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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 2724

1st Engrossment - 85th Legislature (2007 - 2008) Posted on 12/15/2009 12:00am

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - 1st Engrossment

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A bill for an act
relating to motor fuels; modifying definition of biodiesel; increasing minimum
biodiesel content; creating tiered biodiesel content goal; establishing B20 panel
with authority to increase minimum content; requiring a proposal; appropriating
money; amending Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 239.77, as amended;
Minnesota Statutes 2007 Supplement, section 296A.01, subdivision 8a.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 239.77, as amended by Laws 2007, chapter
62, sections 3 and 4, is amended to read:


239.77 BIODIESEL CONTENT MANDATE.

Subdivision 1.

Biodiesel fuel.

"Biodiesel fuel" means a renewable, biodegradable,
mono alkyl ester combustible liquid fuel that is derived from agricultural new text beginand other
new text endplant oils or animal fats deleted text beginanddeleted text endnew text begin;new text end that meets American Society For Testing and Materials
specification D6751-07 for Biodiesel Fuel (B100) Blend Stock for Distillate Fuelsnew text begin;
and that is manufactured by a person certified by the BQ-9000 National Biodiesel
Accreditation Program
new text end.

Subd. 2.

Minimum content.

new text begin(a) new text endExcept as otherwise provided in this section, all
diesel fuel sold or offered for sale in Minnesota for use in internal combustion engines
must contain at least deleted text begin2.0 percentdeleted text endnew text begin the stated percentage ofnew text end biodiesel fuel oil by volumedeleted text begin.deleted text endnew text begin
on and after the following dates:
new text end

new text begin (1)
new text end
new text begin September 29, 2005
new text end
new text begin 2 percent
new text end
new text begin (2)
new text end
new text begin May 1, 2009
new text end
new text begin 5 percent
new text end
new text begin (3)
new text end
new text begin May 1, 2012
new text end
new text begin 10 percent
new text end
new text begin (4)
new text end
new text begin May 1, 2015
new text end
new text begin 20 percent
new text end

new text begin The minimum content levels in clauses (3) and (4) are effective during the months
of April, May, June, July, August, September, October only. The minimum content for
the remainder of the year is five percent. However, if the commissioners of agriculture,
commerce, and pollution control determine, after consultation with the biodiesel task
force and other technical experts, that an American Society for Testing and Materials
specification or equivalent federal standard exists for the specified biodiesel blend level in
those clauses that adequately addresses technical issues associated with Minnesota's cold
weather and publish a notice in the State Register to that effect, the commissioners may
allow the specified biodiesel blend level in those clauses to be effective year-round.
new text end

new text begin (b) The minimum content levels in paragraph (a), clauses (3) and (4), become
effective on the date specified only if the commissioners of agriculture, commerce, and
pollution control publish notice in the State Register and provide written notice to the
chairs of the house and senate committees with jurisdiction over agriculture, commerce,
and transportation policy and finance, at least 270 days prior to the date of each scheduled
increase, that all of the following conditions have been met and the state is prepared to
move to the next scheduled minimum content level:
new text end

new text begin (1) an American Society for Testing and Materials specification or equivalent federal
standard exists for the next minimum diesel-biodiesel blend;
new text end

new text begin (2) a sufficient supply of biodiesel is available and the amount of biodiesel produced
in this state is equal to at least 50 percent of anticipated demand at the next minimum
content level; and
new text end

new text begin (3) adequate blending infrastructure and regulatory protocol are in place in order to
promote biodiesel quality and avoid any potential economic disruption.
new text end

new text begin (c) The commissioners of agriculture, commerce, and pollution control must consult
with the biodiesel task force when assessing and certifying conditions in paragraph (b),
and in general must seek the guidance of the biodiesel task force regarding biodiesel
labeling, enforcement, and other related issues.
new text end

new text begin (d) During a period of biodiesel fuel shortage or a problem with biodiesel quality
that negatively affects the availability of biodiesel fuel, the commissioner of commerce
may temporarily suspend the minimum content requirement in subdivision 2 until there
is sufficient biodiesel fuel, as defined in subdivision 1, available to fulfill the minimum
content requirement.
new text end

new text begin (e) By February 1, 2012, and periodically thereafter, the commissioner of commerce
shall determine the wholesale diesel price at various pipeline and refinery terminals in the
region, and the biodiesel price determined after credits and incentives are subtracted at
biodiesel plants in the region. The commissioner shall report wholesale price differences to
the governor who, after consultation with the commissioners of commerce and agriculture,
may by executive order adjust the biodiesel mandate if a price disparity reported by the
commissioner will cause economic hardship to retailers of diesel fuel in this state. Any
adjustment must be for a specified period of time, after which the percentage of biodiesel
fuel to be blended into diesel fuel returns to the amount required in subdivision 2. The
biodiesel mandate must not be adjusted to less than five percent.
new text end

Subd. 3.

Exceptions.

(a) The minimum content deleted text beginrequirementdeleted text endnew text begin requirementsnew text end of
subdivision 2 deleted text begindoesdeleted text endnew text begin donew text end not apply to fuel used in the following equipment:

(1) motors located at an electric generating plant regulated by the Nuclear
Regulatory Commission;

(2) railroad locomotives; and

(3) off-road taconite and copper mining equipment and machinery.

(b) The exemption in paragraph (a), clause (1), expires 30 days after the Nuclear
Regulatory Commission has approved the use of biodiesel fuel in motors at electric
generating plants under its regulation.

Subd. 4.

Disclosure.

A refinery or terminal shall provide, at the time diesel fuel
is sold or transferred from the refinery or terminal, a bill of lading or shipping manifest
to the person who receives the fuel. For biodiesel-blended products, the bill of lading or
shipping manifest must disclose biodiesel content, stating volume percentage, gallons of
biodiesel per gallons of petroleum diesel base-stock, or an ASTM "Bxx" designation
where "xx" denotes the volume percent biodiesel included in the blended product. This
subdivision does not apply to sales or transfers of biodiesel blend stock between refineries,
between terminals, or between a refinery and a terminal.

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Annual report. new text end

new text begin Beginning in 2009, the commissioner of agriculture
must report by January 15 of each year to the chairs and ranking minority members of
the legislative committees and divisions with jurisdiction over agriculture policy and
finance regarding the implementation of the minimum content requirements in subdivision
2, including information about the price and supply of biodiesel fuel. The report must
include any written comments received from members of the biodiesel fuel task force by
January 1 of that year designated by them for inclusion in the report.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2007 Supplement, section 296A.01, subdivision 8a, is
amended to read:


Subd. 8a.

Biodiesel fuel.

"Biodiesel fuel" deleted text beginmeans a renewable, biodegradable, mono
alkyl ester combustible liquid fuel derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats
and that meets American Society for Testing and Materials specification D6751-07 for
Biodiesel Fuel (B100) Blend Stock for Distillate Fuels
deleted text endnew text begin has the meaning given in section
239.77, subdivision 1
new text end.

Sec. 3. new text beginPROPOSAL; PETROLEUM INSPECTION FEE REVENUE.
new text end

new text begin The commissioners of finance, commerce, and pollution control must develop and
submit to the legislature as part of their next biennial budget request a proposal for
eliminating, to the extent feasible, redundant fuel inspections and dedicating, to the extent
feasible, all revenue from the petroleum inspection fee levied on petroleum products under
Minnesota Statutes, section 239.101, subdivision 3, to the Weights and Measures Division
of the Department of Commerce. All additional funding appropriated to the Weights and
Measures Division under this proposal must be used for increased and enhanced fuel
quality assurance enforcement activities and equipment and for educational activities
focused on the handling, distribution, and use of biodiesel fuel.
new text end

Sec. 4. new text beginTECHNICAL COLD WEATHER ISSUES.
new text end

new text begin The commissioners of agriculture and commerce shall consult with stakeholders
who are technical experts in cold weather biodiesel and petroleum diesel issues to
consider and make recommendations regarding improvements in the production, blending,
handling, and distribution of biodiesel blends to further ensure the performance of these
fuels in cold weather. The commissioners shall issue a report on these issues by January
15, 2009, to the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislature with jurisdiction
over agriculture and commerce policy and finance.
new text end

Sec. 5. new text beginAPPROPRIATION.
new text end

new text begin Of the amounts appropriated from the renewable development fund to the
commissioner of commerce for renewable energy research under Laws 2007, chapter
57, article 2, section 3, subdivision 6, clause (7), up to $500,000 may be used for cold
weather biodiesel blending infrastructure grants to facilities that serve Minnesota, and an
additional $500,000 shall be used to support the algae-to-biofuels research project at the
University of Minnesota and the Metropolitan Council.
new text end