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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 3384

as introduced - 86th Legislature (2009 - 2010) Posted on 04/26/2010 09:13am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to data practices; establishing operating principles for criminal
intelligence databases; classifying data;proposing coding for new law in
Minnesota Statutes, chapter 13.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [13.823] CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE DATABASES.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin (a) The definitions in this subdivision apply to this
section.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Criminal intelligence data" means data that have been evaluated to determine
that the data:
new text end

new text begin (1) are relevant to the identification of, and the criminal activity engaged in by, an
individual who or organization that is reasonably suspected of involvement in criminal
activity; and
new text end

new text begin (2) meet criminal intelligence system submission criteria.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Criminal intelligence system" or "intelligence system" means the arrangements,
equipment, facilities, and procedures used for the receipt, storage, interagency exchange
or dissemination, and analysis of criminal intelligence data.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Intelligence project" or "project" means the organizational unit that operates an
intelligence system on behalf of and for the benefit of a single agency or the organization
that operates an interjurisdictional intelligence system on behalf of a group of participating
agencies.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Interjurisdictional intelligence system" means an intelligence system that
involves two or more participating agencies representing different governmental units
or jurisdictions.
new text end

new text begin (f) "Participating agency" means an agency of local, county, state, federal, or other
governmental unit that exercises law enforcement or criminal investigation authority and
is authorized to submit and receive criminal intelligence data through an interjurisdictional
intelligence system. A participating agency may be a member or a nonmember of an
interjurisdictional intelligence system.
new text end

new text begin (g) "Validation of information" means the procedures governing the periodic review
of criminal intelligence data to ensure its continuing compliance with system submission
criteria.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Operating principles. new text end

new text begin (a) A project may collect and maintain criminal
intelligence data on an individual only if there is reasonable suspicion that the individual
is involved in criminal conduct or activity and the data are relevant to that criminal
conduct or activity.
new text end

new text begin (b) A project must not collect or maintain criminal intelligence data about the
political, religious or social views, associations, or activities of an individual or a group,
association, corporation, business, partnership, or other organization unless the data
directly relate to criminal conduct or activity and there is reasonable suspicion that the
subject of the information is or may be involved in criminal conduct or activity.
new text end

new text begin (c) Reasonable suspicion is established when information exists that establishes
sufficient facts to give a trained law enforcement or criminal investigative agency officer,
investigator, or employee a basis to believe that there is a reasonable possibility that an
individual or organization is involved in a definable criminal activity or enterprise. In
an interjurisdictional intelligence system, the project is responsible for establishing the
existence of reasonable suspicion of criminal activity through examination of supporting
data submitted by a participating agency or by delegation of this responsibility to a
properly trained participating agency.
new text end

new text begin (d) A project must not include any criminal intelligence system data that have been
obtained in violation of law. In an interjurisdictional intelligence system, the project is
responsible for establishing that no data are entered in violation of law, either through
examination of supporting data submitted by a participating agency or by delegation of
this responsibility to a properly trained participating agency.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Dissemination of data. new text end

new text begin (a) A project may disseminate criminal
intelligence data only if there is a need to know and a right to know the data in the
performance of a law enforcement activity.
new text end

new text begin (b) A project may disseminate criminal intelligence data only to law enforcement
authorities who agree to follow procedures regarding receipt, maintenance, security, and
dissemination of the data that are consistent with this section. This paragraph does not
limit the dissemination of an assessment of criminal intelligence data to any person, when
necessary to avoid imminent danger to life or property.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Safeguards; security requirements. new text end

new text begin A project maintaining criminal
intelligence data shall ensure that administrative, technical, and physical safeguards,
including audit trails, are adopted to ensure against unauthorized access and intentional or
unintentional damage. A record indicating who has been given data, the reason for release
of the data, and the date of each dissemination outside the project must be kept. Data
must be labeled to indicate levels of sensitivity, levels of confidence, and the identity of
submitting agencies and control officials. A project shall establish written definitions for
the need-to-know and right-to-know standards for dissemination to other agencies under
subdivision 3. The project is responsible for establishing the existence of an inquirer's
need to know and right to know the requested data through inquiry or by delegation of
this responsibility to a properly trained participating agency that is subject to routine
inspection and audit procedures established by the project. An intelligence project shall
ensure that the following security requirements are implemented:
new text end

new text begin (1) where appropriate, projects must adopt effective and technologically advanced
computer software and hardware designs to prevent unauthorized access to data in the
system;
new text end

new text begin (2) the project must restrict access to its facilities, operating environment, and
documentation to organizations and personnel authorized by the project;
new text end

new text begin (3) the project must store data in the system so that the data cannot be modified,
destroyed, accessed, or purged without authorization;
new text end

new text begin (4) the project must institute procedures to protect criminal intelligence data from
unauthorized access, theft, sabotage, fire, flood, or other natural or man-made disaster;
new text end

new text begin (5) the project must establish standards based on good cause for implementing
its authority to screen, reject for employment, transfer, or remove personnel authorized
to have direct access to the system; and
new text end

new text begin (6) a project may authorize and use remote, off-premises, system databases to the
extent that these databases comply with these security requirements.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Relevance. new text end

new text begin A project shall adopt procedures to ensure that data that are
retained by a project are relevant, as provided under subdivision 1, paragraph (b). These
procedures must provide for the periodic review of data and the destruction of data that
are misleading, obsolete, or otherwise unreliable and must require that recipient agencies
be advised of changes that involve errors or corrections. Data retained after a review must
reflect the name of the reviewer, the date of review, and an explanation of the decision
to retain. Data retained in the system must be reviewed and validated for continuing
compliance with system submission criteria before the expiration of the data's retention
period, which must not be longer than five years.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Project assurances. new text end

new text begin (a) A project shall ensure that there will be no
purchase or use in the course of the project of any electronic, mechanical, or other device
for surveillance purposes that is in violation of sections 626A.01 to 626A.381, and the
Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986, United States Code, title 18, sections
2510 to 2520, 2701 to 2709, and 3121 to 3125.
new text end

new text begin (b) A project shall establish procedures to ensure that there will be no harassment or
interference with lawful political activities as part of an intelligence operation.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin Data. new text end

new text begin (a) Criminal intelligence data are confidential data on individuals.
new text end

new text begin (b) A participating agency of an interjurisdictional intelligence system must maintain
data that document each submission to the system and support compliance with project
entry criteria.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin Supervision. new text end

new text begin (a) The head of an agency, or an individual expressly
delegated this control and supervision by the head of the agency, maintaining an
interjurisdictional criminal intelligence system shall:
new text end

new text begin (1) assume official responsibility and accountability for actions taken in the name of
the joint entity; and
new text end

new text begin (2) certify in writing that the official takes full responsibility and will be accountable
for ensuring that data transmitted to the interjurisdictional intelligence system or to
participating agencies will be in compliance with this section.
new text end

new text begin (b) This section must be made part of the bylaws or operating procedures for an
intelligence system. Each participating agency, as a condition of participation, must accept
in writing the principles that govern the submission, maintenance, and dissemination of
data included as part of an interjurisdictional system.
new text end