provider" does not include: (1) any home care or nursing services conducted by and for the adherents of any recognized church or religious denomination for the purpose of providing care and services for those who depend upon spiritual means, through prayer alone, for healing; (2) an individual who only provides services to a relative; (3) an individual not connected with a home care provider who provides assistance with home management services or personal care needs if the assistance is provided primarily as a contribution and not as a business; (4) an individual not connected with a home care provider who shares housing with and provides primarily housekeeping or homemaking services to an elderly or disabled person in return for free or reduced-cost housing; (5) an individual or agency providing home-delivered meal services; (6) an agency providing senior companion services and other older American volunteer programs established under the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973, Public Law Number 98-288; (7) an employee of a nursing home licensed under this chapter or an employee of a boarding care home licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.56 who
providesresponds to occasional emergency services tocalls from individuals residing in an apartment unit attached toa residential setting that is attached to or located on property contiguous to the nursing home or boarding care home; (8) a member of a professional corporation organized under sections 319A.01 to 319A.22 that does not regularly offer or provide home care services as defined in subdivision 3; (9) the following organizations established to provide medical or surgical services that do not regularly offer or provide home care services as defined in subdivision 3: a business trust organized under sections 318.01 to 318.04, a nonprofit corporation organized under chapter 317A, a partnership organized under chapter 323, or any other entity determined by the commissioner; (10) an individual or agency that provides medical supplies or durable medical equipment, except when the provision of supplies or equipment is accompanied by a home care service; (11) an individual licensed under chapter 147; or (12) an individual who provides home care services to a person with a developmental disability who lives in a place of residence with a family, foster family, or primary caregiver. Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144A.45, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [RULES.] The commissioner shall adopt rules for the regulation of home care providers pursuant to sections 144A.43 to 144A.49. The rules shall include the following: (a) provisions to assure, to the extent possible, the health, safety and well-being, and appropriate treatment of persons who receive home care services; (b) requirements that home care providers furnish the commissioner with specified information necessary to implement sections 144A.43 to 144A.49; (c) standards of training of home care provider personnel, which may vary according to the nature of the services provided or the health status of the consumer; (d) standards for medication management which may vary according to the nature of the services provided, the setting in which the services are provided or the status of the consumer. Medication management includes the central storage, handling, distribution, and administration of medications; (e) standards offor supervision of home care services requiring supervision by a registered nurse or other appropriate health care professionals of personnel providing home care services, which may vary according to the nature of the services provided or the health status of the consumerprofessional which must occur on site at least every 62 days, or more frequently if indicated by a clinical assessment, and in accordance with sections 148.171 to 148.285 and rules adopted thereunder; (f) standards for client evaluation or assessment which may vary according to the nature of the services provided or the status of the consumer; (e)(g) requirements for the involvement of a consumer's physician, the documentation of physicians' orders, if required, and the consumer's treatment plan, and the maintenance of accurate, current clinical records; (f)(h) the establishment of different classes of licenses for different types of providers and different standards and requirements for different kinds of home care services; and (g)(i) operating procedures required to implement the home care bill of rights. Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144A.45, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 4. [MEDICAID REIMBURSEMENT.] Notwithstanding the provisions of section 256B.071 or state plan requirements to the contrary, certification by the federal Medicare program must not be a requirement of Medicaid payment for services delivered under section 144A.4605. Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144A.46, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [LICENSE REQUIRED.] (a) A home care provider may not operate in the state without a current license issued by the commissioner of health. A home care provider may hold a separate license for each class of home care licensure. (b) Within ten days after receiving an application for a license, the commissioner shall acknowledge receipt of the application in writing. The acknowledgment must indicate whether the application appears to be complete or whether additional information is required before the application will be considered complete. Within 90 days after receiving a complete application, the commissioner shall either grant or deny the license. If an applicant is not granted or denied a license within 90 days after submitting a complete application, the license must be deemed granted. An applicant whose license has been deemed granted must provide written notice to the commissioner before providing a home care service. (c) Each application for a home care provider license, or for a renewal of a license, shall be accompanied by a fee to be set by the commissioner under section 144.122. Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144A.46, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [ENFORCEMENT.] (a) The commissioner may refuse to grant or renew a license, or may suspend or revoke a license, for violation of statutes or rules relating to home care services or for conduct detrimental to the welfare of the consumer. Prior to any suspension, revocation, or refusal to renew a license, the home care provider shall be entitled to notice and a hearing as provided by sections 14.57 to 14.69. In addition to any other remedy provided by law, the commissioner may, without a prior contested case hearing, temporarily suspend a license or prohibit delivery of services by a provider for not more than 60 days if the commissioner determines that the health or safety of a consumer is in imminent danger, provided (1) advance notice is given to the provider; (2) after notice, the provider fails to correct the problem; (3) the commissioner has reason to believe that other administrative remedies are not likely to be effective; and (4) there is an opportunity for a contested case hearing within the 60 days. The process of suspending or revoking a license must include a plan for transferring affected clients to other providers. (b) The owner and managerial officials, as defined in the home care licensure rules, Minnesota Rules, chapter 4668, of a home care provider whose Minnesota license has not been renewed or has been revoked because of noncompliance with applicable law or rule shall not be eligible to apply for nor will be granted a license for five years following the effective date of the nonrenewal or revocation. (c) The commissioner shall not issue a license to a home care provider if an owner or managerial official includes any individual who was an owner or managerial official of a home care provider whose Minnesota license was not renewed or was revoked as described in paragraph (b) for five years following the effective date of nonrenewal or revocation. (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a), the commissioner shall not renew, or shall suspend or revoke the license of any home care provider which includes any individual as an owner or managerial official who was an owner or managerial official of a home care provider whose Minnesota license was not renewed or was revoked as described in paragraph (b) for five years following the effective date of the nonrenewal or revocation. The commissioner shall notify the home care provider 30 days in advance of the date of nonrenewal, suspension, or revocation of the license. Within ten days after the receipt of this notification, the home care provider may request, in writing, that the commissioner stay the nonrenewal, revocation, or suspension of the license. The home care provider shall specify the reasons for requesting the stay; the steps that will be taken to attain or maintain compliance with the licensure laws and regulations; any limits on the authority or responsibility of the owners or managerial officials whose actions resulted in the notice of nonrenewal, revocation, or suspension; and any other information to establish that the continuing affiliation with these individuals will not jeopardize client health, safety or well being. The commissioner shall determine whether the stay will be granted within 30 days of receiving the provider's request. The commissioner may propose additional restrictions or limitations on the provider's license and require that the granting of the stay be contingent upon compliance with those provisions. The commissioner shall take into consideration the following factors when determining whether the stay should be granted: (1) the threat that continued involvement of the owners and managerial officials in the home care provider poses to client health, safety and well being; (2) the compliance history of the home care provider; and (3) the appropriateness of any limits suggested by the home care provider. If the commissioner grants the stay, the order shall include any restrictions or limitation on the provider's license. The failure of the provider to comply with any restrictions or limitations shall result in the immediate removal of the stay and the commissioner shall take immediate action to suspend, revoke or not renew the license. (e) The provisions contained in paragraphs (b) and (c) shall apply to any nonrenewal or revocation of a home care license occurring after June 1, 1993, the effective date of the home care licensure rules. (f) For the purposes of this subdivision, owners of a home care provider are those individuals whose ownership interest provides sufficient authority or control to affect or change decisions related to the operation of the home care provider. An owner includes a sole proprietor, a general partner, or any other individual whose individual ownership interest can affect the management and direction of the policies of the home care provider. For the purposes of this subdivision, managerial officials are those individuals who had the responsibility for the ongoing management or direction of the policies, services or employees of the home care provider relating to the areas of noncompliance which led to the license revocation or nonrenewal. Sec. 6. [144A.4605] [ASSISTED LIVING HOME CARE PROVIDER.] Subdivision 1. [DEFINITIONS.] For purposes of this section, the term "assisted living home care provider" means a home care provider who provides nursing services, delegated nursing services, other services performed by unlicensed personnel, or central storage of medications solely for residents of one or more housing with services establishments registered under chapter 144D. Subd. 2. [ASSISTED LIVING HOME CARE LICENSE ESTABLISHED.] A home care provider license category entitled assisted living home care provider is hereby established. A home care provider may obtain an assisted living license if the program meets the following requirements: (a) nursing services, delegated nursing services, other services performed by unlicensed personnel, or central storage of medications under the assisted living license are provided solely for residents of one or more housing with services establishments registered under chapter 144D; (b) unlicensed personnel perform home health aide and home care aide tasks identified in Minnesota Rules, parts 4668.0100, subparts 1 and 2, and 4668.0110, subpart 1. Qualifications to perform these tasks shall be established in accordance with subdivision 3; (c) periodic supervision of unlicensed personnel is provided as required by rule; (d) notwithstanding Minnesota Rules, part 4668.0160, subpart 6, item D, client records shall include: (1) a weekly summary of the client's status and home care services provided; (2) documentation each time medications are administered to a client; and (3) documentation on the day of occurrence of any significant change in the client's status or any significant incident, such as a fall or refusal to take medications. All entries must be signed by the staff providing the services and entered into the record no later than two weeks after the end of the service day, except as specified in clauses (2) and (3); (e) medication and treatment orders, if any, are included in the client record and are renewed at least every 12 months, or more frequently when indicated by a clinical assessment; (f) the central storage of medications in a housing with services establishment registered under chapter 144D is managed under a system that is established by a registered nurse and addresses the control of medications, handling of medications, medication containers, medication records, and disposition of medications; and (g) in other respects meets the requirements established by rules adopted under sections 144A.45 to 144A.48. Subd. 3. [TRAINING OR COMPETENCY EVALUATIONS REQUIRED.] (a) Unlicensed personnel must: (1) satisfy the training or competency requirements established by rule under sections 144A.45 to 144A.48; or (2) be trained or determined competent by a registered nurse in each task identified under Minnesota Rules, part 4668.0100, subparts 1 and 2, when offered to clients in a housing with services establishment as described in paragraphs (b) to (e). (b) Training for tasks identified under Minnesota Rules, part 4668.0100, subparts 1 and 2, shall use a curriculum which meets the requirements in Minnesota Rules, part 4668.0130. (c) Competency evaluations for tasks identified under Minnesota Rules, part 4668.0100, subparts 1 and 2, must be completed and documented by a registered nurse. (d) Unlicensed personnel performing tasks identified under Minnesota Rules, part 4668.0100, subparts 1 and 2, shall be trained or demonstrate competency in the following topics: (1) an overview of sections 144A.43 to 144A.49 and rules adopted thereunder; (2) recognition and handling of emergencies and use of emergency services; (3) reporting the maltreatment of vulnerable minors or adults under sections 626.556 and 626.557; (4) home care bill of rights; (5) handling of clients' complaints and reporting of complaints to the office of health facility complaints; (6) services of the ombudsman for older Minnesotans; (7) observation, reporting, and documentation of client status and of the care or services provided; (8) basic infection control; (9) maintenance of a clean, safe, and healthy environment; (10) communication skills; (11) basic elements of body functioning and changes in body function that must be reported to an appropriate health care professional; and (12) physical, emotional, and developmental needs of clients, and ways to work with clients who have problems in these areas, including respect for the client, the client's property, and the client's family. (e) Unlicensed personnel who administer medications must comply with rules relating to the administration of medications in Minnesota Rules, part 4668.0100, subpart 2, except that unlicensed personnel need not comply with the requirements of Minnesota Rules, part 4668.0100, subpart 5. Subd. 4. [LICENSE REQUIRED.] (a) A housing with services establishment registered under chapter 144D that is required to obtain a home care license must obtain an assisted living home care license according to this section or a class A license according to rule. (b) A board and lodging establishment registered for special services as of December 31, 1996, and also registered as a housing with services establishment under chapter 144D, must deliver home care services according to sections 144A.43 to 144A.49, and may apply for a waiver from requirements under Minnesota Rules, parts 4668.0002 to 4668.0240, to operate a licensed agency under the standards of section 157.17. Such waivers as may be granted by the department will expire upon promulgation of home care rules implementing section 144A.4605. (c) An adult foster care provider licensed by the department of human services and registered under chapter 144D may continue to provide health-related services under its foster care license until the promulgation of home care rules implementing this section. Subd. 5. [LICENSE FEES.] The license fees for assisted living home care providers shall be as follows: (1) $125 annually for those providers serving a monthly average of 15 or fewer clients, and for assisted living providers of all sizes during the first year of operation; (2) $200 annually for those providers serving a monthly average of 16 to 30 clients; (3) $375 annually for those providers serving a monthly average of 31 to 50 clients; and (4) $625 annually for those providers serving a monthly average of 50 or more clients. Subd. 6. [WAIVER.] Upon request of the home care provider, the commissioner may waive the provisions of this section relating to registered nurse duties. Sec. 7. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144D.01, subdivision 4, is amended to read: Subd. 4. [ ELDERLYHOUSING WITH SERVICES ESTABLISHMENT OR ESTABLISHMENT.] " ElderlyHousing with services establishment" or "establishment" means an establishment providing sleeping accommodations to one or more adult residents, at least 80 percent of which are 55 years of age or older, and offering or providing, for a fee, one or more regularly scheduled health-related services or two or more regularly scheduled supportive serviceservices, whether offered or provided directly by the establishment or by another entity arranged for by the establishment. ElderlyHousing with services establishment does not include: (1) a nursing home licensed under chapter 144A; (2) a hospital, boarding care home, or supervised living facility licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.56; (3) a board and lodging establishment licensed under chapter 157 and Minnesota Rules, parts 9520.0500 to 9520.0670, 9525.0215 to 9525.0355, 9525.0500 to 9525.0660, or 9530.4100 to 9530.4450; (4) a board and lodging establishment which serves as a shelter for battered women or other similar purpose; (5) a family adult foster care home licensed under Minnesota Rules, parts 9543.0010 to 9543.0150by the department of human services; or(6) private homes in which the residents are related by kinship, law, or affinity with the providers of services; (7) a home-sharing arrangement such as when an elderly or disabled person or single-parent family makes lodging in a private residence available to another person in exchange for services or rent, or both; (8) a duly organized condominium, cooperative, common interest community, or owners' association of the foregoing where at least 80 percent of the units that comprise the condominium, cooperative, or common interest community are occupied by individuals who are the owners, members, or shareholders of the units; or (9) services for persons with developmental disabilities that are provided under a license according to Minnesota Rules, parts 9525.2000 to 9525.2140. Sec. 8. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144D.01, subdivision 5, is amended to read: Subd. 5. [SUPPORTIVE SERVICES.] "Supportive services" means arranging for medical services, health-related services, social services, transportation,help with personal laundry, orhandling or assisting with personal funds of residents, or arranging for medical services, health-related services, social services, or transportation to medical or social services appointments. Arranging for services does not include making referrals, assisting a resident in contacting a service provider of the resident's choice, or contacting a service provider in an emergency. Sec. 9. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144D.01, subdivision 6, is amended to read: Subd. 6. [HEALTH-RELATED SERVICES.] "Health-related services" include professional nursing services, home health aide tasks, and home care aide tasks identified in Minnesota Rules, parts 4668.0100, subparts 1 and 2; and 4668.0110, subpart 1 ,; or the central storage of medication for residents under section 144A.485, subdivision 2, clause (6). Sec. 10. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144D.01, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 7. [FAMILY ADULT FOSTER CARE HOME.] "Family adult foster care home" means an adult foster care home that is licensed by the department of human services, that is the primary residence of the license holder, and in which the license holder is the primary caregiver. Sec. 11. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144D.03, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [REGISTRATION PROCEDURES.] The commissioner shall establish forms and procedures for annual registration of elderlyhousing with services establishments. The commissioner shall charge an annual registration fee of $35. No fee shall be refunded. A registered establishment shall notify the commissioner within 30 days of the date it is no longer required to be registered under this chapter or of any change in the business name or address of the establishment, the name or mailing address of the owner or owners, or the name or mailing address of the managing agent. There shall be no fee for submission of the notice. Sec. 12. [144D.07] [RESTRAINTS.] Residents must be free from any physical or chemical restraints imposed for purposes of discipline or convenience. Sec. 13. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 144D.06, is amended to read: 144D.06 [OTHER LAWS.] An elderlyA housing with services establishment shall obtain and maintain all other licenses, permits, registrations, or other governmental approvals required of it in addition to registration under this chapter , except that an establishment registered under this chapter is exempt, at its option, from the requirement of obtaining and maintaining an adult foster care license under Minnesota Rules, parts 9543.0010 to 9543.0150, or a lodging license under chapter 157. An elderly. A housing with services establishment is subject to the provisions of sections 504.01 to 504.28 and 566.01 to 566.175. An elderly housing with services establishment which is also described in section 157.17 is exempt from the requirements of that section while it is registered under this chapter.Sec. 14. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 157.17, subdivision 2, is amended to read: Subd. 2. [REGISTRATION.] At the time of licensure or license renewal, a boarding and lodging establishment or a lodging establishment that provides supportive services or health supervision services must be registered with the commissioner, and must register annually thereafter. The registration must include the name, address, and telephone number of the establishment, the name of the operator, the types of services that are being provided, a description of the residents being served, the type and qualifications of staff in the facility, and other information that is necessary to identify the needs of the residents and the types of services that are being provided. The commissioner shall develop and furnish to the boarding and lodging establishment or lodging establishment the necessary form for submitting the registration. The requirement for registration is effective until the rules required by sections 144B.01 to 144B.17 are effective. Housing with services establishments registered under chapter 144D shall be considered registered under this section for all purposes except that: (1) the establishments shall operate under the requirements of chapter 144D; and (2) the criminal background check requirements of sections 299C.66 to 299C.71 apply. The criminal background check requirements of section 144.057 apply only to personnel providing home care services under sections 144A.43 to 144A.48. Sec. 15. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 157.17, subdivision 5, is amended to read: Subd. 5. [SERVICES THAT MAY NOT BE PROVIDED IN A BOARDING AND LODGING ESTABLISHMENT OR LODGING ESTABLISHMENT.] Except those facilities registered under chapter 144D, a boarding and lodging establishment or lodging establishment may not admit or retain individuals who: (1) would require assistance from establishment staff because of the following needs: bowel incontinence, catheter care, use of injectable or parenteral medications, wound care, or dressing changes or irrigations of any kind; or (2) require a level of care and supervision beyond supportive services or health supervision services. Sec. 16. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 245A.03, subdivision 2, is amended to read: Subd. 2. [EXCLUSION FROM LICENSURE.] Sections 245A.01 to 245A.16 do not apply to: (1) residential or nonresidential programs that are provided to a person by an individual who is related unless the residential program is a foster care placement made by a local social services agency or a licensed child-placing agency, except as provided in subdivision 2a; (2) nonresidential programs that are provided by an unrelated individual to persons from a single related family; (3) residential or nonresidential programs that are provided to adults who do not abuse chemicals or who do not have a chemical dependency, a mental illness, mental retardation or a related condition, a functional impairment, or a physical handicap; (4) sheltered workshops or work activity programs that are certified by the commissioner of economic security; (5) programs for children enrolled in kindergarten to the 12th grade and prekindergarten special education in a school as defined in section 120.101, subdivision 4, and programs serving children in combined special education and regular prekindergarten programs that are operated or assisted by the commissioner of children, families, and learning; (6) nonresidential programs primarily for children that provide care or supervision, without charge for ten or fewer days a year, and for periods of less than three hours a day while the child's parent or legal guardian is in the same building as the nonresidential program or present within another building that is directly contiguous to the building in which the nonresidential program is located; (7) nursing homes or hospitals licensed by the commissioner of health except as specified under section 245A.02; (8) board and lodge facilities licensed by the commissioner of health that provide services for five or more persons whose primary diagnosis is mental illness who have refused an appropriate residential program offered by a county agency. This exclusion expires on July 1, 1990; (9) homes providing programs for persons placed there by a licensed agency for legal adoption, unless the adoption is not completed within two years; (10) programs licensed by the commissioner of corrections; (11) recreation programs for children or adults that operate for fewer than 40 calendar days in a calendar year; (12) programs operated by a school as defined in section 120.101, subdivision 4, whose primary purpose is to provide child care to school-age children, provided the program is approved by the district's school board; (13) head start nonresidential programs which operate for less than 31 days in each calendar year; (14) noncertified boarding care homes unless they provide services for five or more persons whose primary diagnosis is mental illness or mental retardation; (15) nonresidential programs for nonhandicapped children provided for a cumulative total of less than 30 days in any 12-month period; (16) residential programs for persons with mental illness, that are located in hospitals, until the commissioner adopts appropriate rules; (17) the religious instruction of school-age children; Sabbath or Sunday schools; or the congregate care of children by a church, congregation, or religious society during the period used by the church, congregation, or religious society for its regular worship; (18) camps licensed by the commissioner of health under Minnesota Rules, chapter 4630; (19) mental health outpatient services for adults with mental illness or children with emotional disturbance; (20) residential programs serving school-age children whose sole purpose is cultural or educational exchange, until the commissioner adopts appropriate rules; (21) unrelated individuals who provide out-of-home respite care services to persons with mental retardation or related conditions from a single related family for no more than 90 days in a 12-month period and the respite care services are for the temporary relief of the person's family or legal representative; (22) respite care services provided as a home and community-based service to a person with mental retardation or a related condition, in the person's primary residence; (23) community support services programs as defined in section 245.462, subdivision 6, and family community support services as defined in section 245.4871, subdivision 17; or(24) the placement of a child by a birth parent or legal guardian in a preadoptive home for purposes of adoption as authorized by section 259.47; or (25) settings registered under chapter 144D which provide home care services licensed by the commissioner of health to fewer than seven adults. For purposes of clause (6), a building is directly contiguous to a building in which a nonresidential program is located if it shares a common wall with the building in which the nonresidential program is located or is attached to that building by skyway, tunnel, atrium, or common roof. Sec. 17. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 256B.0913, subdivision 5, is amended to read: Subd. 5. [SERVICES COVERED UNDER ALTERNATIVE CARE.] (a) Alternative care funding may be used for payment of costs of: (1) adult foster care; (2) adult day care; (3) home health aide; (4) homemaker services; (5) personal care; (6) case management; (7) respite care; (8) assisted living; (9) residential care services; (10) care-related supplies and equipment; (11) meals delivered to the home; (12) transportation; (13) skilled nursing; (14) chore services; (15) companion services; (16) nutrition services; (17) training for direct informal caregivers; and (18) telemedicine devices to monitor recipients in their own homes as an alternative to hospital care, nursing home care, or home visits. (b) The county agency must ensure that the funds are used only to supplement and not supplant services available through other public assistance or services programs. (c) Unless specified in statute, the service standards for alternative care services shall be the same as the service standards defined in the elderly waiver. Persons or agencies must be employed by or under a contract with the county agency or the public health nursing agency of the local board of health in order to receive funding under the alternative care program. (d) The adult foster care rate shall be considered a difficulty of care payment and shall not include room and board. The adult foster care daily rate shall be negotiated between the county agency and the foster care provider. The rate established under this section shall not exceed 75 percent of the state average monthly nursing home payment for the case mix classification to which the individual receiving foster care is assigned, and it must allow for other alternative care services to be authorized by the case manager. (e) Personal care services may be provided by a personal care provider organization. A county agency may contract with a relative of the client to provide personal care services, but must ensure nursing supervision. Covered personal care services defined in section 256B.0627, subdivision 4, must meet applicable standards in Minnesota Rules, part 9505.0335. (f) A county may use alternative care funds to purchase medical supplies and equipment without prior approval from the commissioner when: (1) there is no other funding source; (2) the supplies and equipment are specified in the individual's care plan as medically necessary to enable the individual to remain in the community according to the criteria in Minnesota Rules, part 9505.0210, item A; and (3) the supplies and equipment represent an effective and appropriate use of alternative care funds. A county may use alternative care funds to purchase supplies and equipment from a non-Medicaid certified vendor if the cost for the items is less than that of a Medicaid vendor. A county is not required to contract with a provider of supplies and equipment if the monthly cost of the supplies and equipment is less than $250. (g) For purposes of this section, residential care services are services which are provided to individuals living in residential care homes. Residential care homes are currently licensed as board and lodging establishments and are registered with the department of health as providing special services. Residential care services are defined as "supportive services" and "health-related services." "Supportive services" means the provision of up to 24-hour supervision and oversight. Supportive services includes: (1) transportation, when provided by the residential care center only; (2) socialization, when socialization is part of the plan of care, has specific goals and outcomes established, and is not diversional or recreational in nature; (3) assisting clients in setting up meetings and appointments; (4) assisting clients in setting up medical and social services; (5) providing assistance with personal laundry, such as carrying the client's laundry to the laundry room. Assistance with personal laundry does not include any laundry, such as bed linen, that is included in the room and board rate. Health-related services are limited to minimal assistance with dressing, grooming, and bathing and providing reminders to residents to take medications that are self-administered or providing storage for medications, if requested. Individuals receiving residential care services cannot receive both personal care services and residential care services. (h) For the purposes of this section, "assisted living" refers to supportive services provided by a single vendor to clients who reside in the same apartment building of three or more units which are not subject to registration under chapter 144D. Assisted living services are defined as up to 24-hour supervision, and oversight, supportive services as defined in clause (1), individualized home care aide tasks as defined in clause (2), and individualized home management tasks as defined in clause (3) provided to residents of a residential center living in their units or apartments with a full kitchen and bathroom. A full kitchen includes a stove, oven, refrigerator, food preparation counter space, and a kitchen utensil storage compartment. Assisted living services must be provided by the management of the residential center or by providers under contract with the management or with the county. (1) Supportive services include: (i) socialization, when socialization is part of the plan of care, has specific goals and outcomes established, and is not diversional or recreational in nature; (ii) assisting clients in setting up meetings and appointments; and (iii) providing transportation, when provided by the residential center only. Individuals receiving assisted living services will not receive both assisted living services and homemaking or personal care services. Individualized means services are chosen and designed specifically for each resident's needs, rather than provided or offered to all residents regardless of their illnesses, disabilities, or physical conditions. (2) Home care aide tasks means: (i) preparing modified diets, such as diabetic or low sodium diets; (ii) reminding residents to take regularly scheduled medications or to perform exercises; (iii) household chores in the presence of technically sophisticated medical equipment or episodes of acute illness or infectious disease; (iv) household chores when the resident's care requires the prevention of exposure to infectious disease or containment of infectious disease; and (v) assisting with dressing, oral hygiene, hair care, grooming, and bathing, if the resident is ambulatory, and if the resident has no serious acute illness or infectious disease. Oral hygiene means care of teeth, gums, and oral prosthetic devices. (3) Home management tasks means: (i) housekeeping; (ii) laundry; (iii) preparation of regular snacks and meals; and (iv) shopping. Assisted living services as defined in this section shall not be authorized in boarding and lodging establishments licensed according to sections 157.011 and 157.15 to 157.22. (i) For establishments registered under chapter 144D, assisted living services under this section means the services described and licensed under section 144A.4605. (j) For the purposes of this section, reimbursement for assisted living services and residential care services shall be a monthly rate negotiated and authorized by the county agency based on an individualized service plan for each resident. The rate shall not exceed the nonfederal share of the greater of either the statewide or any of the geographic groups' weighted average monthly medical assistance nursing facility payment rate of the case mix resident class to which the 180-day eligible client would be assigned under Minnesota Rules, parts 9549.0050 to 9549.0059 . For alternative care assisted living projects established under Laws 1988, chapter 689, article 2, section 256, monthly rates may not exceed 65 percent of the greater of either statewide or any of the geographic groups' weighted average monthly medical assistance nursing facility payment rate of the case mix resident class to which the 180-day eligible client would be assigned under Minnesota Rules, parts 9549.0050 to 9549.0059. The rate may not cover rent and direct food costs, unless the services are provided by a home care provider licensed by the department of health and are provided in a building that is registered as a housing with services establishment under chapter 144D and that provides 24-hour supervision. (j)(k) For purposes of this section, companion services are defined as nonmedical care, supervision and oversight, provided to a functionally impaired adult. Companions may assist the individual with such tasks as meal preparation, laundry and shopping, but do not perform these activities as discrete services. The provision of companion services does not entail hands-on medical care. Providers may also perform light housekeeping tasks which are incidental to the care and supervision of the recipient. This service must be approved by the case manager as part of the care plan. Companion services must be provided by individuals or nonprofit organizations who are under contract with the local agency to provide the service. Any person related to the waiver recipient by blood, marriage or adoption cannot be reimbursed under this service. Persons providing companion services will be monitored by the case manager. (k)(l) For purposes of this section, training for direct informal caregivers is defined as a classroom or home course of instruction which may include: transfer and lifting skills, nutrition, personal and physical cares, home safety in a home environment, stress reduction and management, behavioral management, long-term care decision making, care coordination and family dynamics. The training is provided to an informal unpaid caregiver of a 180-day eligible client which enables the caregiver to deliver care in a home setting with high levels of quality. The training must be approved by the case manager as part of the individual care plan. Individuals, agencies, and educational facilities which provide caregiver training and education will be monitored by the case manager. Sec. 18. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 256B.0915, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [LIMITS OF CASES, RATES, REIMBURSEMENT, AND FORECASTING.] (a) The number of medical assistance waiver recipients that a county may serve must be allocated according to the number of medical assistance waiver cases open on July 1 of each fiscal year. Additional recipients may be served with the approval of the commissioner. (b) The monthly limit for the cost of waivered services to an individual waiver client shall be the statewide average payment rate of the case mix resident class to which the waiver client would be assigned under the medical assistance case mix reimbursement system. If medical supplies and equipment or adaptations are or will be purchased for an elderly waiver services recipient, the costs may be prorated on a monthly basis throughout the year in which they are purchased. If the monthly cost of a recipient's other waivered services exceeds the monthly limit established in this paragraph, the annual cost of the waivered services shall be determined. In this event, the annual cost of waivered services shall not exceed 12 times the monthly limit calculated in this paragraph. The statewide average payment rate is calculated by determining the statewide average monthly nursing home rate, effective July 1 of the fiscal year in which the cost is incurred, less the statewide average monthly income of nursing home residents who are age 65 or older, and who are medical assistance recipients in the month of March of the previous state fiscal year. The annual cost divided by 12 of elderly or disabled waivered services for a person who is a nursing facility resident at the time of requesting a determination of eligibility for elderly or disabled waivered services shall not exceed the monthly payment for the resident class assigned under Minnesota Rules, parts 9549.0050 to 9549.0059, for that resident in the nursing facility where the resident currently resides. The following costs must be included in determining the total monthly costs for the waiver client: (1) cost of all waivered services, including extended medical supplies and equipment; and (2) cost of skilled nursing, home health aide, and personal care services reimbursable by medical assistance. (c) Medical assistance funding for skilled nursing services, private duty nursing, home health aide, and personal care services for waiver recipients must be approved by the case manager and included in the individual care plan. (d) For both the elderly waiver and the nursing facility disabled waiver, a county may purchase extended supplies and equipment without prior approval from the commissioner when there is no other funding source and the supplies and equipment are specified in the individual's care plan as medically necessary to enable the individual to remain in the community according to the criteria in Minnesota Rules, part 9505.0210, items A and B. A county is not required to contract with a provider of supplies and equipment if the monthly cost of the supplies and equipment is less than $250. (e) For the fiscal year beginning on July 1, 1993, and for subsequent fiscal years, the commissioner of human services shall not provide automatic annual inflation adjustments for home and community-based waivered services. The commissioner of finance shall include as a budget change request in each biennial detailed expenditure budget submitted to the legislature under section 16A.11, annual adjustments in reimbursement rates for home and community-based waivered services, based on the forecasted percentage change in the Home Health Agency Market Basket of Operating Costs, for the fiscal year beginning July 1, compared to the previous fiscal year, unless otherwise adjusted by statute. The Home Health Agency Market Basket of Operating Costs is published by Data Resources, Inc. The forecast to be used is the one published for the calendar quarter beginning January 1, six months prior to the beginning of the fiscal year for which rates are set. The adult foster care rate shall be considered a difficulty of care payment and shall not include room and board. (f) The adult foster care daily rate for the elderly and disabled waivers shall be negotiated between the county agency and the foster care provider. The rate established under this section shall not exceed the state average monthly nursing home payment for the case mix classification to which the individual receiving foster care is assigned; the rate must allow for other waiver and medical assistance home care services to be authorized by the case manager. (g) The assisted living and residential care service rates for elderly and community alternatives for disabled individuals (CADI) waivers shall be made to the vendor as a monthly rate negotiated with the county agency based on an individualized service plan for each resident. The rate shall not exceed the nonfederal share of the greater of either the statewide or any of the geographic groups' weighted average monthly medical assistance nursing facility payment rate of the case mix resident class to which the elderly or disabled client would be assigned under Minnesota Rules, parts 9549.0050 to 9549.0059, unless the services are provided by a home care provider licensed by the department of health and are provided in a building that is registered as a housing with services establishment under chapter 144D and that provides 24-hour supervision. For alternative care assisted living projects established under Laws 1988, chapter 689, article 2, section 256, monthly rates may not exceed 65 percent of the greater of either the statewide or any of the geographic groups' weighted average monthly medical assistance nursing facility payment rate for the case mix resident class to which the elderly or disabled client would be assigned under Minnesota Rules, parts 9549.0050 to 9549.0059. The rate may not cover direct rent or food costs. (h) The county shall negotiate individual rates with vendors and may be reimbursed for actual costs up to the greater of the county's current approved rate or 60 percent of the maximum rate in fiscal year 1994 and 65 percent of the maximum rate in fiscal year 1995 for each service within each program. (i) On July 1, 1993, the commissioner shall increase the maximum rate for home-delivered meals to $4.50 per meal. (j) Reimbursement for the medical assistance recipients under the approved waiver shall be made from the medical assistance account through the invoice processing procedures of the department's Medicaid Management Information System (MMIS), only with the approval of the client's case manager. The budget for the state share of the Medicaid expenditures shall be forecasted with the medical assistance budget, and shall be consistent with the approved waiver. (k) Beginning July 1, 1991, the state shall reimburse counties according to the payment schedule in section 256.025 for the county share of costs incurred under this subdivision on or after January 1, 1991, for individuals who are receiving medical assistance. Sec. 19. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 256I.04, subdivision 2a, is amended to read: Subd. 2a. [LICENSE REQUIRED.] A county agency may not enter into an agreement with an establishment to provide group residential housing unless: (1) the establishment is licensed by the department of health as a hotel and restaurant; a board and lodging establishment; a residential care home; a boarding care home before March 1, 1985; or a supervised living facility, and the service provider for residents of the facility is licensed under chapter 245A. However, an establishment licensed by the department of health to provide lodging need not also be licensed to provide board if meals are being supplied to residents under a contract with a food vendor who is licensed by the department of health; or(2) the residence is licensed by the commissioner of human services under Minnesota Rules, parts 9555.5050 to 9555.6265, or certified by a county human services agency prior to July 1, 1992, using the standards under Minnesota Rules, parts 9555.5050 to 9555.6265; or (3) the establishment is registered under chapter 144D and provides three meals a day. The requirements under clauses (1) and, (2), and (3) do not apply to establishments exempt from state licensure because they are located on Indian reservations and subject to tribal health and safety requirements. Sec. 20. Minnesota Statutes 1996, section 462.357, subdivision 7, is amended to read: Subd. 7. [PERMITTED SINGLE FAMILY USE.] A state licensed residential facility or a housing with services establishment registered under chapter 144D serving six or fewer persons, a licensed day care facility serving 12 or fewer persons, and a group family day care facility licensed under Minnesota Rules, parts 9502.0315 to 9502.0445 to serve 14 or fewer children shall be considered a permitted single family residential use of property for the purposes of zoning, except that a residential facility whose primary purpose is to treat juveniles who have violated criminal statutes relating to sex offenses or have been adjudicated delinquent on the basis of conduct in violation of criminal statutes relating to sex offenses shall not be considered a permitted use. Sec. 21. [STUDY OF NURSING HOME PROVISION OF HOME CARE SERVICES.] The commissioner of health shall perform a study to determine the most appropriate and cost-effective way to enable licensing nursing home and boarding care home providers to use their existing pool of trained staff to provide home care services in a housing with services establishment registered according to Minnesota Statutes, chapter 144D, that is attached to or located on property contiguous to the nursing home or boarding care home. The study shall evaluate comparability of current home care licensing, enforcement, and quality assurance provisions with alternative regulatory structures, including but not limited to private contracts, home care license options, and nursing home license options. The commissioner shall convene an advisory group that is representative of the affected parties to advise the department of the feasibility of proposed options. The commissioner shall submit a report to the chairs of the senate health and family security committee and the house of representatives health and human services committee no later than January 15, 1998. Sec. 22. [REPEALER.] Minnesota Statutes 1996, sections 144A.45, subdivision 3; 144A.49; 144B.01; 144B.02; 144B.03; 144B.04; 144B.05; 144B.06; 144B.07; 144B.08; 144B.09; 144B.10; 144B.11; 144B.12; 144B.13; 144B.14; 144B.15; 144B.16; and 144B.17, are repealed. Presented to the governor May 7, 1997 Signed by the governor May 8, 1997, 11:14 a.m.
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