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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

Key: (1) language to be deleted (2) new language

                            CHAPTER 561-H.F.No. 3032 
                  An act relating to game and fish; regulating certain 
                  uses of fish manure; clarifying the purposes for which 
                  various game and fish revenues may be spent; requiring 
                  establishment of citizen oversight committees to 
                  review expenditures of game and fish revenues; 
                  regulating various wildlife management accounts and 
                  authorizing annual appropriations to commissioner of 
                  natural resources for various purposes; regulating use 
                  of revenues from various game stamps; authorizing 
                  certain permits to be designated as available for 
                  persons with disabilities or over age 70; increasing 
                  fishing license fees; modifying regulations on 
                  cooperative farming agreements; modifying source of 
                  payments made to certain Indian tribes; abolishing the 
                  angling license refund for senior citizens; requiring 
                  the commissioner of natural resources to negotiate 
                  with bargaining units prior to involuntary layoffs; 
                  appropriating money and reducing earlier 
                  appropriations; amending Minnesota Statutes 1992, 
                  sections 97A.055, by adding a subdivision; 97A.061, 
                  subdivision 1; 97A.071, subdivision 3, and by adding 
                  subdivisions; 97A.075, subdivisions 2, 3, and 4; 
                  97A.135, subdivision 3; 97A.165; 97A.475, subdivisions 
                  6, 7, 8, and 13; 97A.485, subdivision 7; and 97B.055, 
                  subdivision 3; Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, 
                  sections 97A.055, subdivision 4; 97A.061, subdivision 
                  3; 97A.071, subdivision 2; 97A.091, subdivision 2; 
                  97A.475, subdivision 12; and 97A.485, subdivision 6; 
                  proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, 
                  chapter 17; repealing Minnesota Statutes 1992, 
                  sections 97A.065, subdivision 3; 97A.071, subdivision 
                  4; 97A.475, subdivision 9; and 103E.615, subdivision 6.
        BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: 
           Section 1.  [17.4999] [STORAGE, HANDLING, AND DISPOSAL OF 
        FISH MANURE.] 
           Fish manure from aquatic farm operations: 
           (1) is subject to the same requirements under state law and 
        rules as other animal manures; and 
           (2) if managed in a pond system, may be applied as a 
        manipulated manure under chapter 18C if certified by the 
        commissioner. 
           Sec. 2.  Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 
        97A.055, subdivision 4, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 4.  [ANNUAL REPORT REPORTS.] (a) By November 15 each 
        year, the commissioner shall report submit to the legislative 
        committees having jurisdiction over appropriations and the 
        environment and natural resources reports on each of the 
        following: 
           (1) the amount of revenue from the following and purposes 
        for which expenditures were made: 
           (i) the fishing license surcharge under section 97A.475, 
        subdivision 9; 
           (ii) the small game license surcharge under section 
        97A.475, subdivision 4; 
           (iii) (ii) the Minnesota migratory waterfowl stamp under 
        section 97A.475, subdivision 5, clause (1); 
           (iv) (iii) the trout and salmon stamp under section 
        97A.475, subdivision 10; and 
           (v) (iv) the pheasant stamp under section 97A.475, 
        subdivision 5, clause (2); and 
           (2) the amounts available under section 97A.075, 
        subdivision 1, paragraphs (b) and (c), and the purposes for 
        which these amounts were spent; and 
           (3) money credited to the game and fish fund under section 
        97A.055 and purposes for which expenditures were made from the 
        fund. 
           (b) The report must include the commissioner's 
        recommendations, if any, for changes in the laws relating to the 
        stamps and surcharges surcharge referenced in paragraph (a).  
           Sec. 3.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.055, is 
        amended by adding a subdivision to read: 
           Subd. 4a.  [CITIZEN OVERSIGHT COMMITTEES.] (a) The 
        commissioner shall appoint committees of affected persons to 
        review the reports prepared under subdivision 4 and other 
        relevant information and make recommendations to the legislature 
        and the commissioner for improvements in the management and use 
        of money in the game and fish fund. 
           (b) The commissioner shall appoint the following committees:
           (1) a committee to review the annual game and fish fund 
        report and address general game and fish fund issues; 
           (2) a committee to address funding issues related to 
        fishing; 
           (3) a committee to review the report on the small game 
        license surcharge and the report required in section 97A.055, 
        subdivision 4, paragraph (a), clause (2), and address funding 
        issues related to hunting; 
           (4) a committee to review the trout and salmon stamp report 
        and address funding issues related to trout and salmon; 
           (5) a committee to review the report on the migratory 
        waterfowl stamp and address funding issues related to migratory 
        waterfowl; and 
           (6) a committee to review the report on the pheasant stamp 
        and address funding issues related to pheasants. 
           Sec. 4.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.061, 
        subdivision 1, is amended to read: 
           Subdivision 1.  [APPLICABILITY; AMOUNT.] (a) The 
        commissioner shall annually make a payment from the game and 
        fish fund to each county having public hunting areas and game 
        refuges.  Money to make the payments is annually appropriated 
        for that purpose from the general fund.  This section does not 
        apply to state trust fund land and other state land not 
        purchased for game refuge or public hunting purposes.  The 
        payment shall be the greatest of: 
           (1) 35 percent of the gross receipts from all special use 
        permits and leases of land acquired for public hunting and game 
        refuges; 
           (2) 50 cents per acre on land purchased actually used for 
        public hunting or game refuges; or 
           (3) three-fourths of one percent of the appraised value of 
        purchased land actually used for public hunting and game refuges.
           (b) The payment must be reduced by the amount paid under 
        subdivision 3 for croplands managed for wild geese.  
           (c) The appraised value is the purchase price for five 
        years after acquisition.  The appraised value shall be 
        determined by the county assessor every five years after 
        acquisition. 
           Sec. 5.  Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 
        97A.061, subdivision 3, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 3.  [GOOSE MANAGEMENT CROPLANDS.] (a) The 
        commissioner shall make a payment on July 1 of each year from 
        the game and fish fund, to each county where the state owns more 
        than 1,000 acres of crop land, for wild goose management 
        purposes.  The payment shall be equal to the taxes assessed on 
        comparable, privately owned, adjacent land.  Money to make the 
        payments is annually appropriated for that purpose from the 
        general fund.  The county treasurer shall allocate and 
        distribute the payment as provided in subdivision 2.  
           (b) The land used for goose management under this 
        subdivision is exempt from taxation as provided in sections 
        272.01 and 273.19. 
           Sec. 6.  Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 
        97A.071, subdivision 2, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 2.  [REVENUE FROM THE SMALL GAME LICENSE SURCHARGE.] 
        Revenue from the small game surcharge shall be credited to the 
        wildlife acquisition account and the money in the account shall 
        be used by the commissioner only for the purposes of this 
        section, and acquisition and development of wildlife lands under 
        section 97A.145 and maintenance of the lands, in accordance with 
        appropriations made by the legislature.  
           Sec. 7.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.071, is 
        amended by adding a subdivision to read: 
           Subd. 2a.  [USE OF WILDLIFE ACQUISITION ACCOUNT MONEY.] Of 
        the money annually appropriated and available from the wildlife 
        acquisition account: 
           (1) at least 50 percent must be used for land costs; and 
           (2) the remainder may only be used for other land 
        acquisition costs, development, and maintenance of wildlife 
        lands, and activities under subdivision 3. 
           Sec. 8.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.071, 
        subdivision 3, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 3.  [USE OF WILDLIFE ACQUISITION ACCOUNT MONEY 
        WATERFOWL BREEDING GROUNDS IN CANADA.] The wildlife acquisition 
        account may be used for developing, preserving, restoring, and 
        maintaining waterfowl breeding grounds in Canada under agreement 
        or contract with any nonprofit organization dedicated to the 
        construction, maintenance, and repair of projects that are 
        acceptable to the governmental agency having jurisdiction over 
        the land and water affected by the projects.  The commissioner 
        may execute agreements and contracts if the commissioner 
        determines that the use of the funds will benefit the migration 
        of waterfowl into the state.  
           Sec. 9.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.071, is 
        amended by adding a subdivision to read: 
           Subd. 5.  [DEFINITIONS.] (a) The definitions in this 
        subdivision apply to this section. 
           (b) "Development" means fencing, signing, and onsite 
        improvement of the land that is related to the purposes for 
        which the land was acquired.  Development includes material or 
        equipment that is purchased or rented and labor that is 
        necessary to provide for the onsite improvement of the land.  
           (c) "Land costs" means the purchase price of land acquired 
        by the commissioner under section 97A.145. 
           (d) "Maintenance" means noxious weed control and other 
        onsite functions performed on a regular basis to sustain the 
        environmental conditions that result from the original 
        improvement of the land. 
           (e) "Other acquisition costs" means acquisition 
        coordination costs, costs of engineering services, appraisal 
        fees, attorney fees, taxes, assessments required at the time of 
        purchase, and recording fees for land acquired by the 
        commissioner under section 97A.145. 
           Sec. 10.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.075, 
        subdivision 2, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 2.  [MINNESOTA MIGRATORY WATERFOWL STAMP.] The 
        commissioner may use (a) Ninety percent of the revenue from the 
        Minnesota migratory waterfowl stamps must be credited to the 
        waterfowl habitat improvement account.  Money in the account may 
        be used only for: 
           (1) development of wetlands and lakes in the state and 
        designated waterfowl management lakes for maximum migratory 
        waterfowl production including habitat evaluation, the 
        construction of dikes, water control structures and 
        impoundments, nest cover, rough fish barriers, acquisition of 
        sites and facilities necessary for development and management of 
        existing migratory waterfowl habitat and the creation of 
        migratory waterfowl management lakes designation of waters under 
        section 97A.101; 
           (2) management of migratory waterfowl; 
           (3) development, restoration, maintenance, or preservation 
        of migratory waterfowl habitat; and 
           (4) acquisition of and access to structure sites; and 
           (5) necessary related administrative costs not to exceed 
        ten percent of the annual revenue.  
           (b) Money in the account may not be used for costs unless 
        they are directly related to a specific parcel of land or body 
        of water under paragraph (a), clause (1), (3), or (4), or to 
        specific management activities under paragraph (a), clause (2). 
           Sec. 11.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.075, 
        subdivision 3, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 3.  [TROUT AND SALMON STAMP.] 
           The commissioner may use (a) Ninety percent of the revenue 
        from trout and salmon stamps must be credited to the trout and 
        salmon management account.  Money in the account may be used 
        only for: 
           (1) the development, restoration, maintenance, and 
        preservation of trout streams and lakes; and 
           (2) rearing and stocking of trout and salmon in trout 
        streams and lakes and Lake Superior; and 
           (3) necessary related administrative costs not to exceed 
        ten percent of the annual revenue. 
           (b) Money in the account may not be used for costs unless 
        they are directly related to a specific parcel of land or body 
        of water under paragraph (a) or to specific fish rearing 
        activities under paragraph (a), clause (2). 
           Sec. 12.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.075, 
        subdivision 4, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 4.  [PHEASANT STAMP.] The commissioner may use (a) 
        Ninety percent of the revenue from pheasant stamps must be 
        credited to the pheasant habitat improvement account.  Money in 
        the account may be used only for:  
           (1) the development, restoration, and maintenance, and 
        preservation of suitable habitat for ringnecked pheasants on 
        public and private land including the establishment of nesting 
        cover, winter cover, and reliable food sources; 
           (2) reimbursement of landowners for setting aside lands for 
        pheasant habitat; 
           (3) reimbursement of expenditures to provide pheasant 
        habitat on public and private land; and 
           (4) the promotion of pheasant habitat development, and 
        maintenance, and preservation; and 
           (5) necessary related administrative and personnel costs 
        not to exceed ten percent of the annual revenue including 
        promotion and evaluation of government farm program benefits for 
        pheasant habitat.  
           (b) Money in the account may not be used for: 
           (1) costs unless they are directly related to a specific 
        parcel of land under paragraph (a), clauses (1) to (3), or to 
        specific promotional or evaluative activities under paragraph 
        (a), clause (4); or 
           (2) any personnel costs. 
           Sec. 13.  Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 
        97A.091, subdivision 2, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 2.  [WHEN HUNTING ALLOWED.] (a) The commissioner may 
        allow hunting of a protected wild animal species within any 
        portion of a state game refuge, including a state park.  Hunting 
        may be allowed under this paragraph only if the commissioner 
        finds: 
           (1) the population of the species exceeds the refuge's 
        carrying capacity; 
           (2) the species is causing substantial damage to 
        agricultural or forest crops in the vicinity; 
           (3) the species or other protected wild animals are 
        threatened by the species population; or 
           (4) a harvestable surplus of the species exists.  
           (b) The commissioner may allow hunting of unprotected wild 
        animals in a game refuge. 
           (c) The commissioner may prescribe rules for any hunting 
        allowed within a refuge.  
           (d) In any selection process for permits to take deer 
        within a game refuge, the commissioner may designate a certain 
        number of permits that are available only to applicants who are 
        age 70 or over or are qualified for a special permit under 
        section 97B.055, subdivision 3, or 97B.106. 
           Sec. 14.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.135, 
        subdivision 3, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 3.  [COOPERATIVE FARMING AGREEMENTS.] On any public 
        hunting, game refuge, or wildlife management area, or scientific 
        and natural area lands, the commissioner may enter into written 
        cooperative farming agreements with nearby farmers on a 
        sharecrop basis, without competitive bidding, for the purpose of 
        establishing or maintaining wildlife food or cover for habitat 
        purposes and plant management.  Cooperative farming agreements 
        may also be used to allow pasturing of livestock.  The 
        agreements may provide for the bartering of a share of any crop, 
        not exceeding $1,500 in value and produced from these lands, for 
        services such as weed control, planting, cultivation, or other 
        wildlife habitat practices or products that will enhance or 
        benefit the management of state lands for plant and animal 
        species.  Cooperative farming agreements pursuant to this 
        section shall not be considered leases for tax purposes under 
        section 272.01, subdivision 2, or 273.19. 
           Sec. 15.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.165, is 
        amended to read: 
           97A.165 [SOURCE OF PAYMENTS FOR INDIAN AGREEMENT.] 
           Money to make payments to the Leech Lake Band, the 1854 
        treaty area agreement, and White Earth Band special license 
        account under sections 94.16, 97A.151, subdivision 4, and 
        97A.155, subdivision 2, and 97A.157, subdivision 4, is annually 
        appropriated for that purpose in a ratio of 20 percent from the 
        game and fish fund and 80 percent from the general fund. 
           Sec. 16.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.475, 
        subdivision 6, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 6.  [RESIDENT FISHING.] Fees for the following 
        licenses, to be issued to residents only, are: 
           (1) to take fish by angling, for persons under age 65, 
        $10.50 $13; 
           (2) to take fish by angling, for persons age 65 and over, 
        $4.50; 
           (3) to take fish by angling, for a combined license for a 
        married couple, $15 $17.50; 
           (4) to take fish by spearing from a dark house, $13; and 
           (5) to take fish by angling for a period of 24 hours from 
        the time of issuance, $5 $7.50.  
           Sec. 17.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.475, 
        subdivision 7, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 7.  [NONRESIDENT FISHING.] Fees for the following 
        licenses, to be issued to nonresidents, are: 
           (1) to take fish by angling, $25 $27.50; 
           (2) to take fish by angling limited to seven consecutive 
        days, $16.50 $19; 
           (3) to take fish by angling for three consecutive days, 
        $13.50 $16; 
           (4) to take fish by angling for a combined license for a 
        family, $35 $37.50; 
           (5) to take fish by angling for a period of 24 hours from 
        the time of issuance, $5 $7.50; and 
           (6) to take fish by angling for a combined license for a 
        married couple, limited to 14 consecutive days, $25 $27.50. 
           Sec. 18.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.475, 
        subdivision 8, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 8.  [MINNESOTA SPORTING.] The commissioner shall 
        issue Minnesota sporting licenses to residents only.  The 
        licensee may take fish by angling and small game.  The fee for 
        the license is:  
           (1) for an individual, $15 $17.50; and 
           (2) for a combined license for a married couple to take 
        fish and for one spouse to take small game, $21.50 $24.  
           Sec. 19.  Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 
        97A.475, subdivision 12, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 12.  [FISH HOUSES; NONRESIDENT.] Fees for fish house 
        licenses for a nonresident are:  
           (1) annual, $25 $27.50; and 
           (2) seven consecutive days, $14 $16.50. 
           Sec. 20.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.475, 
        subdivision 13, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 13.  [NETTING WHITEFISH AND CISCOES FOR PERSONAL 
        CONSUMPTION.] The fee for a license to net whitefish and ciscoes 
        in inland lakes and international waters for personal 
        consumption is, for each net, $5.50 $8. 
           Sec. 21.  Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 
        97A.485, subdivision 6, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 6.  [LICENSES TO BE SOLD AND ISSUING FEES.] (a) 
        Persons authorized to sell licenses under this section must sell 
        the following licenses for the license fee and the following 
        issuing fees:  
           (1) to take deer or bear with firearms and by archery, the 
        issuing fee is $1; 
           (2) Minnesota sporting, the issuing fee is $1; and 
           (3) to take small game, for a person under age 65 to take 
        fish by angling or for a person of any age to take fish by 
        spearing, and to trap fur-bearing animals, the issuing fee is 
        $1; 
           (4) for a trout and salmon stamp that is not issued 
        simultaneously with an angling or sporting license, an issuing 
        fee of 50 cents may be charged at the discretion of the 
        authorized seller; and 
           (5) for stamps other than a trout and salmon stamp, there 
        is no fee. 
           (b) An issuing fee may not be collected for issuance of a 
        trout and salmon stamp if a stamp is issued simultaneously with 
        the related angling or sporting license.  Only one issuing fee 
        may be collected when selling more than one trout and salmon 
        stamp in the same transaction after the end of the season for 
        which the stamp was issued. 
           (c) The auditor or subagent shall keep the issuing fee as a 
        commission for selling the licenses.  
           (d) The commissioner shall collect the issuing fee on 
        licenses sold by the commissioner. 
           (e) A license, except stamps, must state the amount of the 
        issuing fee and that the issuing fee is kept by the seller as a 
        commission for selling the licenses. 
           (f) The fee for an angling license paid by a resident 65 
        years of age or over must be refunded to the licensee upon 
        request to the commissioner, if the request is made within 30 
        days of the sale.  The commissioner shall design a system on the 
        license for this purpose.  An auditor or subagent may not 
        provide postage stamps or pre-addressed envelopes for obtaining 
        the refund.  An auditor or subagent must provide information on 
        the purposes for which license receipts are spent and the 
        effects of applying for a refund. 
           (g) For duplicate licenses, the issuing fees are: 
           (1) for licenses to take big game, 75 cents; and 
           (2) for other licenses, 50 cents. 
           Sec. 22.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.485, 
        subdivision 7, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 7.  [COUNTY AUDITOR'S COMMISSION.] The county auditor 
        shall retain for the county treasury a commission of four 
        percent of all license fees collected by the auditor and the 
        auditor's subagents, excluding: 
           (1) the small game surcharge and issuing fees,; 
           (2) the fishing surcharge and all issuing fees,; 
           (3) $2.50 of the license fee for the licenses in section 
        97A.475, subdivisions 6, clauses (1), (3), and (5), 7, 8, 12, 
        and 13; and 
           (4) the license to take fish by angling for persons age 65 
        and over.  In addition, the auditor shall collect the issuing 
        fees on licenses sold by the auditor to a licensee.  
           Sec. 23.  Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97B.055, 
        subdivision 3, is amended to read: 
           Subd. 3.  [HUNTING FROM VEHICLE BY DISABLED HUNTERS.] The 
        commissioner may issue a special permit, without a fee, to 
        discharge a firearm or bow and arrow from a stationary motor 
        vehicle to a licensed hunter that is temporarily or permanently 
        physically unable to walk without crutches, braces, or other 
        mechanical support, or who has a physical disability which 
        substantially limits the person's ability to walk.  The physical 
        disability and the substantial inability to walk must be 
        established by medical evidence verified in writing by a 
        licensed physician.  A person with a temporary disability may be 
        issued an annual permit and a person with a permanent disability 
        may be issued a permanent permit.  A person issued a special 
        permit under this subdivision and hunting deer may take a deer 
        of either sex. 
           Sec. 24.  [FISHING LICENSE REVENUES.] 
           For the 1996-1997 biennium, the additional $2.50 added to 
        the licenses in sections 16 to 22 of this act may only be used 
        in the division of enforcement for enforcement of laws related 
        to fish and in the section of fisheries.  Expenditures must be 
        focused on individual lake management, habitat preservation and 
        improvement, and education.  Personnel costs must be limited to 
        on-site work. 
           Sec. 25.  [LAYOFFS.] 
           The commissioner of natural resources shall negotiate with 
        bargaining units of affected employees when restructuring or 
        reorganization of department operations is expected to result in 
        involuntary layoffs.  Any involuntary layoff of department 
        employees under this provision must be negotiated with 
        representatives of affected state employees pursuant to 
        Minnesota Statutes, section 43A.045, before layoffs can occur.  
        This provision applies to circumstances that arise from agency 
        restructuring and reorganization and not from normal changes in 
        employment caused by contractual layoff, termination for cause, 
        unrequested leave of absence, or retrenchment. 
           Sec. 26.  [APPROPRIATIONS; REDUCTIONS.] 
           (a) The following appropriations for fiscal year 1995 made 
        in Laws 1993, chapter 172, section 5, subdivision 7, are from 
        the general fund rather than the game and fish fund: 
           (1) $120,000 for ditch assessments; and 
           (2) $322,000 for development work performed by participants 
        in youth programs. 
           (b) The following appropriations for fiscal year 1995 made 
        in Laws 1993, chapter 172, section 5, subdivision 7, are reduced 
        by the amounts indicated: 
           (1) the appropriation from the waterfowl habitat 
        improvement account is reduced by $49,000; 
           (2) the appropriation from the trout stream management 
        account is reduced by $53,000; and 
           (3) the appropriation from the pheasant habitat improvement 
        account is reduced by $60,000.  
           (c) The appropriations made in Laws 1993, chapter 172, 
        section 5, subdivision 7, from the game and fish fund for 
        payments to counties in lieu of taxes on acquired wildlife lands 
        are reduced by $874,000 in fiscal year 1994 and $874,000 in 
        fiscal year 1995. 
           (d) $200,000 is appropriated from the wildlife acquisition 
        account to the commissioner of natural resources for only the 
        purposes specified in Minnesota Statutes, section 97A.071.  This 
        appropriation is available until June 30, 1995. 
           Sec. 27.  [TRANSFER.] 
           On June 30, 1995, the commissioner of finance shall 
        transfer and credit to the game and fish fund any remaining 
        balance in the fish management intensification account. 
           Sec. 28.  [REPEALER.] 
           (a) Minnesota Statutes 1992, sections 97A.071, subdivision 
        4; and 103E.615, subdivision 6, are repealed. 
           (b) Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.475, subdivision 
        9, is repealed. 
           (c) Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.065, subdivision 
        3, is repealed. 
           Sec. 29.  [EFFECTIVE DATES.] 
           Section 1 is effective the day following final enactment 
        and applies to licensed aquatic farms in operation on or after 
        that date. 
           Sections 4, 5, and 26, paragraph (c), are effective the day 
        following final enactment. 
           Sections 16 to 22 and 28, paragraph (b), are effective 
        March 1, 1995.  
           Section 28, paragraph (c), is effective July 1, 1995. 
           Presented to the governor May 2, 1994 
           Signed by the governor May 4, 1994, 3:29 p.m.