language to be deleted (2) new language
CHAPTER 227-S.F.No. 653 An act relating to government data practices; clarifying electronic access to data; classifying data; clarifying the status of data on parents held by educational entities; eliminating inconsistent language; authorizing dissemination of personnel data; authorizing sharing of certain data for tax administration purposes; changing deadlines for providing data; clarifying and modifying access to data on employees reporting violations of law; making certain rideshare program data on individuals private; providing for a recodification of data practices laws; amending Minnesota Statutes 1998, sections 13.03, subdivision 3; 13.04, subdivision 3; 13.32, subdivisions 2 and 3; 13.43, by adding a subdivision; 13.47; 15.17, subdivisions 1 and 2; 141.30; 181.932, subdivision 2; 270B.03, subdivisions 1 and 5; 270B.14, subdivision 1, and by adding a subdivision; and 273.124, subdivision 13; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapters 13; and 518; repealing Minnesota Statutes 1998, sections 13.72, subdivision 2; and 504A.595. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 13.03, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [REQUEST FOR ACCESS TO DATA.] (a) Upon request to a responsible authority or designee, a person shall be permitted to inspect and copy public government data at reasonable times and places, and, upon request, shall be informed of the data's meaning. If a person requests access for the purpose of inspection, the responsible authority may not assess a charge or require the requesting person to pay a fee to inspect data. (b) For purposes of this section, "inspection" includes, but is not limited to, the visual inspection of paper and similar types of government data. Inspection does not include printing copies by the government entity, unless printing a copy is the only method to provide for inspection of the data. In the case of data stored in electronic form and made available in electronic form on a remote access basis to the public by the government entity, inspection includes remote access to the data by the public and the ability to print copies of or download the data on the public's own computer equipment. Nothing in this section prohibits a government entity from charging a reasonable fee for remote access to data under a specific statutory grant of authority. A government entity may charge a fee for remote access to data where either the data or the access is enhanced at the request of the person seeking access. (c) The responsible authority or designee shall provide copies of public data upon request. If a person requests copies or electronic transmittal of the data to the person, the responsible authority may require the requesting person to pay the actual costs of searching for and retrieving government data, including the cost of employee time, and for making, certifying, compiling, and electronically transmitting the copies of the data or the data, but may not charge for separating public from not public data. If the responsible authority or designee is not able to provide copies at the time a request is made, copies shall be supplied as soon as reasonably possible. (d) When a request under this subdivision involves any person's receipt of copies of public government data that has commercial value and is a substantial and discrete portion of or an entire formula, pattern, compilation, program, device, method, technique, process, database, or system developed with a significant expenditure of public funds by the agency, the responsible authority may charge a reasonable fee for the information in addition to the costs of making, certifying, and compiling the copies. Any fee charged must be clearly demonstrated by the agency to relate to the actual development costs of the information. The responsible authority, upon the request of any person, shall provide sufficient documentation to explain and justify the fee being charged. (e) If the responsible authority or designee determines that the requested data is classified so as to deny the requesting person access, the responsible authority or designee shall inform the requesting person of the determination either orally at the time of the request, or in writing as soon after that time as possible, and shall cite the specific statutory section, temporary classification, or specific provision of federal law on which the determination is based. Upon the request of any person denied access to data, the responsible authority or designee shall certify in writing that the request has been denied and cite the specific statutory section, temporary classification, or specific provision of federal law upon which the denial was based. Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 13.04, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [ACCESS TO DATA BY INDIVIDUAL.] Upon request to a responsible authority, an individual shall be informed whether the individual is the subject of stored data on individuals, and whether it is classified as public, private or confidential. Upon further request, an individual who is the subject of stored private or public data on individuals shall be shown the data without any charge and, if desired, shall be informed of the content and meaning of that data. After an individual has been shown the private data and informed of its meaning, the data need not be disclosed to that individual for six months thereafter unless a dispute or action pursuant to this section is pending or additional data on the individual has been collected or created. The responsible authority shall provide copies of the private or public data upon request by the individual subject of the data. The responsible authority may require the requesting person to pay the actual costs of making, certifying, and compiling the copies. The responsible authority shall comply immediately, if possible, with any request made pursuant to this subdivision, or within
fiveten days of the date of the request, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, if immediate compliance is not possible. If unable to comply with the request within that time, the responsible authority shall so inform the individual, and may have an additional five days within which to comply with the request, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays.Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 13.32, subdivision 2, is amended to read: Subd. 2. [STUDENT HEALTH AND CENSUS DATA; DATA ON PARENTS.] (a) Health data concerning students, including but not limited to, data concerning immunizations, notations of special physical or mental problems and records of school nurses are educational data. Access by parents to student health data shall be pursuant to section 13.02, subdivision 8. (b) Pupil census data, including emergency information ,and family information , and data concerning parentsare educational data. (c) Data concerning parents are private data on individuals but may be treated as directory information if the same procedures that are used by a school district to designate student data as directory information under subdivision 5 are followed. Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 13.32, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [PRIVATE DATA; WHEN DISCLOSURE IS PERMITTED.] Except as provided in subdivision 5, educational data is private data on individuals and shall not be disclosed except as follows: (a) Pursuant to section 13.05; (b) Pursuant to a valid court order; (c) Pursuant to a statute specifically authorizing access to the private data; (d) To disclose information in health and safety emergencies pursuant to the provisions of United States Code, title 20, section 1232g(b)(1)(I) and Code of Federal Regulations, title 34, section 99.36 which are in effect on July 1, 1993; (e) Pursuant to the provisions of United States Code, title 20, sections 1232g(b)(1), (b)(4)(A), (b)(4)(B), (b)(1)(B), (b)(3) and Code of Federal Regulations, title 34, sections 99.31, 99.32, 99.33, 99.34, and 99.35 which are in effect on July 1, 1993; (f) To appropriate health authorities to the extent necessary to administer immunization programs and for bona fide epidemiologic investigations which the commissioner of health determines are necessary to prevent disease or disability to individuals in the public educational agency or institution in which the investigation is being conducted; (g) When disclosure is required for institutions that participate in a program under title IV of the Higher Education Act, United States Code, title 20, chapter 1092 , in effect on July 1, 1993; (h) To the appropriate school district officials to the extent necessary under subdivision 6, annually to indicate the extent and content of remedial instruction, including the results of assessment testing and academic performance at a post-secondary institution during the previous academic year by a student who graduated from a Minnesota school district within two years before receiving the remedial instruction; (i) To appropriate authorities as provided in United States Code, title 20, section 1232g(b)(1)(E)(ii), if the data concern the juvenile justice system and the ability of the system to effectively serve, prior to adjudication, the student whose records are released; provided that the authorities to whom the data are released submit a written request for the data that certifies that the data will not be disclosed to any other person except as authorized by law without the written consent of the parent of the student and the request and a record of the release are maintained in the student's file; or(j) To volunteers who are determined to have a legitimate educational interest in the data and who are conducting activities and events sponsored by or endorsed by the educational agency or institution for students or former students; (k) To provide student recruiting information, from educational data held by colleges and universities, as required by and subject to Code of Federal Regulations, title 32, section 216; or (l) To the juvenile justice system if information about the behavior of a student who poses a risk of harm is reasonably necessary to protect the health or safety of the student or other individuals. Sec. 5. [13.442] [BUILDING CODE VIOLATIONS.] Code violation records pertaining to a particular parcel of real property and the buildings, improvements, and dwelling units located on it that are kept by any state, county, or city agency charged by the governing body of the appropriate political subdivision with the responsibility for enforcing a state, county, or city health, housing, building, fire prevention, or housing maintenance code are public data; except as otherwise provided by section 13.39, subdivision 2; 13.44; or 13.82, subdivision 5. Sec. 6. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 13.43, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 13. [DISSEMINATION OF DATA TO DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC SECURITY.] Private personnel data must be disclosed to the department of economic security for the purpose of administration of the reemployment insurance program under chapter 268. Sec. 7. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 13.47, is amended to read: 13.47 [EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING DATA.] Subdivision 1. [DEFINITION.] (a) "Employment and training data" means data on individuals collected, maintained, used, or disseminated because an individual applies for, is currently enrolled in, or has been enrolled in employment and training programs funded with federal, state, or local resources, including those provided under the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, United States Code, title 29, section 2801. (b) "Employment and training service provider" means an administrativeentity certified, or seeking to be certified, by the commissioner of economic security to deliver employment and training services under section 268.0122, subdivision 3, or an organization that contracts with a certified administrativeentity or the department of economic security to deliver employment and training services. (c) "Provider of training services" means an organization or entity that provides training under the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, United States Code, title 29, section 2801. Subd. 2. [CLASSIFICATION.] Employment and training data are private data on individuals. Subd. 3. [DISSEMINATION.] Employment and training data may be disseminated by employment and training service providers: (a) to other employment and training service providers to coordinate the employment and training services for the data subject or to determine eligibility or suitability for services from other programs; (b) to local and state welfare agencies for monitoring the eligibility of the participant for assistance programs, or for any employment or training program administered by those agencies; and (c) to the commissioner of economic security. Subd. 4. [DATA PREPARATION.] To produce data required to certify the eligibility of training service providers under section 268.0122, subdivision 3, clause (7), the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, United States Code, title 29, section 2801, or other studies required by law, the commissioner of economic security, in consultation with the governor's workforce development council, may: (1) enter into a data exchange agreement with a training service provider whereby the commissioner of economic security shall furnish to the provider wage information under section 268.044 on individuals who have received training services from the provider. The provider shall use this wage information to prepare summary data determined necessary by the commissioner in consultation with the governor's workforce development council. The provider may use this wage information for conducting studies to improve instruction; or (2) if there is no agreement under clause (1), require the training service provider to furnish employment and training data determined necessary by the commissioner in consultation with the governor's workforce development council. Subd. 5. [SUMMARY DATA.] The commissioner of economic security shall provide the training service providers, as well as make available to the public, summary data on the performance of the training services. Sec. 8. [13.491] [RIDESHARE DATA.] The following data on participants, collected by the Minnesota department of transportation and the metropolitan council to administer rideshare programs, are classified as private under section 13.02, subdivision 12: residential address and telephone number; beginning and ending work hours; current mode of commuting to and from work; and type of rideshare service information requested. Sec. 9. [13.612] [MUNICIPAL UTILITY CUSTOMER DATA.] Data on customers of municipal electric utilities are private data on individuals or nonpublic data, but may be released to: (1) a law enforcement agency that requests access to the data in connection with an investigation; (2) a school for purposes of compiling pupil census data; (3) the metropolitan council for use in studies or analyses required by law; (4) a public child support authority for purposes of establishing or enforcing child support; or (5) a person where use of the data directly advances the general welfare, health, or safety of the public; the commissioner of administration may issue advisory opinions construing this clause pursuant to section 13.072. Sec. 10. [13.772] [MINNESOTA POLLUTION CONTROL AGENCY DATA.] Data that identify specific locations within the state where intensive and global survey site investigations are under way, or are determined by the Minnesota pollution control agency as appropriate for studying the cause of malformations in frogs, are nonpublic data until the agency determines that it will not investigate or has completed its scientific investigation at the reported abnormal frog site. Sec. 11. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 15.17, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [MUST BE KEPT.] All officers and agencies of the state, counties, cities, towns, school districts, municipal subdivisions or corporations, or other public authorities or political entities within the state, hereinafter "public officer," shall make and preserve all records necessary to a full and accurate knowledge of their official activities. Government records may be produced in the form of computerized records. All government records shall be made on a physical medium of a quality to insure permanent records. Every public officer is empowered to reproduce records if the records are not deemed to be of permanent or archival value by the commissioner of administration and the records disposition panel under section 138.17. The public officer is empowered to reproduce these records by any photographic, photostatic, microphotographic, optical disk imaging system, microfilming, or other reproduction method that clearly and accurately reproduces the records. If a record is deemed to be of permanent or archival value, any reproduction of the record must meet archival standards specified by the Minnesota historical society provided, however, that this section does not prohibit the use of nonerasable optical imaging systems for the preservation of archival records without the preservation of paper or microfilm copies. Each public officer may order that those photographs, photostats, microphotographs, microfilms, optical images, or other reproductions, be substituted for the originals of them. The public officer may direct the destruction or sale for salvage or other disposition of the originals from which they were made, in accordance with the disposition requirements of section 138.17. Photographs, photostats, microphotographs, microfilms, optical images, or other reproductions are for all purposes deemed the original recording of the papers, books, documents, and records reproduced when so ordered by any public officer and are admissible as evidence in all courts and proceedings of every kind. A facsimile or exemplified or certified copy of a photograph, photostat, microphotograph, microfilm, optical image, or other reproduction, or an enlargement or reduction of it, has the same effect and weight as evidence as would a certified or exemplified copy of the original. Sec. 12. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 15.17, subdivision 2, is amended to read: Subd. 2. [RESPONSIBILITY FOR RECORDS.] The chief administrative officer of each public agency shall be responsible for the preservation and care of the agency's government records, which shall include written or printed books, papers, letters, contracts, documents, maps, plans, computer-based data, and other records made or received pursuant to law or in connection with the transaction of public business. It shall be the duty of each agency, and of its chief administrative officer, to carefully protect and preserve government records from deterioration, mutilation, loss, or destruction. Records or record books may be repaired, renovated, or rebound when necessary to preserve them properly. Sec. 13. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 141.30, is amended to read: 141.30 [INSPECTION.] (a) The office or a delegate may inspect the instructional books and records, classrooms, dormitories, tools, equipment and classes of any school or applicant for license at any reasonable time. The office may require the submission of a certified public audit, or if there is no such audit available the office or a delegate may inspect the financial books and records of the school. In no event shall such financial information be used by the office to regulate or set the tuition or fees charged by the school. (b) No agent or employee of the state of Minnesota shall divulge to any person other than a member of the office, or duly constituted law enforcement official, any data obtained from an inspection of the financial records of a school, except in connection with a legal or administrative proceeding commenced to enforce a requirement of law.Data obtained from an inspection of the financial records of a school are nonpublic data as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 9. Data obtained from inspections may be disclosed to other members of the office, to law enforcement officials, or in connection with a legal or administrative proceeding commenced to enforce a requirement of law. Sec. 14. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 181.932, subdivision 2, is amended to read: Subd. 2. [DISCLOSURE OF IDENTITY.] No public official or law enforcement official shall disclose, or cause to disclose,The identity of any employee making a report or providing informationto a governmental body or law enforcement official under subdivision 1 without the employee's consent unless the investigator determines that disclosure is necessary for prosecution., clause (a) or (d), is private data on individuals as defined in section 13.02. The identity of an employee providing information under subdivision 1, clause (b), is private data on individuals if: (1) the employee would not have provided the information without an assurance that the employee's identity would remain private, because of a concern that the employer would commit an action prohibited under subdivision 1 or that the employee would be subject to some other form of retaliation; or (2) the state agency, statewide system, or political subdivision reasonably believes that the employee would not have provided the data because of that concern. If the disclosure is necessary for prosecution, the identity of the employee may be disclosed but the employee shall be informed prior to the disclosure. Sec. 15. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 270B.03, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [WHO MAY INSPECT.] Returns and return information must, on writtenrequest, be made open to inspection by or disclosure to the data subject. The request must be made in writing or in accordance with written procedures of the chief disclosure officer of the department that have been approved by the commissioner to establish the identification of the person making the request as the data subject. For purposes of this chapter, the following are the data subject: (1) in the case of an individual return, that individual; (2) in the case of an income tax return filed jointly, either of the individuals with respect to whom the return is filed; (3) in the case of a partnership return, any person who was a member of the partnership during any part of the period covered by the return; (4) in the case of the return of a corporation or its subsidiary: (i) any person designated by resolution of the board of directors or other similar governing body; (ii) any officer or employee of the corporation upon written request signed by any officer and attested to by the secretary or another officer; (iii) any bona fide shareholder of record owning one percent or more of the outstanding stock of the corporation; (iv) if the corporation is a corporation that has made an election under section 1362 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 1988, any person who was a shareholder during any part of the period covered by the return during which an election was in effect; or (v) if the corporation has been dissolved, any person authorized by state law to act for the corporation or any person who would have been authorized if the corporation had not been dissolved; (5) in the case of an estate return: (i) the personal representative or trustee of the estate; and (ii) any beneficiary of the estate as shown on the federal estate tax return; (6) in the case of a trust return: (i) the trustee or trustees, jointly or separately; and (ii) any beneficiary of the trust as shown in the trust instrument; (7) if liability has been assessed to a transferee under section 289A.31, subdivision 3, the transferee is the data subject with regard to the returns and return information relating to the assessed liability; (8) in the case of an Indian tribal government or an Indian tribal government-owned entity, (i) the chair of the tribal government, or (ii) any person authorized by the tribal government; and (9) in the case of a successor as defined in section 270.102, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), the successor is the data subject and information may be disclosed as provided by section 270.102, subdivision 4. Sec. 16. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 270B.03, subdivision 5, is amended to read: Subd. 5. [ATTORNEY IN FACT.] Any return or return information to which this section applies is , upon written request,open to inspection by or disclosure to the attorney in fact duly authorized in a writing signed by the data subject or to the person or persons designated by the data subject in a writtenrequest for or consent to the disclosure. The request must be made in writing or in accordance with written procedures of the chief disclosure officer of the department that have been approved by the commissioner to establish the identification of the person making the request as the data subject. Sec. 17. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 270B.14, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [DISCLOSURE TO COMMISSIONER OF HUMAN SERVICES.] (a) On the request of the commissioner of human services, the commissioner shall disclose return information regarding taxes imposed by chapter 290, and claims for refunds under chapter 290A, to the extent provided in paragraph (b) and for the purposes set forth in paragraph (c). (b) Data that may be disclosed are limited to data relating to the identity, whereabouts, employment, income, and property of a person owing or alleged to be owing an obligation of child support. (c) The commissioner of human services may request data only for the purposes of carrying out the child support enforcement program and to assist in the location of parents who have, or appear to have, deserted their children. Data received may be used only as set forth in section 256.978. (d) The commissioner shall provide the records and information necessary to administer the supplemental housing allowance to the commissioner of human services. (e) At the request of the commissioner of human services, the commissioner of revenue shall electronically match the social security numbers and names of participants in the telephone assistance plan operated under sections 237.69 to 237.711, with those of property tax refund filers, and determine whether each participant's household income is within the eligibility standards for the telephone assistance plan. (f) The commissioner may provide records and information collected under sections 295.50 to 295.59 to the commissioner of human services for purposes of the Medicaid Voluntary Contribution and Provider-Specific Tax Amendments of 1991, Public Law Number 102-234. Upon the written agreement by the United States Department of Health and Human Services to maintain the confidentiality of the data, the commissioner may provide records and information collected under sections 295.50 to 295.59 to the Health Care Financing Administration section of the United States Department of Health and Human Services for purposes of meeting federal reporting requirements. (g) The commissioner may provide records and information to the commissioner of human services as necessary to administer the early refund of refundable tax credits. (h) The commissioner may disclose information to the commissioner of human services necessary to verify income for eligibility and premium payment under the MinnesotaCare program, under section 256L.05, subdivision 2. (i) The commissioner may disclose information to the commissioner of human services necessary to verify whether applicants or recipients for the Minnesota family investment program, general assistance, food stamps, and Minnesota supplemental aid program have claimed refundable tax credits under chapter 290 and the property tax refund under chapter 290A, and the amounts of the credits. Sec. 18. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 270B.14, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 17. [DISCLOSURE TO DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE.] The commissioner may disclose to the commissioner of commerce information required to administer the Uniform Disposition of Unclaimed Property Act in sections 345.31 to 345.60, including the social security numbers of the taxpayers whose refunds are on the report of abandoned property submitted by the commissioner to the commissioner of commerce under section 345.41. Except for data published under section 345.42, the information received that is private or nonpublic data retains its classification, and can be used by the commissioner of commerce only for the purpose of verifying that the persons claiming the refunds are the owners. Sec. 19. Minnesota Statutes 1998, section 273.124, subdivision 13, is amended to read: Subd. 13. [HOMESTEAD APPLICATION.] (a) A person who meets the homestead requirements under subdivision 1 must file a homestead application with the county assessor to initially obtain homestead classification. (b) On or before January 2, 1993, each county assessor shall mail a homestead application to the owner of each parcel of property within the county which was classified as homestead for the 1992 assessment year. The format and contents of a uniform homestead application shall be prescribed by the commissioner of revenue. The commissioner shall consult with the chairs of the house and senate tax committees on the contents of the homestead application form. The application must clearly inform the taxpayer that this application must be signed by all owners who occupy the property or by the qualifying relative and returned to the county assessor in order for the property to continue receiving homestead treatment. The envelope containing the homestead application shall clearly identify its contents and alert the taxpayer of its necessary immediate response. (c) Every property owner applying for homestead classification must furnish to the county assessor the social security number of each occupant who is listed as an owner of the property on the deed of record, the name and address of each owner who does not occupy the property, and the name and social security number of each owner's spouse who occupies the property. The application must be signed by each owner who occupies the property and by each owner's spouse who occupies the property, or, in the case of property that qualifies as a homestead under subdivision 1, paragraph (c), by the qualifying relative. If a property owner occupies a homestead, the property owner's spouse may not claim another property as a homestead unless the property owner and the property owner's spouse file with the assessor an affidavit or other proof required by the assessor stating that the property qualifies as a homestead under subdivision 1, paragraph (e). Owners or spouses occupying residences owned by their spouses and previously occupied with the other spouse, either of whom fail to include the other spouse's name and social security number on the homestead application or provide the affidavits or other proof requested, will be deemed to have elected to receive only partial homestead treatment of their residence. The remainder of the residence will be classified as nonhomestead residential. When an owner or spouse's name and social security number appear on homestead applications for two separate residences and only one application is signed, the owner or spouse will be deemed to have elected to homestead the residence for which the application was signed. The social security numbers or affidavits or other proofs of the property owners and spouses are private data on individuals as defined by section 13.02, subdivision 12, but, notwithstanding that section, the private data may be disclosed to the commissioner of revenue, or, for purposes of proceeding under the Revenue Recapture Act to recover personal property taxes owing, to the county treasurer. (d) If residential real estate is occupied and used for purposes of a homestead by a relative of the owner and qualifies for a homestead under subdivision 1, paragraph (c), in order for the property to receive homestead status, a homestead application must be filed with the assessor. The social security number of each relative occupying the property and the social security number of each owner who is related to an occupant of the property shall be required on the homestead application filed under this subdivision. If a different relative of the owner subsequently occupies the property, the owner of the property must notify the assessor within 30 days of the change in occupancy. The social security number of a relative occupying the property is private data on individuals as defined by section 13.02, subdivision 12, but may be disclosed to the commissioner of revenue. (e) The homestead application shall also notify the property owners that the application filed under this section will not be mailed annually and that if the property is granted homestead status for the 1993 assessment, or any assessment year thereafter, that same property shall remain classified as homestead until the property is sold or transferred to another person, or the owners, the spouse of the owner, or the relatives no longer use the property as their homestead. Upon the sale or transfer of the homestead property, a certificate of value must be timely filed with the county auditor as provided under section 272.115. Failure to notify the assessor within 30 days that the property has been sold, transferred, or that the owner, the spouse of the owner, or the relative is no longer occupying the property as a homestead, shall result in the penalty provided under this subdivision and the property will lose its current homestead status. (f) If the homestead application is not returned within 30 days, the county will send a second application to the present owners of record. The notice of proposed property taxes prepared under section 275.065, subdivision 3, shall reflect the property's classification. Beginning with assessment year 1993 for all properties, if a homestead application has not been filed with the county by December 15, the assessor shall classify the property as nonhomestead for the current assessment year for taxes payable in the following year, provided that the owner may be entitled to receive the homestead classification by proper application under section 375.192. (g) At the request of the commissioner, each county must give the commissioner a list that includes the name and social security number of each property owner and the property owner's spouse occupying the property, or relative of a property owner, applying for homestead classification under this subdivision. The commissioner shall use the information provided on the lists as appropriate under the law, including for the detection of improper claims by owners, or relatives of owners, under chapter 290A. (h) If the commissioner finds that a property owner may be claiming a fraudulent homestead, the commissioner shall notify the appropriate counties. Within 90 days of the notification, the county assessor shall investigate to determine if the homestead classification was properly claimed. If the property owner does not qualify, the county assessor shall notify the county auditor who will determine the amount of homestead benefits that had been improperly allowed. For the purpose of this section, "homestead benefits" means the tax reduction resulting from the classification as a homestead under section 273.13, the taconite homestead credit under section 273.135, and the supplemental homestead credit under section 273.1391. The county auditor shall send a notice to the person who owned the affected property at the time the homestead application related to the improper homestead was filed, demanding reimbursement of the homestead benefits plus a penalty equal to 100 percent of the homestead benefits. The person notified may appeal the county's determination by serving copies of a petition for review with county officials as provided in section 278.01 and filing proof of service as provided in section 278.01 with the Minnesota tax court within 60 days of the date of the notice from the county. Procedurally, the appeal is governed by the provisions in chapter 271 which apply to the appeal of a property tax assessment or levy, but without requiring any prepayment of the amount in controversy. If the amount of homestead benefits and penalty is not paid within 60 days, and if no appeal has been filed, the county auditor shall certify the amount of taxes and penalty to the county treasurer. The county treasurer will add interest to the unpaid homestead benefits and penalty amounts at the rate provided in section 279.03 for real property taxes becoming delinquent in the calendar year during which the amount remains unpaid. Interest may be assessed for the period beginning 60 days after demand for payment was made. If the person notified is the current owner of the property, the treasurer may add the total amount of benefits, penalty, interest, and costs to the ad valorem taxes otherwise payable on the property by including the amounts on the property tax statements under section 276.04, subdivision 3. The amounts added under this paragraph to the ad valorem taxes shall include interest accrued through December 31 of the year preceding the taxes payable year for which the amounts are first added. These amounts, when added to the property tax statement, become subject to all the laws for the enforcement of real or personal property taxes for that year, and for any subsequent year. If the person notified is not the current owner of the property, the treasurer may collect the amounts due under the Revenue Recapture Act in chapter 270A, or use any of the powers granted in sections 277.20 and 277.21 without exclusion, to enforce payment of the benefits, penalty, interest, and costs, as if those amounts were delinquent tax obligations of the person who owned the property at the time the application related to the improperly allowed homestead was filed. The treasurer may relieve a prior owner of personal liability for the benefits, penalty, interest, and costs, and instead extend those amounts on the tax lists against the property as provided in this paragraph to the extent that the current owner agrees in writing. On all demands, billings, property tax statements, and related correspondence, the county must list and state separately the amounts of homestead benefits, penalty, interest and costs being demanded, billed or assessed. (i) Any amount of homestead benefits recovered by the county from the property owner shall be distributed to the county, city or town, and school district where the property is located in the same proportion that each taxing district's levy was to the total of the three taxing districts' levy for the current year. Any amount recovered attributable to taconite homestead credit shall be transmitted to the St. Louis county auditor to be deposited in the taconite property tax relief account. Any amount recovered that is attributable to supplemental homestead credit is to be transmitted to the commissioner of revenue for deposit in the general fund of the state treasury. The total amount of penalty collected must be deposited in the county general fund. (j) If a property owner has applied for more than one homestead and the county assessors cannot determine which property should be classified as homestead, the county assessors will refer the information to the commissioner. The commissioner shall make the determination and notify the counties within 60 days. (k) In addition to lists of homestead properties, the commissioner may ask the counties to furnish lists of all properties and the record owners. Social security numbers and federal identification numbers maintained by a county or city assessor for property tax administration purposes, that may appear on the lists, may be used by the county auditor or treasurer of the same county for the purpose of assisting the commissioner in the preparation of microdata samples under section 270.0681. Sec. 20. [518.146] [SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBERS; TAX RETURNS; IDENTITY PROTECTION.] The social security numbers and tax returns required under this chapter are not accessible to the public, except that they must be disclosed to the other parties to a proceeding as provided in section 518.551, subdivision 5b. Sec. 21. [REPORT OF DATA PRACTICES LAWS.] The responsible authority of each state agency shall prepare a list that identifies all data practices laws codified outside Minnesota Statutes, chapter 13, that are not referenced in Minnesota Statutes, section 13.99. The list must be submitted to the office of the revisor of statutes no later than September 1, 1999, so that the revisor can complete the data practices law recodification as required in section 22. Sec. 22. [REVISOR INSTRUCTION; DATA PRACTICES LAW RECODIFICATION.] The revisor of statutes shall reorganize Minnesota Statutes, chapter 13, to create a structure that provides users with quick access to the data practices laws codified in chapter 13, and locates references to data practices laws codified outside chapter 13 adjacent to their particular service area codified in chapter 13. For purposes of this section, "data practice laws codified outside chapter 13" includes both laws that place restrictions on access to data and laws involving data sharing. Service areas may include government entities such as state agencies, cities, or school districts, or functional areas such as education, law enforcement, human services, or child protection. If there is no appropriate service area in chapter 13, the revisor shall recodify the provision in another logical and appropriate place in chapter 13. The revisor shall consult with the chairs of the data practices subcommittees in the house of representatives and senate, and legislative staff. The revisor shall include the data practices recodification in the 2000 edition of Minnesota Statutes. Sec. 23. [REPEALER.] Minnesota Statutes 1998, sections 13.72, subdivision 2; and 504A.595, are repealed. 1999 H.F. No. 2425, article 1, section 19, if enacted, is repealed. Sec. 24. [EFFECTIVE DATE.] Sections 4, 8, 15 to 19, 21, and 22 are effective the day following final enactment. Presented to the governor May 21, 1999 Signed by the governor May 25, 1999, 3:38 p.m.
Copyright © 1999 by the Revisor of Statutes, State of Minnesota. All rights reserved.