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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

SF 522

as introduced - 91st Legislature (2019 - 2020) Posted on 01/28/2019 02:57pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
proposing an amendment to the Minnesota Constitution; providing for
gender-neutral terms.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1. new text beginCONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT PROPOSED.
new text end

new text begin An amendment to the Minnesota Constitution is proposed to the people. If the amendment
is adopted, article I, section 2, will read:
new text end

Sec. 2.

No member of this state shall be disfranchised or deprived of any of the rights
or privileges secured to any citizen thereof, unless by the law of the land or the judgment
of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the member'snew text end peers. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the
state otherwise than as punishment for a crime of which the party has been convicted.

new text begin article I, section 6, will read:
new text end

Sec. 6.

In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and
public trial by an impartial jury of the county or district wherein the crime shall have been
committed, which county or district shall have been previously ascertained by law. In all
prosecutions of crimes defined by law as felonies, the accused has the right to a jury of 12
members. In all other criminal prosecutions, the legislature may provide for the number of
jurors, provided that a jury have at least six members. The accused shall enjoy the right to
be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to be confronted with the witnesses
against deleted text beginhimdeleted text endnew text begin the accusednew text end, to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in deleted text beginhisdeleted text end favor
new text begin of the accused new text endand to have the assistance of counsel in deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the accused'snew text end defense.

new text begin article I, section 7, will read:
new text end

Sec. 7.

No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense without due process of
law, and no person shall be put twice in jeopardy of punishment for the same offense, nor
be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against deleted text beginhimselfdeleted text endnew text begin oneselfnew text end, nor be deprived
of life, liberty or property without due process of law. All persons before conviction shall
be bailable by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses when the proof is evident or
the presumption great. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended
unless the public safety requires it in case of rebellion or invasion.

new text begin article I, section 8, will read:
new text end

Sec. 8.

Every person is entitled to a certain remedy in the laws for all injuries or wrongs
which deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the personnew text end may receive to deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin theirnew text end person, property or character, and to obtain
justice freely and without purchase, completely and without denial, promptly and without
delay, conformable to the laws.

new text begin article I, section 16, will read:
new text end

Sec. 16.

The enumeration of rights in this constitution shall not deny or impair others
retained by and inherent in the people. The right of every deleted text beginmandeleted text endnew text begin personnew text end to worship God
according to the dictates of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the person'snew text end own conscience shall never be infringed; nor
shall any deleted text beginmandeleted text endnew text begin personnew text end be compelled to attend, erect or support any place of worship, or to
maintain any religious or ecclesiastical ministry, against deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the person'snew text end consent; nor shall
any control of or interference with the rights of conscience be permitted, or any preference
be given by law to any religious establishment or mode of worship; but the liberty of
conscience hereby secured shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness or
justify practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of the state, nor shall any money be
drawn from the treasury for the benefit of any religious societies or religious or theological
seminaries.

new text begin article I, section 17, will read:
new text end

Sec. 17.

No religious test or amount of property shall be required as a qualification for
any office of public trust in the state. No religious test or amount of property shall be required
as a qualification of any voter at any election in this state; nor shall any person be rendered
incompetent to give evidence in any court of law or equity in consequence of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the person'snew text end
opinion upon the subject of religion.

new text begin article IV, section 5, will read:
new text end

Sec. 5.

No senator or representative shall hold any other office under the authority of
the United States or the state of Minnesota, except that of postmaster or of notary public.
If elected or appointed to another office, a legislator may resign from the legislature by
tendering deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin anew text end resignation to the governor.

new text begin article IV, section 8, will read:
new text end

Sec. 8.

Each member and officer of the legislature before entering upon deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the person'snew text end
duties shall take an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States, the
constitution of this state, and to discharge faithfully the duties of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin thenew text end office to the best
of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the person'snew text end judgment and ability.

new text begin article IV, section 21, will read:
new text end

Sec. 21.

No bill shall be passed by either house upon the day prescribed for adjournment.
This section shall not preclude the enrollment of a bill or its transmittal from one house to
the other or to the executive for deleted text beginhisdeleted text end signature.

new text begin article IV, section 23, will read:
new text end

Sec. 23.

Every bill passed in conformity to the rules of each house and the joint rules
of the two houses shall be presented to the governor. If deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the governornew text end approves a bill, deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin
the governor
new text end shall sign it, deposit it in the office of the secretary of state and notify the house
in which it originated of that fact. If deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the governornew text end vetoes a bill, deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the governornew text end shall
return it with deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the governor'snew text end objections to the house in which it originated. deleted text beginHisdeleted text endnew text begin Thenew text end
objections shall be entered in the journal. If, after reconsideration, two-thirds of that house
agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the governor's objections, to the other
house, which shall likewise reconsider it. If approved by two-thirds of that house it becomes
a law and shall be deposited in the office of the secretary of state. In such cases the votes
of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting
for or against the bill shall be entered in the journal of each house. Any bill not returned by
the governor within three days (Sundays excepted) after it is presented to deleted text beginhimdeleted text endnew text begin the governornew text end
becomes a law as if deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the governornew text end had signed it, unless the legislature by adjournment
within that time prevents its return. Any bill passed during the last three days of a session
may be presented to the governor during the three days following the day of final adjournment
and becomes law if the governor signs and deposits it in the office of the secretary of state
within 14 days after the adjournment of the legislature. Any bill passed during the last three
days of the session which is not signed and deposited within 14 days after adjournment does
not become a law.

If a bill presented to the governor contains several items of appropriation of money, deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin
the governor
new text end may veto one or more of the items while approving the bill. At the time deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the
governor
new text end signs the bill the governor shall append to it a statement of the items deleted text beginhe vetoesdeleted text endnew text begin
vetoed
new text end and the vetoed items shall not take effect. If the legislature is in session, deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the
governor
new text end shall transmit to the house in which the bill originated a copy of the statement,
and the items vetoed shall be separately reconsidered. If on reconsideration any item is
approved by two-thirds of the members elected to each house, it is a part of the law
notwithstanding the objections of the governor.

new text begin article IV, section 24, will read:
new text end

Sec. 24.

Each order, resolution or vote requiring the concurrence of the two houses
except such as relate to the business or adjournment of the legislature shall be presented to
the governor and is subject to deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the governor'snew text end veto as prescribed in case of a bill.

new text begin article V, section 2, will read:
new text end

Sec. 2.

The term of office for the governor and lieutenant governor is four years and
until a successor is chosen and qualified. Each shall have attained the age of 25 years and,
shall have been a bona fide resident of the state for one year next preceding deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin theirnew text end election,
and shall be a citizen of the United States.

new text begin article V, section 3, will read:
new text end

Sec. 3.

The governor shall communicate by message to each session of the legislature
information touching the state and country. deleted text beginHedeleted text endnew text begin The governornew text end is commander-in-chief of the
military and naval forces and may call them out to execute the laws, suppress insurrection
and repel invasion. deleted text beginHedeleted text endnew text begin The governornew text end may require the opinion in writing of the principal
officer in each of the executive departments upon any subject relating to deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the governor'snew text end
duties. With the advice and consent of the senate deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the governornew text end may appoint notaries
public and other officers provided by law. deleted text beginHedeleted text endnew text begin The governornew text end may appoint commissioners to
take the acknowledgment of deeds or other instruments in writing to be used in the state.
deleted text begin Hedeleted text endnew text begin The governornew text end shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed. deleted text beginHedeleted text endnew text begin The governornew text end shall
fill any vacancy that may occur in the offices of secretary of state, auditor, attorney general
and the other state and district offices hereafter created by law until the end of the term for
which the person who had vacated the office was elected or the first Monday in January
following the next general election, whichever is sooner, and until a successor is chosen
and qualified.

new text begin article V, section 5, will read:
new text end

Sec. 5.

In case a vacancy occurs from any cause whatever in the office of governor, the
lieutenant governor shall be governor during such vacancy. The compensation of the
lieutenant governor shall be prescribed by law. The last elected presiding officer of the
senate shall become lieutenant governor in case a vacancy occurs in that office. In case the
governor is unable to discharge the powers and duties of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the governor'snew text end office, the same
devolves on the lieutenant governor. The legislature may provide by law for the case of the
removal, death, resignation, or inability both of the governor and lieutenant governor to
discharge the duties of governor and may provide by law for continuity of government in
periods of emergency resulting from disasters caused by enemy attack in this state, including
but not limited to, succession to the powers and duties of public office and change of the
seat of government.

new text begin article V, section 6, will read:
new text end

Sec. 6.

Each officer created by this article before entering upon deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the officer'snew text end duties
shall take an oath or affirmation to support the constitution of the United States and of this
state and to discharge faithfully the duties of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin thenew text end office to the best of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the officer'snew text end
judgment and ability.

new text begin article VI, section 4, will read:
new text end

Sec. 4.

The number and boundaries of judicial districts shall be established in the manner
provided by law but the office of a district judge shall not be abolished during deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the judge'snew text end
term. There shall be two or more district judges in each district. Each judge of the district
court in any district shall be a resident of that district at the time of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the judge'snew text end selection
and during deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the judge'snew text end continuance in office.

new text begin article VI, section 6, will read:
new text end

Sec. 6.

A judge of the supreme court, the court of appeals or the district court shall not
hold any office under the United States except a commission in a reserve component of the
military forces of the United States and shall not hold any other office under this state. deleted text beginHisdeleted text endnew text begin
The
new text end term of office new text beginof the judge new text endshall terminate at the time deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the judgenew text end files as a candidate
for an elective office of the United States or for a nonjudicial office of this state.

new text begin article VI, section 9, will read:
new text end

Sec. 9.

The legislature may provide by law for retirement of all judges and for the
extension of the term of any judge who becomes eligible for retirement within three years
after expiration of the term for which deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the judgenew text end is selected. The legislature may also
provide for the retirement, removal or other discipline of any judge who is disabled,
incompetent or guilty of conduct prejudicial to the administration of justice.

new text begin article VI, section 10, will read:
new text end

Sec. 10.

As provided by law a retired judge may be assigned to hear and decide any
cause over which the court to which deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the retired judgenew text end is assigned has jurisdiction.

new text begin article VI, section 13, will read:
new text end

Sec. 13.

There shall be in each county one clerk of the district court whose qualifications,
duties and compensation shall be prescribed by law. deleted text beginHedeleted text endnew text begin The clerknew text end shall serve at the pleasure
of a majority of the judges of the district court in each district.

new text begin article VII, section 1, will read:
new text end

Section 1.

Every person 18 years of age or more who has been a citizen of the United
States for three months and who has resided in the precinct for 30 days next preceding an
election shall be entitled to vote in that precinct. The place of voting by one otherwise
qualified who has changed deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the person'snew text end residence within 30 days preceding the election
shall be prescribed by law. The following persons shall not be entitled or permitted to vote
at any election in this state: A person not meeting the above requirements; a person who
has been convicted of treason or felony, unless restored to civil rights; a person under
guardianship, or a person who is insane or not mentally competent.

new text begin article VII, section 2, will read:
new text end

Sec. 2.

For the purpose of voting no person loses residence solely by reason of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the
person's
new text end absence while employed in the service of the United States; nor while engaged
upon the waters of this state or of the United States; nor while a student in any institution
of learning; nor while kept at any almshouse or asylum; nor while confined in any public
prison. No soldier, deleted text beginseamandeleted text endnew text begin sailornew text end or marine in the army or navy of the United States is a
resident of this state solely in consequence of being stationed within the state.

new text begin article VII, section 3, will read:
new text end

Sec. 3.

The legislature shall provide for a uniform oath or affirmation to be administered
at elections and no person shall be compelled to take any other or different form of oath to
entitle deleted text beginhimdeleted text endnew text begin the personnew text end to vote.

new text begin article VII, section 6, will read:
new text end

Sec. 6.

Every person who by the provisions of this article is entitled to vote at any
election and is 21 years of age is eligible for any office elective by the people in the district
wherein deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the personnew text end has resided 30 days previous to the election, except as otherwise
provided in this constitution, or the constitution and law of the United States.

new text begin article VII, section 8, will read:
new text end

Sec. 8.

The returns of every election for officeholders elected statewide shall be made
to the secretary of state who shall call to deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the secretary'snew text end assistance two or more of the
judges of the supreme court and two disinterested judges of the district courts. They shall
constitute a board of canvassers to canvass the returns and declare the result within three
days after the canvass.

new text begin article VIII, section 3, will read:
new text end

Sec. 3.

No officer shall exercise the duties of deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin thenew text end office after deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the officernew text end has been
impeached and before deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the officer'snew text end acquittal.

new text begin article VIII, section 4, will read:
new text end

Sec. 4.

No person shall be tried on impeachment before deleted text beginhedeleted text endnew text begin the personnew text end has been served
with a copy thereof at least 20 days previous to the day set for trial.

new text begin article XI, section 13, will read:
new text end

Sec. 13.

All officers and other persons charged with the safekeeping of state funds shall
be required to give ample security for funds received by them and to keep an accurate entry
of each sum received and of each payment and transfer. If any person converts to deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the
person's
new text end own use in any manner or form, or shall loan, with or without interest, or shall
deposit in deleted text beginhisdeleted text endnew text begin the person'snew text end own name, or otherwise than in the name of the state of Minnesota;
or shall deposit in banks or with any person or persons or exchange for other funds or
property, any portion of the funds of the state or the school funds aforesaid, except in the
manner prescribed by law, every such act shall be and constitute an embezzlement of so
much of the aforesaid state and school funds, or either of the same, as shall thus be taken,
or loaned, or deposited or exchanged, and shall be a felony. Any failure to pay over, produce
or account for the state school funds, or any part of the same entrusted to such officer or
persons as by law required on demand, shall be held and be taken to be prima facie evidence
of such embezzlement.

new text begin article XIII, section 7, will read:
new text end

Sec. 7.

Any person may sell or peddle the products of the farm or garden occupied and
cultivated by deleted text beginhimdeleted text endnew text begin the personnew text end without obtaining a license therefor.

new text begin article XIII, section 11, will read:
new text end

Sec. 11.

A seal of the state shall be kept by the secretary of state and be used by deleted text beginhimdeleted text end
new text begin the secretary of state new text endofficially. It shall be called the great seal of the state of Minnesota.

Sec. 2. new text beginSEVERABILITY.
new text end

new text begin If a change included in the proposed amendment is found to be in violation of the
Constitution or other than inconsequential by litigation before or after the submission of
the amendment to the people, the change is without effect and severed from the other
changes. The other changes must be submitted or remain in effect as though the improper
change were not included.
new text end

Sec. 3. new text beginSUBMISSION TO VOTERS.
new text end

new text begin The proposed amendment must be submitted to the people at the 2020 general election.
The question submitted must be:
new text end

new text begin "Shall the Minnesota Constitution be amended to use gender-neutral terms without any
consequential changes in its legal effect?
new text end

new text begin Yes .
new text end
new text begin No .
new text end
new text begin "
new text end