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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 869

as introduced - 91st Legislature (2019 - 2020) Posted on 02/07/2019 01:49pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to health; prohibiting abortions when a fetal heartbeat is detected with
certain exceptions; providing penalties;proposing coding for new law in Minnesota
Statutes, chapter 145.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

new text begin [145.417] ABORTION PROHIBITED WHEN FETAL HEARTBEAT
DETECTED.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Definitions. new text end

new text begin (a) The definitions in this subdivision apply to this section.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Abortion" means the use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug, or other
substance or device to intentionally terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be
pregnant, with an intention other than to increase the probability of a live birth, preserve
the life or health of the child after birth, or remove a dead fetus.
new text end

new text begin (c) "Fetal heartbeat" means the steady and repetitive rhythmic contraction of the fetal
heart within the gestational sac.
new text end

new text begin (d) "Medical emergency" means any condition that, on the basis of the physician's good
faith clinical judgment, so complicates the condition of the pregnant woman as to necessitate
the immediate abortion of her pregnancy to avert her death or for which a delay creates a
serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.
new text end

new text begin (e) "Physician" means a person licensed as a physician or osteopathic physician under
chapter 147.
new text end

new text begin (f) "Unborn child" means a member of the species Homo sapiens from fertilization until
birth.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Prohibition. new text end

new text begin (a) Except in the case of a medical emergency, a physician must
first test a pregnant woman to determine if a fetal heartbeat is detectable in the pregnant
woman's unborn child before performing an abortion. In testing for a detectable fetal
heartbeat, the physician shall perform an abdominal ultrasound according to standard medical
practice.
new text end

new text begin (b) A physician shall not perform an abortion on a pregnant woman when it has been
determined that the unborn child has a detectable fetal heartbeat, except in the case of a
medical emergency.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Penalty. new text end

new text begin A violation of this section is a gross misdemeanor punishable by
imprisonment for not more than one year or payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or
both.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective August 1, 2019, and applies to crimes
committed on or after that date.
new text end