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SF 4205

as introduced - 91st Legislature (2019 - 2020) Posted on 03/10/2020 09:12am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to environment; modifying enforcement authority; amending Minnesota
Statutes 2018, sections 115.03, subdivision 1; 115.071, subdivisions 1, 4, by adding
subdivisions; 116.07, subdivision 9, by adding subdivisions; 116.11.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 115.03, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Generally.

The agency is hereby given and charged with the following
powers and duties:

(a) to administer and enforce all laws relating to the pollution of any of the waters of
the state;

(b) to investigate the extent, character, and effect of the pollution of the waters of this
state and to gather data and information necessary or desirable in the administration or
enforcement of pollution laws, and to make such classification of the waters of the state as
it may deem advisable;

(c) to establish and alter such reasonable pollution standards for any waters of the state
in relation to the public use to which they are or may be put as it shall deem necessary for
the purposes of this chapter and, with respect to the pollution of waters of the state, chapter
116;

(d) to encourage waste treatment, including advanced waste treatment, instead of stream
low-flow augmentation for dilution purposes to control and prevent pollution;

(e) to adopt, issue, reissue, modify, deny, deleted text beginordeleted text end revoke, new text beginreopen, new text endenter intonew text begin,new text end or enforce
reasonable orders, permits, variances, standards, rules, schedules of compliance, and
stipulation agreements, under such conditions as it may prescribe, in order to prevent, control
or abate water pollution, or for the installation or operation of disposal systems or parts
thereof, or for other equipment and facilities:

(1) requiring the discontinuance of the discharge of sewage, industrial waste or other
wastes into any waters of the state resulting in pollution in excess of the applicable pollution
standard established under this chapter;

(2) prohibiting or directing the abatement of any discharge of sewage, industrial waste,
or other wastes, into any waters of the state or the deposit thereof or the discharge into any
municipal disposal system where the same is likely to get into any waters of the state in
violation of this chapter and, with respect to the pollution of waters of the state, chapter
116, or standards or rules promulgated or permits issued pursuant thereto, and specifying
the schedule of compliance within which such prohibition or abatement must be
accomplished;

(3) prohibiting the storage of any liquid or solid substance or other pollutant in a manner
which does not reasonably assure proper retention against entry into any waters of the state
that would be likely to pollute any waters of the state;

(4) requiring the construction, installation, maintenance, and operation by any person
of any disposal system or any part thereof, or other equipment and facilities, or the
reconstruction, alteration, or enlargement of its existing disposal system or any part thereof,
or the adoption of other remedial measures to prevent, control or abate any discharge or
deposit of sewage, industrial waste or other wastes by any person;

(5) establishing, and from time to time revising, standards of performance for new sources
taking into consideration, among other things, classes, types, sizes, and categories of sources,
processes, pollution control technology, cost of achieving such effluent reduction, and any
nonwater quality environmental impact and energy requirements. Said standards of
performance for new sources shall encompass those standards for the control of the discharge
of pollutants which reflect the greatest degree of effluent reduction which the agency
determines to be achievable through application of the best available demonstrated control
technology, processes, operating methods, or other alternatives, including, where practicable,
a standard permitting no discharge of pollutants. New sources shall encompass buildings,
structures, facilities, or installations from which there is or may be the discharge of pollutants,
the construction of which is commenced after the publication by the agency of proposed
rules prescribing a standard of performance which will be applicable to such source.
Notwithstanding any other provision of the law of this state, any point source the construction
of which is commenced after May 20, 1973, and which is so constructed as to meet all
applicable standards of performance for new sources shall, consistent with and subject to
the provisions of section 306(d) of the Amendments of 1972 to the Federal Water Pollution
Control Act, not be subject to any more stringent standard of performance for new sources
during a ten-year period beginning on the date of completion of such construction or during
the period of depreciation or amortization of such facility for the purposes of section 167
or 169, or both, of the Federal Internal Revenue Code of 1954, whichever period ends first.
Construction shall encompass any placement, assembly, or installation of facilities or
equipment, including contractual obligations to purchase such facilities or equipment, at
the premises where such equipment will be used, including preparation work at such
premises;

(6) establishing and revising pretreatment standards to prevent or abate the discharge of
any pollutant into any publicly owned disposal system, which pollutant interferes with,
passes through, or otherwise is incompatible with such disposal system;

(7) requiring the owner or operator of any disposal system or any point source to establish
and maintain such records, make such reports, install, use, and maintain such monitoring
equipment or methods, including where appropriate biological monitoring methods, sample
such effluents in accordance with such methods, at such locations, at such intervals, and in
such a manner as the agency shall prescribe, and providing such other information as the
agency may reasonably require;

(8) notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, and with respect to the pollution
of waters of the state, chapter 116, requiring the achievement of more stringent limitations
than otherwise imposed by effluent limitations in order to meet any applicable water quality
standard by establishing new effluent limitations, based upon section 115.01, subdivision
13
, clause (b), including alternative effluent control strategies for any point source or group
of point sources to insure the integrity of water quality classifications, whenever the agency
determines that discharges of pollutants from such point source or sources, with the
application of effluent limitations required to comply with any standard of best available
technology, would interfere with the attainment or maintenance of the water quality
classification in a specific portion of the waters of the state. Prior to establishment of any
such effluent limitation, the agency shall hold a public hearing to determine the relationship
of the economic and social costs of achieving such limitation or limitations, including any
economic or social dislocation in the affected community or communities, to the social and
economic benefits to be obtained and to determine whether or not such effluent limitation
can be implemented with available technology or other alternative control strategies. If a
person affected by such limitation demonstrates at such hearing that, whether or not such
technology or other alternative control strategies are available, there is no reasonable
relationship between the economic and social costs and the benefits to be obtained, such
limitation shall not become effective and shall be adjusted as it applies to such person;

(9) modifying, in its discretion, any requirement or limitation based upon best available
technology with respect to any point source for which a permit application is filed after July
1, 1977, upon a showing by the owner or operator of such point source satisfactory to the
agency that such modified requirements will represent the maximum use of technology
within the economic capability of the owner or operator and will result in reasonable further
progress toward the elimination of the discharge of pollutants; and

(10) requiring that applicants for wastewater discharge permits evaluate in their
applications the potential reuses of the discharged wastewater;

(f) to require to be submitted and to approve plans and specifications for disposal systems
or point sources, or any part thereof and to inspect the construction thereof for compliance
with the approved plans and specifications thereof;

(g) to prescribe and alter rules, not inconsistent with law, for the conduct of the agency
and other matters within the scope of the powers granted to and imposed upon it by this
chapter and, with respect to pollution of waters of the state, in chapter 116, provided that
every rule affecting any other department or agency of the state or any person other than a
member or employee of the agency shall be filed with the secretary of state;

(h) to conduct such investigations, issue such notices, public and otherwise, and hold
such hearings as are necessary or which it may deem advisable for the discharge of its duties
under this chapter and, with respect to the pollution of waters of the state, under chapter
116, including, but not limited to, the issuance of permits, and to authorize any member,
employee, or agent appointed by it to conduct such investigations or, issue such notices and
hold such hearings;

(i) for the purpose of water pollution control planning by the state and pursuant to the
Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended, to establish and revise planning areas,
adopt plans and programs and continuing planning processes, including, but not limited to,
basin plans and areawide waste treatment management plans, and to provide for the
implementation of any such plans by means of, including, but not limited to, standards, plan
elements, procedures for revision, intergovernmental cooperation, residual treatment process
waste controls, and needs inventory and ranking for construction of disposal systems;

(j) to train water pollution control personnel, and charge such fees therefor as are
necessary to cover the agency's costs. All such fees received shall be paid into the state
treasury and credited to the Pollution Control Agency training account;

(k) to impose as additional conditions in permits to publicly owned disposal systems
appropriate measures to insure compliance by industrial and other users with any pretreatment
standard, including, but not limited to, those related to toxic pollutants, and any system of
user charges ratably as is hereby required under state law or said Federal Water Pollution
Control Act, as amended, or any regulations or guidelines promulgated thereunder;

(l) to set a period not to exceed five years for the duration of any national pollutant
discharge elimination system permit or not to exceed ten years for any permit issued as a
state disposal system permit only;

(m) to require each governmental subdivision identified as a permittee for a wastewater
treatment works to evaluate in every odd-numbered year the condition of its existing system
and identify future capital improvements that will be needed to attain or maintain compliance
with a national pollutant discharge elimination system or state disposal system permit; and

(n) to train subsurface sewage treatment system personnel, including persons who design,
construct, install, inspect, service, and operate subsurface sewage treatment systems, and
charge fees as necessary to pay the agency's costs. All fees received must be paid into the
state treasury and credited to the agency's training account. Money in the account is
appropriated to the agency to pay expenses related to training.

The information required in clause (m) must be submitted in every odd-numbered year to
the commissioner on a form provided by the commissioner. The commissioner shall provide
technical assistance if requested by the governmental subdivision.

The powers and duties given the agency in this subdivision also apply to permits issued
under chapter 114C.

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 115.071, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Remedies available.

The provisions of sections 103F.701 to 103F.755,
this chapter and chapters 114C, 115A, and 116, and sections 325E.10 to 325E.1251 and
325E.32 and all rules, standards, orders, stipulation agreements, schedules of compliance,
and permits adopted or issued by the agency thereunder or under any other law now in force
or hereafter enacted for the prevention, control, or abatement of pollution may be enforced
by any one or any combination of the following: criminal prosecution; action to recover
civil penalties; injunction; action to compel new text beginor cease new text endperformance; or other appropriate
action, in accordance with the provisions of said chapters and this section.

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 115.071, subdivision 4, is amended to read:


Subd. 4.

Injunctions.

Any violation of the provisions, rules, standards, orders, stipulation
agreements, variances, schedules of compliance, or permits specified in this chapter and
chapters 114C and 116 deleted text beginshall constitutedeleted text endnew text begin constitutesnew text end a public nuisance and may be enjoined
as provided by law in an action, in the name of the state, brought by the attorney general.new text begin
An injunction may include a requirement for a facility or person to immediately cease
operation or activities until the commissioner has reasonable assurance that renewed operation
or activities will not violate state pollution requirements, cause harm to human health, or
result in a serious violation of an applicable permit.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 115.071, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin Stipulation agreements. new text end

new text begin In exercising enforcement powers over a term of a
stipulation agreement when a party asserts a good cause or force majeure claim for an
extension of time to comply with a stipulated term, the commissioner must not grant the
extension if the assertion is based solely on increased costs.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 115.071, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 9. new text end

new text begin Compliance requirements for unpermitted activity. new text end

new text begin The commissioner may
require a person or facility that is required to have a permit and that fails to obtain a permit
to comply with any terms of a permit that would have been issued had the person or facility
obtained a permit, including but not limited to reporting, monitoring, controlling pollutant
discharge, and creating and implementing operations and maintenance plans. Beginning at
the time a permit should have been obtained, a person or facility may be subject to liability
and penalty, including criminal liability, for failing to operate in compliance with a permit
not obtained.
new text end

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 116.07, subdivision 9, is amended to read:


Subd. 9.

Orders; investigations.

The deleted text beginagency shall havedeleted text endnew text begin commissioner hasnew text end the following
powers and duties for deleted text beginthe enforcement of any provision ofdeleted text endnew text begin enforcingnew text end this chapter and chapter
114C, relating to air contamination or waste:

(1) to adopt, issue, reissue, modify, deny, revoke, new text beginreopen, new text endenter intonew text begin,new text end or enforce reasonable
orders, schedules of compliance and stipulation agreements;

(2) to require the owner or operator of any emission facility, air contaminant treatment
facility, potential air contaminant storage facility, or any system or facility related to the
storage, collection, transportation, processing, or disposal of waste to establish and maintain
records; to make reports; to install, use, and maintain monitoring equipment or methods;
and to make tests, including testing for odor where a nuisance may exist, in accordance with
methods, at locations, at intervals, and in a manner as the agency shall prescribe; and to
provide other information as the agency may reasonably require;new text begin and
new text end

(3) to conduct investigations, issue notices, public and otherwise, and order hearings as
it may deem necessary or advisable for the discharge of its duties under this chapter and
chapter 114C, including but not limited to the issuance of permits; and to authorize any
member, employee, or agent appointed by it to conduct the investigations and issue the
notices.

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 116.07, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 13. new text end

new text begin Stipulation agreements. new text end

new text begin In exercising enforcement powers over a term of a
stipulation agreement when a party asserts a good cause or force majeure claim for an
extension of time to comply with a stipulated term, the commissioner must not grant the
extension if the assertion is based solely on increased costs.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 116.07, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 14. new text end

new text begin Compliance requirements for unpermitted activity. new text end

new text begin The commissioner
may require a person or facility that is required to have a permit and that fails to obtain a
permit to comply with any terms of a permit that would have been issued had the person or
facility obtained a permit, including but not limited to reporting, monitoring, controlling
pollutant discharge, and creating and implementing operations and maintenance plans.
Beginning at the time a permit should have been obtained, a person or facility may be subject
to liability and penalty, including criminal liability, for failing to operate in compliance with
a permit not obtained.
new text end

Sec. 9.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 116.11, is amended to read:


116.11 EMERGENCY POWERS.

If there is imminent and substantial danger to the health and welfare of the people of
the state, or of any of them, as a result of the pollution of air, land, or water, the deleted text beginagencydeleted text endnew text begin
commissioner
new text end may by emergency order direct the immediate discontinuance or abatement
of the pollution without notice and without a hearing ornew text begin,new text end at the request of the deleted text beginagencydeleted text endnew text begin
commissioner
new text end, the attorney general may bring an action in the name of the state in the
appropriate district court for a temporary restraining order to immediately abate or prevent
the pollution. new text beginFor purposes of this subdivision, the commissioner's order or temporary
restraining order may include a requirement for a facility or person to immediately cease
operation or activities until the commissioner has reasonable assurance that renewed operation
or activities will not result in imminent and substantial danger.
new text endThe agency order or temporary
restraining order shall remain effective until notice, hearing, and determination pursuant to
other provisions of law, or, in the interim, as otherwise ordered. A final order of the agency
in these cases shall be appealable in accordance with chapter 14.