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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 2198

as introduced - 91st Legislature (2019 - 2020) Posted on 04/04/2019 03:45pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to public safety; reclassifying marijuana and nonsynthetic THC from a
Schedule I to a Schedule II controlled substance; modifying the definition of a
small amount of marijuana; prohibiting the weight of fluids used in water pipes
from being used to determine the weight of marijuana mixtures; authorizing
expungement of records in certain instances; amending Minnesota Statutes 2018,
sections 152.01, subdivisions 9a, 16, 23; 152.02, subdivisions 2, 3; 152.021,
subdivision 2; 152.022, subdivision 2; 152.023, subdivision 2; 152.11, by adding
a subdivision; 152.12, by adding a subdivision; 152.125, subdivision 3; 152.126,
subdivision 1; 152.18, subdivision 3.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.01, subdivision 9a, is amended to read:


Subd. 9a.

Mixture.

"Mixture" means a preparation, compound, mixture, or substance
containing a controlled substance, regardless of purity except as provided in deleted text beginsubdivision
16;
deleted text end sections 152.021, subdivision 2, paragraph (b); 152.022, subdivision 2, paragraph (b);
and 152.023, subdivision 2, paragraph (b).

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2019, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.01, subdivision 16, is amended to read:


Subd. 16.

Small amount.

"Small amount" as applied to marijuana meansnew text begin: (1)new text end 42.5 grams
or lessnew text begin of cannabis flowers; or (2) eight grams or less of any nonflower cannabis mixturenew text end.
deleted text begin This provision shall not apply to the resinous form of marijuanadeleted text endnew text begin Nonflower cannabis mixtures
weighing eight grams or less may not be considered in determining the 42.5 gram limit in
clause (1)
new text end. The weight of fluid used in a water pipe may not be considered in determining
a small amount deleted text beginexcept in cases where the marijuana is mixed with four or more fluid ounces
of fluid
deleted text end.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2019, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.01, subdivision 23, is amended to read:


Subd. 23.

Analog.

(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), "analog" means a substance,
the chemical structure of which is substantially similar to the chemical structure of a
controlled substance in Schedule I or II:

(1) that has a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system
that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic
effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in Schedule I or II; or

(2) with respect to a particular person, if the person represents or intends that the substance
have a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is
substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect
on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in Schedule I or II.

(b) "Analog" does not include:

(1) a controlled substance;

(2) any substance for which there is an approved new drug application under the Federal
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; deleted text beginor
deleted text end

(3) with respect to a particular person, any substance, if an exemption is in effect for
investigational use, for that person, as provided by United States Code, title 21, section 355,
and the person is registered as a controlled substance researcher as required under section
152.12, subdivision 3, to the extent conduct with respect to the substance is pursuant to the
exemption and registrationnew text begin; or
new text end

new text begin (4) marijuana or tetrahydrocannabinols naturally contained in a plant of the genus
cannabis or in the resinous extractives of the plant
new text end.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2019, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.02, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Schedule I.

(a) Schedule I consists of the substances listed in this subdivision.

(b) Opiates. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the
following substances, including their analogs, isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of
isomers, esters, and ethers, whenever the existence of the analogs, isomers, esters, ethers,
and salts is possible:

(1) acetylmethadol;

(2) allylprodine;

(3) alphacetylmethadol (except levo-alphacetylmethadol, also known as levomethadyl
acetate);

(4) alphameprodine;

(5) alphamethadol;

(6) alpha-methylfentanyl benzethidine;

(7) betacetylmethadol;

(8) betameprodine;

(9) betamethadol;

(10) betaprodine;

(11) clonitazene;

(12) dextromoramide;

(13) diampromide;

(14) diethyliambutene;

(15) difenoxin;

(16) dimenoxadol;

(17) dimepheptanol;

(18) dimethyliambutene;

(19) dioxaphetyl butyrate;

(20) dipipanone;

(21) ethylmethylthiambutene;

(22) etonitazene;

(23) etoxeridine;

(24) furethidine;

(25) hydroxypethidine;

(26) ketobemidone;

(27) levomoramide;

(28) levophenacylmorphan;

(29) 3-methylfentanyl;

(30) acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl;

(31) alpha-methylthiofentanyl;

(32) benzylfentanyl beta-hydroxyfentanyl;

(33) beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl;

(34) 3-methylthiofentanyl;

(35) thenylfentanyl;

(36) thiofentanyl;

(37) para-fluorofentanyl;

(38) morpheridine;

(39) 1-methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine;

(40) noracymethadol;

(41) norlevorphanol;

(42) normethadone;

(43) norpipanone;

(44) 1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine (PEPAP);

(45) phenadoxone;

(46) phenampromide;

(47) phenomorphan;

(48) phenoperidine;

(49) piritramide;

(50) proheptazine;

(51) properidine;

(52) propiram;

(53) racemoramide;

(54) tilidine;

(55) trimeperidine;

(56) N-(1-Phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylacetamide (acetyl fentanyl);

(57) 3,4-dichloro-N-[(1R,2R)-2-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl]-N-
methylbenzamide(U47700);

(58) N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]furan-2-carboxamide(furanylfentanyl);
and

(59) 4-(4-bromophenyl)-4-dimethylamino-1-phenethylcyclohexanol (bromadol).

(c) Opium derivatives. Any of the following substances, their analogs, salts, isomers,
and salts of isomers, unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule,
whenever the existence of the analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible:

(1) acetorphine;

(2) acetyldihydrocodeine;

(3) benzylmorphine;

(4) codeine methylbromide;

(5) codeine-n-oxide;

(6) cyprenorphine;

(7) desomorphine;

(8) dihydromorphine;

(9) drotebanol;

(10) etorphine;

(11) heroin;

(12) hydromorphinol;

(13) methyldesorphine;

(14) methyldihydromorphine;

(15) morphine methylbromide;

(16) morphine methylsulfonate;

(17) morphine-n-oxide;

(18) myrophine;

(19) nicocodeine;

(20) nicomorphine;

(21) normorphine;

(22) pholcodine; and

(23) thebacon.

(d) Hallucinogens. Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any
quantity of the following substances, their analogs, salts, isomers (whether optical, positional,
or geometric), and salts of isomers, unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another
schedule, whenever the existence of the analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is
possible:

(1) methylenedioxy amphetamine;

(2) methylenedioxymethamphetamine;

(3) methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA);

(4) n-hydroxy-methylenedioxyamphetamine;

(5) 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOB);

(6) 2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (2,5-DMA);

(7) 4-methoxyamphetamine;

(8) 5-methoxy-3, 4-methylenedioxyamphetamine;

(9) alpha-ethyltryptamine;

(10) bufotenine;

(11) diethyltryptamine;

(12) dimethyltryptamine;

(13) 3,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine;

(14) 4-methyl-2, 5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOM);

(15) ibogaine;

(16) lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD);

(17) mescaline;

(18) parahexyl;

(19) N-ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate;

(20) N-methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate;

(21) psilocybin;

(22) psilocyn;

(23) tenocyclidine (TPCP or TCP);

(24) N-ethyl-1-phenyl-cyclohexylamine (PCE);

(25) 1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl) pyrrolidine (PCPy);

(26) 1-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]-pyrrolidine (TCPy);

(27) 4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOC);

(28) 4-ethyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOET);

(29) 4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOI);

(30) 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-B);

(31) 4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-C);

(32) 4-methyl-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-D);

(33) 4-ethyl-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-E);

(34) 4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-I);

(35) 4-propyl-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-P);

(36) 4-isopropylthio-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-T-4);

(37) 4-propylthio-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-T-7);

(38) 2-(8-bromo-2,3,6,7-tetrahydrofuro [2,3-f][1]benzofuran-4-yl)ethanamine
(2-CB-FLY);

(39) bromo-benzodifuranyl-isopropylamine (Bromo-DragonFLY);

(40) alpha-methyltryptamine (AMT);

(41) N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (DiPT);

(42) 4-acetoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (4-AcO-DMT);

(43) 4-acetoxy-N,N-diethyltryptamine (4-AcO-DET);

(44) 4-hydroxy-N-methyl-N-propyltryptamine (4-HO-MPT);

(45) 4-hydroxy-N,N-dipropyltryptamine (4-HO-DPT);

(46) 4-hydroxy-N,N-diallyltryptamine (4-HO-DALT);

(47) 4-hydroxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (4-HO-DiPT);

(48) 5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DiPT);

(49) 5-methoxy-?-methyltryptamine (5-MeO-AMT);

(50) 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT);

(51) 5-methylthio-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeS-DMT);

(52) 5-methoxy-N-methyl-N-isopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-MiPT);

(53) 5-methoxy-?-ethyltryptamine (5-MeO-AET);

(54) 5-methoxy-N,N-dipropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DPT);

(55) 5-methoxy-N,N-diethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DET);

(56) 5-methoxy-N,N-diallyltryptamine (5-MeO-DALT);

(57) methoxetamine (MXE);

(58) 5-iodo-2-aminoindane (5-IAI);

(59) 5,6-methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane (MDAI);

(60) 2-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25B-NBOMe);

(61) 2-(4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25C-NBOMe);

(62) 2-(4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25I-NBOMe);

(63) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H);

(64) 2-(4-Ethylthio-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-T-2);

(65) N,N-Dipropyltryptamine (DPT);

(66) 3-[1-(Piperidin-1-yl)cyclohexyl]phenol (3-HO-PCP);

(67) N-ethyl-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexanamine (3-MeO-PCE);

(68) 4-[1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexyl]morpholine (3-MeO-PCMo);

(69) 1-[1-(4-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexyl]-piperidine (methoxydine, 4-MeO-PCP);

(70) 2-(2-Chlorophenyl)-2-(ethylamino)cyclohexan-1-one (N-Ethylnorketamine,
ethketamine, NENK);

(71) methylenedioxy-N,N-dimethylamphetamine (MDDMA);

(72) 3-(2-Ethyl(methyl)aminoethyl)-1H-indol-4-yl (4-AcO-MET); and

(73) 2-Phenyl-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone (deschloroketamine).

(e) Peyote. All parts of the plant presently classified botanically as Lophophora williamsii
Lemaire, whether growing or not, the seeds thereof, any extract from any part of the plant,
and every compound, manufacture, salts, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant,
its seeds or extracts. The listing of peyote as a controlled substance in Schedule I does not
apply to the nondrug use of peyote in bona fide religious ceremonies of the American Indian
Church, and members of the American Indian Church are exempt from registration. Any
person who manufactures peyote for or distributes peyote to the American Indian Church,
however, is required to obtain federal registration annually and to comply with all other
requirements of law.

(f) Central nervous system depressants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in
another schedule, any material compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any
quantity of the following substances, their analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers
whenever the existence of the analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible:

(1) mecloqualone;

(2) methaqualone;

(3) gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), including its esters and ethers;

(4) flunitrazepam; and

(5) 2-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone (2-MeO-2-deschloroketamine,
methoxyketamine).

(g) Stimulants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any
material compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following
substances, their analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of the
analogs, salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible:

(1) aminorex;

(2) cathinone;

(3) fenethylline;

(4) methcathinone;

(5) methylaminorex;

(6) N,N-dimethylamphetamine;

(7) N-benzylpiperazine (BZP);

(8) methylmethcathinone (mephedrone);

(9) 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (methylone);

(10) methoxymethcathinone (methedrone);

(11) methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV);

(12) 3-fluoro-N-methylcathinone (3-FMC);

(13) methylethcathinone (MEC);

(14) 1-benzofuran-6-ylpropan-2-amine (6-APB);

(15) dimethylmethcathinone (DMMC);

(16) fluoroamphetamine;

(17) fluoromethamphetamine;

(18) ?-methylaminobutyrophenone (MABP or buphedrone);

(19) 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)butan-1-one (butylone);

(20) 2-(methylamino)-1-(4-methylphenyl)butan-1-one (4-MEMABP or BZ-6378);

(21) 1-(naphthalen-2-yl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl) pentan-1-one (naphthylpyrovalerone or
naphyrone);

(22) (alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone (alpha-PVP);

(23) (RS)-1-(4-methylphenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-hexanone (4-Me-PHP or MPHP);

(24) 2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-hexanophenone (Alpha-PHP);

(25) 4-methyl-N-ethylcathinone (4-MEC);

(26) 4-methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (4-MePPP);

(27) 2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpentan-1-one (pentedrone);

(28) 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)pentan-1-one (pentylone);

(29) 4-fluoro-N-methylcathinone (4-FMC);

(30) 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylcathinone (ethylone);

(31) alpha-pyrrolidinobutiophenone (?-PBP);

(32) 5-(2-Aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran (5-APDB);

(33) 1-phenyl-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-heptanone (PV8);

(34) 6-(2-Aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran (6-APDB);

(35) 4-methyl-alpha-ethylaminopentiophenone (4-MEAPP);

(36) 4'-chloro-alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (4'-chloro-PPP);

(37) 1-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(dimethylamino)butan-1-one (dibutylone, bk-DMBDB);

(38) 1-(3-chlorophenyl) piperazine (meta-chlorophenylpiperazine or mCPP); and

(39) any other substance, except bupropion or compounds listed under a different
schedule, that is structurally derived from 2-aminopropan-1-one by substitution at the
1-position with either phenyl, naphthyl, or thiophene ring systems, whether or not the
compound is further modified in any of the following ways:

(i) by substitution in the ring system to any extent with alkyl, alkylenedioxy, alkoxy,
haloalkyl, hydroxyl, or halide substituents, whether or not further substituted in the ring
system by one or more other univalent substituents;

(ii) by substitution at the 3-position with an acyclic alkyl substituent;

(iii) by substitution at the 2-amino nitrogen atom with alkyl, dialkyl, benzyl, or
methoxybenzyl groups; or

(iv) by inclusion of the 2-amino nitrogen atom in a cyclic structure.

(h) deleted text beginMarijuana,deleted text end new text beginSynthetic new text endtetrahydrocannabinolsdeleted text begin,deleted text end and Synthetic cannabinoids. Unless
specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any deleted text beginnatural ordeleted text end synthetic material,
compound, mixture, or preparation that contains any quantity of the following substances,
their analogs, isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers, whenever
the existence of the isomers, esters, ethers, or salts is possible:

(1) deleted text beginmarijuana;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (2)deleted text end new text beginsynthetic new text endtetrahydrocannabinols deleted text beginnaturally contained in a plant of the genus Cannabisdeleted text end,
new text begin that are the new text endsynthetic equivalents of the substances contained in the cannabis plant or in the
resinous extractives of the plant, or synthetic substances with similar chemical structure
and pharmacological activity to those substances contained in the plant or resinous extract,
including, but not limited to, 1 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, 6 cis or trans
tetrahydrocannabinol, and 3,4 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol;

deleted text begin (3)deleted text end new text begin(2) new text endsynthetic cannabinoids, including the following substances:

(i) Naphthoylindoles, which are any compounds containing a 3-(1-napthoyl)indole
structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl,
alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or
2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any
extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent. Examples of
naphthoylindoles include, but are not limited to:

(A) 1-Pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018 and AM-678);

(B) 1-Butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073);

(C) 1-Pentyl-3-(4-methoxy-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-081);

(D) 1-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200);

(E) 1-Propyl-2-methyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-015);

(F) 1-Hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-019);

(G) 1-Pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-122);

(H) 1-Pentyl-3-(4-ethyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-210);

(I) 1-Pentyl-3-(4-chloro-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-398);

(J) 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM-2201).

(ii) Napthylmethylindoles, which are any compounds containing a
1H-indol-3-yl-(1-naphthyl)methane structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the
indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl,
1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group, whether or not further
substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl
ring to any extent. Examples of naphthylmethylindoles include, but are not limited to:

(A) 1-Pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl-(1-naphthyl)methane (JWH-175);

(B) 1-Pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl-(4-methyl-1-naphthyl)methane (JWH-184).

(iii) Naphthoylpyrroles, which are any compounds containing a 3-(1-naphthoyl)pyrrole
structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the pyrrole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl,
alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or
2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group whether or not further substituted in the pyrrole ring to any
extent, whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent. Examples of
naphthoylpyrroles include, but are not limited to,
(5-(2-fluorophenyl)-1-pentylpyrrol-3-yl)-naphthalen-1-ylmethanone (JWH-307).

(iv) Naphthylmethylindenes, which are any compounds containing a naphthylideneindene
structure with substitution at the 3-position of the indene ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl,
cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or
2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group whether or not further substituted in the indene ring to any
extent, whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent. Examples of
naphthylemethylindenes include, but are not limited to,
E-1-[1-(1-naphthalenylmethylene)-1H-inden-3-yl]pentane (JWH-176).

(v) Phenylacetylindoles, which are any compounds containing a 3-phenylacetylindole
structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl,
alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or
2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any
extent, whether or not substituted in the phenyl ring to any extent. Examples of
phenylacetylindoles include, but are not limited to:

(A) 1-(2-cyclohexylethyl)-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (RCS-8);

(B) 1-pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-250);

(C) 1-pentyl-3-(2-methylphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-251);

(D) 1-pentyl-3-(2-chlorophenylacetyl)indole (JWH-203).

(vi) Cyclohexylphenols, which are compounds containing a
2-(3-hydroxycyclohexyl)phenol structure with substitution at the 5-position of the phenolic
ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl,
1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group whether or not substituted
in the cyclohexyl ring to any extent. Examples of cyclohexylphenols include, but are not
limited to:

(A) 5-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (CP 47,497);

(B) 5-(1,1-dimethyloctyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol
(Cannabicyclohexanol or CP 47,497 C8 homologue);

(C) 5-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,2R)-5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydroxypropyl)cyclohexyl]
-phenol (CP 55,940).

(vii) Benzoylindoles, which are any compounds containing a 3-(benzoyl)indole structure
with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl,
cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl or
2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl group whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any
extent and whether or not substituted in the phenyl ring to any extent. Examples of
benzoylindoles include, but are not limited to:

(A) 1-Pentyl-3-(4-methoxybenzoyl)indole (RCS-4);

(B) 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM-694);

(C) (4-methoxyphenyl-[2-methyl-1-(2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl)indol-3-yl]methanone (WIN
48,098 or Pravadoline).

(viii) Others specifically named:

(A) (6aR,10aR)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)
-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol (HU-210);

(B) (6aS,10aS)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)
-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol (Dexanabinol or HU-211);

(C) 2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-morpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]
-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl-1-naphthalenylmethanone (WIN 55,212-2);

(D) (1-pentylindol-3-yl)-(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (UR-144);

(E) (1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone
(XLR-11);

(F) 1-pentyl-N-tricyclo[3.3.1.13,7]dec-1-yl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide
(AKB-48(APINACA));

(G) N-((3s,5s,7s)-adamantan-1-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide
(5-Fluoro-AKB-48);

(H) 1-pentyl-8-quinolinyl ester-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid (PB-22);

(I) 8-quinolinyl ester-1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid (5-Fluoro PB-22);

(J) N-[(1S)-1-(aminocarbonyl)-2-methylpropyl]-1-pentyl-1H-indazole- 3-carboxamide
(AB-PINACA);

(K) N-[(1S)-1-(aminocarbonyl)-2-methylpropyl]-1-[(4-fluorophenyl)methyl]-
1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-FUBINACA);

(L) N-[(1S)-1-(aminocarbonyl)-2-methylpropyl]-1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-
indazole-3-carboxamide(AB-CHMINACA);

(M) (S)-methyl 2-(1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamido)-3- methylbutanoate
(5-fluoro-AMB);

(N) [1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazol-3-yl](naphthalen-1-yl) methanone (THJ-2201);

(O) (1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)(naphthalen-1-yl)methanone)
(FUBIMINA);

(P) (7-methoxy-1-(2-morpholinoethyl)-N-((1S,2S,4R)-1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo
[2.2.1]heptan-2-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide (MN-25 or UR-12);

(Q) (S)-N-(1-amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)
-1H-indole-3-carboxamide (5-fluoro-ABICA);

(R) N-(1-amino-3-phenyl-1-oxopropan-2-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)
-1H-indole-3-carboxamide;

(S) N-(1-amino-3-phenyl-1-oxopropan-2-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)
-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide;

(T) methyl 2-(1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamido) -3,3-dimethylbutanoate;

(U) N-(1-amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1(cyclohexylmethyl)-1
H-indazole-3-carboxamide (MAB-CHMINACA);

(V) N-(1-Amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxo-2-butanyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide
(ADB-PINACA);

(W) methyl (1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carbonyl)-L-valinate (FUB-AMB);

(X) N-[(1S)-2-amino-2-oxo-1-(phenylmethyl)ethyl]-1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-Indazole-
3-carboxamide. (APP-CHMINACA);

(Y) quinolin-8-yl 1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (FUB-PB-22); and

(Z) methyl N-[1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-indole-3-carbonyl]valinate (MMB-CHMICA).

(i) A controlled substance analog, to the extent that it is implicitly or explicitly intended
for human consumption.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2019, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.02, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Schedule II.

(a) Schedule II consists of the substances listed in this subdivision.

(b) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following
substances whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable
origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction
and chemical synthesis:

(1) Opium and opiate, and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium or
opiate.

(i) Excluding:

(A) apomorphine;

(B) thebaine-derived butorphanol;

(C) dextrophan;

(D) nalbuphine;

(E) nalmefene;

(F) naloxegol;

(G) naloxone;

(H) naltrexone; and

(I) their respective salts;

(ii) but including the following:

(A) opium, in all forms and extracts;

(B) codeine;

(C) dihydroetorphine;

(D) ethylmorphine;

(E) etorphine hydrochloride;

(F) hydrocodone;

(G) hydromorphone;

(H) metopon;

(I) morphine;

(J) oxycodone;

(K) oxymorphone;

(L) thebaine;

(M) oripavine;

(2) any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent
or identical with any of the substances referred to in clause (1), except that these substances
shall not include the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium;

(3) opium poppy and poppy straw;

(4) coca leaves and any salt, cocaine compound, derivative, or preparation of coca leaves
(including cocaine and ecgonine and their salts, isomers, derivatives, and salts of isomers
and derivatives), and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation thereof which is
chemically equivalent or identical with any of these substances, except that the substances
shall not include decocainized coca leaves or extraction of coca leaves, which extractions
do not contain cocaine or ecgonine;

(5) concentrate of poppy straw (the crude extract of poppy straw in either liquid, solid,
or powder form which contains the phenanthrene alkaloids of the opium poppy).

(c) Any of the following opiates, including their isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts
of isomers, esters and ethers, unless specifically excepted, or unless listed in another schedule,
whenever the existence of such isomers, esters, ethers and salts is possible within the specific
chemical designation:

(1) alfentanil;

(2) alphaprodine;

(3) anileridine;

(4) bezitramide;

(5) bulk dextropropoxyphene (nondosage forms);

(6) carfentanil;

(7) dihydrocodeine;

(8) dihydromorphinone;

(9) diphenoxylate;

(10) fentanyl;

(11) isomethadone;

(12) levo-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM);

(13) levomethorphan;

(14) levorphanol;

(15) metazocine;

(16) methadone;

(17) methadone - intermediate, 4-cyano-2-dimethylamino-4, 4-diphenylbutane;

(18) moramide - intermediate, 2-methyl-3-morpholino-1, 1-diphenyl-propane-carboxylic
acid;

(19) pethidine;

(20) pethidine - intermediate - a, 4-cyano-1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine;

(21) pethidine - intermediate - b, ethyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate;

(22) pethidine - intermediate - c, 1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid;

(23) phenazocine;

(24) piminodine;

(25) racemethorphan;

(26) racemorphan;

(27) remifentanil;

(28) sufentanil;

(29) tapentadol;

(30) 4-Anilino-N-phenethyl-4-piperidine (ANPP).

(d) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances
having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system:

(1) amphetamine, its salts, optical isomers, and salts of its optical isomers;

(2) methamphetamine, its salts, isomers, and salts of its isomers;

(3) phenmetrazine and its salts;

(4) methylphenidate;

(5) lisdexamfetamine.

(e) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances
having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers, and
salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible
within the specific chemical designation:

(1) amobarbital;

(2) glutethimide;

(3) secobarbital;

(4) pentobarbital;

(5) phencyclidine;

(6) phencyclidine immediate precursors:

(i) 1-phenylcyclohexylamine;

(ii) 1-piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile;

(7) phenylacetone.

(f) deleted text beginHallucinogenic substancesdeleted text endnew text begin Cannabis and cannabinoidsnew text end:

new text begin (1)new text end nabilonenew text begin;
new text end

new text begin (2) unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any natural material,
compound, mixture, or preparation that contains any quantity of the following substances,
their analogs, isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers, whenever
the existence of the isomers, esters, ethers, or salts is possible:
new text end

new text begin (i) marijuana; and
new text end

new text begin (ii) tetrahydrocannabinols naturally contained in a plant of the genus cannabis or in the
resinous extractives of the plant
new text end.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2019, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.021, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Possession crimes.

(a) A person is guilty of a controlled substance crime in
the first degree if:

(1) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 50 grams
or more containing cocaine or methamphetamine;

(2) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 25 grams
or more containing cocaine or methamphetamine and:

(i) the person or an accomplice possesses on their person or within immediate reach, or
uses, whether by brandishing, displaying, threatening with, or otherwise employing, a
firearm; or

(ii) the offense involves two aggravating factors;

(3) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 25 grams
or more containing heroin;

(4) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 500 grams
or more containing a narcotic drug other than cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine;

(5) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 500 grams
or more containing amphetamine, phencyclidine, or hallucinogen or, if the controlled
substance is packaged in dosage units, equaling 500 or more dosage units; or

(6) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 50
kilograms or more containing marijuana or Tetrahydrocannabinols, or possesses 500 or
more marijuana plants.

(b) For the purposes of this subdivision, the weight of fluid used in a water pipe may
not be considered in measuring the weight of a new text beginmarijuana new text endmixturenew text begin. For other mixtures, the
weight of fluid may not be considered
new text end except in cases where the mixture contains four or
more fluid ounces of fluid.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2019, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.022, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Possession crimes.

(a) A person is guilty of controlled substance crime in the
second degree if:

(1) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 25 grams
or more containing cocaine or methamphetamine;

(2) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of ten grams
or more containing cocaine or methamphetamine and:

(i) the person or an accomplice possesses on their person or within immediate reach, or
uses, whether by brandishing, displaying, threatening with, or otherwise employing, a
firearm; or

(ii) the offense involves three aggravating factors;

(3) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of six grams
or more containing heroin;

(4) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 50 grams
or more containing a narcotic drug other than cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine;

(5) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 50 grams
or more containing amphetamine, phencyclidine, or hallucinogen or, if the controlled
substance is packaged in dosage units, equaling 100 or more dosage units; or

(6) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures of a total weight of 25
kilograms or more containing marijuana or Tetrahydrocannabinols, or possesses 100 or
more marijuana plants.

(b) For the purposes of this subdivision, the weight of fluid used in a water pipe may
not be considered in measuring the weight of a new text beginmarijuana new text endmixturenew text begin. For other mixtures, the
weight of fluid may not be considered
new text end except in cases where the mixture contains four or
more fluid ounces of fluid.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2019, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.023, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Possession crimes.

(a) A person is guilty of controlled substance crime in the
third degree if:

(1) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures of a total weight of ten grams or more containing a narcotic drug other
than heroin;

(2) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures of a total weight of three grams or more containing heroin;

(3) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures containing a narcotic drug, it is packaged in dosage units, and equals
50 or more dosage units;

(4) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
any amount of a schedule I or II narcotic drug or five or more dosage units of lysergic acid
diethylamide (LSD), 3,4-methylenedioxy amphetamine, or
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine in a school zone, a park zone, a public housing zone,
or a drug treatment facility;

(5) on one or more occasions within a 90-day period the person unlawfully possesses
one or more mixtures of a total weight of ten kilograms or more containing marijuana or
Tetrahydrocannabinols; or

(6) the person unlawfully possesses one or more mixtures containing methamphetamine
or amphetamine in a school zone, a park zone, a public housing zone, or a drug treatment
facility.

(b) For the purposes of this subdivision, the weight of fluid used in a water pipe may
not be considered in measuring the weight of a new text beginmarijuana new text endmixturenew text begin. For other mixtures, the
weight of fluid may not be considered
new text end except in cases where the mixture contains four or
more fluid ounces of fluid.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2019, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end

Sec. 9.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.11, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Exception. new text end

new text begin References in this section to Schedule II controlled substances do
not extend to marijuana or tetrahydrocannabinols.
new text end

Sec. 10.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.12, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Exception. new text end

new text begin References in this section to Schedule II controlled substances do
not extend to marijuana or tetrahydrocannabinols.
new text end

Sec. 11.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.125, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Limits on applicability.

This section does not apply to:

(1) a physician's treatment of an individual for chemical dependency resulting from the
use of controlled substances in Schedules II to V of section 152.02;

(2) the prescription or administration of controlled substances in Schedules II to V of
section 152.02 to an individual whom the physician knows to be using the controlled
substances for nontherapeutic purposes;

(3) the prescription or administration of controlled substances in Schedules II to V of
section 152.02 for the purpose of terminating the life of an individual having intractable
pain; deleted text beginor
deleted text end

(4) the prescription or administration of a controlled substance in Schedules II to V of
section 152.02 that is not a controlled substance approved by the United States Food and
Drug Administration for pain reliefnew text begin; or
new text end

new text begin (5) the administration of medical cannabis under sections 152.21 to 152.37new text end.

Sec. 12.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.126, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the terms defined in this
subdivision have the meanings given.

(b) "Board" means the Minnesota State Board of Pharmacy established under chapter
151.

(c) "Controlled substances" means those substances listed in section 152.02, subdivisions
3 to 6, and those substances defined by the board pursuant to section 152.02, subdivisions
7
, 8, and 12. For the purposes of this section, controlled substances includes butalbital and
gabapentinnew text begin but does not include medical cannabis under sections 152.21 to 152.37new text end.

(d) "Dispense" or "dispensing" has the meaning given in section 151.01, subdivision
30
. Dispensing does not include the direct administering of a controlled substance to a
patient by a licensed health care professional.

(e) "Dispenser" means a person authorized by law to dispense a controlled substance,
pursuant to a valid prescription. For the purposes of this section, a dispenser does not include
a licensed hospital pharmacy that distributes controlled substances for inpatient hospital
care or a veterinarian who is dispensing prescriptions under section 156.18.

(f) "Prescriber" means a licensed health care professional who is authorized to prescribe
a controlled substance under section 152.12, subdivision 1 or 2.

(g) "Prescription" has the meaning given in section 151.01, subdivision 16a.

Sec. 13.

Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 152.18, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Expungement of certain marijuana offenses.

Any person who has been found
guilty ofnew text begin: (1)new text end a violation of section 152.09 with respect to a small amount of marijuana
which violation occurred prior to April 11, 1976, and whose conviction would have been
a petty misdemeanor under the provisions of section 152.15, subdivision 2, clause (5) in
effect on April 11, 1978, but whose conviction was for an offense more serious than a petty
misdemeanor under laws in effect prior to April 11, 1976deleted text begin,deleted text endnew text begin; or (2) a violation of section
152.025 that occurred before August 1, 2019, where the violation would have been a petty
misdemeanor under section 152.027, subdivision 4, in effect on August 1, 2019;
new text end

may petition the court in which the person was convicted to expunge from all official records,
other than the nonpublic record retained by the Department of Public Safety pursuant to
section 152.15, subdivision 2, clause (5), all recordation relating to the person's arrest,
indictment or information, trial and conviction of an offense more serious than a petty
misdemeanor. The court, upon being satisfied that a small amount was involved in the
conviction, shall order all the recordation expunged. No person as to whom an order has
been entered pursuant to this subdivision shall be held thereafter under any provision of
any law to be guilty of perjury or otherwise giving a false statement by reason of the person's
failure to recite or acknowledge conviction of an offense greater than a petty misdemeanor,
unless possession of marijuana is material to a proceeding.